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MIDTERM SCOPE
A small book or pad with blank pages
used by the investigator for writing notes
during the conduct of actual investigation.
A book or booklet for investigator’s
notes taking.
Investigator’s Notebook defined
IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF
INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
A. Purposes
1. For future recall.
2. Many of the details
associated with the
investigation.
IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF
INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
A. Purposes
3. To record relevant
details of the case.
4. The court allows
the investigators to
consult their notes.
B. Recording notes:
1. Data should be recorded in a complete,
accurate and legible.
2. Must be written in ink.
IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF
INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
B. Recording notes:
3. The top of each page should in the
notebook should bear investigator’s name,
date and number.
IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF
INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
Purpose - Experienced investigators employ a notebook
to record the relevant details of the case.
During trial, the court allows investigators to consult
their notes to refresh their memory
Recording Note: The data of the investigation should be
recorded in a complete, accurate and legible fashion.
INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
COMMON INVESTIGATION OVERSIGHTS
Incomplete Case Folder
No template for the conduct of investigation
Inadequacy of coordination
Failure to prosecute
Chain of Custody
Less appreciation of electronic evidence
Lack of material documentation of the case
under investigation.
Recommended Remedies:
Police Reports in chronological order
SOCO Reports
Forensic Reports
Photographs
Profile of victims and suspects
Status of the party involved
INCOMPLETE CASE FOLDERS
Police personnel not knowledgeable about crime
scene preservation and basic investigation.
Recommend Remedies:
Undergo mandatory investigation training
NO TEMPLATE FOR THE CONDUCT OF INVESTIGATION
The SOCO, Investigators, Prosecutions, and other
agencies work separately and independently in the
conduct of investigation.
Recommended Remedies:
Case conference
SOCO personnel
Investigators
Prosecutors
IBP Lawyers
Other agencies
INADEQUACY OF COORDINATION
 absence of investigators during trial to act as
prosecutor’s witness due to retirement and
transfer of concerned investigator.
Recommend Remedies:
 Proper turn-over of case-folders
FAILURE TO PROSECUTE
Police investigators take for granted the electronic devices
such as cell phones, computers and other e-devices can
be processed to give investigative leads.
Recommended Remedies:
Proper training on the preservation and processing of
e-devices ( Cyber Investigation )
LESS APPRECIATION OF ELECTRONIC
EVIDENCE
Non-observance of the proper documentation in
the turn-over of evidence
Recommend Remedies:
Documentation on the turn-over of evidence
with actual receipt
Non-observance should be the basis for
administrative sanctions.
CHAIN OF CUSTODY
What is the importance of
maintaining and observing the
protocols for chain of custody?
Importance of Chain of Custody
A secure chain of custody, combined with the
use of proper analytical methods and techniques,
is necessary for a legally defensible reporting of
the sample.
Chain of Custody defined
It involves several persons who might have handled
evidence between the time of the commission of the alleged
offense and the disposition of the case, which should be kept to a
minimum.
Chain of Custody = (DRAMCE)
- Duly Recorded Authorized Movement of Custody of
Evidence.
- Paper Trail
Purpose of Chain of Custody
1. In litigation investigating unit or agencies must be able to
prove the legal integrity of all samples and data introduced as
evidence.
2. To established an accurate written record to track the
possession, handling, and location of samples and data from
collection.
3. Efficiency in verifying the identity of the person responsible for
or who was possessed the samples and facts and where the
samples have been.
Chain of Custody
The chain of custody must be in detail including all persons
like your boss who wants to see the samples (ex. Dumaan
kay PD, RD, or CPNP) records everything that takes place if
possible picture or video the transfer of custody.
1. From seizure
2. To investigator (IOC)
3. To PNP Forensic Group (formerly, Crime Laboratory)
Note: the lesser the chain of custody the better
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Protocol 1: Jurisdictional Investigation by the
Territorial Unit Concerned
The Police Station, which has territorial jurisdiction
of the area where the crime incident was committed,
shall immediately undertake the necessary
investigation and processing of the crime scene.
