2 Chinese Medicinal Plants For Mouth Disorders


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Notes from Medicinal Plants class at Virginia Tech. This lecture was developed in collaboration with Dr. Chunlin Long of the Kunming Botanical Institute China and is part of a collaborative project funded by the office of International Agricultural Development at Virginia Tech.

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2 Chinese Medicinal Plants For Mouth Disorders

  1. 1. Chinese Medicinal Plant Resources for Mouth Disorders Chunlin Long & Yilan Zhou Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences And Central University for Nationalities 2008-10-18 Virginia Tech, October 2008
  2. 2. TCMP categories by ailments Headache TCMP, Infection TCMP, Isotis, Lonicera Mouth & throat TCMP Skin TCMP Heart TCMP Liver TCMP Digestive TCMP Gynecological TCMP 2008-10-18 …………………
  3. 3. Types of mouth disorders Toothache Mouth ulcers Cold sores Sore throat Tonsilitis ………… 2008-10-18
  4. 4. How many species of TCMP for mouth disorders (TCMP-MD)? There are about 2000 species used for oral/dental disorders in China, in which most are plants. Plants: 1800 spp. Animals: 160 spp. Mineral: 10 spp. 2008-10-18
  5. 5. How to discover those TCMP-MD? Literature studies: Pharmacopeia Sinica, Grand Dictionary of Chinese Herbs, Medicinal Flora of China; and records in ancient literatures or regional/local books. Ethnomedicinal surveys: Based on ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical approaches, to survey, collect, excavate and document the indigenous knowledge of herbal medicinal resources for dental disorders in local societies. Scientific and experimental investigations: Chemical, pharmacological and clinic medicinal approaches. 2008-10-18
  6. 6. Distribution of TCMP-MD in China Yunnan is the distribution center. The far from the center, the less the species number becomes, towards east, north and northeast. The richer its biodiversity, the bigger its species number of herbal medicinal plants for dental disorders in a target area. The richer its cultural diversity (with more ethnic groups), the richer its resources. The southwest China takes the prior position in species and productivity of 2008-10-18 TCMP-MD resources.
  7. 7. 2008-10-18 Yunnan
  8. 8. Distribution in botanical taxa (I) 1. Compositae, 87 spp. 2. Labiatae, 51 spp. 3. Papilionaceae , 50 spp. 4. Ranunculaceae, 44 spp. 5. Rosaceae, 39 spp. 6. Umbelliferae, 26 spp. 7. Berberidaceae, 25 spp. 8. Euphorbiaceae, 24 spp. 9. Rubiaceae, 24 spp. 2008-10-18 10. Rutaceae, 24 spp.
  9. 9. Distribution in botanical taxa (II) 11 Solanaceae , 23 spp. 12 Liliaceae, 22 spp. 13 Gramineae, 21 spp. 14 Polygonaceae, 20 spp. 15 Cucurbitaceae, 19 spp. 16 Scrophulariaceae, 19 spp. 17 Aristolochiaceae, 16 spp. 18 Orchidaceae, 16 spp. 2008-10-18 19 Verbenaceae, 16 spp.b
  10. 10. Baphicacanthus cusia, Acanthaceae Part used: root, stem, leaf Character: cold Qi; sweet (leaf) and bitter (stem and root) taste-Qi Organ emphasized: liver, lung and stomach; Ailments: stomatitis, gum bleeding, sore and parotitis Dosage: 10-30g, decoction Combined medicine: Asarum sieboldii, Phellodendron amurense, Lycium chinense 2008-10-18
  11. 11. Baphicacanthus cusia 2008-10-18
