Dominique EnzMrs. OrenPeriod 10Good afternoon… I did my senior graduation project on abstract art.Images:Image: 'Paint Brushes' http://www.flickr.com/photos/36002095@N08/4360710819flickrImage: 'Vivid Colors: Paintbrushes' http://www.flickr.com/photos/9595367@N07/2260846375Image: 'Artomatic 2009 Painting' http://www.flickr.com/photos/7471115@N08/3627249316Image: 'Painting Pictures' http://www.flickr.com/photos/34342620@N06/3294531381Image: 'Art Room Still Life' http://www.flickr.com/photos/46602640@N00/2346098898
Here is my presentation overview summed up. I will present the PowerPoint to give you a better understanding of abstract art. Then I will show you my application and finally we will do something as a class.Images:Image: '"Bacon and eggs"' http://www.flickr.com/photos/48094050@N00/74298451http://flickrcc.bluemountains.net/index.php?terms=presentation&page=1
Abstract art is very difficult to define, as its definition is very broad, however it is ultimately a form of expression conveying feeling and emotion that will continue to grow in popularity. Images: Brown, Merrick. [mb] Metallic Paint Swirls. 7 Jan. 2007. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. http://search.creativecommons.org/#.
Why this topic? Why art? I love art and I ultimately picked this subject because a lot of people claim they aren’t artistic, but that is false because everyone is. Art in one’s life as a whole creates balance that leads to happiness.As a whole, all genres of Art are needed by our young. Arts education strengthens student problem-solving, critical thinking skills.It also adds to overall academic achievement, school success, and preparation for the work world andIt gives some students something to look forward to throughout the day thus making school more enjoyable.It adds to individuals Expression, communication, exploration, imagination, and cultural and historical understandingOne could say it creates balance in the day because it lets one leave all the other academically mind boggling material behind. In addition, art also works the other side of the brain where creativity is needed, it connects people to their other sidewhich ultimately creates overall balance and an all knowing characteristics Images:Image: 'Color Our World' http://www.flickr.com/photos/84658470@N00/533256458
What do you think...?Is Art always portraying a materialistic object?People think that in general art needs to show an object or something visual. This is not true for art can be anything. A simple dot on a white canvas can stimulate the senses and create questions about what the creators thoughts and feelings were. Once again it’s a great way to express oneselfand stimulate ones brainImages:Image: 'Remnants' http://www.flickr.com/photos/15923063@N00/3380716531
Even though nonobjective art doesn’t show a direct object one can identify, it still does stimulate the brain and it brings joy to mind (to some). It may not have the same characteristics possessed by other arts where the object and moral lay in front of you, however, it may, if not, stimulate the intellectual side of the brain more when you really try to gain an understanding of the painting or piece.Images:Image: 'Unity' http://www.flickr.com/photos/22820831@N02/2274455077
There is a lot of debate over the true beginning of “modern art” for historians claim people have been creating abstract art for millions of years while others argue that its nothing older then 1500s. There are those that even argue that it’s exclusively a 20th century art movement. Modern art history traditionally referrers almost exclusively to European painting, sculpture, and architecture between 1789 and World War II,But then also Italian Renaissance call art of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries modern.(personally)The history of abstract art could be considered a really confusing subject because one thing leads to the next and then that source leads you right back to the beginning. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Between 1789 and World War IIEuropean painting, sculpture, and architecture was considered Modern art historyModern art historyFourteenth and fifteenth centuriesThe Italian Renaissance call art modernImages:Image: 'Resistant' http://www.flickr.com/photos/67499195@N00/2202529878Image: 'Tempus Fugit' http://www.flickr.com/photos/78415063@N00/3653798126Image: 'Transit spatio-temporel (Time & Space Transit)' http://www.flickr.com/photos/78415063@N00/3517477267Image: 'Time Tangents' http://www.flickr.com/photos/78415063@N00/4265421833
This directly relates to a the slide previously. This quote is proving that avant-garde is a word used to classify some new pieces of nonobjective work. Its basically saying that ground breaking movements in abstract art are visually new and can be considered abstract even in the abstract world. Avant-garde is meant as a break through in this field.Images:Wall. 28 Feb. 2008. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. http://search.creativecommons.org/#.
The term modern art is used very generally, but how its going to be used throughout the presentation is in reference to avant-garde. This word originally came from the military, where its been referred to as the first set of troops.Abstraction simply is a distorted image while a more precise definition of abstract art would be in reference to non objective/ nonrepresentational art ….. One can say its avant-garde------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Generally used Avant-garde Word originally came from the military, where its been referred to as the first set of troops“Pure” abstraction Non objective Nonrepresentational artImages:Image: 'Nouveau Clouseau' http://www.flickr.com/photos/81183474@N00/2412286536
As a whole one can safely state that there are two types of abstract paintings.
