Gems of bhagavad gita chapter 4

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Chapter 4 of Bhagavad Gita deals with Knowledge & Action as well as renunciation.It describes Karma Yoga or selfless action, conduct of Yogis & sages, & the glory of knowledge.

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  • AdiShankara’s explanation: The ignorant imposes on the self work of the psycho-physical organism & maintains, “’I am the agent, this work is mine etc.” Since the self is immutable, it does no work. So the wise man perceives non-work in what all the world thinks to be work inherent in the self. On the contrary, he perceives work where the world superimposes non-work on the self mistaking the psycho-physical organism itself for the self, when the organism ceases to work.
  • Gems of bhagavad gita chapter 4

    1. 1. Gems ofBhagavad GitaT. K. G. NAMBOODHIRITHIRUVALLA, KERALAINDIA
    2. 2. BHAGAVAD GITA – THE DIVINESONG-An Introduction Bhagavad Gita-Part of theSanskrit EpicMahabhaaratha.(200 BC to200 AD) 700 verses in 18 chapters. A conversation between LordKrishna and his close friendArjuna in the middle of thebattlefield just before thestart of the Kurukshetrabattle. Arjuna loses his heart andrefuses to fight his teachersand relatives, and Krishnarevives him by his wisewords of wisdom.TKG Namboodhiri
    3. 3. GemsofBhagavad GitaCHAPTER 4JNAANAKARMASANYAASA YOGATHE YOGA OF KNOWLEDGE,WORK, & RENUNCIATIONTKG Namboodhiri
    4. 4. GemsofBhagavad GitaYADA YADA HI DHARMASYA GLANIRBHAVATHIBHARATHA, ABHYUTHAANAM ADHARMASYATHADAATMAANAM SRIJAAMYAHAM. (4.7)Arjuna, whenever righteousnessdeclines and evil increases, I projectmyself.( to set things right.)TKG Namboodhiri
    5. 5. GemsofBhagavad GitaPARITHRAANAAYA SAADHUNAAM VINAASAAYA CHADUSHKRITHAAM, DHARMA SAMSTHAAPANAARTHAAYASAMBHAVAAMI YUGE’ YUGE’. (4.8)For the protection of the virtuous &destruction of the evil-doers, and toestablish righteousness in the world, I amborn in every age (yuga).TKG Namboodhiri
    6. 6. GemsofBhagavad GitaYE’ YATHA MAM PRAPADYANTHE’ THAM STHATHYVABHAJAMYAHAM, MAMA VARTHMAANU VARTHANTHE’MANUSHYAH PAARTHA SARVASAH. (4.11)In whatsoever manner people approachMe, in that very manner I resort to them,for, Arjuna, all tread paths leading to Me.TKG Namboodhiri
    7. 7. GemsofBhagavad GitaCHAATHURVARNYAM MAYAA SRISHTAM GUNAKARMA VIBHAAGASAH, THASYA KARTHAARAMAPIMAAM VIDHYAKARTHAARAMAVYAYAM. (4.13)The fourfold class-system according to thedivision of nature’s constituents (Gunas)& work, has been ordained by Me.Though I am its author, know Me to bethe immutable non-agent.TKG Namboodhiri
    8. 8. GemsofBhagavad GitaNA MAAM KARMAANI LIMPANTHI NA ME’KARMAPHALE’ SPRIHAA, ITHI MAAM YOABHIJAANANTHI KARMABHIRNA SA BADHYATHE’.(4.13)Work do not taint Me. I desire not theirfruits. Whoso knows Me to be such, is notbound by work.TKG Namboodhiri
    9. 9. GemsofBhagavad GitaKARMANYAKARMA YAH PASYE’DAKARMANI CHA KARMAYAH, SA BUDHIMAAN MANUSHYESHU SA YUKTHAHKRITHSNAKARMAKRITH. (4.18)Whoso beholds non-work in work and work in non-work is wise among men; he is integrated; he does allwork properly.To a deluded man, work appears as non-work & non-work as work, eg., one travelling in a train feels as ifhe is stationary & all objects on both sides of the trackmoving in the opposite direction.TKG Namboodhiri
