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Methodology of participation in public spaces



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  • This raises an interesting question of how to understand what are the features of physical space design that increase active and engaged participation in public space...
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  • 1. Methodology of participation in public spaces Xavier Úcar Martínez Dpt. Pedagogia Sistemàtica i Social Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Xavier.ucar @ uab.es 2/2008
  • 2. 1rts. Part
    • ÚCAR, X. (2007) “Factores clave de la participación en los espacios públicos” 14 pág. En Animador Sociocultural: Revista Iberoamericana . Año 2-Número 1 – Octu.2007 / Abr. 2008 . http :// www.lazer.eefd.ufrj.br / animadorsociocultural / pdf /ac302. pdf (ISSN: 1980-0606)
  • 3. They are mutually implied Each one is condition of possibility from another one PARTICIPATION PUBLIC SPACES
    • Social Learning Mechanism
    • It forms collective and personal identities
    • It’s a tool but also a purpose
    • Diversity of public spaces
    • Diversity of people using spaces
    • Diversity of uses
  • 4. PARTICIPATION CONDITIONS OF POSSIBILITY Confi- dence in process Efecti- veness 1 Efecti- veness 2 Prota- gonism Me Confi- dence in own capacity Transpa- rency Recog- nition Others
  • 5. Methodology
    • To create frames (scenes)
    • that make possible the participation and
    • provide it enough flexibility
    • to ongoing adapt it
    • to a social and cultural community changes
  • 6. 2nd. Part.
    • ÚCAR, X. (2006) “Investigación participativa sobre espacios públicos y educación cívica” . Revista Iberoamericana de educación. Edición digital. Nº 39-4. http :// www.rieoei.org /experiencias132. htm (ISNN: 1681-5653)
  • 7. Carmel Action Xavier Úcar Martínez Dpt. Pedagogia Sistemàtica i Social Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Xavier.ucar @ uab.es
  • 8. Community Development Plan
    • In last 10 years more than 100 Community development Plans have been initiated in Catalonia.
    The City Council Authorities The Governmental Authorities The neighborhood Associations They are agreed to sign an agreement FUNDING RESOURCES Community Development Plan First step Community diagnostic
  • 9. EL CARMEL (Barcelona)
    • 1998 Start Communitarian Plan called CARMEL AMUNT
    • 2001 Communitarian Diagnosis
  • 10. Carmel Action (2003)
    • Political project
      • Shared reflection dynamics about the meaning of the public spaces to the people .
      • Re-definition from public spaces’ uses and the rights and duties associated.
      • It shows the limits and possibilities from the territories in which the daily life of the people developed .
    Political and educational communitarian work process
  • 11. Carmel Action
    • Educational Project
      • To involve people on the discovery of the public spaces from their neighborhood.
      • To know and to understand the meanings that other people attribute to the use of the public spaces (Why I use this public space in my own way?)
      • To cause a change of attitudes in people in order to respect the public space and the other people who it’s shared with.
    • To built a neighborhood’s future that will be
    • desirable, solidary, durable and sustainable .
    • To discover Carmel’s public spaces and the feelings that the people have towards them.
    • To know why people (children, youth, adults, aged) use in your own way the neighborhood’s public spaces.
    • To have responsible attitudes towards use of public spaces.
    • To design proposals to the use and sustainable maintenance of these spaces
    • To initiate youth empowerment processes.
  • 13. OUTCOMES
    • A function map or a uses mapping of public spaces
    • An emotional map of public spaces
    • A dream map of public spaces (Community of choice)
    • A sociopolitical renewal dynamics to live and use the public spaces by the Carmel’s youth.
    • Working with natural groups (they are now working)
    • Helping to emerge neighborhood’s practice and groups
    • Integrating initiatives, groups or interested people
    • Working with other groups which have your own process (external unities)
    • Strengthen the process with products
    • Documenting the project development
  • 15. R E S E A C H T EAM PROJECT DESIGN OF CARMEL ACTION Call for participants LINE 1 Children Youth Adults Aged Children Youth Adults Aged MAPS Coincidences and divergences analyses Integrated proposal EXPECTED OUTCOMES AND PRODUCTS LINE 2 Youth and children Systematic observation of the public space uses Groups Groups External unities
  • 16. METHODOLOGY: 1st. and 2nd. Session
      • Working by age (youth, adults, aged)
      • What a public space is?
      • Which public spaces are in the Carmel?
      • Which the public spaces are that you normally use?
      • Which are space public characteristics, functions and uses?
      • Which positives or negatives emotions produce every public space to you and why?
  • 17. 3th. Session: THE DREAM MAP of Carmel’s public spaces
  • 18. METHODOLOGY: 3th Session THE DREAM MAP
    • Aging mixed groups
      • Recreational Methodology
      • Working in little groups with a research team member
        • Dossier: The dream map
          • What is a dream map?
          • A concrete space public to every group
            • (places, furniture, people and relationships)
          • Viable proposals of improvement:
            • Who must do it?
            • What can do we ?
  • 19. What a public space is ?
    • Youth, adults, aged :
    • A shared people space where you can enjoy, have a converse, have a relationship or, simply, spend time
    • All groups related public space with open spaces (free air)
    • Adults and aged people think that spaces publics are transit places, crossing sites.
    • Youth people think that it are something to live; life’s places
    The public spaces of El Carmel are in green
  • 20. What a public space is ?
    • Young people claim for your own public spaces. They do not speak about who is responsible from it maintenance.
    • Adults think that the maintenance correspond to citizenship and City Council.
    • Aged people said the young people bother other people who is in the public spaces. They claim for public spaces only to youth .
    • Aged people said that the maintenance correspond to City Council.
    The public spaces that people use are in red
  • 21. Public spaces in El Carmel Public spaces that people use
    • 83 public spaces identified
    • Consensus about 3 public spaces
    • 11 used but not identified
    • 34 identified but not used
  • 22. Work’s sessions “ External Unities” 1 Secondary School; 3 Primary School; 2 Children Center; 1 Center of Mental Health; 1 Neighbors Association 21 7 7 7 Total session 108 36 42 30 Total participants by age 108 36 42 30 3th Session (The dream map) 108 12 12 12 12 20 10 10 10 10 2nd. Session (Emotional map) 108 12 12 12 12 20 10 10 10 10 1st. Session (Functional map) Total Aged Adults Youth
    • 1 researcher from Autonomus University of Barcelona (UAB)
    • 1 representative from Barcelona City Council Institute of Education
    • 1 representative from neighborhood’s Community Development Project (CDPN)
    • 1 social educator from CDPN
    • 1 undergraduate student. 4th. course Pedagogy (UAB)
    • 3 undergraduate student on practice. 3th. course Social Education (UAB)
    • 1 PhD student from Social Psychology (University of Barcelona)
    • 1 Secondary school teacher
  • 24. Thank you