There are two subcategories Objective abstractionClose up pieces (also one could look at it as a photo being taken with a macro lens) Image: '...Burn the Rainbow...' http://www.flickr.com/photos/25572591@N07/4510834607
'Bittersweet' Contemporary Floral Abstract Painting by Elizabeth ChapmanThe first type of abstract painting portrays objects that have been abstracted from nature. Although what you see may not look realistic to the untrained eye the painting has more too it.HahnImages:http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_4l-FkGxnG7Q/SwIDbxSjNMI/AAAAAAAABIw/PEVWcJPSD-o/s1600/bittersweet.jpg
Her is another objective abstraction,although digitally created one can see how it is abstracted. Its broken up into different parts like a puzzle or even a low grade digital photo. When the image is shrunk or seen from further away the image comes out.Hahnimage:http://www.onlymp.com/gallery/faces/face3.jpg
This is a leafcloseupabstractpainting It is close enough that it confuses one, but it also is close enough that you can at leastget an idea of what you are looking at. It may be a tie-die blanket at really close Hahnimage:http://popartmachine.com/blog/colorful-pop-art-leaf-plant-abstract-painting.html
2nd type of abstract painting… sometimes referred to as "pure" abstract art, Which is more obtuse style and in its final stage very unique. Such paintings do not reflect any form of conventional realityall you see are shapes, colors, lines, patterns, and so on. Its wholly based off what the artist at that time felt. -----------------------------------------------------------------------No form of reality ShapesColorsLinesPatternsHahnimage:Image: 'peaked' http://www.flickr.com/photos/14784969@N08/2807969915
Although they have designs, shapes or colors that do not look like specific physical objects, one can be in for a surprise. As such, abstract paintings are a lot harder to understand than representational paintings. When one looks at an abstract painting, you often have no idea what it is you are actually seeing. This leads to people getting overwhelmed at museums after only a few hours and getting a head ace. And then there are those who have no interest in the piece and just pass it and go on to the next one that is objective, but with further understanding of the techniques and procedures taken…one can understand the basic concept of what the artist is trying to convey to the audience.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------They’re different. Designs, shapes and colors do not look like specific physical objectsHarder to understand than representational paintingsNo idea what your looking atImages:Image: 'Montagues and Capulets' http://www.flickr.com/photos/9619972@N08/1342738724
Just for show, this piece here is a great example of “pure” abstraction. Images:Image: 'untitled' http://www.flickr.com/photos/54582108@N00/163172772
Here is another piece. I just want you to see some different styles. Images:Image: 'Berlin Stories: Step 7 - 4th layer' http://www.flickr.com/photos/52417163@N00/4522741730
In order to truly appreciate a work of art-you need to see it as more than a single, isolated creation. If you don’t understand this environment, then one wont understand the painting. One will never be able to appreciate what the artist has to offer you if you don’t become a student. When you study the work of a particular artist make, sure to gain an understanding of the artist background and or the time he/she created the piece of work.It makes sense to learn something about his life and the culture in which he lived.When analyzing abstract art you always need to think outside of the boxArt will stay around for a long time, however, it is not timelessbecause every piece is created in a particular environment.Images:Image: 'couleurs' http://www.flickr.com/photos/47757737@N00/3012125403
This time line gives one a better understanding and summary of the art movements that occurred throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.1905-1915**Pablo Picasso and Georges Braques create cubism. Henri Matisse's fauvism serves as a bridge between post-impressionism and expressionism. Before Picasso even created cubism in 1907, the painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, sparked artists to create abstractism1910First signs of pure abstract artKandinsky, Mondrian.**1910 – the period of Cubism invention by Pablo Picasso and Georges BraqueImages:http://blog.digitalcontentproducer.com/briefingroom/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/history-id.jpgImage: 'untitled' http://www.flickr.com/photos/74531053@N00/2655147821
This is the painting the ultimately sparked abstraction although its credit is not seen because it was in Picasso's private collection.<http://www.mcs.csueastbay.edu/~malek/Artfolder/Pablo.html >.Images:http://fileserver5.personaldb.net/Files/u0soon/Images/pica1.jpg
1912-1925Piet Mondrian and Kasimir Malevich's supematism and constructivism lead to the creation of pure abstract art.1925-1945geometric abstraction was favored during this time and painterly automatism.“Suprematism was preceded by cubism, the Big Bang of abstract art. While never pure abstract art, Picasso's creation of cubism, around 1910, inspired other artists to take the visual arts to cubism's ultimate consequence: pure abstract art.”http://paintings.name/abstract-art/suprematism.phpJansen Images:Image: 'blanc noir rouge' http://www.flickr.com/photos/61895332@N00/4311394190Image: '8/365 (2009) Dulux Primrose Yellow' http://www.flickr.com/photos/13703367@N00/3181877876Image: 'Almost, Almost Blue' http://www.flickr.com/photos/51035555243@N01/250470370