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 2: Official Police Blotter
 An 18” x 12” logbook with hard-bound cover
 All crime incidents must be recorded in the blotter
 Separate Police Blotter for VAWC and CICL cases
 Contain 5-Ws and 1-H
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Protocol 2: Official Police Blotter
Answering the 5-Ws and 1H and the Case
Disposition
 Nature of the action or offense;
 Date, Time and Place of Occurrence (DTPO);
 Names of the suspect, victim, and witness/es;
 Facts of the case;
 Identity of Officer-On-Case; and
 Status of the case
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and
Equipment
a. All investigators in any police unit must be a
graduate of prescribed investigation course with a
rank of at least PO2.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and
Equipment
b. Composition:
1) Team Leader
2) Investigator/recorder
3) Photographer
4) Evidence custodian
5) Composite Illustrator/Artist
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and
Equipment
c. Equipment of the Investigator:
1) Police line
2) Video camera
3) Voice recorder
4) Camera
5) Measuring device
6) Gloves
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and
Equipment
c. Equipment of the Investigator:
7) Flashlight
8) Fingerprint kit
9) Evidence bag
10)Evidence tag
11)Evidence bottles/vials
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and
Equipment
c. Equipment of the Investigator:
12)Investigator’s tickler contain the following:
a) Investigator’s checklist
b) Anatomical diagram form
c) Evidence checklist
d) Turn-over receipt
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder
a. Proceed to the crime scene to validate the
information received;
b. Record the exact time of arrival and all pertinent
data regarding the incident in his issued pocket
notebook and notify the TOC;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder
c. Cordon off the area and secure the crime scene
with a police line or whatever material to
preserve its integrity;
d. Check whether the situation still poses
imminent danger and call for back up if
necessary;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder
e. Identify possible witnesses and conduct
preliminary interview and ensure their
availability for the incoming investigator-on-
case;
f. Arrest the suspect/s if around or in instances
wherein the suspect/s is fleeing, make
appropriate notification for dragnet operations;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder
g. Prepare to take the “Dying Declaration” of
severely injured persons;
h. Evacuate the wounded to the nearest hospital
using emergency services;
i. Account for the killed, wounded and arrested
persons for proper disposition;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder
j. Conduct initial investigation;
k. Brief the IOC upon arrival and turn over the
crime scene;
l. Conduct inventory on the evidence taken at the
crime scene. Inventory receipt should be
properly signed by the 1st responder, SOCO
and the investigator.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the
Investigating Team
a. Take full control of the crime scene to include
the following:
 conduct of crime scene search;
 taking of photographs;
 making sketches;
 lifting of fingerprints;
 markings of physical evidence;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the
Investigating Team
a. Take full control of the crime scene to include
the following:
 transmittal of evidence to crime laboratory;
 interview of witnesses;
 gathering and evaluation of evidence;
 follow-up of the case; and
 the documentation and filing of appropriate
charges in court.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the
Investigating Team
b. Establish a command post in the immediate
vicinity of the crime scene;
c. Designate a holding area in the immediate
vicinity of the crime scene;
d. Conduct case conference with the FR, SOCO,
other law enforcers and rescue personnel;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the
Investigating Team
e. Note any secondary crime scene; and
f. Release the crime scene after investigation.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 6: Investigation of Suspects
a. Procedures when arrest is made:
1) Secure the person arrested;
2) Inform the arrested person on the cause of
his arrest and his rights;
3) Conduct thorough search;
4) Use reasonable force;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 6: Investigation of Suspects
a. Procedures when arrest is made:
5) Confiscated evidence shall be properly
documented and marked;
6) Bring the arrested person to the Police
Station for investigation.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 6: Investigation of Suspects
b. Booking Procedures of the Arrested Person/
Suspect:
1) The arrested suspect shall be fingerprinted,
photographed and subjected to medical
examination to include liquor and drug tests.
