Integrating Sustainability into Local Land Use Planning and Development


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  • How many people familiar with the USGBC and LEED?
  • The way we build has tremendous impact on climate change and quality of life issues There a need for change from the way we are currently building and developing our towns cities and neighborhoods Cars, driving and oil are only half of the equation avg lifespan of a building built today is 20-30 years – in the UK – 132 years! – in the past we constructed buildings that would last over 100 years – we have become a disposable society with everything from food and clothing, to buildings Really need to change our unsustainable consumptive behaviors (we are consuming approx. 30% more resources than our continent can sustain)
  • Secondary reasons are also important from planning perspective. More sustainable approaches to development can lessen infrastructure demands for sites, can help foster sense of community, improve project performance (higher rents, lower vacancy). Local zoning and land use regs. originally developed to segregate LU, deal with basic public health issues and avoid nuisances. This has led to inefficient dev. Patterns As we try to integrate mixed uses, these same problems can arise so it requires careful planning and thoughtful design.
  • What is LEED for Neighborhood Development? Building off of successes of LEED NC Integrates the principles of smart growth, new urbanism, and green building into the first national standard for neighborhood design. Focus on residential, commercial and mixed-use developments. Projects can be whole neighborhoods, or parts (TOD), or multiple neighborhoods. Smaller, infill projects that are single use but complement existing neighboring uses as well as larger and mixed use developments Expands on other LEED rating systems by promoting design and construction elements that bring buildings together into a neighborhood, and relate the neighborhood to larger region & landscape Using framework of other LEED rating systems, LEED-ND recognizes development projects that successfully protect and enhance the overall health, natural environment, and QOL of our communities. – create places Encourages smart growth by promoting the location and design of neighborhoods that reduce vehicle miles traveled and communities where jobs and services are accessible by foot or public transit. It promotes more efficient energy and water use—especially important for climate change issues. Resource efficiency - big issues with climate change as well – fresh water and clean, efficient energy use
  • Plus 5 possible credits for innovation and design process and one point for having a LEED-AP as a member of the project team
  • Point system – 106 possible points – more points, higher the level of certification Like all rating systems – set of requirements and options – LEED ND has 9 prerequisities (required elements) and 96 optional credits Projects must achieve a minimum of 40 credits to be certified
  • Will certify projects that may have significantly longer construction periods than single buildings, and as a result the standard LEED certification process needed to be modified. Provide developers of certifiable projects with some form of approval even at the early, pre-entitlement stage. Also wanted to ensure that great plans became great real-life projects. Optional Pre-review (Stage 1) This stage is available but not required for projects before the entitlement process begins. If pre-review approval of the plan is achieved, USGBC will issue a letter stating that if the project is built as proposed, it will be able to achieve LEED for Neighborhood Development certification. To assist the developer in building a case for entitlement among land use planning authorities, as well as a case for financing Certification of an Approved Plan (Stage 2) This stage is available after the project has been granted approval. Any changes to the pre-reviewed plan that could potentially affect prerequisite or credit - notify USGBC If certification of the approved plan is achieved, USGBC will confirm the approved plan is a LEED for Neighborhood Development Certified Plan and list on the USGBC website. Certification of a Completed Neighborhood Development (Stage 3) When construction is complete or nearly complete. Any changes communicated to USGBC as part of this submission. USGBC will issue plaques or similar awards for public display and will list on the USGBC website.
  • Pilot – to test the rating system and work out the bugs. 205 Projects in 39 states and DC 6 in MA, 6in CT and 1 in NH 24 in Canada China - 6 Bahamas South Korea Mexico
  • Like a smart growth menu – there are some key standards that are mandatory but you can basically choose from a suite of smart growth strategies Mandatory components – key elements of a well planned neighborhood Location – existing services areas, avoid key natural resources, compact, connected development, reducing construction impacts Combining planning, engineering, building codes, energy and water efficiency – requires all to be at the table together (integrated design) (water as the next oil) Reducing urban sprawl and creating more livable communities by: infill sites and locations that are closer to existing town and city centers areas with good transit access previously developed sites sites adjacent to existing development Encourage healthy living: creating compact, walkable, vibrant, mixed-use neighborhoods with good connections to nearby communities. Research has shown…improve human cardiovascular and respiratory health and reduce the risk of hypertension and obesity. Protect open space and threatened species: Development has severely fragmented habitats of many threatened and endangered species LEED encourages compact development patterns to minimize habitat fragmentation and preserve areas for recreation. Increase transportation choice and decrease automobile dependence. convenient transportation choices such as buses, trains, car pools, bicycle lanes and sidewalks Mixed use developments to reduce auto trips or provide alternatives  Benefits to Project Developers of LEED for Neighborhood Development Communities Potentially reduced fees or waiting periods.  A good impression on your neighbors – link env. and community benefits.  The rating system also encourages projects to work collaboratively with the existing neighborhood  to make sure their needs are taken into account. Higher tenancy rates.  Rising demand for housing in highly walkable or transit-accessible areas can result in higher tenancy rates. 
