Differentiating Rasul,Nabi,Mujaddid

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Differentiating Rasul,Nabi,Mujaddid

  1. 1. Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-RahimDifferentiating: Rasul, Nabi (as Prophets) from Mujaddid (Reformers) in IslamOne of the difficulties in globalization of certain languages is, that whenever an English-usage wordis substituted for the most appropriate ethnic word in religious and cultural matters, the situation iseither confusing the reader some more, or it even changes the specifically correct intended meaning.The term “prophet” has been widely used in many communities, with as many variations in theimplied meanings to the readers. It has been noticed, however, that the three mainstream Semiticreligions of Judaism (descending from ancient Hebrews, especially from the line of Isaac),Christianity (which evolved out of Judaism and also from the line of Isaac) and Islam (the finalrevealed religion – but directly from the line of Ishmael), have used the term “prophets” in veryinclusive ways in modern times and about events, which rolls back into history, and which isexceeding at least 10,000 years in the past.It is extremely important for the reader to note that the commonly used term “prophet” is anEnglish language usage word, and its application and references into the Arabic language makes it analien word in Arabic applications, especially when used within the context of Islam, and which mainlyuses Arabic references and titles. Widespread uses of the English word “prophet” in Arabicapplications are also causing lots of confusions, especially to the younger generation, which is takinga liking for Anglo-Arabic mix in conversations and in written materials.The specifically correct words for prophet in Arabic are of two classifications. They are “Nabi” forbasic prophets and “Rasul” for the selected higher intensity prophets and their relevances have beenexplained later in this article. Whilst they are both different words, they have specific meanings andtheir inter-changeability is rather restrictive, as one-way only. This is now explained below.It is necessary for the reader to understand the prequalification of prophets within the context oftheir Arabic applications of the Arabic words “Nabi” and “Rasul.” All past prophets (as in Englishusage) were also “Nabi” (as in Arabic usage) and the persons so appointed as “Nabi” referred to themost pious persons, whom Allah had contracted as His agent on earth, to carry on with religiouspreaching to different communities; and using the same scripture, which his immediately previousNabi had been propagating. Incidentally, in the Hebrew system, a prophet (Nabi) is also called aNabiy.A basic Nabi did not introduce new scripture (as a new religious law called Sharia), but only helpedclarifying better to different communities with changing levels of civilisations. Every subsequent Nabiimproved the messages of the previous Nabi, over the same community and using the existingscripture. The Nabi formed the bulk of all those very pious persons who were described as prophets(as in English usage).Every nation has been blessed with at least a Nabi and the Holy Qur’an gives this testimony at 10:47,as “And for every nation there is a messenger. So when their messenger comes, the matter is decidedbetween them with justice, and they are not wronged.”The term “Nabi” is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an several times. Examples of Nabi in Islam andmentioned in the Holy Qur’an are: Noah, Enoch, Eber, Saleh, Lot, Ishmael, Isaac, etc to mention afew. This listing can be seen in the matrix at Part 1, which is at the end of this article. 12012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  2. 2. The term “Rasul” referred to messengers or apostles of much higher intensity, and who introducedtotally new religious preaching based on totally new replacement scripture (a new religious lawcalled Sharia). Hence the Rasul had to be persons of higher intensity, because of the uphill strugglein completely changing the mindset of the communities, which were already believing and practisingunder the previous Sharia. Incidentally, the Rasul also had to bridge this culture gap and bring aboutnecessary change. The religious preaching based on totally new replacement scripture (new Sharia)became essential over spaces of thousands of years, when the levels of civilisation had greatlyadvanced and improved to greater elevation; and so it became necessary for the particular Rasul asthe agent and Ambassador of Allah, to introduced new package of preaching and scripture with newnames (as a new Sharia). The new scripture with a new name, but with greatly enhanced to someadditional details, superseded the previous scriptures. This is also explained and exemplified later inthis article.Examples of Rasul in Islam and mentioned in the Holy Qur’an (to mention a few) and who hadbrought in significant