2) Conduct record check.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 7: Taking of Sworn Statement of Suspects
The execution of a suspect’s “WAIVER” as
stipulated in Art 125 of the RPC shall always be done
in the presence of his chosen counsel or any
independent counsel.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 8: Taking of Sworn Statement of Witness
a. Sworn statement of complainant/s and
witnesses must be taken immediately;
b. Affidavit of arrest of arresting officers must be
taken immediately not later than 24 hours.
c. In Inquest cases, the IOC and the arresting
officer/s shall observe Art.125 of the RPC.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 9: Preparation of Reports and Filing of
Charges
The IOC shall submit the following:
a. Spot report within 24 hours to NHQ;
b. Progress report;
c. After operation report;
d. Final Report after the case is filed before the
prosecutor’s office/court;
e. Accomplishment report.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 10: Procedure in the Release of Crime
Scene
a. Ensure that appropriate inventory has been
made;
b. Release is accomplished only after completion
of the final survey and proper documentation of
evidence, witnesses, victim/s, and suspect/s;
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 10: Procedure in the Release of Crime
Scene
c. If the crime scene is within a private property,
the same must released to the lawful owner
witnessed by any barangay official. In case of
government facility, it should be released to the
administrator.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 11: Follow-up of Case
The investigator shall conduct police operation
to identify and apprehend suspect/s based on the
results of the initial investigation conducted.
Protocol 12: Preparation of Case Investigation Plan
The conduct of operation involving sensational
cases, high profile and heinous crimes must be
covered by CIPLAN.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 13: Attendance to Court Duties
The IOC and arresting officers shall endeavor to
ensure their attendance during court hearings while
the COPs/Heads of Units shall supervise and ensure
the attendance of witness/es.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
Protocol 14: Uniform of the Investigator
Prescribed uniform should be worn by
investigators when conducting investigation so as to
identify them as PNP personnel.
PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION
Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure

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CRIM-INVEST-PROTOCOLS.pptx

  • 2. A small book or pad with blank pages used by the investigator for writing notes during the conduct of actual investigation. A book or booklet for investigator’s notes taking. Investigator’s Notebook defined
  • 3. IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK A. Purposes 1. For future recall. 2. Many of the details associated with the investigation.
  • 4. IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK A. Purposes 3. To record relevant details of the case. 4. The court allows the investigators to consult their notes.
  • 5. B. Recording notes: 1. Data should be recorded in a complete, accurate and legible. 2. Must be written in ink. IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
  • 6. B. Recording notes: 3. The top of each page should in the notebook should bear investigator’s name, date and number. IMPORTANCE AND PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
  • 7. Purpose - Experienced investigators employ a notebook to record the relevant details of the case. During trial, the court allows investigators to consult their notes to refresh their memory Recording Note: The data of the investigation should be recorded in a complete, accurate and legible fashion. INVESTIGATOR’S NOTEBOOK
  • 8. COMMON INVESTIGATION OVERSIGHTS Incomplete Case Folder No template for the conduct of investigation Inadequacy of coordination Failure to prosecute Chain of Custody Less appreciation of electronic evidence
  • 9. Lack of material documentation of the case under investigation. Recommended Remedies: Police Reports in chronological order SOCO Reports Forensic Reports Photographs Profile of victims and suspects Status of the party involved INCOMPLETE CASE FOLDERS
  • 10. Police personnel not knowledgeable about crime scene preservation and basic investigation. Recommend Remedies: Undergo mandatory investigation training NO TEMPLATE FOR THE CONDUCT OF INVESTIGATION
  • 11. The SOCO, Investigators, Prosecutions, and other agencies work separately and independently in the conduct of investigation. Recommended Remedies: Case conference SOCO personnel Investigators Prosecutors IBP Lawyers Other agencies INADEQUACY OF COORDINATION
  • 12.  absence of investigators during trial to act as prosecutor’s witness due to retirement and transfer of concerned investigator. Recommend Remedies:  Proper turn-over of case-folders FAILURE TO PROSECUTE
  • 13. Police investigators take for granted the electronic devices such as cell phones, computers and other e-devices can be processed to give investigative leads. Recommended Remedies: Proper training on the preservation and processing of e-devices ( Cyber Investigation ) LESS APPRECIATION OF ELECTRONIC EVIDENCE
  • 14. Non-observance of the proper documentation in the turn-over of evidence Recommend Remedies: Documentation on the turn-over of evidence with actual receipt Non-observance should be the basis for administrative sanctions. CHAIN OF CUSTODY
  • 15. What is the importance of maintaining and observing the protocols for chain of custody?
