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The positive view of childhood March in progress Over the past few centuries, the position of children has improved Today children are more valued, better cared for, protected etc The family and society have become more child centred!!
POSTMAN argues that childhood is disappearing……. The growth of television means that there are no more secrets from children. Television gives them unlimited access to the adult world. They are exposed to the ‘real world’ of sex, disaster, death, suffering. ‘Social blurring’- little distinction between adults and children. Children's games disappearing, they speak, dress and act more like adults.
Brooks (2001) has criticised Postman…… But evidence suggests that adults are taking more and more control of children’s lives- cotton wool society!!! parents are more obsessed with safety, and ever more concerned with defining boundaries for their kids Perhaps it is children that are disappearing and not childhood- smaller % of our overall population today, and getting smaller...
Toxic childhood- Sue Palmer (2007) Expresses a similar viewpoint to Postman- Rapid technological and cultural changes are harming children Parents are spending less time with their children and are more than happy to allow technologies, such as video games, occupy their children’s home upbringing! Children are deprived of traditional childhood and family life- not so child centred now!!!
But it is not all positive... Conflict view Marxist and feminists View society as based on inequality- dominant group oppress the subordinate Argue that the ‘march of progress’ view of childhood is based on a false and idealised image that ignores INEQUALITIES!
Inequalities among children Not all children will share the same status or experience of childhood
Inequalities between children and adults March of Progress view the power that parents have over a children as a positive thing, benefiting and protecting children But- conflict theorists see this power as a form of oppression and control Adults are able to keep children in their place, making them powerless, dependent and reliant on others!!
Neglect and abuse Dark side of the family where parents control their children through physical and mental abuse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9njhcQUlXc
Inequalities between children and adults What other ways do adults have control over children?
Task Adults have control over children’s..... Space Time Bodies Access to resources Read pages 33-34 and make notes
So has the position of children improved? Tennis One of you will have the view of march of progress, the other conflict You will rally with each other, arguing whether, according to your view, childhood has improved or not! The person who can rally the most points back, supporting their view, wins!!