    10. 10. GemsofBhagavad GitaYASYA SARVE’ SAMAARAMBHAH KAAMASANKALPAVARJITHAH, JNAANAGNIDAGDHA KARMAANAMTHAMAAHUH PANDITHAM BUDHAAH. (4.19)Him the wise call a man of discrimination, all ofwhose undertakings are free from desire-prompted imaginations and all of whose workhas been consumed in the fire of knowledge.TKG Namboodhiri
    11. 11. GemsofBhagavad GitaTHYAKTHWAA KARMAPHALAASANGAM NITHYATHRIPTHO NIRAASRAYAH, KARMANYABHI PRAVRITHOAPI NAIVA KINCHITH KAROTHI SAH. (4.20)Giving up attachment to the fruits of work,eternally content & independent, the man ofdiscrimination, though engaged in work, doesnothing at all.TKG Namboodhiri
    12. 12. GemsofBhagavad GitaYADRICHCHAALAABHA SANTHUSHTODWANDWAATHEETHO VIMATHSARAH, SAMAHSIDHAAVASIDHOW CHA KRITHWAAPI NANIBADHYATHE’. (4.22)One, who is content with what is gained bychance, beyond dualities, rid of competitivespirit, equanimous in gain and loss, is notbound in spite of working.TKG Namboodhiri
    13. 13. GemsofBhagavad GitaSRE’YAAN DRAVYAMAYAADYAJNAA JNAANAYAJNAHPARANTHAPA, SARVAM KARMAAKHILAM PAARTHAJNAANE’ PARISAMAAPYATHE’. (4.33)The sacrifice of knowledge is superior to the sacrifice ofmaterials. All work, withoutexception, Arjuna, culminate in knowledge.Material sacrifices engenders fruits attachment to whichleads to bondage; not so the sacrifice of knowledgewhich leads to liberation.TKG Namboodhiri
    14. 14. GemsofBhagavad GitaNA HI JNAANE’NA SADRISAM PAVITHRAMIHAVIDYATHE’, THATHSWAYAM YOGASAMSIDHAHKAALE’NAATHMANI VINDATHI. (4.38)Nothing exists here as purifying asknowledge. One, perfected in Yoga, incourse of time, wins knowledge in one’sown self.TKG Namboodhiri
    15. 15. GemsofBhagavad GitaSRADHAAVAAN LABHATHE’ JNAANAM THATHPARAHSAMYATHE’NDRIYAH, JNAANAM LABDHWA PARAAMSAANTHIMACHIRE’NA ADHIGACHCHATHI. (4.39)One, who is exclusively devoted, is full offaith, and has mastered his senses, attainsknowledge. Winning knowledge, heattains, without delay, supreme peace.TKG Namboodhiri
    16. 16. GemsofBhagavad GitaAJNASCHCHA ASRADHADHAANASCCHASAMSAYAATMA VINASYATHI, NAAYAM LOKO ASTHINA PARO NA SUKHAM SAMSAYAATMANAH. (4.40)Ignorant, irreverent , and doubtingpersons perish. One, who doubtseverything ,does not enjoy this world orthe world beyond, and is devoid ofhappiness.TKG Namboodhiri
    17. 17. GemsofBhagavad GitaYOGASANYASTHAKARMAANAM JNAANASAMCHINNASAMSAYAM, ATHMAVANTHAM NA KARMAANINIBDHANANTHI DHANANJAYA. (4.41)Arjuna, work binds not him who is vigilant, who,through Yoga (of realization of the supremeReality), has renounced all work, & who hasslain doubts with knowledge (of the identity ofself & God).TKG Namboodhiri
    18. 18. GemsofBhagavad GitaTHASMAADAJNAANASAMBHOOTHAM HRITHASTHAMJNAANAASINAATHMANAH, CHCHITHWAINAMSAMSAYAM YOGAMAATHISHTOTHISHTA BHAARATHA.(4.42)Therefore, Arjuna, with the sword ofknowledge (of the self), slay the doubts in yourmind born of ignorance (lack of discrimination);resort to Yoga, and stand up.TKG Namboodhiri

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