  • 16. Importance of Chain of Custody A secure chain of custody, combined with the use of proper analytical methods and techniques, is necessary for a legally defensible reporting of the sample.
  • 17. Chain of Custody defined It involves several persons who might have handled evidence between the time of the commission of the alleged offense and the disposition of the case, which should be kept to a minimum. Chain of Custody = (DRAMCE) - Duly Recorded Authorized Movement of Custody of Evidence. - Paper Trail
  • 18. Purpose of Chain of Custody 1. In litigation investigating unit or agencies must be able to prove the legal integrity of all samples and data introduced as evidence. 2. To established an accurate written record to track the possession, handling, and location of samples and data from collection. 3. Efficiency in verifying the identity of the person responsible for or who was possessed the samples and facts and where the samples have been.
  • 19. Chain of Custody The chain of custody must be in detail including all persons like your boss who wants to see the samples (ex. Dumaan kay PD, RD, or CPNP) records everything that takes place if possible picture or video the transfer of custody. 1. From seizure 2. To investigator (IOC) 3. To PNP Forensic Group (formerly, Crime Laboratory) Note: the lesser the chain of custody the better
  • 20. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Protocol 1: Jurisdictional Investigation by the Territorial Unit Concerned The Police Station, which has territorial jurisdiction of the area where the crime incident was committed, shall immediately undertake the necessary investigation and processing of the crime scene. Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 21. Protocol 2: Official Police Blotter  An 18” x 12” logbook with hard-bound cover  All crime incidents must be recorded in the blotter  Separate Police Blotter for VAWC and CICL cases  Contain 5-Ws and 1-H PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 22. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Protocol 2: Official Police Blotter Answering the 5-Ws and 1H and the Case Disposition  Nature of the action or offense;  Date, Time and Place of Occurrence (DTPO);  Names of the suspect, victim, and witness/es;  Facts of the case;  Identity of Officer-On-Case; and  Status of the case Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 23. Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and Equipment a. All investigators in any police unit must be a graduate of prescribed investigation course with a rank of at least PO2. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 24. Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and Equipment b. Composition: 1) Team Leader 2) Investigator/recorder 3) Photographer 4) Evidence custodian 5) Composite Illustrator/Artist PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 25. Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and Equipment c. Equipment of the Investigator: 1) Police line 2) Video camera 3) Voice recorder 4) Camera 5) Measuring device 6) Gloves PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 26. Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and Equipment c. Equipment of the Investigator: 7) Flashlight 8) Fingerprint kit 9) Evidence bag 10)Evidence tag 11)Evidence bottles/vials PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 27. Protocol 3: Investigation Team: Organization and Equipment c. Equipment of the Investigator: 12)Investigator’s tickler contain the following: a) Investigator’s checklist b) Anatomical diagram form c) Evidence checklist d) Turn-over receipt PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 28. Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder a. Proceed to the crime scene to validate the information received; b. Record the exact time of arrival and all pertinent data regarding the incident in his issued pocket notebook and notify the TOC; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 29. Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder c. Cordon off the area and secure the crime scene with a police line or whatever material to preserve its integrity; d. Check whether the situation still poses imminent danger and call for back up if necessary; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 30. Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder e. Identify possible witnesses and conduct preliminary interview and ensure their availability for the incoming investigator-on- case; f. Arrest the suspect/s if around or in instances wherein the suspect/s is fleeing, make appropriate notification for dragnet operations; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 31. Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder g. Prepare to take the “Dying Declaration” of severely injured persons; h. Evacuate the wounded to the nearest hospital using emergency services; i. Account for the killed, wounded and arrested persons for proper disposition; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 32. Protocol 4: Duties of the First Responder j. Conduct initial investigation; k. Brief the IOC upon arrival and turn over the crime scene; l. Conduct inventory on the evidence taken at the crime scene. Inventory receipt should be properly signed by the 1st responder, SOCO and the investigator. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 33. Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the Investigating Team a. Take full control of the crime scene to include the following:  conduct of crime scene search;  taking of photographs;  making sketches;  lifting of fingerprints;  markings of physical evidence; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 34. Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the Investigating Team a. Take full control of the crime scene to include the following:  transmittal of evidence to crime laboratory;  interview of witnesses;  gathering and evaluation of evidence;  follow-up of the case; and  the documentation and filing of appropriate charges in court. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 35. Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the Investigating Team b. Establish a command post in the immediate vicinity of the crime scene; c. Designate a holding area in the immediate vicinity of the crime scene; d. Conduct case conference with the FR, SOCO, other law enforcers and rescue personnel; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 36. Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the Investigating Team e. Note any secondary crime scene; and f. Release the crime scene after investigation. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 37. Protocol 6: Investigation of Suspects a. Procedures when arrest is made: 1) Secure the person arrested; 2) Inform the arrested person on the cause of his arrest and his rights; 3) Conduct thorough search; 4) Use reasonable force; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 38. Protocol 6: Investigation of Suspects a. Procedures when arrest is made: 5) Confiscated evidence shall be properly documented and marked; 6) Bring the arrested person to the Police Station for investigation. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 39. Protocol 6: Investigation of Suspects b. Booking Procedures of the Arrested Person/ Suspect: 1) The arrested suspect shall be fingerprinted, photographed and subjected to medical examination to include liquor and drug tests. 2) Conduct record check. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 40. Protocol 7: Taking of Sworn Statement of Suspects The execution of a suspect’s “WAIVER” as stipulated in Art 125 of the RPC shall always be done in the presence of his chosen counsel or any independent counsel. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 41. Protocol 8: Taking of Sworn Statement of Witness a. Sworn statement of complainant/s and witnesses must be taken immediately; b. Affidavit of arrest of arresting officers must be taken immediately not later than 24 hours. c. In Inquest cases, the IOC and the arresting officer/s shall observe Art.125 of the RPC. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 42. Protocol 9: Preparation of Reports and Filing of Charges The IOC shall submit the following: a. Spot report within 24 hours to NHQ; b. Progress report; c. After operation report; d. Final Report after the case is filed before the prosecutor’s office/court; e. Accomplishment report. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 43. Protocol 10: Procedure in the Release of Crime Scene a. Ensure that appropriate inventory has been made; b. Release is accomplished only after completion of the final survey and proper documentation of evidence, witnesses, victim/s, and suspect/s; PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 44. Protocol 10: Procedure in the Release of Crime Scene c. If the crime scene is within a private property, the same must released to the lawful owner witnessed by any barangay official. In case of government facility, it should be released to the administrator. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 45. Protocol 11: Follow-up of Case The investigator shall conduct police operation to identify and apprehend suspect/s based on the results of the initial investigation conducted. Protocol 12: Preparation of Case Investigation Plan The conduct of operation involving sensational cases, high profile and heinous crimes must be covered by CIPLAN. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 46. Protocol 13: Attendance to Court Duties The IOC and arresting officers shall endeavor to ensure their attendance during court hearings while the COPs/Heads of Units shall supervise and ensure the attendance of witness/es. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure
  • 47. Protocol 14: Uniform of the Investigator Prescribed uniform should be worn by investigators when conducting investigation so as to identify them as PNP personnel. PROTOCOLS IN INVESTIGATION Week 8– Criminal Investigation with Basic SOCO Procedure

Editor's Notes

  1. Considering the mass of details and the number of cases which in some instances an investigator is handling, it is very possible that he might forget some details. Many of the details associated with the investigation, while not essential to the report, might become points of interest to the court when the case is brought to trial. Experienced investigators employ a notebook to record the relevant details of the case. During trial, the court allows investigators to consult their notes to refresh their memory. Purpose: For future recall; Many of the details associated with the investigation;
  2. Considering the mass of details and the number of cases which in some instances an investigator is handling, it is very possible that he might forget some details. Many of the details associated with the investigation, while not essential to the report, might become points of interest to the court when the case is brought to trial. Experienced investigators employ a notebook to record the relevant details of the case. During trial, the court allows investigators to consult their notes to refresh their memory. Purpose: For future recall; Many of the details associated with the investigation;
  3. The data of the investigation should be recorded in a complete, accurate and legible fashion so that in the event another investigator is required to assume responsibility for the investigation, he can make intelligent use of the notebook. Recording note: Data should be recorded in a complete, accurate and legible; and Must be written in ink
  4. The data of the investigation should be recorded in a complete, accurate and legible fashion so that in the event another investigator is required to assume responsibility for the investigation, he can make intelligent use of the notebook. Recording note: Data should be recorded in a complete, accurate and legible; and Must be written in ink
  5. The Police Station, which has territorial jurisdiction of the area where the crime incident was committed, shall immediately undertake the necessary investigation and processing of the crime scene, unless otherwise directed by higher authorities for a certain case to be investigated by other units/agency.
