Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI
THIRUVALLA, KERALA
INDIA
BHAGAVAD GITA – THE DIVINE
SONG-An Introduction
 Bhagavad Gita-Part of the
Sanskrit Epic
Mahabhaaratha.(200 BC to 200
AD)...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
CHAPTER 13
KSHETRAKSHETRAJNA VIBHAAGAM
THE YOGA OF THE FIELD
&
THE FIELD-KNOWER
TKG Namboodhiri
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
IDAM SAREERAM KAUNTHEYA KSHETRAM
ITHYBHIDHEEYATHE’, ETHADYO VETHI THAM
PRAAHUH KSHETRAJNA ITHI THADW...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
KSHETRAJNAM CHAAPI MAAM VIDHI SARVA KSHETRESHU
BHARATHA, KSHETHRAKSHETHRAJNAYOR JNAANAM
YATHTHAJNAAN...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
HRISHIBHIR BAHUDHAA GEETHAM CHCHANDOBHIR
VIVIDHAIH PRITHAK, BRAHMASUTHRAPADAISCHAIVA
HE’THUMADBHIRVI...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
MAHAABHOOTHAANYAHAMKAARO BUDHIR AVYAKTHAME’VA
CHA, INDRIYAANI DASAIKAM CHA PANCHA CHE’NDRIYA GOCHARA...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
KNOWLEDGE
IN THE NEXT 5 VERSES, THE LORD DESCRIBES
THE TRAITS, WHICH, AS MEANS TO
KNOWLEDGE, IS STYL...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
AMAANITHWAMADAMBHITHWAMAHIMSAA
KSHAANTHIRAARJAVAM, AACHAARYOPAASANAM
SAUCHAM STHAIRYAMAATHMAVINIGRAH...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
INDRIYAARTHE’SHU VAIRAAGYAMANAHANKAARA EVA
CHA, JANMAMRITHYUJARAAVYAADHIDUKHA DOSHAANUDARSANAM.
(13....
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
MAYI CHAANANYAYOGE’NA
BHAKTHIRAVYABHICHAARINEE, VIVIKTHADE’SASE’VITHWAMAR
ATHIRJJANASAMSADI. (13.11)...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
THE KNOWABLE (BRAHMAN)
THE NEXT SIX VERSES DESCRIBE THE SUBJECT OF
KNOWLEDGE, DESCRIBED BEFORE.IN AL...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
JNE’YAM YATH THATH PRAVAKSHYAAMI
YAJJNAATHWAAMRITHAMASNUTHE’, ANAADIMATH PARAM BRAHMA NA
SATH THANNA...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
SARVENDRIYAGUNAABHAASAM SARVENDRIYA VIVARJJITHAM, ASAKTHAM
SARVABRICHAIVA NIRGUNAM GUNABOKTHRU CHA. ...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
AVIBHAKTHAM CHA BHOOTHE’SHU VIBHAKTHAMIVA CHA
STHITHAM, BHOOTHABHARTHRU CHA THAJJNEYAM GRASISHNU PRA...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
PRAKRITHIM PURUSHAM CHAIVA VIDHYANAADEE
UBHAAVAPI, VIKAARAAMSCHAH GUNAAMSCHAIVA
VIDHI PRAKRITHI SAMB...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
KARYAKAARANA KARTHRITHWE’ HE’THUH
PRAKRITHIRUCHYATHE’, PURUSHAH SUKHA
DUKHAANAAM BHOKTHRITHWE’ HETHU...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
PURUSHAH PRAKRITISTHO HI BHUNGTHE’
PRAKRITHIJAAN GUNAAN, KAARANAM GUNASANGO
ASYA SADASADYONI JANMASU...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
UPADRISHTAANUMANTHAA CHA BHARTHAA
BHOKTHAA MAHE’SWARAH, PARAMAATHME’THI
CHAAPYUKTHO DE’HE’ ASMIN PUR...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
YAAVATH SANJAAYATHE’ KINCHITH SATHWAM
STHAAVARAJANGAMAM, KSHE’THRAKSHE’THRAJNA
SAMYOGAATH THADWIDHI ...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
SAMAM SARVE’SHU BHOOTHE’SHU THISHTANTHAM
PARAMESWARAM VINASYATHSWAVINASYANTHAM
YAH PASYATHI SA PASYA...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
SAMAM PASYAN HI SARVATHRA SAMAVASTHITHAM
ISWARAM, NA HINASTHYAATHMANAATHMANAM
THATHO YAATHI PARAAM G...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
PRAKRITHYAVA CHA KARMAANI KRIYAMAANAANI
SARVASAH, YAH PASYATHI THATHAATHMAANAM
AKARTHAARAM SA PASYAT...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
ANAADITHWAANNIRGUNATHWAATH
PARAMAATHMAAYAMAVYAH, SAREERASTHO API
KAUNTHEYA NA KAROTHI NA LIPYATHE’. ...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
YATHAA SARVAGATHAM SAUKSMYAADAAKAASAM
NOPALIPYATHE’, SARVATHRAAVASTHITHO DE’HE’
THATHAATHMAA NOPALIP...