1945-1960Painterly automatism becomes more extreme in abstract expressionism and art informalsome artists combine automatism with geometric abstraction.1960-1980beginning of abstract art with design characteristics, as in Op Art, Pop Art and contemporary geometric abstraction.1980-presentPostmodernismImages:Image: 'Return to the studio. September' http://www.flickr.com/photos/44586678@N00/1755431195Valerig, Klinkov -Abstract painter.http://www.klinkov.com/abstract-art-style
Abstract art- can either be nonobjective or distorted images. Can find all the fallowing in abstract art in one way or another. This is why people always get confused while discussing this subject.Contemporary – basically another name for abstract art. I Just never mentioned it till now. (don’t want to confuse my audience)The Impressionist painters preferred to paint outside and studied the effect of light on objects. Their preferred subjects were landscapes and scenes from daily lifeFauvism - with strong and vivid colorsExpressionism – simplified… some kind of a German modern art version of FauvismCubism had strong roots in African tribal art. In cubism, geometrical forms and fragmentations are favored. Everything is reduced to cubes and other geometrical forms (geometric abstraction)Surrealism - emphasizes the unconscious… importance of dreams, the psychological aspect in artsAutomatism – basically means an artist embrace chance and improvisationOp art - expressed itself with reduced geometrical forms - black and white contrasts/ very brilliant colorsPostmodernism – basically all the past movements. These artist believed that there were no further movements to overcome thus just sit back and continue to paint. Image: 'Splash of Color' http://www.flickr.com/photos/29228990@N02/3619009964
Next I will show some of the most famous and ground breaking artist of “pure” abstraction.
Coming at the beginning of WWII…He painted in a spare, precise, geometric way using mostly red, blue and yellow. This image portrays his view of the Boogie Woogie Song…everyone’s views are different for I feel like I’m looking at some type of video gameLines show beatColors show feeling and expression of ones inner beinghttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/artists/mondrian/Mondrian, Piet. Broadway Boogie Woogie -1942. 11 Oct. 2009. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. http://search.creativecommons.org/#.
Piet Mondrian, Composition with Red, Blue and Yellow, 1930, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 50.8 cmNeo-plasticismhttp://www.dpcdsb.org/NR/rdonlyres/1823A9A9-12E5-460F-9D1E-03AB6B64F9A2/36154/1022Composwredblueyellow.jpg
Russian painter World War II (1939-1945) His desires for inner expression led him to develop the bases of non-representational art.As well as skilled he was creative in using color, geometry, and pure, non-objective art. He began painting instead of impressionist works.He was also one of the first artist to explore the principals of “pure” abstraction.Remains one of the most influential artists in abstract art -----------------------------------------------------------------Russian painter World War II (1939-1945) Remains one of the most influential artists in abstract art Contributions towards the art of true abstractionThe artist must train not only his eye, but his soulKandinsky, On the Spiritual In Art, 1912http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Wassily_KandinskyImage: '4 Kandinskys 1 Admirer' http://www.flickr.com/photos/28110584@N04/3958826760Image: 'Paleta de Colors // Colour Palette' http://www.flickr.com/photos/40418474@N00/4043404303
Circles are a dominant trait and motif in the art created by Vasily Kandinsky
Wassily Kandinsky's "Composition VIII" 1923; Oil on canvas; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
During the 1900-1950s he was one of the greatest artists of his time. Henry was open to new styles and used many different ones. He was always one step ahead in art fashion with his inventive styles of artHe is generally know best for fauvism, the use of bright colors. http://www.robink.ca/blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/blue-wall.jpg
Although a cut out, one can see how his style caused a stir. His style of creating objective abstraction with bright colorsTHE CREOLE DANCEr Musée Matisse, Nice 1950Images:http://www.henri-matisse.net/cutouts/j.html
The Green Line (Portrait of Madame Matisse) Image:http://www.henri-matisse.net/paintingselect/ab.html
This quote provides proof of the moving era. It is clear that Pure abstraction is gaining popularity and acceptance throughout the world. -
Picasso is considered the greatest artist of the 20th century for his innovation in styles and techniques. Has created over 20,000 worksConsidered as a “master of various medias and one of the “most prolific artists in historyImage: 'art waiting' http://www.flickr.com/photos/60466964@N00/233512791
Picasso, Pablo Reservoir at HortaHorta de Ebro, summer 1909 Oil on canvas 23 3/4 x 19 3/4 in. (60 x 50 cm.) Private collection Daix 280Images:http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2614/3776587142_53a0fa46ca_o.jpg
PICASSO, Pablo The Guitar Player Cadaques, summer 1910 Oil on canvas 100 x 73 cm Musee National d'ArtModerne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris Zervos II, 223; DR 362Images:http://www.galeriehilt.ch/images/Kunstgeschichte/KG%20kubismus.jpg
With new technologies pure art has ventured far across the spectrum of possibilities. A lot of abstract art we see today…. is computer made…digital. new technologies allows new media to hit the streets for young artists to discoverImages: Image: 'valley road' http://www.flickr.com/photos/53074617@N00/2446021340
My application involved me applying my skills to demonstrate a few different kinds of abstract art.