  6. A Police Blotter is an 18” x 12” logbook with hard-bound cover that contains the daily register of all crime incident reports, official summary of arrests, and other significant events reported in a police station. As a general rule, all crime incidents must be recorded in the official police blotter. A separate Police Blotter, however, shall be maintained for offenses requiring confidentiality like violence against women and children and those cases involving a child in conflict with the law to protect their privacy pursuant to R.A. 9262 (Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) and R.A. 9344 (Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006). The duty police officer shall record the nature of the incident in the police blotter containing the five “W”s (who, what, where, when and why) and one “H” (how) of the information and inform his superior officer or the duty officer regarding the occurrence of such incident. All material details about the incident should be entered.
  7. In answering the 5 Ws and 1 H and the Case Disposition, all such material details about the incident, including the nature of the action or offense; the Date, Time, and Place of Occurrence; the names of the suspect/s, the victim/s, the witness/es, if any; facts of the case; significant circumstances that aggravate or mitigate the event or the crime should be entered along with the identity of the officer to whom the case is assigned (Officer-on-case); and, the status of the case.
  8. All investigators in any police unit must be a graduate of prescribed investigation course with a rank of at least PO2 (pre-requisite to assignment).
  9. The composition of the Investigation Team are the following: 1) Team Leader; 2) Investigator/recorder; 3) Photographer; 4) Evidence custodian; and 5) Composite Illustrator/Artist
  10. The composition of the Investigation Team are the following: 1) Team Leader; 2) Investigator/recorder; 3) Photographer; 4) Evidence custodian; and 5) Composite Illustrator/Artist
  11. The composition of the Investigation Team are the following: 1) Team Leader; 2) Investigator/recorder; 3) Photographer; 4) Evidence custodian; and 5) Composite Illustrator/Artist
  12. The composition of the Investigation Team are the following: 1) Team Leader; 2) Investigator/recorder; 3) Photographer; 4) Evidence custodian; and 5) Composite Illustrator/Artist
  13. The Duties of the First Responder are: Proceed to the crime scene to validate the information received; Record the exact time of arrival and all pertinent data regarding the incident in his issued pocket notebook and notify the TOC; Cordon off the area and secure the crime scene with a police line or whatever material to preserve its integrity;
  14. The Duties of the First Responder are: Proceed to the crime scene to validate the information received; Record the exact time of arrival and all pertinent data regarding the incident in his issued pocket notebook and notify the TOC; Cordon off the area and secure the crime scene with a police line or whatever material to preserve its integrity;
  15. Check whether the situation still poses imminent danger and call for back up if necessary; Identify possible witnesses and conduct preliminary interview and ensure their availability for the incoming investigator-on-case; Arrest the suspect/s if around or in instances wherein the suspect/s is fleeing, make appropriate notification for dragnet operations;
  16. Prepare to take the “Dying Declaration” of severely injured persons with the following requisites: 1) That death is imminent and the declarant is conscious of that fact; 2) That the declaration refers to the cause and surrounding circumstances of such death; 3) That the declaration relates to facts which the victim is competent to testify to; and 4) That the declaration is offered in a case wherein the declarant’s death is the subject of the inquiry. (Section 37, Rule 130 of the Rules of Court). Evacuate the wounded to the nearest hospital using emergency services; Account for the killed, wounded and arrested persons for proper disposition;
  17. Prepare to take the “Dying Declaration” of severely injured persons with the following requisites: 1) That death is imminent and the declarant is conscious of that fact; 2) That the declaration refers to the cause and surrounding circumstances of such death; 3) That the declaration relates to facts which the victim is competent to testify to; and 4) That the declaration is offered in a case wherein the declarant’s death is the subject of the inquiry. (Section 37, Rule 130 of the Rules of Court). Evacuate the wounded to the nearest hospital using emergency services; Account for the killed, wounded and arrested persons for proper disposition;
  18. Protocol 5: Duties and Responsibilities of the Investigating Team: Take full control of the crime scene to include the conduct of crime scene search; taking of photographs; making sketches; lifting of fingerprints; markings of physical evidence
  19. (Chain of custody) the transmittal of evidence to crime laboratory; interview of witnesses; gathering and evaluation of evidence; follow-up of the case and the documentation and filing of appropriate charges in court.
