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www.2010colombia.com Con el patrocinio de:
Environmental Change and Psychoterratic Syndromes The Bad, the Good and the Beautiful Glenn Albrecht PhD Professor of Sust...
Alexander von Humboldt  <ul><li>On this day in 1801 von Humboldt was in Bogota ... Perhaps discussing botany with Jose Cel...
The Conceptual Landscape <ul><li>Our appreciation of the foundations of life is weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Dim knowledge ...
Bateson on Eco-mental Health <ul><li>“ You decide that you want to get rid of the by-products of human life and that Lake ...
Eco-Mental Landscapes Kate Macdowell Solastalgia , 7&quot;x7&quot;x4&quot;, hand built porcelain, cone 6 glaze, 2/2010
Deliver us from Insanity! <ul><li>The whole of intensive industry, technology and agriculture is now delivering ecosystem ...
New Categories of  Environmentally Induced  Illness <ul><li>1 .  Psychoterratic  illness (psyche = mind; terra = earth; ea...
Psychoterratic Conditions Realm Negative  Origin Positive Origin Educational Nature Deficit Disorder Louv 2005 Biophilia F...
The Bad!
Nature Deficit Disorder TV Sunset’ from  The Penguin Leunig by  Michael Leunig, published by Penguin Group Australia Ltd, ...
Ecophobia and Eco-Anxiety http://www.edvard-munch.com/Paintings/anxiety/scream_3.jpg
Global Dread?
Eco-Paralysis <ul><li>Often ‘appears’ as apathy, complacency or disengagement </li></ul><ul><li>An understandable response...
Eco-anxiety and Eco-paralysis <ul><li>Uncertainty about the future </li></ul><ul><li>Powerlessness (unable to meaningfully...
Solastalgia <ul><li>The pain or sickness caused by the inability to derive   solace  from  the present state of one’s home...
Agents of transformation Glenn Albrecht PhD 2010
The Hunter Valley: Before and After Images by Allan Chawner 2008
Solastalgia <ul><li>But I lost a lot of weight. I’d wake up in the middle of the night with my stomach like that  (note: c...
Solastalgia <ul><li>“ It is very depressing, it brings you down. Even  (Indigenous)  people that don’t have the traditiona...
Drought Transcripts   <ul><li>“ Well I guess we’re coming into our fifth year of the drought….B [daughter-in-law] and ... ...
The Hunter Valley Driven Insane?
Cycles of Distress
The Good!
Biophilia and Topophilia
Biophilia - Topophilia <ul><li>Biophilia: Love of life and affinity with living things (Fromm and Wilson) </li></ul><ul><l...
Solastalgia  Soliphilia
Soliphilia <ul><li>In order to negate all the ‘algias’ or forces that cause solastalgia, sickness and extinction we requir...
Soliphilia <ul><li>Soliphilia  is the  love of the totality of our place relationships and a willingness to accept, in sol...
Endemophilia <ul><li>The English word, ‘endemic’, is based on the French word,  endémique  and has the Greek roots,  endēm...
Endemophilia <ul><li>To have an emplaced love of home and its unique qualities and characteristics is a precondition for h...
Outstations
The Beautiful!
Eutierria <ul><li>Defined as a positive feeling of oneness with the earth and its life forces (eu=good, tierra= earth, ia=...
Alexander von Humboldt <ul><li>“ Nature can be so soothing to the tormented mind, a blue sky, the glittering surface of la...
Eutierria
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Solastalgia - Glenn Albrecht

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Año Internacional de la Biodiversidad Colombia

Solastalgia

Glenn Albrecht
Murdoch University - Australia

2010colombia.com
www.humboldt.org.co

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Solastalgia - Glenn Albrecht

