Making nouns plural

10,666 views
10,921 views

Published on

This 21 page ESL booklet contains handouts and worksheets regarding the pluralization of nouns.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
7 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
10,666
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5,733
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
399
Comments
0
Likes
7
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Making nouns plural

  1. 1. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 1 of 21 Making Nouns PluralNouns are people, places, and things. People Singular Plural Singular Plural boy boys men man Places Singular Plural Singular Plural house houses city cities Things Singular Plural Singular Plural mouse mice hat hatsFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  2. 2. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 2 of 21To make the plural form of most nouns, add –s. Singular Plural book books table tablesExercise 1Here is a list of nouns that you may find in a classroom. Write the plural forms of these nouns. Singular Plural book computer desk eraser map pen pencil The plural form of paper classroom is classrooms. student table teacherExercise 2The five plural nouns in the box are in this word search puzzle. Circle these words.The words can appear horizontally, vertically diagonally, and backwards. The answers are onpage 19.T M J K X Q X I A W Q X D H LK E A T V G W C I L L L Q W KX K A H F M T E A E U A T I LY S K C L J G T S X A Q T O GK H X P H P I R B K R W F X LZ D P B G E E C P T M V L I M books computersX G F H I T R S Q M K Y E W R maps studentsW E L M U K Q S C I D P J K I teachersW C A P U S F P U M A B L A UJ P M Q U T X A U K I O C Y AS O L W N W N C P T V O R Q HC F N L H I H F C T S K A Q PC J J F W E S S U N Y S Q O ZM L H S S T U D E N T S Y M FZ F P E K J I Y R Z G X T D XFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  3. 3. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 3 of 21When a noun ends in a consonant + y, change the y to -i and add –es to form theplural. Singular Plural baby babies butterfly butterflies city cities country countries dictionary dictionaries discovery discoveries lady ladies library libraries party partiesExercise 3Write the plural of each noun on the line provided. baby butterfly city country ______________ _______________________ __________________________ ______________________ dictionary discovery lady library party_______________________ _______________ ______________________ _______________ _________________________Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  4. 4. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 4 of 21When a noun ends in a consonant + y, change the y to -i and add –es to form theplural.Exercise 4Read the clues to the crossword puzzle and fill in the blanks. Insert these words into thepuzzle. Use the plural form of these singular nouns: baby, butterfly, city, country, dictionary,discovery, lady, library, party. The answers are on page 19.The CluesAcross3. The scientists make many new ___________________.7. There are five ___________________ in our city. They have books on many different subjects.9. South Africa and India are ____________________.Down1. There are two ____________________ in my flower garden.2. The ____________________ go shopping for new dresses.4. Paris and Madrid are ____________________.5. The ____________________ are in the nursery.6. Melanie goes to many__________________ during the Christmas holidays.8. John has two ______________. He uses one for English words and he uses the other for Spanish words.Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  5. 5. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 5 of 21When a noun ends in a vowel + y, add –s to form the plural. boy boys Singular Plural boy boys day days guy guys key keys holiday holidays jockey jockeys journey journeys monkey monkeys toy toys trolley trolleysExercise 5Circle the correct spelling of these plural nouns. jokceys jockyes jockeys guys guies gyus holidaies holidays hollydaysFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  6. 6. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 6 of 21When a noun ends in a vowel + y, add –s to form the plural.Exercise 6Fill in the missing letters of these plural nouns from page 5. The answers are on page 19.d __ y ___ tr __l __e__s __ o __ k __ y __ jo __ r __ e y __ __ e __ s __ o __ s b __ y __Exercise 7Use the words on page 5 to fill in the blank with a singular or plural noun. The answers are onpage 19.1. A _____________________ rides a horse.2. There are ____________________ at the zoo.3. The children are playing with their ____________________.4. The ____________________ is in the classroom.5. There are seven ____________________ in one week.6. The ____________________ are playing football.7. Janet has _____________________ to her apartment and her car.8. Christmas and Easter are ____________________.9. You are going to France. Have a pleasant ____________________.10. Mary rides the ____________________ when she goes downtown.Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  7. 7. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 7 of 21Add -es to nouns ends in -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, or –z to form the plural.Nouns that end in –ch beach match sandwich wrenchExercise 8Write the plural form of these nouns. Singular Plural beach match sandwich wrenchExercise 9Fill in the blank with a singular or plural noun.1. It’s a sunny day. Let’s go to the ____________________.2. Bill needs a couple of ____________________ to fix the car engine.3. I need some ____________________ to light the fire.4. Jim eats a ____________________ at lunch time.Exercise 10Unscramble each of the plural nouns. Copy the numbered cell to the other cells with the samenumber. A surprise sentence will appear. The answer is on page 19.Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  8. 8. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 8 of 21Add -es to nouns ends in -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, or –z to form the plural.Nouns that end in –sh bushes dishes eyelashesExercise 11Write the singular forms of these plural nouns. Singular Plural bushes dishes eyelashesExercise 12Fill in the blank with the plural noun.After supper we have to wash the ___________________.She has long ____________________.Mike trims the ____________________ in the front yard every weekend.Exercise 13The words that end in –sh have been chopped into small pieces. They are in their plural form.Write the letters in the boxes so that you put the pieces of the words back together again.Example: b hes us b us hes __bushes__ s e sh ye e la _________________________ i d sh s e ________________________Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  9. 9. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 9 of 21Add -es to nouns ends in -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, or –z to form the plural.Nouns that end in –x and -z. ax box fox tax quizExercise 14Write the plural form of these words. Singular Plural ax box fox quiz taxExercise 15One of the above words is used in a sentence in this fallen phrase puzzle. Use the letters below each column tocomplete the sentence. Notice that the letters below each column are scrambled. (Hint: Ann and Betty haveboxes full of something. The first word of the phrase is given.) The answer is on page 20.Example: I p a y t a x e s t o t h e g o v e r n me n t e v e r y y e a r . e r e t p n y x h r v v a s y t a e e a y t n g o I e r e m e o t A n n . e e u h a l o e n t a n f b l x e r f j n o l v y d A B w e t s yFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  10. 10. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 10 of 21Some noun that end in –f or –fe change to –ves in the plural.Words that end in -fExercise 16Write the plural forms of these nouns. Singular Plural calf calves half leaf loaf scarf thief wolf scarvesRead these sentences and notice the singular and plural forms of the nouns.A calf is a young cow. Calves are young cows.One half is one of two equal parts. Halves are two equal parts of one whole thing.A leaf is the part of a plant that grows from a branch. Leaves are the parts of a plant that grow frombranches.A loaf is bread that has been baked into one large piece. Loaves are large pieces of bread.A scarf is a piece of cloth that you wear around your neck and head. Scarves are pieces of cloth thatyou wear around your neck and head.A thief is someone who steals things. Thieves are people who steal things.A wolf is a wild animal that is like a large dog. Wolves are wild animals that are like large dogs.Exercise 17Read the sentences above in order to find the words tthat answer the questions below.Example: Which plural noun means “young cows”? __calves__1. Which plural noun means “parts of a plant that grow from branches"?____________________2. Which plural noun means “wild animals that are like large dogs”? leaves____________________3. Which plural noun means “two equal parts of one whole thing?” ____________________4. Which plural noun means “people who steal things”? ____________________5. Which plural noun means “pieces of cloth that you wear around your neck and head”? _____________6. Which plural noun means “large pieces of bread”? ____________________Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  11. 11. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 11 of 21Some noun that end in –f or –fe change to –vest in the plural.Words that end in –feExercise 18Write the plural form of these nouns. Singular Plural knife life wife knivesExercise 16Here are 2 cryptograms. Write the letter that corresponds with the number in each of theblanks below in order to form a sentence. The answers are on page 20.Example: a d e h i m n o r s t v w 9 26 23 4 15 24 10 3 20 11 12 16 25 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 25 15 16 23 11 9 20 23 25 3 24 23 10 12 4 9 12 9 20 23 24 9 20 20 15 23 26___ ___ ___ ___ ___. _W_ _i_ _v_ _e_ _s_ _a_ _r_ _e_ _w_ _o_ _m_ _e_ _n_ _t_ _h_ _a_ _t_ _a_ _r_ _e_12 3 24 23 10 25 15 16 23 11 9 20 23 25 3 24 23 10 12 4 9 12 9 20 23m_ _a_ _r_ _r_ _i_ _e_ _d_ _t_ _o_ _m_ _e_ _n_.24 9 20 20 15 23 26 12 3 24 23 10a c e f g h i k l n o p r s t u v8 1 25 5 4 19 6 13 15 18 21 12 22 11 10 17 2___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___13 18 6 2 25 11 8 22 25 11 19 8 22 12 10 21 21 15 11 5 21 22___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___. 