  • Pictures show how a community can implement the LEED ND standards to turn auto-oriented development into a community designed for people Helping to create great spaces! Location and Linkages – walkable communities LEED ND and Smart Growth codes incentivize good community form and function : 0. Pavement Incorporating green infrastructure and focusing improvements to promote walkability (sidewalks, bumps-outs, crosswalks) integrating mixed uses (res and comm/retail) and using buildings to frame the street and create a pedestrian scale (not just auto –oriented as in the first slide – shared parking - combo of on-street parking, rear parking and credit for ped. And Cyclists – reduced parking, less imp. And stormwater, more greenspace ) Adding complimentary development and creating inviting spaces for people (still accomodating the auto but scale is ped. oriented) Furthering pedestrian scale – slower moving traffic, complete streets – no need for large signs and min. building access (design guidelines)
  • Used LEED NC and ND to see what sust. Elements were missing, ID barriers and use as a base for regulatory updates. Devens Ex.
  • Great resources on climate change and municipal assistance with Climate Action Plans How our land use patterns are impacting climate change Green Playbook – Green Buildings, Green Neighborhoods and Green Infrastructure - Learn, Plan Act resources
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  • Integrating Sustainability into Local Land Use Planning and Development

    1. 1. Integrating Sustainability into Local Land Use Planning and Development A look at LEED ® for Neighborhood Development Pilot Rating System Neil Angus, MCIP, AICP, LEED ® AP
    2. 2. A Need for Change <ul><li>Energy Security & Climate Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buildings account for 70% of US electricity; 39% of CO 2 output </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource Scarcity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40% of raw materials; 30% of waste </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air quality, sick building syndrome, auto-oriented development, obesity </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Why is there a need for change? <ul><li>Growing Infrastructure Demands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity demands/load, water use, wastewater and storm water generation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Losing Sense of Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreasing public spaces, sprawl, lack of community involvement, sense of place </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decreasing Project Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower quality development, poor resale values </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. What is LEED-ND? <ul><li>Pilot Rating System </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated approach incorporating Green Building, Energy and Climate Change into planning and zoning </li></ul><ul><li>National standard for neighborhood design </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships (USGBC, CNU, NRDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizes projects that protect and enhance public health, natural environment, and QOL </li></ul><ul><li>Smart growth & new urbanist best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced VMT’s – smart location and linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient use of resources (materials, energy, water) </li></ul><ul><li>1 st draft comment period Jan. 5. – revised draft now out (v2009) </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd comment period Spring 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Final version to launch Summer 2009 </li></ul>
    5. 5. LEED-ND Checklist
    6. 6. LEED-ND Checklist (cont.) Added Prereq’s for Community connectivity
    7. 7. LEED-ND Checklist (cont.) Changed to Green Infrastructure & Buildings (GIB) Added Prereq’s for min: Water Energy Green Building Also added regional credits
    8. 8. LEED-ND Rating System Source: The New Frontier of LEED – Piloting LEED for Neighborhood Development - the Greening the Heartland, St Louis, MO - June 2008
    9. 9. LEED-ND Process <ul><li>Three-stage, third party certification process: </li></ul><ul><li>Optional Pre-review (Stage 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Not required </li></ul><ul><li>USGBC letter confirming LEED for Neighborhood Development certification potential </li></ul><ul><li>Certification of an Approved Plan (Stage 2) </li></ul><ul><li>After the project has been granted any necessary approvals </li></ul><ul><li>Any changes through regulatory process must go through USGBC </li></ul><ul><li>USGBC certifies approved plan as a LEED for Neighborhood Development Certified Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Certification of a Completed Neighborhood Development (Stage 3) </li></ul><ul><li>When construction is complete or nearly complete </li></ul><ul><li>Any changes that could potentially affect prerequisite or credit achievement must go through USGBC </li></ul><ul><li>USGBC issue complete certification, plaques for public display. </li></ul>
    10. 10. LEED-ND Pilot Projects MA – 6, CT – 6, NH – 1 Canada - 24 China – 6 Bahamas South Korea Mexico
    11. 11. Why LEED-ND is Gaining Popularity <ul><li>Flexibility in implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory elements </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive tool </li></ul><ul><li>Branding/recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Market transformation/acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits to residents and surrounding communities </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing urban sprawl and creating more livable communities </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage healthy living </li></ul><ul><li>Protect open space and threatened species </li></ul><ul><li>Increase transportation choice and decrease automobile dependence </li></ul><ul><li>Direct benefits to project developers </li></ul>
    12. 12. Smart Location & Linkage and Neighborhood Design Source: The New Frontier of LEED – Piloting LEED for Neighborhood Development - the Greening the Heartland, St Louis, MO - June 2008
    13. 13. Devens and LEED <ul><li>LEED as an evaluation tool </li></ul>
    14. 14. Links/Resources <ul><li>US Green Building Council (USGBC) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/Gov’t Resources/ Public Policy Search </li></ul><ul><li>LEED/LEED Rating Systems/Neighborhood Development </li></ul><ul><li>APA Climate Change Policy </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>What Does Green Really Cost? </li></ul><ul><li>By Davis Langdon </li></ul><ul><li>Study showing that going green does not have to cost more </li></ul>
    15. 15. Links/Resources <ul><li>ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Land Institute - Growing Cooler : </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence on Urban Development & Climate Change, Oct. 07 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Playbook for Green Buildings and Neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    16. 16. Questions? Thank You! <ul><ul><li>Neil Angus, AICP, LEED AP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devens Enterprise Commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33 Andrews Parkway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devens, MA 01434 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct (978) 772-8831 ext.3334 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>