changes (new Sharia) are Adam, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus andMuhammad. The fundamental prequalification for Rasul is that he must also be Nabi. ProphetMuhammad (pbuh) brought about total closure to both prophetical titles of Nabi and Rasul. Withoutany doubt, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the Final Rasul and there shall be no other prophet ofany description whatsoever coming to this world after Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).It is for this reason in history that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is most affectionately and uniquelyknown as “Rasul-Allah.” Incidentally again, in Hebrew system, a prophet (Rasul) is called a Malak.There is need for the reader to understand the restricted one-way inter-changeability of the titles ofRasul and Nabi. All those prophets with Rasul titles were also Nabi (a prequalification); but all thoseprophets with Nabi title only cannot be Rasul at same time. The absolute baseline means that allprophets were Nabi and indeed most pious humans, who were born in this world as normal humansof both human parentage in the natural reproductive process; and none of the prophets (Nabi orRasul) was born from any form of Immaculate Conception.One of the most confusing difficulties facing the modern generation of people is the acceptance orthe denial, of past prominent persons in religious history, especially of those persons who have beenvariously referred to as prophets. In the analysis of this roll back of history, and according to Islam,Allah sent 124,000+ prophets1 (total combined Nabi + Rasul) to this world since its creation; andthere was not a single community, which was denied the fundamental right to have a prophet,largely to correct them, to guide them and to lead that community.Again, the Holy Qur’an testifies at 16:36, as “And certainly We raised in every nation a messenger,saying: Serve Allah and shun the devil. Then of them was he whom Allah guided, and of them was hewhose remaining in error was justly due. So travel in the land, then see what was the end of therejectors.”1 Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) statement in Hadith No 21257 in Musnad Ibn Hanbal that there were over124,000 prophets since creation. 22012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  3. 3. Each and every one of those 124,000+ prophets was an Ambassador from Allah when they servedtheir term on earth. They were Ambassadors in the sense that they, as natural humans, actuallyappeared in material human form in the midst of those communities, of which they were designatedto, and were also of the same ethnicity, they spoke the same language and they practised the samecultures for widespread acceptability. Of course, Allah is the Best Administrator and the Best Knowerand none can match Him. The Holy Qur’an stresses this at several places: 2:1; 3:1; 7:1; 13:1; 29:1;30:1; 31:1; 32:1 most proudly as “I, Allah, am the Best Knower.”The relationship between a prophet (whether Nabi or Rasul) and Allah is akin to a binding contract,which has an agent and its principal; the prophets are agents on earth acting on behalf of Allah, theirPrincipal. The contract becomes binding in the sense that the message of prophetical appointmentwas brought to the prophet by Angel Gabriel (Jibrael) and the prophet agreed to the terms andobligations in meeting up with the common understanding; and the events were witnessed so. Thisalso means that no individual can claim prophet-hood entirely upon his own desires!These 124,000+ prophets also performed the assigned role as guides and as reminders to theircommunities, of their not drifting away from their previously designated prophets’ scriptures andpreaching (previous Sharia). They were all communal prophets assigned and to their communities;the reader must also note that the only exception to such communal prophets was ProphetMuhammad (pbuh), who, although he was born in Arabia, he did not come as communal prophet forthe Arabs, but he came as the Final Prophet to all communities of the whole world (the entirebroadband of humanity) since creation.It is an expected belief of all Muslims that all prophets (Nabi and Rasul) brought messages, rules andpractices, which were fundamentally Muslim principles; and because they were centrally guided byAllah. They all came with differently worded messages but as continuous flowing of the samemessages; however, it was the communities over thousands of years, which had corrupted anddistorted the basic Muslim messages, revealed thousands of years ago. The basic Muslim messagesbrought by all prophets were as: 1. Belief in the Supremacy of only One God and total prohibition of idolatry; 2. Regular prayers and making sacrifices to One God; 3. Existence of holy men (prophets) and holy spirits (angels); 4. Having a welfare system and contributing to charity for the lesser privileged; 5. Respect