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Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
Cyber&digital forensics report
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Cyber&digital forensics report

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  • 1. CYBER & DIGITAL FORENSICS Yash sawarkar kunal kawale Anup Singh Student of IT department, Student of IT department, student of ITdepartment, G.H. Raisoni college of engineering, G.H. Raisoni college of engineering, G.H.raisoni college of Nagpur, India. Nagpur, India. Nagpur,india.
  • 2. G.H.RAISONI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING (AN AUTONOMOUS INSTITUTION UNDER UGC ACT 1956) A REPORT ON “CYBER & DIGITAL FORENSICS” TEACHER ASSESSMENT EXAM NAME: KUNAL KAWALE (83) : YASH SAWARKAR (82) : ANUP SINGH GAHLOD SECTION:A BRANCH: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
  • 3. INDEX 1. Title……………………………………………………………………..1 2. Abstract……………………………………………………………….2 3. Introduction ……………………………………………………….2 4. Methodology……………………………………………………….3 5. Digital analysis tools……………………………………………3 6. Technique …………………………………………………………..4 7. Related work………………………………………………………..5 8. Analysis………………………………………………………………..6 9. Conclusion…………………………………………………………..15 10. Reference………………………………………………………….16
  • 4. 2. ABSTRACT In this Report we show how to conduct digital forensics on computers, Now days internet continues to grow in day to day life of every human for social networks, information source, research, communication and all that thinks that made easy to do. Due to its rapid development and lacking of proper regulation the cyber crime increase in recent past years and investigators have been facing the difficulty of digital evidence.Digital evidence is stored in computer can play a major role in a wide range of crimes including murder, rape, hacked pc’s and servers etc.Digital forensics can be classified into live and dead analysis a live can be performed while the system is being running or not shutdown and dead analysis can be performed after the machine goes to off condition in that case the data can also be lost. 3. INTRODUCTION The increasing criminal activities using digital information as the means or target warrant for a structured manner in dealing with them. As more information is stored in digital form it is very likely that the evidence needed to process the criminal is also in digital form. For this paper computer or digital forensics is defined as the use of an expert to preserve, analyse and produce data from volatile and non volatile media storage. Computer forensics is in the early stages of development and as a result problems are emerging forensic analysis of computer system is a field that has been focused on a digital investigation of any source of information. forensics investigation techniques has focused mostly on evidence contained within the hard disk. But recently there has been demand for more tools and technique to be developed for capturing memory images and analysing their content that is because user input information that may be recovered from memory allocation.
  • 5. 4. METHODOLOGY Defining computer forensic require one more clarification. Many argue about whether computer forensic is a science or art the argument is unnecessary, however the tools and methods are scientific hence the word technique is often used to sidestep the unproductive science/art dispute. 5. DIGITAL FORENSIC TOOLS A number of open source and commercial tools exist for computer forensic typically analysis include a manual review of material on the media, reviewing the windows registry for suspect information discovering and cracking password. 1>Name- backtrack 5r2 (linux operating system)-This OS has many forensic tools for analysis of any compromised system or find security holes in that a large amount of open source bundled packages are installed in that OS. 2>Ophcrack-This tool use to crack the hashes which generated by sam files of windows this tools use rainbow tables to crack the hashes. 3>registry recon-That rebuild windows registry from anywhere on a hard drive and parses them for deep analysis. 4>Nuix-A fraud prevention software. Full text search extract emails, credit cards numbers, emails, ip address, URL’s skins tone analysis.
