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Academic Writing

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Academic Writing

  1. 1. Academic Writing Edited: Chris CritesCopyright 2016
  2. 2. Academic Writing  Academic writing is clear, concise and based on research – to increase knowledge  Uses deductive reasoning, third person voice, and is more formal than some other types of writing
  3. 3. Use of Deductive Reasoning Starting with a clear and direct argument (thesis statement) and argued using noted authorities in the field to prove the statement
  4. 4. No slang, acronyms, or contractions and using higher levels of vocabulary than ordinary speech or writings. Semiformal Voice
  5. 5. Third person voice should be used. (Use “The author believes” instead of “I think” and similar statements.) No first or second person references. (“The reader must conclude” instead of “You should know.”) Third Person Point-of-View
  6. 6. What is the Purpose of the Writing? Exposition To explain or clarify something Description To describe something Narration To tell a story General purpose To inform, persuade or entertain Specific purpose Addresses assigned subject or question: Argument and Persuasion Presents reasoned approach with supporting data to convince the reader
  7. 7. • Expository writing is an explanation of a topic by answering the questions: • Who • What • When • Where • Why • How • What types of development are used for expository writing? • Cause and Effect • Comparison and Contrast • Definition • Description • Process What is expository writing?
  8. 8. Introduction  The introduction (opening paragraph) basically accomplishes two goals:  Gives an overview or background on the topic in broad terms  Then narrows the scope of the topic to the presentation  Prepares the reader for what is to come in the following writing  Provides main points that will be discussed and why those are most important to the subject matter  Grabs the readers attention
  9. 9. Body  Developmental paragraphs (body paragraphs) are the heart of an essay.  Contains only one main idea stated by the topic sentence of that paragraph  Analyzes the evidence  Directly supports the thesis statement  Paragraphs are arranged in logical progression  The paragraphs should flow smoothly from one to the next and have internal fluidity while presenting supporting evidence to the paragraph’s main point.
  10. 10. Conclusion  The conclusion is the summary paragraph. It should accomplish the following:  Clearly restates the thesis sentence but not in verbatim form  Briefly summarizes the evidence presented in the writing  Provides a final judgement on the subject matter discussed by tying all themes and ideas together
  11. 11. Citing Sources  Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries?  Are required for each main point since the author cannot include personal feelings or opinions  Are clearly identified in proper required formatting form and style  Provide evidence to support the argument of the writing  Are used at strategic places in the writing to support statements made
  12. 12. What are the differences between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing?  Must be in proper required format and style  Must match source document word for word  Must give attribution to original source and author  Must provide supporting material  Must have meaningful placement Quoting  Must be in proper required format and style  Paraphrasing is putting another person’s words into your own  Simplifies original source information  Must give attribution to original source and author  Must provide supporting material Must have meaningful placement Paraphrasing  Simplifies and shortens original source main ideas  Is in the authors own words  Shortens the original work but retains original meaning  Must give attribution to original source and author  Must provide supporting material  Must have meaningful placement Summarizing

Editor's Notes