Gems
of
Bhagavad Gita
YATHAA PRAKAASAYATHYE’KAH KRITHSNAM
LOKAMIMAM RAVIH, KSHE’THRAM KSHE’THREE
THATHAA KRITHSNAM PRAKAAS...
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Gems of bhagavad gita chapter. 13

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In this chapter Lord Krishna describes the Field (body) & the Knower of the Field(Soul). What constitute Knowledge? Who is the subject of Knowledge? Also,Prakrithi (nature) & Purusha (spirit) are described.

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Gems of bhagavad gita chapter. 13

  1. 1. Gems of Bhagavad Gita T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI THIRUVALLA, KERALA INDIA
  2. 2. BHAGAVAD GITA – THE DIVINE SONG-An Introduction  Bhagavad Gita-Part of the Sanskrit Epic Mahabhaaratha.(200 BC to 200 AD)  700 verses in 18 chapters.  A conversation between Lord Krishna and his close friend Arjuna in the middle of the battlefield just before the start of the Kurukshetra battle.  Arjuna loses his heart and refuses to fight his teachers and relatives, and Krishna revives him by his wise words of wisdom. TKG Namboodhiri
  3. 3. Gems of Bhagavad Gita CHAPTER 13 KSHETRAKSHETRAJNA VIBHAAGAM THE YOGA OF THE FIELD & THE FIELD-KNOWER TKG Namboodhiri
  4. 4. Gems of Bhagavad Gita IDAM SAREERAM KAUNTHEYA KSHETRAM ITHYBHIDHEEYATHE’, ETHADYO VETHI THAM PRAAHUH KSHETRAJNA ITHI THADWIDAH. (13.2) Arjuna, this body is called the Field-as it gives rise to fruits of work just as a field does. Wise people designate him who knows this field, as the Field-Knower. TKG Namboodhiri
  5. 5. Gems of Bhagavad Gita KSHETRAJNAM CHAAPI MAAM VIDHI SARVA KSHETRESHU BHARATHA, KSHETHRAKSHETHRAJNAYOR JNAANAM YATHTHAJNAANAM MATHAM MAMA. (13.3) Arjuna, also, know Me as the Field-Knower present in all Fields. I deem the knowledge of the Field & the Field-Knower to be the real knowledge. ( Adi Sankara goes on a lengthy discussion of this verse to establish the non-duality of the universe, & similar lengthy arguments have been put forward to prove duality, by various saints.) TKG Namboodhiri
  6. 6. Gems of Bhagavad Gita HRISHIBHIR BAHUDHAA GEETHAM CHCHANDOBHIR VIVIDHAIH PRITHAK, BRAHMASUTHRAPADAISCHAIVA HE’THUMADBHIRVINISCHATHAIH. (13.5) The knowledge of the Field & Field-Knower has been sung variously by seers in varied hymns (in the Vedas); It has also been stated in the reasoned & definitive words of the Brahmasoothraas. TKG Namboodhiri
  7. 7. Gems of Bhagavad Gita MAHAABHOOTHAANYAHAMKAARO BUDHIR AVYAKTHAME’VA CHA, INDRIYAANI DASAIKAM CHA PANCHA CHE’NDRIYA GOCHARA. (13.6) ICHCHAA DWE’SHAH SUKHAM DUKHAM SNGHAATASCHETANA DRITHIH, ETHATH KSHETRAM SAMAASE’NA SAVIKAARAMUDAA HRITHAM. (13.7) The lord describes the Field: The 5 great elements, the intellect, the unmanifest (Maya), the 10 senses, mind & the 5 sense objects. Desire, antipathy, pleasure, pain, body & senses, awareness, & sustentation – these briefly are said to be the Field & its transformations. TKG Namboodhiri
  8. 8. Gems of Bhagavad Gita KNOWLEDGE IN THE NEXT 5 VERSES, THE LORD DESCRIBES THE TRAITS, WHICH, AS MEANS TO KNOWLEDGE, IS STYLED KNOWLEDGE, BY POSSESSING WHICH ONE BECOMES ELIGIBLE FOR GRASPING THE KNOWABLE. TKG Namboodhiri
  9. 9. Gems of Bhagavad Gita AMAANITHWAMADAMBHITHWAMAHIMSAA KSHAANTHIRAARJAVAM, AACHAARYOPAASANAM SAUCHAM STHAIRYAMAATHMAVINIGRAHAH. (13.8) Humility, unostentaciousness, non- violence, endurance, simplicity, service to the teacher, purity, persistence, & self- control. TKG Namboodhiri