  20. Establish a command post in the immediate vicinity of the crime scene; Designate a holding area in the immediate vicinity of the crime scene (for the media, VIP‟s and other personalities present); Conduct case conference with the first responder, SOCO, other law enforcers and rescue personnel;
  21. Note any secondary crime scene (if situation requires); and Release the crime scene after investigation.
  22. During the investigation of suspect particularly when arrest is made, the following procedures will be followed: 1) Secure the person arrested (handcuff at the back); 2) Inform the arrested person on the cause of his arrest and his rights as provided for in the Constitution; 3) Conduct thorough search for weapons and other illegal materials against the suspect/s; 4) Use reasonable force in making arrest;
  23. During the investigation of suspect particularly when arrest is made, the following procedures will be followed: 1) Secure the person arrested (handcuff at the back); 2) Inform the arrested person on the cause of his arrest and his rights as provided for in the Constitution; 3) Conduct thorough search for weapons and other illegal materials against the suspect/s; 4) Use reasonable force in making arrest;
  24. Booking procedures of the Arrested Person/Suspect 1) The arrested suspect shall be fingerprinted, photographed and subjected to medical examination to include liquor and drug tests. 2) Conduct record check.  
  25. In Taking of Sworn Statements of Suspects, the execution of a suspect’s “WAIVER” as stipulated in Art 125 of the RPC shall always be done in the presence of his chosen counsel or any independent counsel.
  26. a. Sworn Statement or Affidavit of complainant/s and witness/es must be taken immediately by the investigator-on-case. b. Affidavit of Arrest of arresting officers must be taken immediately not later than 24 hours. c. In Inquest cases, the investigator-on-case and the arresting officer/s shall observe Art. 125 of the RPC.
  27. In the Preparation of Reports and Filing of Charges, the Investigator-On-Case shall submit the following: Spot Report within 24 hrs to HHQ; Progress Report; After Operation Report; Final Report after the case is filed before the prosecutor’s office/court; and Accomplishment Report.
  28. During the Release of the Crime Scene, the following procedures shall be undertaken: Ensure that appropriate inventory has been made; Release is accomplished only after completion of the final survey and proper documentation of evidence, witness/es, victim/s and suspect/s; and
  29. If the crime scene is within a private property, the same must be released to the lawful owner witnessed by any barangay official. In case of government facility, it should be released to the administrator.
  30. The investigator shall conduct police operation to identify and apprehend suspect/s based on the results of the initial investigation conducted.
  31. 13. Attendance to Court Duties   The investigator-on-case and arresting officers shall endeavor to ensure their attendance during court hearings while COPs/Heads of Units shall supervise and ensure the attendance of witness/es.
  32. 13. Attendance to Court Duties   The investigator-on-case and arresting officers shall endeavor to ensure their attendance during court hearings while COPs/Heads of Units shall supervise and ensure the attendance of witness/es.