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  • 1. HY1001N Theories of the Text
  • 2.
    • Avoid ‘I’ ‘me’ ‘my’
    • Avoid reference to your feelings, state of mind, guesses, suppositions, e.g. ‘I think that…’ ‘I feel that…’ ‘ In my opinion… ’ , etc.
    • Avoid anecdote, chatty informality.
    • Why avoid these?
    • Aim for a prose style like academic textbooks. Use academic style & register.
    • How?
  • 3.
    • Using the library.
    • Attention to:
    • Range of reading
    • Overview of material
    • Critical engagement with texts
    • Rhetoric
    • You should not expect to find only one book that provides the answer.
    • You are assessed on your ability to research, synthesise and organise secondary material.
  • 4.
    • Avoid ‘ index-based ’ reading method. Why?
    • Read for prose style, rhetoric, argumentation as well as for information.
    • Variety of sources.
    • Consider tensions, incompatibilities and disagreements between positions in critical works.
  • 5.
    • Avoid citing Wikipedia or Google.
    • Why? Material is not adequately peer-reviewed. What does this mean?
    • Google Scholar is OK. Material is peer-reviewed.
    • Follow this link: http://scholar.google.com/
    • No plagiarism or personation.
    • No misquotation.
    • Don’t let quotations stand for your own argument. Use them as evidence in support of your own argument.
  • 6.
    • What is the function of an introduction?
    • Situate/clarify terms of the argument.
    • Explain method.
    • Brief outline of how argument progresses through stages.
    • Conclusion essay works towards.
    • Avoid dictionary definitions. Why?
    • Avoid biographical information unless relevant to the terms of the argument.
  • 7.
    • Phrasing, spelling & punctuation
    • Use spell-check.
    • Read it aloud.
    • Presentation
    • Word-process
    • Double-space
    • Justify
    • Use footnotes (sparingly)
    • Quote correctly
    • Bibliography
  • 8. Use correct academic convention, e.g. MHRA:
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • Short quotations (<40 words) enclosed in single quotation marks and run on in the text.
    • Long quotations (>40 words) broken off by an increased space, and not enclosed within quotation marks. Use indentation and smaller size as necessary.
    • Footnotes are an interruption and should be limited. They are for citation of sources and not for additional exposition of argument.
    • References to source material allow the reader to go to the evidence/follow up the argument.
  • 11.
    • References require the following information:
    • Author
    • Title (italicised)
    • Editor/translator (if applicable)
    • Series
    • Edition
    • Details of publication in brackets:
      • Place of publication (:)
      • Name of publisher (,)
      • Date of publication
    • Page number/s
  • 12. Electronic sources:
  • 13.
    • Bibliography:
    • Alphabetical, surname first.
    • Author
    • Title (italicised)
    • Editor/translator (if applicable)
    • Series
    • Edition
    • Details of publication in brackets:
      • Place of publication (:)
      • Name of publisher (,)
      • Date of publication