Sung-Chan Cho: History and current focus of land value tax in S. Korea

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Sung-Chan Cho: History and current focus of land value tax in S. Korea. A presentation at the TheIU.org 2013 Conference 'Economics for Conscious Evolution', London, UK, July 2013.

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Sung-Chan Cho: History and current focus of land value tax in S. Korea

  1. 1. - 1 - History and Current Focus of Land Value Taxation ‘Movement’ in S. Korea 2013. 8. 24. Sung-Chan Cho (Gilbut) Institute of Land & Liberty
  2. 2. - 2 - 1. History of Korean Georgist movements 1) Overall structure of Georgist organizations □ Georgist organizations in S. Korea O Jubilee & Land Justice Association (JLLA) O Citizens’ Union for Land Justice (CULJ) O Institute of Land and Liberty (ILL) O Korea Land Policy Academy (KLPA) in Daegu, KyungSang Province
  3. 3. - 3 -
  4. 4. □ O O □ Henry O A hou O HGC i George se for th is a rent e Center hree Geo ted old h (HGC) i orgist org house. P - 4 - in Seoul ganizatio lanning ons: JLJ to move JA, CULJ e next ye J, ILL ear.
  5. 5. - 5 - 2) Establishment and changes of Henry George Association □ Some people who was influenced from Reuben Archer Torrey III (the Anglican church’s father) established Henry George Association of S. Korea (HGAK) in 1984. □ HGAK changed its name into Association for Biblical Land Justice (ABLJ) in 1996. O That was because (almost) all the people who joined HGAK were Christian, and they wanted to emphasize the Biblical basis of HGAK. Forthemore, Reuben Archer Torrey III had emphasized the importance of Biblical Land Justice and the role of Holy Spirit in social reformation.
  6. 6. - 6 - O Now, Korean Georgist movement has two pillars: one is H. George’s economic theory and other one is the principle of Jubilee and land justice in the Bible. □ ABLJ changed again its name into Jubilee & Land Justice Association (JLJA) in 2010. O Before the change of name, Jubilee Land Justice Action Movement (JLJAM, 2007.5.14) stemmed from ABLJ. That was to spread out the principle of Jubilee and biblical land justice to the Korean churches. O Jubilee & Land Justice Association (JLJA) is the combination of ABLJ and JLJAM.
  7. 7. - 7 - 3) Diversification of Georgist movement from HGAK O Citizens' Union for Land Justice (2005.2.22) for social movement O Institute of Land and Liberty (2007.11.5) for research and policy movement O Jubilee & Land Justice Association (2007.13) for biblical movement
  8. 8. - 8 - 4) Pioneers of Land Value Tax of Henry George in S. Korea (1) Reuben Archer Torrey III □ His life 1918. Jan. 19. Birth at Shandong Province of China 1928∼1932 North China American School 1933∼1934 PyungYang foreign School (N. Korea) 1934∼1935 Yenching University (China) 1935∼1939 Davidson College (America), Bachelor 1939∼1941 Princeton Theology Seminary 1940∼1942 U.S. Engineers
  9. 9. - 9 - 1941∼1942 Structural Iron Work 1942∼1947 Sailor 1943∼1945 University of the South (America), Master 1946. Feb. 2. priestly ordination (Georgia Parish) 1946∼1957 Ministry at Churches 1950∼1951 Harvard University 1957∼1964 Re-establishment of Anglican University at Korea 1958∼1959 Korean Language School at YunSei University 1961. St. Augustine's College 1965. Establishment of Jesus Abbey at Kangwon Province 1990. Honorary Doctor of Divinity at University of the South 2002. Aug. 6. Eternal sleep by age 84 (S. Korea)
  10. 10. - 10 - □ Videos about him O Archer Torrey’s memorial video after his death - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1mxwAIOXx3c O Special lecture for Christian students of Seoul National University - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7-BicUKxqvw O His short message - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wUMuMCU6fKM O Jane Grey (Mrs. Torrey)’s memorial video after her death - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7NeeHWFKAt4
  11. 11. □□ His phhotos - 11 -
  12. 12. - 12 - □ Story of meeting Henry George O After the marriage with Jane, Torrey sought to find a solution for poverty in Marxism, but he found that Marxism was not a sound solution. Jane, his wife, met a political woman in the Fairhope (or the village of Arden). This woman introduced to her H. George’s book, Progress and Poverty, and then Jane introduced it to Torrey. After reading the book, Torrey became a Georgist and seized every opportunity he could get it into the church, university or Jesus Abbey.