  10. 10. Gems of Bhagavad Gita INDRIYAARTHE’SHU VAIRAAGYAMANAHANKAARA EVA CHA, JANMAMRITHYUJARAAVYAADHIDUKHA DOSHAANUDARSANAM. (13.9) ASAKTHIRANABHISHWANGAH PUTHRADAARAGRIHAA DISHU, NITHYAM CHA SAMACHITHATHWAM ISHTAANISISHTOPAPATHISHU. (13.10) Aversion to sense-objects, absence of egoism, the perception of evils in birth, death, old age, diseases & pain; non- clinging, moderate love for children, wife, home etc., equanimity in pleasant & unpleasant circumstances. TKG Namboodhiri
  11. 11. Gems of Bhagavad Gita MAYI CHAANANYAYOGE’NA BHAKTHIRAVYABHICHAARINEE, VIVIKTHADE’SASE’VITHWAMAR ATHIRJJANASAMSADI. (13.11) ADHYAATHMAJNAANANITHYATHWAM THTHWAJNAARTHADARSANAM, E’THAD JNAANAMITHI PROKTHAMAJJNANAM YADATHO ANYATHTHA. (13.12) Unwavering devotion exclusively to Me, liking of solitude, & aversion to human crowds. Unfailing cultivation of spiritual knowledge & perception of philosophical knowledge. All these constitute knowledge. What is outside these is ignorance. TKG Namboodhiri
  12. 12. Gems of Bhagavad Gita THE KNOWABLE (BRAHMAN) THE NEXT SIX VERSES DESCRIBE THE SUBJECT OF KNOWLEDGE, DESCRIBED BEFORE.IN ALL THE UPANISHADS BRAHMAN IS SAID TO REPUDIATE ALL DETERMINATIONS, VIDE, ‘’NOT THIS’’, BECAUSE BRAHMAN TRANSCENDS ALL VERBAL EXPRESSIONS. TO CONFIRM IT’S EXISTENCE, THE LORD EXPRESSES IT AS BORNE OUT BY THE SENSE-ORGANS. TKG Namboodhiri
  13. 13. Gems of Bhagavad Gita JNE’YAM YATH THATH PRAVAKSHYAAMI YAJJNAATHWAAMRITHAMASNUTHE’, ANAADIMATH PARAM BRAHMA NA SATH THANNASADUCHYATHE’, (13.13) SARVATHAH PAANIPAADAM THATHSARVATHOKSHI SIROMUKHAM, SARVATHAH SRUTHIMALLOKE’ SARVAMAAVRITHYA THISHTATHI. (13.14) I shall now set forth the knowable by knowing which one attains immortality-the supreme Brahman. It is said to be neither existent nor non-existent. On all sides It has hands & feet, eyes, heads & mouths. It has ears on all sides. It stands encompassing all things. TKG Namboodhiri
  14. 14. Gems of Bhagavad Gita SARVENDRIYAGUNAABHAASAM SARVENDRIYA VIVARJJITHAM, ASAKTHAM SARVABRICHAIVA NIRGUNAM GUNABOKTHRU CHA. (13.15) BAHIRANTHASCHA BHOOTHAANAAMACHARAM CHARAME’VA CHA, SOOKSHMATHWAATH THADAVIJNE’YAM DOORASTHAM CHAANTHIKE’ CHA THATH. (13.16) Apparently possessing all sense-organs & their properties, but in truth devoid of them all, unattached & veritably sustaining all, beyond all constituents & yet experiencing them. It is both outside & inside beings, what moves not & what moves, being subtle, hard to know, far-off as well as very near TKG Namboodhiri
  15. 15. Gems of Bhagavad Gita AVIBHAKTHAM CHA BHOOTHE’SHU VIBHAKTHAMIVA CHA STHITHAM, BHOOTHABHARTHRU CHA THAJJNEYAM GRASISHNU PRABHAVISHNU CHA. (13.17) JYOTHISHAAMAPI THAJJYOTHISTHAMASAH PARAMUCHYATHE’, JNAANAM JNE’YAM JNAANAGAMYAM HRIDI SARVASYA VISHTITHAM. (13.18) In all It abides undivided; yet It seems divided; the knowable is the sustainer of beings, their consumer, and generator, too. It is the light of all lights; It is said to be beyond darkness. The knowable is knowledge, accessible through knowledge, and entrenched in the hearts of all. TKG Namboodhiri
