English basics grammar


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Few rules of basic grammar

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English basics grammar

  1. 1. English Basics Grammar
  2. 2. Nouns A noun is the name of a person, place or thing (e.g. Kev, Birmingham, computer). If we put a, an or the before a word then it is a noun (e.g. a boy, an hour, the leg). There are four kinds of nouns.
  3. 3. Proper nouns These name individual persons, places or things (e.g. Kevin, Birmingham, Diwali). A proper noun should begin with a capital letter
  4. 4. Common nouns These name one or more of a group of objects that are alike (e.g. girl, lion, cat, world, sun, giant). Even if they are plural (girls, lions, cats, ect.), they are still common nouns
  5. 5. Verbs A verb is a doing or telling word. It says something about the subject: In “Kev hit the ball” the verb is hit. In “The ball was hit by Kev” the words was hit form the verb. In “The ball will be hit” the words will be hit form the verb.
  6. 6. Adjectives An adjective is a word used to describe a noun or a pronoun: kind boy large black knife lucky me! Adjectives are tell-tales, informers, gossips. They can be used before or after the noun: the tall, strong woman or the woman is tall and strong An adjective formed from a proper noun is spelt with a capital letter: British Jamaican Christian
  7. 7. Pronouns A pronoun is a word (such as I, he, it, they) used instead of a noun so that sentences can be a reasonable length: My brother Barry picked up the cup and then he dropped it. Here; he is used instead of my brother barry, and it for cup. They are pronouns, and by using them we avoid tiresome repetition of the nouns.
  8. 8. Conjuctions A conjunction is a joining word. The most commonly used is “and”. bread and butter pepper and salt milk and sugar Here are two sentences that can be run into one, by the use of a conjunction: Jack fell down. He hurt himself Jack fell down, and he hurt himself When two sentences are joined, a comma is needed before the conjuction, but one does not otherwise use a comma before “and”.
  9. 9. Prepositions A preposition shows the relationship between two things. Here are two examples: Tom is on the field. Tom called for the cricket bag. You must learn to use the correct preposition (e.g. similar to but different from): His pen is similar to yours His college is different from yours. Another common mistake in choosing a preposition is in confusing with and at. They should be used as follows: He was impatient with her. (with goes with a person) He was impatient at the delay. (at goes with a thing)