A noun is the name of a person,
place or thing (e.g. Kev,
Birmingham, computer). If we
put a, an or the before a word
then it is a noun (e.g. a boy, an
hour, the leg). There are four
kinds of nouns.
These name individual persons,
places or things (e.g. Kevin,
Birmingham, Diwali). A proper
noun should begin with a capital
These name one or more of a
group of objects that are alike (e.g.
girl, lion, cat, world, sun,
giant). Even if they are plural
(girls, lions, cats, ect.), they are
still common nouns
A verb is a doing or telling word. It
says something about the subject:
In “Kev hit the ball” the verb is
In “The ball was hit by Kev” the
words was hit form the verb.
In “The ball will be hit” the words
will be hit form the verb.
An adjective is a word used to describe
a noun or a pronoun:
kind boy large black knife lucky me!
Adjectives are tell-tales, informers, gossips.
They can be used before or after the noun:
the tall, strong woman or the woman is tall and
An adjective formed from a proper noun is spelt with a
British Jamaican Christian
A pronoun is a word (such as I, he, it,
they) used instead of a noun so that
sentences can be a reasonable length:
My brother Barry picked up the
cup and then he dropped it.
Here; he is used instead of my brother
barry, and it for cup. They are
pronouns, and by using them we avoid
tiresome repetition of the nouns.
A conjunction is a joining word. The most commonly
used is “and”.
bread and butter
pepper and salt
milk and sugar
Here are two sentences that can be run into one, by the
use of a conjunction:
Jack fell down. He hurt himself
Jack fell down, and he hurt himself
When two sentences are joined, a comma is needed
before the conjuction, but one does not otherwise use a
comma before “and”.
A preposition shows the relationship between two
things. Here are two examples:
Tom is on the field. Tom called for the cricket bag.
You must learn to use the correct preposition (e.g.
similar to but different from):
His pen is similar to yours
His college is different from yours.
Another common mistake in choosing a preposition is
in confusing with and at. They should be used as
He was impatient with her. (with goes with a person)
He was impatient at the delay. (at goes with a thing)