English grammar

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English grammar

  1. 1. ENGLISH GRAMMAR PRESENT TENSE BE, DEMONSTRATIVES, POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES, CAN, PREPOSITIONS
  2. 2. PRESENT TENSE BE  The verb BE has got three forms: AM, IS, ARE, which we have to use according to the pronoun or subject. TO BE Occupations Nouns Adjectives Places
  3. 3. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES They are doctors.AREThey We are friends.AREWe It is a city.ISIt She is my sister.ISShe He is in the lab.ISHe You are a student.AREYou I am a teacher.AMI ExampleVerb FormSubject
  4. 4. NEGATIVE SENTENCES NEGATIVE SENTENCES She is not sad They are not in the school
  5. 5. NEGATIVE SENTENCES We’re not = We aren’t You’re not = You aren’t They’re not = They aren’t We You are not They He`s not = He isn’t She’s not = She isn’t It’s not = It isn’t He She is not It I`m notI am not
  6. 6. YES / NO QUESTIONS YES / NO QUESTIONS
  7. 7. YES / NO QUESTIONS Mary tall and thin. Mary tall and thin? Yes, she is / No, she isn’t Yes, she is tall and thin. / No, she is not tall and thin Affirmative Statement: Yes / No question: Short Answers: Full /Complete Answers: John and Peter students. John and Peter students? Yes, they are / No, they aren’t Yes, they are students. / No they are not students. Affirmative Statement: Yes / No question: Short Answers: Full /Complete Answers: are Are is Is
  8. 8. WH - QUESTIONS WH - QUESTIONS
  9. 9. WH - QUESTIONS How are you? I am sad. How is Loja? It is small. State Form / manner How Where is he? In the house.PlacesWhere Who is the director of the school? Carlos. PeopleWho What is this? It is a book. What is your name? Robert. What do you do? I am a driver. What is he doing? He’s working Things Name Occupations Activities What ExampleInformation about… Wh-word
  10. 10. REVIEW Are they doctors? Are we friends? Is it a city? Is she my sister? Is he in the lab? Are you a student? Am I a teacher? Yes/No Question They are not doctors. We are not friends. It is not a city. She is not my sister. He is not in the lab. You are not a student. I am not a teacher. Negative Statements Yes, they are / No they are not They are doctors. Yes, we are / No, we are not We are friends. Yes, it is / No, it is notIt is a city. Yes, she is / No, she is not She is my sister. Yes, he is / No, he is notHe is in the lab. Yes, I am / No, I am not You are a student. Yes, you are / No, you are not I am a teacher. Short AnswersStatement
  11. 11. DEMONSTRATIVES We use THIS / THESE when the objects are near to the speaker. This is a blackboard These are papers THIS +Singular Nouns THESE + Plural Nouns
  12. 12. DEMONSTRATIVES We use THAT / THOSE when the objects are far from the speaker. That is a lake. Those are mountains THAT + Singular Nouns THOSE + Plural Nouns
  13. 13. DEMONSTRATIVES DEMONSTRATIVES
  14. 14. PLURAL NOUNS cat - cats face - faces day – days Add -smost others fly - flies try - tries curry – curries Change y to i then Add –es consonant + y boss - bosses tax - taxes bush - bushes Add -ess, x, ch or sh ExamplesForming the pluralNoun ending
  15. 15. IRREGULAR PLURAL potato - potatoes tomato - tomatoes volcano - volcanoes Add –esEnds with - o half - halves wolf - wolves loaf - loaves Change f to v then Add –es Ends with –f knife - knives life - lives wife - wives Change f to v then Add –s Ends with -fe ExamplesForming the pluralNoun type
  16. 16. IRREGULAR PLURAL sheep deer fish (sometimes) Singular and plural are the same Unchanging man - men foot - feet child - children person - people tooth - teeth mouse - mice Change the vowel or Change the word or Add a different ending ALL KINDS ExamplesForming the pluralNoun type
  17. 17. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
  18. 18. POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVES POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVES This is our house Her pants are blue His shirt is new This is her cat
  19. 19. POSSESSIVE FORM ‘S POSSESSIVE FORM ‘S Kevin’s wife is Rose. His wife is Rose. Charlie’s book is black. The Child’s mother is happy
  20. 20. PREPOSITION OF PLACE At the bus station at home At the door at the top At work at the end of AT (lugar específico) On a shelf on a wall On a plate on the table On a balcony on a door ON (sobre una superficie) In the house in a shop In a room in a town In a car in a garden IN (dentro de)
  21. 21. CAN / CAN’T CAN / CAN’T They can dance He can’t play the piano He can play football He can swim He can skate
  22. 22. NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS Can they walk ? Can we sing? Can it run? Can she swim? Can he play? Can you dance? Can I cook? YES/NO QUESTIONS Yes, they can / No, they can’t Yes, we can / No, we can’t Yes, it can / No, it can’t Yes, she can / No, she can’t Yes, he can / No, he can`t Yes I can / No I can’t Yes, you can / No,you can´t SHORT ANSWERS They can not walk We can not sing It can not run She can not swim He can not play You can not dance I can not cook NEGATIVE They can walk We can sing It can run She can swim He can play You can dance I can cook AFFIRMATIVE

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