and honour of the rulership or head of governance; it must be noted that some of the previous prophets were also patriarch of their communities (e.g. Abraham) and some others were Kings of their communities (e.g. Solomon and David); 6. There would be some form of a Great Judgement Day; and 7. Existence of a reward/punishment system after death.There shall not be another prophet (Rasul or Nabi) after Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). This testimonyis easily available as two streams of verifiable evidences, which testify that Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) shall be the final prophet (both Nabi and Rasul) ever.The first evidence is in the Holy Qur’an at 33:40, which testifies as “Muhammad is not the father ofany of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the prophets. And Allah is everKnower of all things.” 32012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  4. 4. The second evidence was a paragraph in the last sermon, which Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)delivered to and witnessed by the multitude of tens of thousands of Muslims, in which the HolyProphet clarified (as his paragraph No 7): “O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and nonew faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand my words which I convey toyou. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow theseyou will never go astray.” (Author’s underlining).Having considered the verifiable evidence, revealed in the Holy Qur’an at 33:40 from Allah, and afterhaving further considered the widely-witnessed evidence spoken by the Holy Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) in his last sermon, it becomes conclusive to the reader that “there shall never be anotherprophet of any description (Rasul and Nabi) whatsoever in this world, after the death of ProphetMuhammad (pbuh).”Different scriptures have mentioned some of the prophets by name, as explicitly simplified means ofexemplification to what was preached and practised, so that the communities would be guided to dothe correct things and at same time refrain from doing the wrong things. The prophets were sent totheir designated people in different countries, in different eras, to teach them and to guide them;and then to judge them for correction and bring about improvement; but at same time kept warningthose people of the consequences of disobedience to instructions from Allah.One of the most common disobedience acts of past communities was disregarding the existence ofOne God and then resorting to idolatry. All those past communities, which disregarded their prophet,were severely punished and historically recorded so in many scriptures.The Holy Qur’an compels all Muslims to accept all prophets and servants of Allah (and this alsoincludes acceptance of Mujaddid) and this appears as an ordinance at 4:69 as “And as for those whoreject Our messages, chastisement will afflict them because they transgressed.” More on Mujaddid isexplained later in this article.Each of the prophets (Nabi) was a timely reminder of past revelation deliveries, and generally theRasul came with a new message and new religious law (new Sharia); the new messages deliveredwere especially adjusted and refined to suit the level of civilization; and the prophets warned theirdisbelieving people of non-compliance to past scripture. When those communities did not listen tothe messages delivered by the prophet of the day, the communities were severely punished. Anexample is Prophet Noah, who lived a very long time, and throughout his whole life, he preached theexistence and worshipping of only One Supreme God (Allah); but his community kept up withidolatry and ridiculed the prophet’s preaching. Of course, the idolaters (numbering by the millions)were completely drowned and, the rest is history already known to most of readers as the “GreatFlood.” There are many other cases of mass-punishments delivered to whole communities.None of those previous scripture is a Registry of Prophets - of all prophets in history. The HolyQur’an, which is the final scripture, also mentions prophets, but only a few (actually 25) prophets byexact name, and relating them to events, situations and the lesson to be learnt from suchcircumstantial situations.Names of all prophets mentioned by name in the Holy Qur’an are listed in the matrix-table below (asin Part 1), according to their historical sequence. This appears at the end of this article. Two otherprophets have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an as “prophets” but their names have not beendetailed. These are at 2:247 and at 36:11. The common opinion is that the referral to prophets ismore generic rather than specific. 42012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  5. 