1 17 10 10 6 18 4a b d e h i l m n r s t w v23 19 12 26 4 20 18 25 6 8 13 24 2 10___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 18 20 10 26 13 23 8 26 24 4 26 24 20 25 26 13 19 26 24 2 26 26 6___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___.19 20 8 24 4 23 6 12 12 26 23 24 4Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  12. 12. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 12 of 21Some nouns that end in a consonant + -o form the plural by adding –es. an echo a hero some potatoes three tomatoesExercise 19Write the plural forms of these nouns. Singular Plural echo hero potato tomatoExercise 20Find and circle the plural nouns in the box on the right. The words can appear in the puzzlehorizontally, vertically, diagonally, and backwards. A hidden sentence will appear between thecircled words in the top 6 lines of the puzzle. Write the sentence below. The answer is on page20.P B I L L A T E P O ECHOESE O T O M A T O E S HEROES POTATOEST C T A T O E S A N TOMATOESD T H A O M A S T OE S F O T O E R S UP P E R E O L K T UQ N G W R S E A D QL F Z E A O F S X TO H H Z U O X Q R O tomatoes andC M E O D N P T H W potatoes__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ .Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  13. 13. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 13 of 21Some nouns that end in a consonant + -o, form the plural by adding –s. ghetto auto memo The mayor of the city wants toBrian saw many unusual autos She often writes memos improve conditions in theat the Washington auto show. on yellow Post it notes. ghettos. Beverly Sills Geraldine Farrar piano soprano photo The piano store sells new and Beverly Sills and Geraldine The photographer took used pianos. Farrar were famous hundreds of photos at the photo shoot. sopranos.Exercise 21The sentences below have been divided into parts. Find the matching parts of each sentence.Example: _b_ Brian saw a. new and used pianos. b. many unusual autos at the auto store._____ The photographer took a. at the auto store._____ Beverly Sills and Geraldine Farrar b. new and used pianos._____ The mayor of the city c. memos on yellow Post it notes._____ Brian saw many unusual autos d. hundreds of photos at the photo shoot._____ The piano store sells e. wants to improve conditions in the ghettos._____ She often writes f. were famous sopranos.Exercise 22A new sentence has been scrambled. Unscramble the sentence and write it below. The answeris on page 20. photos top Mary’s There and are memos desk. on of_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  14. 14. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 14 of 21Nouns that end in a vowel + -o add –s to form the plural. kilo some photos radio studio some tattoos zoo tattoo some videosExercise 23Enter the maze at tattoo. Find yourway through the maze. Exit the mazeat tattoos.Exercise 24Write the plural of each noun. tattoosSingular PluralkilophotoradiostudiotattoovideozooFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  15. 15. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 15 of 21Some nouns that end in –o add either –s or –es to form the plural. Either way iscorrect. The –es form is most common. mosquito torpedo volcano tornado zeroExercise 25Write the plural form of each noun. Singular Plural mosquito tornado torpedo volcano zeroExercise 26Stepping Stones. Write one letter in each circle. Follow the arrows to know where to placeeach letter.Example: mosquitoes torpedoes o m e o t s s i q u volcanoes tornadoes zeroesFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  16. 16. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 16 of 21Some nouns have irregular plural forms. Singular Plural child children foot feet goose geese man men mouse mice ox oxen tooth teeth woman women gooseExercise 27Write the plural form of each noun. Singular Plural child foot goose man mouse ox tooth womanExercise 28Fill in the blanks with singular and plural nouns.Example: There is one child in the classroom. There are three __children__ on the playground.How many children_ are on the playground? There are three __children__ on the playground.How many __children__ are in the classroom? There is one __child__ in the classroom. There is one man in the office. There is one woman in the office. There are five ____________ in the restaurant. There are nine ____________ in the supermarket. How many ____________ are in the restaurant? How many ____________ are in the supermarket? There are five____________ in the restaurant. There are nine____________ in the supermarket. How many ____________ are in the office? How many ____________ are in the office? There is one ____________ in the office. There is one ____________ in the office. There is one mouse in the house. Jim had an accident and lost a tooth. There are twenty ____________ in the field. The dentist pulled out all of my grandfather’s How many ____________ are in the field? ____________. There are twenty ____________ in the field? How many of my grandfather’s____________ did How many ____________ are in the house? the dentist pull out? There is ____________ in the house. The dentist pulled out all of my grandfather’s ____________ . How many ____________ did Jim loose in an accident? Jim lost one ____________ in an accident. teethFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  17. 17. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 17 of 21Some nouns have the same singular and plural form. sheep shrimp deer fish Singular Plural deer deer fish fish sheep sheep shrimp shrimpExercise 29Write the plural form of each noun. Singular Plural deer fish sheep shrimpExercise 30Riddles. Read the clues. Look up the words that you do not know in your bilingual dictionary.Answer the questions with the singular or plural form of the nouns.1. The Clues 2. The Clues a. lives in the woods a. lives in water b. a wild animal b. swims using its tail and fins c. the male has long horns c. is covered with scalesWhat kind of animal is this? ____________________ What kind of animal is this? ____________________How do you write the plural form? _________________ How do you write the plural form? _____________3. The Clues 4. The Clues a. has a thin shell and a long tail a. a farm animal b. lives in water b. the skin is covered with wool c. a small pink animal that you can eat c. eats grassWhat kind of animal is this? ____________________ What kind of animal is this? ____________________How do you write the plural form? _________________ How do you write the plural form? _____________Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  18. 18. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 18 of 21Some English nouns that are borrowed from other languages have different plural forms. a bacterium some data some nuclei some parentheses marks Singular Plural bacterium bacteria datum data nucleus nuclei parenthesis parenthesesExercise 31Write the plural form of each word. Singular Plural bacterium datum nucleus parenthesisExercise 32Find the four plural nouns above in the spiral word search. They will appear horizontally andvertically. The answers are on page 21. i de j y n p t s x d s i l i o n f s z at i s x l e y p t m u a w n r t k y tr a x p l ah i h d q y m d q p a l o v s q bp r u v v e i l n y i u y v e v aj e e r m x x s i b bacteriag t w u d y a n j b p q e f j data nucleusk c f c y u b i y x b p h q s parenthesesm a n t c m y i n m v t p zh b b f s p l d f m f n w mp l k n j d u u z e o dn y a z t j j y v o n e g r c rw i b f n j n e i t r r k a t wf q k d i p x hq l q s y r q e k c l l l s a g l ct i p y b f a i v t v v e o j m j xf e c h gp w z r p r m s l r r b r e u h w u y gs s u e l c u n o x j e m z p f n w mFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  19. 19. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 19 of 21The AnswersExercise 2T E A C S H R E E T R M U S A P B P M OS O OC K S S T U D E N T SExercise 4 Across Down 3. discoveries 1. butteflies 7. libraries 2. ladies 9. countries 4. cities 5. babies 6. parties 8. dictionariesExercise 6days, trolleys, monkeys, journeys, keys, toys, boysExercise 7 1. jockey 2. monkeys 3. toys 4. boy 5. days 6. guys 7. keys 8. holidays 9. journey 10. trolleyExercise 10beaches sandwiches wrenches matchesFred eats chicken sandwiches.Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  20. 20. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 20 of 21The Answers (continued)Exercise 15A N N A N D B E T T Y H A V E B O X E SF U L L O FJ E W E L R Y .Ann and Betty have boxes full of jewelry.Exercise 16Knives are sharp tools for cutting.Lives are the times between birth and death.Exercise 20P B I L L A T E P OE O T O M A T O E ST C T A T O E S A ND T H A O M A S T OE S F O T O E R S UP P E R E O R S E E S HBill ate potatoes and tomatoes for supper.Exercise 23There are memos and photos on top of Mary’s desk.There are photos and memos on top of Mary’s desk.Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.
  21. 21. ESL Helpful Handouts Page 21 of 21The AnswersExercise 32 d a t a a i s r e e s t e c h a t b n e r a p s u e l c u nPhoto Acknowledgements:www.flickr.com(Creative Commons License)stevegarfield, salomon 10, ubo_pakes, hpk, james.thompson, untipografico, Marie the Bee, LaurenClose, Colin Purrington, ejhogbin, ollenssen, la Ruth, James F. Clay, michaelcardus, Ian Kershaw,Andrew. P, Changhua Coast conservation Action, Clare and Toby, ama_ lia, Jeffrey Beall, nightthree,Tojosan, loop_oh, loswl, N I C O,Dyanna, premasagar, Ezu, adam, shazwan, Doug Fisher, jamesjyu, NoelC. Hankamer, kusine, The Style Pa, Joel Abroad, Frozen Capybara, beadingvera-Schmuck IdeenGestaltung, digital primate, Newton Free Library, brixton, lakewentworth, ocularinvasion, CrazyGeorge, Draconiansleet, Spud Girl, epSos.de, StimsonJCat, Nick Bair, 邪恶的正太, PSPorter, jetalone,sahdeva, philentropist, pareto8020, cobalt123, nedrichards, Illusive Photography, Carolina Velis,Westmont Public Library, jemsweb, dr_relling, Frank Peters, norbesc, Jinx!, Racy Rachel, tkcrash123,nic0, Honou, dbrooker1, INeedCoffee/Coffeehero, Nathan Yau, JCB, mag3737This is a free handout from ESL Helpful Handouts. Please visit our site for other free ESL handouts.http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandoutsFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/eslhelpfulhandouts Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) See photo acknowledgments on page 21.

×