  12. 12. Pistacia chinensis, Anacardiaceae Part used: leaf buds; decoction, or wash Character: cold Qi; bitter taste Qi Organs emphasized: heart, liver Ailment: Mouth ulcers 2008-10-18
  13. 13. 2008-10-18 Pistacia chinensis
  14. 14. Ilex cornuta, Aquifoliaceae Parts used: Roots, fruits, leaves Root: cold Qi, bitter taste Qi; Fruit: Cool Qi, sweet taste Qi; Leaf: cool Qi, bitter taste Qi; Organs emphasized: liver, lung and spleen Dosage: 1) Toothache, root 15~30g, leaf and fruit 6~15g; decoction; 2) Mumps, root 30g, decoction 2008-10-18
  15. 15. 2008-10-18
  16. 16. Mahonia bealei, Berberidaceae Part used: dry rhizome or bark (inner part) Character: cold Qi, bitter taste Qi; Organs emphasized: heart and intestines Ailments: teethridge inflammation, gall, stomatitis Dosage: rhizome: 9-15 g, decoction; bark: 30 g 2008-10-18
  17. 17. Mahonia bealei, Berberidaceae 2008-10-18
  18. 18. Coriaria sinica, Coriariaceae Parts used: root, bark Character: cold Qi; bitter and acrid taste Qis; Poisonous; Organ emphasized: heart Ailments: teethridge inflammation; sore tumefaction Dosage: 1.5 g, keeping in mouth for 5 minutes, 3-5 times a day 2008-10-18
  19. 19. Coriaria sinica 2008-10-18
  20. 20. Buxus sinica, Buxaceae Part used: stem Character: neutral, bitter taste Qi; organ emphasized: liver Ailment: toothache Dosage: 15-30 g, decoction 2008-10-18
  21. 21. 2008-10-18
  22. 22. Character: cold Qi, bitter taste Qi; organs emphzsized: lung and heart Ailments: sore tumefaction, lip inflammation, toothache Dosage: leaf, 9~12g, decoction Ligustrum sinense var. myrianthum, Oleaceae 2008-10-18
  23. 23. Clematis chinensis, Ranunculaceae Part used: root Character: warm Qi, acrid and salty taste Qi; Poisonous Ailments: toothache, parotitis Dosage: mixed with 75% ethanol, spreading on affected parts 2008-10-18
  24. 24. 2008-10-18
  25. 25. Phellodendron chinense, Rutaceae Part used: bark Character: cold Qi, bitter taste Qi; Organs emphasized: heart and liver Ailments: sore tumefaction, stomatitis, mouth ulcers Dosage: 3~9g, decoction; or grind into powder and spread on affected part 2008-10-18
  26. 26. 2008-10-18 Phellodendron chinense
  27. 27. Dendrobium nobile, Orchidaceae. Both ornamental and medicinal plant. Distribution: southern China and southeastern Asia. Used for thirsty, mouth inflammation, and etc. 2008-10-18
  28. 28. Dendrobium chrysantum, Orchidaceae, with the same 2008-10-18 function as Dendrobium nobile. Used for thirsty, tongue without/with less taste buds, inflammation, and etc.
  29. 29. Belamcanda chinensis, Iridaceae, used for parotitis, inflammation, 2008-10-18 toothache, and mouth tumefaction
  30. 30. Hypericum patulum, Hypericaceae, used for stomatitis, toothache, etc. 2008-10-18
  31. 31. Paris polyphylla, 2008-10-18 Trilliaceae, used for parotitis
  32. 32. Paeonia lactiflora, used for mouth tumefaction 2008-10-18
  33. 33. 紫芋(新华本草纲要) Colocasia esculenta,为天南 星科芋属植物; 性味:味辛,性温,有毒。归 经:入胃、大肠经。功效主治: 解毒消肿。用于治疗口疮。药 用部位:块茎。药用方法:适 量水煎服或含漱 Colocasia esculenta, Araceae, used for 2008-10-18 mouth tumefaction
  34. 34. Acknowledgements: Liu Yi-tao, Lee Songwoo, Li Yanhui My graduate students: Li Sumei, Yang Chunyan, Liu Yanchun, Li Meilan, Li Rong, Guo Xiaorong, Li Yali, Tang Anjun, Long Bo Friends from indigenous communities who provide me with their knowledge on medicinal 2008-10-18 plants used for mouth disorders.
  35. 35. 2008-10-18 October, 2008