5. All prophets do not say to their communities what those prophets want to say voluntarily, but theyare guided very discretely by Allah with His messages delivered to them through the processing ofdirect revelations. It should also be noted that every past prophet was a Muslim and all prophetsdelivered the messages with such consistency, that with each new prophet, the next prophetcontinued from the point the messages and practices delivered by the prophet before him had leftoff. The only differences in the messages delivered by the prophet previously and the next prophetwere the extent of refinement of same messages, elevating those messages as consistent to theimproved levels of civilisation existing in different parts of the world.Each prophet also delivered in their messages, the proclamation that there shall be a Final Prophet,who shall not be allocated to a particular country or community, but he shall be the prophet to theworld’s humanity; and he shall also serve the entire global community. That Final Prophet is ProphetMuhammad (pbuh) and his name has been mentioned with slight spelling variations in differentcountries and their scripture. This topic alone is substantial and would be better authored as aseparate article.The Holy Qur’an makes certain at 33:40 that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) upon his death sealed anyfurther arrival of prophets (Rasul and Nabi), which concludes that he was not just any prophet inisolation, but the Final Prophet in the whole series of 124,000+ prophets; and that also concludesthat the religion preached by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the ultimate and final development ofreligion – as Islam - the religion of choice from Allah. In the same vein, the scripture introduced bythe Final Prophet (Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)), as the Holy Qur’an is also the final revealedscripture, authored and sealed off by Allah.Being the final scripture in the series of scriptures since creation also means that the Holy Qur’ansupersedes all other earlier scriptures, and embodies within its sacred texts the spirit of all otherprevious scriptures.The reader is reminded that the uniqueness of the Holy Qur’an, the final revealed scripture,superseding all other previous scriptures requires particular explanations. For example, the twoancient Hebrew Scriptures, which were revealed to the Israelites, the Torah (Tawrat) and the Psalms(Zabur), and which were authored by Prophet Moses and Prophet David respectively, weresuperseded by the Gospel (Injeel). The Gospel (Injeel) was revealed to the final Israelite prophet,Jesus Christ. These processes of superseding took several hundreds of years in between them, withchanging civilisations. The Gospel (Injeel) was superseded by the Holy Qur’an more than 600 yearsafter the birth of Jesus Christ. There shall never be another revealed scripture after the Holy Qur’anand the Holy Qur’an shall not be superseded and shall remain intact and original.This puts to closure three very important points: 1. Firstly, there shall not be another Sharia. 2. Secondly, there shall not be another prophet to receive any further Sharia. 3. Thirdly the Sharia which was received and introduced by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), was the final Sharia and shall remain to be the currently valid Sharia indefinitely, till the end of this world.An obvious question which arises is: How can 1.9 Billion Muslims carry on into the future withoutany Divine leadership such as a prophet and periodic updates till the end of this world? 52012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  6. 6. The answer lies within the current Sharia and the need to understand this best is with quotationsfrom the Holy Qur’an and the Hadith. It is now timely to mention the purpose and function ofMujaddid. A Mujaddid is a maintenance manager of the religion of Islam, as a reviver, selectivelyappointed by Allah; and that person is informed by Allah’s angels of his appointment as theMujaddid at the head of the emergence of an Islamic Century (Hijri), at that point in time.The Divine authority for commencement and continuation of the arrival of Mujaddid every IslamicCentury (Hijri) is in the Holy Qur’an at 24:55, as “Allah has promised to those of you who believe anddo good that He will surely make them rulers in the earth as He made those before them rulers, andthat He will surely establish for them their religion, which He has chosen for them, and that He willsurely give them security in exchange after their fear. They will serve Me, not associating aught withMe. And whoever is ungrateful after this, they are the transgressors.”It should be noted that the non-acceptance of the valid Mujaddid is a serious sin, as the Holy Qur’anhas described non-accepting persons as “transgressors.” This must be read in conjunction with theearlier ordinance in the Holy Qur’an at 4:69, as “And as for those who reject Our messages,chastisement will afflict them because they transgressed.”Perhaps it is timely to remind the reader, that