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  • 1. Brainstorm relay
    You have 90 seconds to think of as many reasons as possible for the changes in the position of children
  • 2. AIM: TO UNDERSTAND BOTH POSITIVE AND CONFLICT VIEWS OF CHILDHOOD
    Key Question:
    HAS THE POSITION OF CHILDREN IN BRITAIN IMPROVED?
  • 3. THINK OF KEY WORDS WE ASSOCIATE WITH CHILDHOOD……..
  • 4. innocence
    happiness
    Fun
    playing
    Love
  • 5. The positive view of childhood
    March in progress
    Over the past few centuries, the position of children has improved
    Today children are more valued, better cared for, protected etc
    The family and society have become more child centred!!
  • 6. But could childhood be disappearing?
  • 7. POSTMAN argues that childhood is disappearing…….
    The growth of television means that there are no more secrets from children. Television gives them unlimited access to the adult world. They are exposed to the ‘real world’ of sex, disaster, death, suffering.
    ‘Social blurring’- little distinction between adults and children. Children's games disappearing, they speak, dress and act more like adults.
  • 8. Brooks (2001) has criticised Postman……
    But evidence suggests that adults are taking more and more control of children’s lives- cotton wool society!!!
    parents are more obsessed with safety, and ever more concerned with defining boundaries for their kids
    Perhaps it is children that are disappearing and not childhood- smaller % of our overall population today, and getting smaller...
  • 9. Toxic childhood- Sue Palmer (2007)
    Expresses a similar viewpoint to Postman- Rapid technological and cultural changes are harming children
    Parents are spending less time with their children and are more than happy to allow technologies, such as video games, occupy their children’s home upbringing!
    Children are deprived of traditional childhood and family life- not so child centred now!!!
  • 10. But it is not all positive...
    Conflict view
    Marxist and feminists
    View society as based on inequality- dominant group oppress the subordinate
    Argue that the ‘march of progress’ view of childhood is based on a false and idealised image that ignores INEQUALITIES!
  • 11. Inequalities among children
    Not all children will share the same status or experience of childhood
  • 12. Inequalities between children and adults
    March of Progress view the power that parents have over a children as a positive thing, benefiting and protecting children
    But- conflict theorists see this power as a form of oppression and control
    Adults are able to keep children in their place, making them powerless, dependent and reliant on others!!
  • 13. Neglect and abuse
    Dark side of the family where parents control their children through physical and mental abuse
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9njhcQUlXc
  • 14. Inequalities between children and adults
    What other ways do adults have control over children?
  • 15. Task
    Adults have control over children’s.....
    Space
    Time
    Bodies
    Access to resources
    Read pages 33-34 and make notes
  • 16. So has the position of children improved?
    Tennis
    One of you will have the view of march of progress, the other conflict
    You will rally with each other, arguing whether, according to your view, childhood has improved or not!
    The person who can rally the most points back, supporting their view, wins!!