  1. 1. www.2010colombia.com Con el patrocinio de:
  2. 2. Environmental Change and Psychoterratic Syndromes The Bad, the Good and the Beautiful Glenn Albrecht PhD Professor of Sustainability, Murdoch University, Australia. For the Alexander von Humboldt Institute, Colombia 2010
  3. 3. Alexander von Humboldt <ul><li>On this day in 1801 von Humboldt was in Bogota ... Perhaps discussing botany with Jose Celestino Mutis (1732-1808). </li></ul><ul><li>He left Bogota on Sept 8 to travel overland to Quito and rejoin Captain Baudin. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Conceptual Landscape <ul><li>Our appreciation of the foundations of life is weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Dim knowledge of Ecosystem Services </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of the sense of value of biological and cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Earth Healthy People </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adult Artefact Overload Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>An impoverished language? </li></ul><ul><li>We need … a Conceptual Landscape Restoration Project </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bateson on Eco-mental Health <ul><li>“ You decide that you want to get rid of the by-products of human life and that Lake Erie will be a good place to put them. You forget that the eco-mental system called Lake Erie is a part of your wider eco-mental system – and that if Lake Erie is driven insane, its insanity is incorporated in the larger system of your thought and experience.” (Bateson 1973:460) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Eco-Mental Landscapes Kate Macdowell Solastalgia , 7&quot;x7&quot;x4&quot;, hand built porcelain, cone 6 glaze, 2/2010
  7. 7. Deliver us from Insanity! <ul><li>The whole of intensive industry, technology and agriculture is now delivering ecosystem and human ill health </li></ul><ul><li>If not the pollution and sterility of soil and water, the pollution of the atmosphere so as to change the climate! </li></ul><ul><li>If the earth is being driven insane, then no wonder by 2020 mental health issues will be second only to heart disease as our major global health system disease burden </li></ul>
  8. 8. New Categories of Environmentally Induced Illness <ul><li>1 . Psychoterratic illness (psyche = mind; terra = earth; earth-related mental illness), where both nostalgia and solastalgia are examples of people being made 'mentally unhealthy' by the severing of 'healthy' links between themselves and their home/territory; and </li></ul><ul><li>2. Somaterratic illness (soma = body) that relate to the body/physiological (including genetic) damage caused by toxic pollution and the loss of ecosystem health in any given context. </li></ul><ul><li>See: Albrecht, G, et. al. (2007) Solastalgia: The distress caused by environmental change, Australasian Psychiatry . Vol. 15, Special Supplement, 95-98. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Psychoterratic Conditions Realm Negative Origin Positive Origin Educational Nature Deficit Disorder Louv 2005 Biophilia Fromm 1965 Wilson 1984 Personal and Ecological Ecophobia Ecoanxiety Various Ecophilia Sobel 1995 Cultural and Political Ecoparalysis Various Soliphilia Albrecht 2009 Personal and Place Solastalgia Albrecht 2003 Topophilia Tuan 1974 Home and Place Nostalgia Hoffer 1688 Endemophilia Albrecht 2010 Psyche Global Dread Albrecht (Jill) 2003 Eutierria Albrecht 2010
  10. 10. The Bad!
  11. 11. Nature Deficit Disorder TV Sunset’ from The Penguin Leunig by Michael Leunig, published by Penguin Group Australia Ltd, 1974.
  12. 12. Ecophobia and Eco-Anxiety http://www.edvard-munch.com/Paintings/anxiety/scream_3.jpg
  13. 13. Global Dread?
  14. 14. Eco-Paralysis <ul><li>Often ‘appears’ as apathy, complacency or disengagement </li></ul><ul><li>An understandable response to complexity, info overload, scale. </li></ul>http://www.frieze.com/issue/review/peter_robinson/
  15. 15. Eco-anxiety and Eco-paralysis <ul><li>Uncertainty about the future </li></ul><ul><li>Powerlessness (unable to meaningfully mitigate) </li></ul><ul><li>Information overload about nasty developments (warming, sea ice melt, sea level rise, glacier melt, droughts, super storms etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety and overload lead to eco-paralysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which often ‘appears’ as apathy or disengagement) and/or eco-denial and eco- anger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>homesickness and melancholia at the loss of solace in a ‘home’ environment that is being changed in unwelcome ways </li></ul>