  • 6. 6. TECHNIQUE Live incident response-Collects all of the revelent data from the system that will be used to confirm whether that incident occurred. Live incident response include collecting volatile and non volatile data. Volatile data is information we would lose if we walked up to a device and disconnected the power cord. Nonvolatile data includes data that would be very useful to collect during digital forensic collection such as system event logs, user logons, and patch levels, among many others. Volatile vs. Nonvolatile data- Some of the volatile data that should be collected includes system date and time, current network connections, open TCP and UDP ports, which executables are opening UDP and TCP ports, cached NETBIOS name table, users currently logged on, the internal routing table, running processes, scheduled jobs, open files, and process memory dumps. This list is not all inclusive as a forensic investigator must consider any and all possible variables during collection. However, one thing that all these have in common is that they would be lost if the power were removed from your target machine. Cross-drive analysis- A forensic technique that correlates information found on multiple hard drives. The process, still being researched, can be used to identify social networks and for perform anomaly detection Live analysis- The examination of computers from within the operating system using custom forensics or existing sysadmin tools to extract evidence. The practice is useful when dealing with Encrypting File Systems, for example, where the encryption keys may be collected and, in some instances, the logical hard drive volume may be imaged before the computer is shut down. Deleted files- A common technique used in computer forensics is the recovery of deleted files. Modern forensic software have their own tools for recovering or carving out deleted data. Most operating systems and file systems do not always erase physical file data, allowing investigators to reconstruct it from the physical disk sectors. File carving involves searching for known file headers within the disk image and reconstructing deleted materials. Steganography- One of the techniques used to hide data is via steganography, the process of hiding data inside of a picture or digital image. This process is often used to hide pornographic images of children as well as information that a given criminal does not want to have discovered. Computer forensics professionals can fight this by looking at the hash of the file and comparing it to the original image While the image appears exactly the same, the hashchanges as the data changes.
  • 7. 7. RELATED WORK UNIX Live Response- Any forensic investigator should be prepared to encounter non-windows operating systems such as DOS, Linux, and UNIX. This section will concentrate on UNIX live response. In order to collect volatile data, we can utilize the following commands during a UNIX live response: a. System date and time – date b. Current network connections – netstat View USB History in Windows- 1. Windows stores information in the registry about every USB device plugged into the box. We can view this information with the following command c:userab>reg query hklnsystemcurrentcontrolsetenumusbstor /s 1>now open ur power shell command prompt 2>if to read the name is more complicated then use this command in power shell PS c:> Get-ItemProperty -Path 'HKLM:SYSTEMCurrentControlSetEnumUSBSTOR**' | Select FriendlyName 2. for user friendly view PS c:> Get-ChildItem HKLM:SYSTEMControlSet001EnumUSBSTOR | Select-Object PSChildname
  • 8. 8. ANALYSIS The approach for a digital investigation is performed on the basis of the physical crime scene investigation process In the present case, a digital crime scene involves software- and hardware- based digital environment. The process consists of three key stages: system preservation, evidence searching and event reconstruction. These stages do not require occurring one after one, and their flow is depicted in Figure 2 Moreover, it is possible to use this procedure during investigation of both live and dead systems Dead analysis works with trusted application in a trusted operation system in order to find the evidence. Dead analysis seems to be better since the live analysis may result in obtaining false information Figure 2 9. CONCLUSION It is hoped that this papers are helpful in introduction to computer forensic and the digital forensic methodology. Currently there is still no authoritative technology standered so a large quantity of thinks is waiting to be done This article and flow chart may serve as useful tool to guide discussion among personal making forensic cyber crime lab in the computer crime and intellectual property section is always available for consulation a combination of new techonology and changing habits of use means that the forensic examiner must strive too keep up to date with the latest development this paper has illustrated some of the technique to ensure a greater understanding of the value of the the digital evidence available to ensure a stronger case for the prosecution.
  • 9. 10. Reference link M Reith, C Carr, G Gunsch (2002). "An examination of digital forensic models". International Journal of Digital Evidence. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Carrier, Brian D (2007). "Basic Digital Forensic Investigation Concepts" Aaron Phillip; David Cowen, Chris Davis (2009). Hacking Exposed: Computer Forensics. McGraw Hill Professional. p. 544. ISBN 0-07-162677-8. Retrieved 27 August 2010.

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