  13. 13. - 13 - □ Jesus Abbey (http://www.jabbey.org) O The Torrey family, students of Anglican University, Hangdong church and construction workers with him established Jesus Abbey in a secluded mountain valley in 1962. O Jesus Abbey is a community and a spiritual laboratory. O Torrey emphasized the importance of biblical land justice in Jesus Abbey, and visitors understood the relationship between land justice and the Bible.
  14. 14. - 14 - O photos
  15. 15. - 15 -
  16. 16. - 16 - O The stone in the entrance of Jesus Abbey - It says, "The land must not be sold permanently, because the land is mine and you are but aliens and my tenants.” Leviticus 25:23.
  17. 17. - 17 - (2) Prof. Yoon-Sang Kim O Ph.D. of Urban Planning, University of Pennsylvania O Prof. of Administration College of Kyungpook National University. O Translator of various Georgist books, including Progress and Poverty O His books - Author of Understanding Public Concept of Land, Geoism: A New Land Paradigm (2009) - Land Justice Will Save Korea (2011) - The world without Privilege: New explanation of H. George’s Philosophy (2013)
  18. 18. - 18 - O President of Land and Liberty Academy of Land and Liberty Institute O For so long a time, he has been silently but persistently supporting three-Georgist organizations, especially focused on the theoretical basis. O One semester left until his retirement
  19. 19. - 19 - O His photo
  20. 20. - 20 - 2. Current organizations’ Activities (1) Jubilee & Land Justice Association (JLJA) □ Basic information O Target: church and Christians O Regular members (sponsors): 332 O Regular workers: 2 O website: http://landliberty.org/xe/ O Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/jubileemovement
  21. 21. - 21 - - Young-Kun Ko (Director)
  22. 22. - 22 - - Shin-Geun Lee (administrator)
  23. 23. - 23 - □ Important Activities O Jubilee School in Jesus Abbey (1982~2013) - Jubilee School opens at Jesus Abbey 4 days every year in the summer. - Average participants: 100 persons
  24. 24. - 24 - O Jubille Academy(2011-2013) - It opens every year in the spring. - 2013 year: 7 weeks (7 times), 24 persons
  25. 25. - 25 - O Jubilee Practice Joint-Worship - Churches that agree with the Jubilee principle go into the place of the torture and take a joint-service every year at the last week of Korean Thanksgiving Day. - Year 2012, with the fired workers of SSang Yong Autos(National Assembly)
  26. 26. - 26 - O opens a Forum or a press interview
  27. 27. - 27 - O etc. - sending newsletter every week - making video, cartoons, brochure, books, prayer meeting, special lecture
  28. 28. - 28 - (2) Citizens' Union for Land Justice (CULJ) □ Basic information O Target: Citizens and political party, government O Establishment: established 2005 first, and reorganized 2012. O Regular members (sponsors): 50 O Regular workers: 2 O Feature: This organization had devoted a lot in the process of forming Comprehensive Property tax in 2005, in the period of former president Mu-Hyun Noh. O Site: http://landjustice.tistory.com/ O Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/landjustice
  29. 29. - 29 - - Tae-Kyung Lee (Director of CULJ, reporter of newspaper)
  30. 30. - 30 - - Sung-Yong Lee (Team director of CULJ, in a Master’s course)
  31. 31. - 31 - □ Important Activities: Seeking a solution to the problems of Rent Seeking O Solidarity activity for CAFÉ 12PM (2013.2~5.) - CAFÉ 12PM fell to the situation of expulsion only after the 11 months of opening because of reconstruction. - Solidarity activity helped CAFÉ 12PM to reach an agreement.
  32. 32. - 32 - O Solidarity activity for revision of a law for protection of commercial building tenants - Solidarity activity pushed the Assembly to revise a law for protection of commercial building tenants, June, 2013.
  33. 33. - 33 - O Help the Rag Community to change into cooperatives for independence - The Rag Community is a kind of self help organization for 30 years. But they were evicted from a public land. - They are seeking to change into cooperatives that apply Public Land Leasing System.
  34. 34. - 34 - O Land Justice Study with Christian-Law School Students
  35. 35. - 35 - O Seeking solutions for commercial premium based on rent theory - Commercial premium means large money which new commercial building tenants give to the former tenants. The biggest part of commercial premium is capitalized land rent.