after the death of Rasul-Allah, it is indeed a heinoussin for any person of any capacity or description whatsoever, to claim any form of prophet-hoodafter the revealed verse at 33:40 which testifies as “Muhammad is not the father of any of your men,but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the prophets. And Allah is ever Knower of all things.”There is also need to take a navigational run through some of the Hadith, where Rasul-Allah hasassured that such maintenance managers to the religion of Islam, as revivers, shall be coming at thehead of each of emergence of an Islamic Century (Hijri), at that point in time. Some of these Hadithquotes are as follows: 1. "Allah shall raise for this Ummah at the head of every century a man who shall renew (or revive) for it its religion." (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 37: Kitab al-Malahim [Battles], Hâdith Number 4278). 2. “Surely Allah will raise up for His people in the beginning of every Century (Hijri) one who will revive for it its religion” (Abu Dawood, 36:1). 3. "The Israelites used to be led by prophets; whenever a prophet died, another came after him. After me there is no prophet, but there will be khalifas and there will be many." (Bukhari, book 60, ch. 50)In addition, to exemplify further, there is need to draw an analogy, with a very large and sprawlingbuilding structure, which is there to stay forever, but needs a dedicated maintenance programmanager at regular intervals, so that the building structure retains its originality indefinitely into thefuture. The landlord of that building structure must foresee the future, and have in place acontracted maintenance manager, to revive the tenancy demand for that building. Consequently,over several decades, perhaps the roof of the building structure needs repainting; perhaps theexterior and interior paintwork has faded or peeling off, and also needs repainting; perhaps some ofthe electrical are out of date and in dangerous condition and need replacement, etc, etc.If the building is not maintained at regular intervals by the contracted maintenance manager, in allprobability, some of the tenants of that building would vacate the neglected dilapidated building andthen relocate to another building, which is directly in open competition and very much up to dateand attractive. 62012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  7. 7. The following point must be noted in this analogy: The contracted maintenance manager can onlyrefurbish the building, following the original blueprint of the building plans; but he is not permittedto either become the owner of the building, or alter the general structure of the building, or for thatmatter commence construction of a new building structure.Insofar as the global survival of Islam matters on the long haul, the “building structure” landlord inthe previous paragraph, is Allah, the periodic contracted maintenance manager is a Mujaddid, theblueprint plans is the current Islamic Sharia, and the existing tenants are the Muslim populationthroughout the world. The “other buildings in open competition” are other religions, which are everready to systematically crush our beloved Islam into non-existence at any time.Taking the above analogy into consideration, the dire need to have a Mujaddid at the head of everyIslamic Century (Hijri) as the “maintenance manager” or reviver, becomes potentially compulsory tosave Islam from being enviously crushed by other religions.There are certain fundamental rules, which the Mujaddid must never do: 1. He cannot introduce anything new to Islam which is contrary to the Holy Qur’an. 2. He must not assume or declare himself a prophet (both Nabi and Rasul) after the line of prophet-hood ceased with Rasul-Allah the Final Prophet (see quote above in Holy Qur’an 33:40). 3. He must never introduce a new Sharia contradicting the existing Sharia. 4. He must never introduce a new Scripture replacing or substituting the Holy Qur’an. 5. He must not introduce a new religion either in competition with Islam or replacing Islam. 6. He must not use religion to gain worldly fame. 7. He must not fail to defend Islam each time the need arises. 8. He must not forget to remove Bid’a from Sunnah.When referring to the list of Mujaddid who have already served their terms according to the IslamicCentury (Hijri) of their proclamation by an angel, it is important to fully understand why someCenturies had more than one Mujaddid.The explanation rests with global activities against Islam, with every attempt made to crush Islam.These were the Crusades, the amalgamated armies of mainly Christian countries against Islam. In themain, there were four Major Crusades and five minor Crusades. The first Crusade commenced andlasted 1071 – 1101 and the last Crusade was from 1271-1272. In all Crusades, millions died as resultof battle casualties on both Christian sides and Muslim sides.At the peaking heights of those nine Crusades 1071 to 1272, it was necessary for Allah in Hissuperlative wisdom to send two Mujaddid in certain Islamic Centuries and those decisions were notonly defensive, but also inspirational to bolster Islam with greater defensiveness.In addition, Mujaddid always came at times when Islam was at its lowest ebb and most highlyvulnerable by other pressure groups, and considered necessary to defend Islam to the full. 72012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  8. 