Global Perspective Kenya


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Examine beliefs, values and behaviours that form individual and community identities and the basis for respectful relationships.

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Global Perspective Kenya

  1. 1. Child Care from a Global Perspective Republic of Kenya Motto: “Harambee” (Swahili) “Let us pull together.” By: Annafel, Darlene, Elmen, Jeba, Kala
  2. 2. Objectives: <ul><li>Provide brief facts about Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Kenya’s child care system </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Kenya’s history and evolution of child care service </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya’s child care philosophies </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of child care to families </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility of child care services </li></ul><ul><li>Program structure </li></ul><ul><li>Role and Training of Early Childhood Educator </li></ul><ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Duration: 20 minutes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Facts about Kenya <ul><li>Located in the region of East Africa, former British colony </li></ul><ul><li>Capital - Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>Language spoken: English and Swahili </li></ul><ul><li>Population of 34.3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Home to more than 40 ethnic groups representing many cultures and has over 60 languages </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for savanna and the animals that live there </li></ul><ul><li>$1.00 CAN = 79.54 Kenyan Shilling (KES) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Evaluation of the Child Care System <ul><li>Kenya is the only African nation with an established early childhood education program. </li></ul><ul><li>1972 - Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) – 10 Year preschool project - development of curricula and curriculum support materials for all levels of education in Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>1984 - Ministry of Education established the National Center for Early Childhood Education (NCECE), a national endeavor aimed at harmonizing the growth, evaluation, and oversight of early childhood education, based at the Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) </li></ul><ul><li>1985 - District Centers for Early Childhood Education (DICECE) was formed. Objective is to have one center for each district. </li></ul>
  5. 5. History and Evolution of Child Care System <ul><li>Before Preschools </li></ul><ul><li>Children are expected to do adult-like tasks when they become “age of reason” </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of five, children are given adult responsibilities </li></ul>
  6. 6. History and Evolution of Child Care System <ul><li>Traditional </li></ul>VS. Modernized What to Teach the Children?
  7. 7. History and Evolution of Child Care System <ul><li>Preschools were first built in the 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>In 1963, the year Kenya received Independence from Britain, preschools became much more developed </li></ul>First Preschools
  8. 8. History and Evolution of Child Care System <ul><li>Local governmental authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Church and welfare agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Private entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Self-help schools (e.g. Harambee) </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary organization (e.g. Red Cross) </li></ul>Sponsors for Preschools
  9. 9. History and Evolution of Child Care System <ul><li>1969 </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 children enrolled in 4,000 preschools with 5,000 untrained preschool teachers </li></ul><ul><li>1979 </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 children enrolled in 8,000 preschool centers with 10,000 trained preschool teachers </li></ul>Surveys 1969 and 1979
  10. 10. History and Evolution of Child Care System <ul><li>Rural </li></ul><ul><li>Use of folk stories to teach children ethics and morals </li></ul><ul><li>Physical abuse to teach children to fear adult authority </li></ul><ul><li>Urban </li></ul><ul><li>More freedom to express aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Less physical punishment </li></ul><ul><li>More value placed on child’s personal achievements </li></ul>Rural vs. Urban
  11. 11. Philosophy <ul><li>Holistic approach to children's needs </li></ul><ul><li>To provide education geared towards development of the child’s mental and physical capabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>To improve the status of the child’s health, care and nutritional needs, and link him/her with health services such as immunization, health check-ups and growth monitoring and promotion. </li></ul><ul><li>To enrich the child’s experiences to enable him/her cope better with primary schools life. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Availability and Accessibility <ul><li>Early Childhood Development policy framework targets all children from conception to 8 years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Categories: </li></ul><ul><li>conception to birth </li></ul><ul><li>birth to 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>3 to 6 years </li></ul><ul><li>6 to 8 years </li></ul>
  13. 13. Availability and Accessibility
  14. 14. Program Structure <ul><li>Every ECD centre has its own program structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Must follow “Guidelines For Early Childhood Development Services”, prepared by Department of Social Development (same as our Day Nursery’s Act) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Role of the Teacher <ul><li>ECE Teachers are called (ECDE) Early Childhood Development and Education Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Promote meaningful learning by using multiple musical and physical strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers are the primary health and nutrition provider next to the parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers provide the environment for the child’s growth and development. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers teach life principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers provide early stimulation for the future of child development. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Training of the Teacher <ul><li>5 weeks short courses with 2 year in-service training programme introduced by World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>After the 2 years, the qualified teacher is awarded a Preschool Teacher Certificate. </li></ul><ul><li>(In service training is facilitated by the District Centers for Early Childhood (DICECEs) which are government-supported centers) </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Level: Primary or Secondary education depending on the area. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The End. Any questions?