  16. 16. Gems of Bhagavad Gita PRAKRITHIM PURUSHAM CHAIVA VIDHYANAADEE UBHAAVAPI, VIKAARAAMSCHAH GUNAAMSCHAIVA VIDHI PRAKRITHI SAMBHAVAAN. (13.20) Know both Prakrithi & purusha- Power & Spirit-to be beginning less; also know that transformations ( pleasure, pain & delusion) & the constituents (sathwa, Rajas & Thamas) are born of Prakrithi. TKG Namboodhiri
  17. 17. Gems of Bhagavad Gita KARYAKAARANA KARTHRITHWE’ HE’THUH PRAKRITHIRUCHYATHE’, PURUSHAH SUKHA DUKHAANAAM BHOKTHRITHWE’ HETHUR UCHYATHE’. (13.21) Prakrithi is said to be the cause that accomplishes the effects (the body) & instruments (sensual pleasure, pain & delusion). Purusha (spirit) is said to be the cause of the experience of pleasures & pains.. TKG Namboodhiri
  18. 18. Gems of Bhagavad Gita PURUSHAH PRAKRITISTHO HI BHUNGTHE’ PRAKRITHIJAAN GUNAAN, KAARANAM GUNASANGO ASYA SADASADYONI JANMASU. (13.22) Purusha (the embodied soul) lodged in Prakrithi (body) experiences the constituents-born world (sensual objects). This clinging to the constituents & their transformations, is the cause of his births in wombs, good & evil. TKG Namboodhiri
  19. 19. Gems of Bhagavad Gita UPADRISHTAANUMANTHAA CHA BHARTHAA BHOKTHAA MAHE’SWARAH, PARAMAATHME’THI CHAAPYUKTHO DE’HE’ ASMIN PURUSHAH PARAH. (13.23) The Supreme Spirit exists in the body as a close Observer, Giver of sanction, Sustainer, Experiencer, & the Pre- eminent Lord. TKG Namboodhiri
  20. 20. Gems of Bhagavad Gita YAAVATH SANJAAYATHE’ KINCHITH SATHWAM STHAAVARAJANGAMAM, KSHE’THRAKSHE’THRAJNA SAMYOGAATH THADWIDHI BHARATHARSHABHA. (13.27) Arjuna, whatever being is born, either unmoving or moving, know it to be due to the union of the Field & the Field-Knower. TKG Namboodhiri
  21. 21. Gems of Bhagavad Gita SAMAM SARVE’SHU BHOOTHE’SHU THISHTANTHAM PARAMESWARAM VINASYATHSWAVINASYANTHAM YAH PASYATHI SA PASYATHI. (13.28) He alone perceives who sees Him, the supreme Lord, dwelling alike in all beings & not perishing when the beings perish. TKG Namboodhiri
  22. 22. Gems of Bhagavad Gita SAMAM PASYAN HI SARVATHRA SAMAVASTHITHAM ISWARAM, NA HINASTHYAATHMANAATHMANAM THATHO YAATHI PARAAM GATHIM.(13.29) For, beholding alike the Lord dwelling everywhere, one injures not the Self by the self, & thus reaches the highest goal. TKG Namboodhiri
  23. 23. Gems of Bhagavad Gita PRAKRITHYAVA CHA KARMAANI KRIYAMAANAANI SARVASAH, YAH PASYATHI THATHAATHMAANAM AKARTHAARAM SA PASYATHI. (13.30) He alone perceives who, on all sides, sees actions solely performed by Prakrithi (nature) & sees also the Self as a non- agent. TKG Namboodhiri
  24. 24. Gems of Bhagavad Gita ANAADITHWAANNIRGUNATHWAATH PARAMAATHMAAYAMAVYAH, SAREERASTHO API KAUNTHEYA NA KAROTHI NA LIPYATHE’. (13.32) The supreme Self, imperishable, beginning less & free from attributes, though dwelling in bodies, neither acts nor gets stained. TKG Namboodhiri
  25. 25. Gems of Bhagavad Gita YATHAA SARVAGATHAM SAUKSMYAADAAKAASAM NOPALIPYATHE’, SARVATHRAAVASTHITHO DE’HE’ THATHAATHMAA NOPALIPYATHE’. (13.33) Just as the all-pervading space, duet its subtlety, is not stained, so is the Self, present in the body everywhere, not stained. TKG Namboodhiri
  26. 26. Gems of Bhagavad Gita YATHAA PRAKAASAYATHYE’KAH KRITHSNAM LOKAMIMAM RAVIH, KSHE’THRAM KSHE’THREE THATHAA KRITHSNAM PRAKAASAYATHI BHAARATHA. (13.34) Just as the one Sun illumines this entire world, so Arjuna, the Knower of the Field (the supreme Self) illumines the entire Fields. TKG Namboodhiri

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