1. An overview of the country---LiLi Chen2. History of the childcare system---Lei Zhang3. Description of the type of childcare system (formal, informal)---Yan Wen Shi4. Availability & Accessibility (is it for everyone, government funded or private)—Li Yin5. The underlying philosophy---XueLian Li6. Training & Roles of the childcare workers---Shanhong Zou
Kindergarten: From 1871 “kindergarten” concept introduced 1876 First kindergarten born 1926 The Kindergarten Ordinance enacted 1947 Became the basic stage of school education (ministry of education)Day Care Centre: 1890 First daycare center established From 1894 Daycare centers established within factories 1908 Subsides provided 1947 Became a child welfare facility (ministry of Health and Welfare)
Formal:Kindergartens • Ministry of education • Between 3&5 years old • 5 hours/day • Fixed tuition feeDaycare Centers • Ministry of health of welfare • 0-5 years old • 8 hours/day • Flexible feeInformal:Unlicensed home careLive in nanny
Attendance to Pre−school Education 1960s, 3-6yrs, 26.9% 1976, 2-6yrs, 63.5% 1981, 4-5yrs, 100%Public Kindergarten & Daycare Center Financial resourcesPrivate Kindergarten & Daycare Center Funding resourcesTrend of Free Education “Basic Plan for the Promotion of Education” (July 2008) 2013 +5% of attendance
1. Etiquette-children learnetiquette which is an important partof Japanese culture.2. Independence-children learnindependence throughparticipating in activities & play.3. Confidence-children developtheir confidence by free toplay, explore and try new things.
Training:Kindergarten Level 1 Certificate: 4 years education for university graduates Level 2 Certificate: 2 years education for junior-college graduatesDay care Center Level 2 Certificate: 2 years education for junior-college graduates(Same as Kindergarten)Educator’s roles Maintain health & safety policies and procedures Create a framework for good programs and Curriculums Partner with parent…