  16. 16. Solastalgia <ul><li>The pain or sickness caused by the inability to derive solace from the present state of one’s home environment </li></ul><ul><li>It is the lived experience of negatively perceived environmental change to one’s ‘sense of place’ and existential well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of powerlessness and a loss of hope about the future </li></ul>Glenn Albrecht Murdoch University 2010
  17. 17. Agents of transformation Glenn Albrecht PhD 2010
  18. 18. The Hunter Valley: Before and After Images by Allan Chawner 2008
  19. 19. Solastalgia <ul><li>But I lost a lot of weight. I’d wake up in the middle of the night with my stomach like that (note: clenched fist), and think, what am I going to do? We’re losing money, they won’t listen to me, what do I do? Do I go broke? I can’t sell to anybody, nobody wants to buy it because it’s right next to the mine. What do I do? And I was a real mess. (Dora) </li></ul>Bengalla Open Cut; Image by Allan Chawner 2008
  20. 20. Solastalgia <ul><li>“ It is very depressing, it brings you down. Even (Indigenous) people that don’t have the traditional ties to the area, … it still brings them down . I t i s pathetic just to drive along, they cannot stand that drive. We take different routes to travel down south just so we don’t have to see all the holes, all the dirt … because it makes you wild.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Indigenous interviewee) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Drought Transcripts <ul><li>“ Well I guess we’re coming into our fifth year of the drought….B [daughter-in-law] and ... our gardens have had to die because our house dam has been dry … so it’s very depressing for a woman because a garden is an oasis out here with this dust … you know, to come home to a nice green lawn is just … that’s all gone, so you’ve got dust at your back door.” </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Hunter Valley Driven Insane?
  23. 23. Cycles of Distress
  24. 24. The Good!
  25. 25. Biophilia and Topophilia
  26. 26. Biophilia - Topophilia <ul><li>Biophilia: Love of life and affinity with living things (Fromm and Wilson) </li></ul><ul><li>Topophilia: Love of landscape and place (Tuan) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Solastalgia Soliphilia
  28. 28. Soliphilia <ul><li>In order to negate all the ‘algias’ or forces that cause solastalgia, sickness and extinction we require a positive love of place, expressed as a culture, politics and an ethos or way of life. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Soliphilia <ul><li>Soliphilia is the love of the totality of our place relationships and a willingness to accept, in solidarity and affiliation with others, the political responsibility for the earth, our home. </li></ul><ul><li>Soliphilia goes beyond the left-right politics of control and ownership and provides a universal motivation to achieve sustainability through new ways of symbiotic living that are life-affirming. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Endemophilia <ul><li>The English word, ‘endemic’, is based on the French word, endémique and has the Greek roots, endēmia ( a dwelling in) and endēmos ( native in the people). </li></ul><ul><li>Endemophilia captures the particular love of the locally and regionally distinctive in place and is a counter to the alienation and isolation covered by nostalgia when a ‘local’ person is separated from their home environment. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Endemophilia <ul><li>To have an emplaced love of home and its unique qualities and characteristics is a precondition for having a negative experience when absent from home. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to experience homesickness, you must have already experienced ‘homewellness’ or endemophilia. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Outstations
  33. 33. The Beautiful!
  34. 34. Eutierria <ul><li>Defined as a positive feeling of oneness with the earth and its life forces (eu=good, tierra= earth, ia= suffix for member of a group of {positive psychoterratic} conditions). </li></ul><ul><li>When the human-nature relationship is spontaneous and mutually enriching (symbiotic) we experience a state of ‘eutierria’ </li></ul><ul><li>That ‘oceanic feeling’ </li></ul><ul><li>Soliphilia and eutierria together will deliver sustainability </li></ul>
  35. 35. Alexander von Humboldt <ul><li>“ Nature can be so soothing to the tormented mind, a blue sky, the glittering surface of lake water, the green foliage of trees may be your solace. In such company it is even possible to forget the reality of one’s personal existence. It lends wings to our feelings and thoughts.” (1829: Letter to brother) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Eutierria
  37. 37. www.2010colombia.com Con el patrocinio de:

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