Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
Contains five provisions designed to: assure portability of health insurance, decrease healthcare fraud and abuse, guarantee security and privacy of patient health information, enforce standards for health information, set standards for EDI transactions
Administered by Department of Health and Human Services.
Focuses on establishing national standards for electronic transfer of healthcare information, including the creation of uniform transaction standards, code sets and national identifiers for providers, health plans and employers.
Focuses on defining boundaries on medical record use and release, penalties for misuse of patient information, appropriate and inappropriate disclosures of information and appropriate access for information about self.
Providers, health plans and certain other organizations may not use or disclose your health information for purposes unrelated to providing you healthcare, managing their obligations under state and federal law or unless you specifically authorize them to do so.