For my application I used all my research and applied it by creating some works of art. Some took longer then others, but I edged towards nonobjective art/ “pure” abstraction over the other styles. It was fun and stimulating to create these pieces. I created a few that had no object, just color play and texture.
Its relatively easy to paint - really one can use any type of paint, however, when going a step above the standards, high grade acrylics and oil paints are used.Image: 'Art studio' http://www.flickr.com/photos/75631680@N00/3210162774
Set up stationPrep canvasSep up canvas for paintingApplying the paintTo begin painting one must first prep the canvas. To prep the canvas one needs to quickly wipe it with a damp cloth and then once it is dry you can move on. Applying the primer onto the canvas can be messy, thus one has to paint thin layers on (2 to 3 times)Once the primer is dry one can set the canvas up on the stand and begin painting
Using these techniques I created my paintings. Texture is a vital role in all art because it gives it depth and meaning. I would describe it as cake with icing, but the icing is the texture/technique. Sometimes a simple cake with a simple clean icing job is all that is needed, but on other occasions a choppy application is needed. Then again on some occasions a really decorative job is needed. It all depends on what the artist wants to portray. Image: 'Blue & Brush' http://www.flickr.com/photos/71221880@N00/118947879Image: 'Ikea paint brush' http://www.flickr.com/photos/25116523@N07/2612479135Image: '47/365' http://www.flickr.com/photos/90231525@N00/4371980464Image: 'Paint swirls 2' http://www.flickr.com/photos/55046645@N00/354171958Image: 'end of the rainbow' http://www.flickr.com/photos/53367917@N00/35006163Image: 'concrete plotch' http://www.flickr.com/photos/54289096@N00/174499340
It’s a style were only vertical and horizontal lines are used. White black. In addition only the primary colors are used to create this type of art. I created this peace by first fallowing the preparation rules of the canvas. Then I drew black lines both vertically and horizontally to my liking. To maintain a straight edge I used tape, painting over bare strips I left free for color. One these lines were created I continued by filling in rectangles and squares wit red, blue or yellow colors
Geometric abstraction - composed of non-representational geometric shapes. / cubism is an object in the form of cubes or other solids are presented in an arbitrary arrangement using a narrow range of colors.
With all the earlier information one can easily identify this style of painting. There is both the term non object abstraction and also pure abstraction where the peace doesn’t portray an object directly. This style allows the painter to express more feelings and thoughts. Creating this style is very easy b/c one has to just paint (although time consuming) . One paints what he/she feels and it slowly comes together and creates art.
(Inserting image of my painting) this painting was done with a little anger. I painted because I needed to calm myself down a little. These colors and shapes show how I was feeling because the colors are really brought out with the strong tones.