8. Part 1 (Prophets, some as “Rasul” and some as “Nabi” Mentioned in the Holy Qur’an)Sequentially Listed Was he a Was he a Was he Was he a Name of His Would He CommunityProphets in Islam Prophet? Rasul or a a Reformer Revealed Reappear as He Served as Messenger? Nabi? or a Scripture Rasul or Nabi the Dedicated(Spread out throughout the Mujaddid? (Holy Book) in Future? ProphetHoly Qur’an).(Arabic names in italics)Adam (Adam) Yes Yes Yes No Scrolls of No Human Adam descendantsNoah (Nuh) Yes Yes Yes No X No The new Descendants of Noah (after the great flood)Enoch (Idris) Yes Yes Yes No X NoEber (Hud) Yes Yes Yes No X No Community of Ad (now called Yemen)Saleh (Salih) Yes Yes Yes No X No Community of ThamudAbraham (Ibrahim) Yes Yes Yes No Scrolls of No Descendants Abraham of Abraham (Semitic)Lot (Lut) Yes Yes Yes No X No Communities of Sodom and GomorrahIshmael (Ishma’l) Yes No Yes No X No Communities of Arabic DescentsIsaac (Is’haq) Yes No Yes No X No Communities of CanaanJacob (Yakub) Yes No Yes No X No Twelve Tribes of IsraelJoseph (Yusuf) Yes No Yes No X No Coptic Communities (Egypt)Job (Aiyub) Yes No Yes No X No Community of JobJethro (Shua’b) Yes Yes Yes No X No The MedianitesMoses (Musa) Yes Yes Yes No Torah No Twelve Tribes (Tawrat) of Israel and the CopticsAaron (Haroon) Yes No Yes No X No Twelve Tribes of Israel and the CopticsDavid (Dawd) Yes Yes Yes No Psalms No Israelites 82012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  9. 9. (Zabur)Solomon (Suleiman) Yes No Yes No X No IsraelitesElijah (Ilyas) Yes Yes Yes No X No Communities of ElijahElisha (Al-Yasa) Yes Yes Yes No X No IsraelitesJonah (Yunus) Yes Yes Yes No X No Descendants of JonahEzekiel (Dhul-Kifiel) Yes Yes Yes No X No IsraelitesZachariah (Zachariah) Yes No Yes No X No IsraelitesJohn the Baptist (Yahiya) Yes No Yes No X No IsraelitesJesus Christ (Isa Masih) Yes Yes Yes No Gospel No Israelites (Injeel)Muhammad (Muhammad) Yes Yes Yes No Qur’an No The Entire Humanity (Al-Qur’an) 92012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  10. 10. Part 2(Mujaddid (Reformers) Who Served Every Islamic Century (Hijri) After Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Died in year AD632)Sequentially Listed Was he a Was he a Was he Was he a Name of His Would He CommunityReformers (Mujaddid) in Prophet? Rasul or a a Reformer Revealed Reappear as He AppearedIslamic History Messenger? Nabi? or a Scripture Rasul or Nabi within as the Mujaddid? (Holy Book) in Future? Century’s Reformer1st Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No ArabiaHazrat Umar ibn Abdul Aziz2nd Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No PalestineHazrat Imam Shafi&Hazrat Imam Ahmad ibnHanbal Iraq3rd Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No ArabiaHazrat Abul Hassan Asha’ri& ArabiaHazrat Abu Sharh4th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IranHazrat Abu UbaidNaishapuri &Hazrat Qazi Abu Bakr ArabiaBaqlani5th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IranHazrat Imam Al-Ghazali6th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IranHazrat Saiyyid Abdul QadirJilani7th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IranHazrat Mueen-Ud-Din Chisti&Hazrat Imam ibn Taimiyya Turkey8th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No EgyptHazrat Hafiz ibn HajarAsqalani &Hazrat Saleh ibn Umar Iraq9th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IndiaHazrat Sayyid MuhammadJaunpuri10th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No EgyptHazrat Imam JalaluddinSayuti11th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IndiaHazrat Mujjaddid Alif Sani12th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IndiaHazrat Shah WaliullahMuhaddith Dehlavi13th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IndiaHazrat Sayyid Ahmad Barelvi14th Century Hijri No No No Yes Nil No IndiaHazrat Mirza GhulamAhmad15th Century: No No No Yes Nil No ???Commenced on 21stNovember 1980 (In Waiting) 102012 ©Jalal Ud Dean
  11. 11. It is for all correct thinking Muslims to guide and assist other Muslims; the Holy Qur’an hassanctioned that correct advice shall be given to those who need to be guided. This is given in theHoly Qur’an at 3:103, as “And from among you there should be a party who invite to good and enjointhe right and forbid the wrong. And these are they who are successful.” --End of Document –Fiji 112012 ©Jalal Ud Dean

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