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Mercosur

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    Mercosur Mercosur Presentation Transcript

    • Mariantonia Mejía - Vanessa De Lima - Carolina Del Gallego - María J. Díaz Tagle
    •  1960’s  Integration Efforts  1985 The bilateral program of integration and cooperation known as PICAB.  1991  Founded by the Treaty of Asuncion  1994’s Treaty of Ouro Preto  1999  There is a duty free zone among its members with the exception of sugar and automobiles.
    •  The official languages are Portuguese and Spanish.  The four member nations represent 59% of the land mass of Latin America.  Headquarters (secretariat): Montevideo, Uruguay  Combined GDP: US$ 1.1 trillion
    •  MERCOSUR is oriented to develop the economies of its members making them more internationally competitive.  Promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency.
    • VENEZUELA BRAZIL PARAGUAY URUGUAY ARGENTINA
    • COLOMBIA CHILE BOLIVIA PERU MEXICO ECUADOR
    •  Mercosur  Customs union  Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.  Mercosur Eliminates the majority of tariffs among the four member states as well as the two associate member nations.  Members Common external tariffs throughout the region  Stimulate interregional growth and investment.
    •  MERCOSUR  Strategy of commercial opening  implemented a very active politics of external relations across negotiations with other countries or groups of countries.  Preferential agreements with different countries and blocs.  ECA’s Agreement Mercosur, Chile and Bolivia naming "Associate States " to the bloc.  Agreement of Cooperation as for Trade and Investment between the MERCOSUR and the members of the Common Central American Market (MCCA).
    • MERCOSUR as economic bloc has been developed free agreements with different countries and other economic blocs.  Andean countries  Bolivia  Chile  Peru  Israel  Egypt
    • Source: IMFDirection of Statistics- DoTS
    • Source: IMFDirection of Statistics- DoTS
    • Mercosur Exports Mercosur Imports 2009 Machinery 2009 Plastic and (cellphone) manufacture Plastic and Milling production 5% manufacture 7% 3% Machinery (Motor) 5% 4% (wheat) 2% 12% Cereal (wheat, rice) 49% 11% Steel and Iron 36% 10% Fuel (nafta, oil) 23% Fuel (Energy, gasoil, 33% fueloil) Vehicles and its Vehicles and its parts parts Other Other Source: IMFDirection of Statistics- DoTS
    • Source: IMFDirection of Statistics- DoTS
    • Source: IMFDirection of Statistics- DoTS
    •  Currently there has been a move to expand MERCOSUR with Chile and also to integrate with NAFTA, North American Free Trade Agreement creating a Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA), which would dispell both NAFTA and MERCOSUR. Foreign Ministers of MERCOSUR approves the Political Agreement PARLASUR, which establishes a new structure for Mercosur.