Image: 'Brought to You by the Letter "T"' http://www.flickr.com/photos/68634595@N00/90496590Image: 'u' http://www.flickr.com/photos/44124415797@N01/614342Image: 'H' http://www.flickr.com/photos/49968232@N00/33134500Image: '385_2008' http://www.flickr.com/photos/9146740@N03/3067038125Image: 'N' http://www.flickr.com/photos/49968232@N00/2681028724Image: 'K' http://www.flickr.com/photos/49968232@N00/7235902Image: 'Y' http://www.flickr.com/photos/18619970@N00/6039503Image: '( +)' http://www.flickr.com/photos/15772799@N00/537315271Image: 'HBW! (metal chair)' http://www.flickr.com/photos/28481088@N00/2983819916
Image: 'red vine and black splotch background' http://www.flickr.com/photos/31438750@N00/2786547077
Thesis<br />Abstract art is very difficult to define, as its definition is very broad, however it’s ultimately a form of expression conveying feeling and emotion that will continue to grow in popularity. <br />
“The main point is that all sorts of visual art – like all kinds of music, literature, film, dance, and theater – can be a source of tremendous pleasure. Traditional paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings, and photo-graphs have long been appreciated in this way; my intent here is to make it clear that art with no apparent subject matter, and even art that is difficult to recognize, at first, as art, can also provide viewers with great intellectual stimulation and sheer, visceral joy” (Heller 11). <br />
“In the early twentieth century, art was moving towards abstraction. The handling of paint in Impressionist art generally exhibits a more abstract approach than in nineteenth-century academic painting.”<br />OPEN TO PUBLIC<br />
Picasso <br />Spanish painter and sculptor <br />considered the greatest artist of the 20th century. <br />unique as an inventor of forms and techniques<br />Leight<br />
The Future<br /> “The relationship between spirit and painting represents but one of many facets of art history. The rapid technological development of humankind in the twentieth century has led to an expansion in creative interest. Artists continue to work with new tools and comment on the new knowledge, most of which is not related to art or spirituality.”<br />OPEN TO PUBLIC<br />
Sources<br />“Abstract Expressionism.” WebMuseum, Paris. BMW Foundation, 14 Oct. 2002. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/tl/20th/abs-expr.html>.<br />Bell, Julian. “Abstract Art.” Oxford Art Online. Ed. Hugh Brigstocke. The Oxford Companion To Western Art, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/opr/t118/e5>.<br />The Birth of Non-Objective Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2010. <http://www.porticony.com/archive/modern/birth.php>.<br />Calter, Paul Author. “Early Twentieth-Century Geometric Art.” Geometry in Art & Architecture Unit 16. Dartmouth College, 1998. Web. 28 Nov. 2009. <http://www.dartmouth.edu/~matc/math5.geometry/unit16/unit16.html>.<br />Galloway, John C. Modern Art: The Nineteenth And Twentieth Centuries. Ed. Williard F. Wankelman. 4th ed. 1967. Dubuque: Brown, 1971. N. pag. Print. Studies In Art Ser.<br />Hahn, Harley. “Understanding Abstract Art.” Harley Hahn Art Center. N.p., 2010. Web. 2 Apr. 2010. <http://www.harley.com/art/abstract-art/index.html >.<br />Heller, Nancy G. Why A Painting Is Like A Pizza: A Guide To Understanding And Enjoying Modern Art. Princeton: Princeton U. Press, 2002. Print. <br />
Sources Continued <br />Henning, Edward B. Paths Of Abstract Art. New York: Abrams, 1960. Print.<br />Jansen, Marten, illus. “Paintings Abstract Art.” Paintings. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2009. <http://paintings.name/ >.<br />Leight, Michele. “Matisse/Picasso.” The City Review . N.p., 2003. Web. 5 Mar. 2010. <http://www.thecityreview.com/matpic.html>.<br />LoParco, M. “Importance of the Visual Arts in Education.” The Dryden Art Department . N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2010. <http://www.dryden.k12.ny.us/schools/shared/Dreamweaver%20WWW/ERechtin/docs/Why%20Important%20Page.htm>.<br />Moszynska, Ann. “Abstract Art.” Oxford Art Online. Grove Art, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http:///www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T000238>.<br />“Pablo Picasso.” Artists Rights Society. N.p., 2000. Web. 5 Apr. 2010. <http://www.mcs.csueastbay.edu/~malek/Artfolder/Pablo.html >.<br />Wanczura, Dieter. “Modern Art Movements.” Artelino. N.p., 2010. Web. 23 Jan. 2010. <http://www.artelino.com/articles/modern_art_periods.asp>.<br />“Wassily Kandinsky.” New World Encyclopedia. N.p., 3 Apr. 2008. Web. 13 Feb. 2010. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Wassily_Kandinsky><br />
Class Activity <br />-Color the blank side of the flash card in<br />-Be creative<br />-Leave no white spaces when coloring (want it vibrant)<br />-Done? We’ll lay the cards face down so the words are seen, and then we’ll tape all of the cards together. <br />-We’ve created expressive cubism!<br />