  36. 36. - 36 - (3) Institute of Land and Liberty (ILL) □ Basic information O Target: research organization, political party and government O Establishment: 2007 O Regular researchers: 3 O Regular sponsors: 120 persons (2013.7.12.) O Site: http://landliberty.or.kr/ O Facebook: 1) Information of activities: http://www.facebook.com/#!/landliberty 2) Group conversation: http://www.facebook.com/#!/groups/landliberty/
  37. 37. - 37 - - Director: Gi-up Nam (Ph. D. of Politics)
  38. 38. - 38 - - Chief Researcher for Land and Housing Center: Sung-Chan Cho (Ph. D. of land policy)
  39. 39. - 39 - - Researcher: Seung Hyun, Seng (Master’s Degree of Economics)
  40. 40. - 40 - □ Important Activities O Land+Liberty Academy (2012~2013)
  41. 41. - 41 - O Publications: - Yoon-Sang Kim, The world without Privilege: New explanation of H. George’s Philosophy (2013) - Kun-Ju Kim et al., Jubilee, Korean Society, God’s Kingdom (2012). - Yoon-Sang Kim et al., Land Justice Will Save Korea (2011). - Henry George, The Land Question and Related Writings: Viewpoint and Counterviewpoint on the Need for Land Reform (2013), Trans. Yoon-Sang Kim. - Ronald Burgess, Public Revenue Without Taxation (2011), Trans. Yoon-Sang Kim. - In-Sung Park & Sung-Chan Cho, Land Reform Experience in China:
  42. 42. - 42 - A Mirror for North Korea’s Land Reform (2011). - Gi-Up Nam, Fair State (2010). - Henry George, The Science of Political Economy (2011), Condensed by Lindy Davies, Yoon-Sang Kim et al. trans. - Fred Harrison, The Power in the Land (2009), Gang-Soo Jun & Gi- Up Nam trans. - Yoon-sang Kim, Geoism: A New Land Paradigm (2009)
  43. 43. - 43 - O Projects - “A Study on Land Cooperatives: A Model for sustainable business based on Traditional Market”, The Seoul Institute, 2013. - “Policy Tasks for User-oriented Land and Housing”, Democratic Policy Institute attached to Democratic Party, 2012. - “The Lie and Truth surround Complex Property Tax”, Yong-Sup Lee (congressman of the Democratic Party), 2008. - “A Study on the Effect of Package-Type Tex Reform using CGE”, Land and Liberty Institute, 2013.
  44. 44. - 44 - O Land and Liberty Research, Land and Liberty Report, Land and Liberty Review O Journal, Special Lecture, Seminar, Interview O Political participation in the 18th Presidency Election, 2012. - There were 3 strong candidates: one was Ms. Park of the ruling Party (elected), Mr. Moon of the Democratic Party, and Mr. Ahn of an independent. - Some Georgists professors (KLPA, Lee Jung-Woo to Mr. Moon’s camp and Jun Gang-soo to Mr. Ahn’s camp) and researchers (ILL, to Mr. Ahn’s camp) - Mr. Moon’s camp and Mr. Ahn’s camp included Property tax, Public Land Leasing, High-level Public Officials’ asset blind trust.
  45. 45. - 45 - O Participation to Housing Cooperatives as an Establishment Executive
  46. 46. - 46 - (4) Korea Land Policy Academy (KLPA) O Establishment: 1993 O Members: professors and researchers who can be called Georgists, about 15 people. O Four regular Seminar per year O Features: This Academy is a pure land policy academy, but some members have involved in new presidential camps separately. Involved members have made some property policies based on Georgist theory and philosophy.
  47. 47. - 47 - 3. Introduction of LLI Project: [Land Value Taxation around the world] 1) Research objects O Main countries’ property tax – acquisition tax – transfer tax system
  48. 48. - 48 - 2) Main countries: basically follows the Esping-Andersen’s taxonomy (1) liberalism welfare state O United States of America, Britain, Japan, Australia (2) Social Democracy welfare state O Denmark, Sweden, Finland (3) Cooperatives welfare state O German, France, Italy (4) Etc. O Nederland, Spain
  49. 49. - 49 - 3) Some questions to you (1) Please recommend good sample countries which corresponds to H. George’s theory (2) Which online website services overall countries’ real estate tax information? Or can you inform your countries’ official website where we can confirm your countries’ real estate tax? (3) How can real estate’s tax be classified based on which principle?
  50. 50. - 50 - (4) After the sub-prime mortgage incident in 2008, people are more concerned about the crisis of capitalism. In this situation, Nordic countries’ welfare state model such as Sweden, is increasingly receiving attention. In Nordic countries’ tax system, however, tax on property is significantly low but tax on individual and company income is even higher. How can we interpret this kind of tax system in the point of H. George? - Thanks! -

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