The fundamental interconnectedness of all things: the impact of networked knowledge systems on cataloguing

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A presentation given at the CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group Conference 2012 in Sheffield. It discusses the shift in epistemological thought from hierarchies to networks and what impact this has …

A presentation given at the CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group Conference 2012 in Sheffield. It discusses the shift in epistemological thought from hierarchies to networks and what impact this has on cataloguing and technology in librarianship.

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  • 1. THE FUNDAMENTAL INTERCONNECTEDNESS #CIG12CILIP Cataloguing & Indexing Group OF ALL THINGS : THE IMPACT OF NETWORKEDConference 2012 KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS ON Barron Simon E-resources Co-ordinator Durham University Library CATALOGUING @SimonXIX
  • 2. Welsh & Batley,Practical cataloguing, p. 172.
  • 3. “FRBR suggests that thelibrary catalogue shoulddo more than enable thelocation of a particularitem. In essence, increating a FRBRized “FRBR describes thecatalogue record, we are entities in thedescribing not only the bibliographicthing we have in our hands, universe, theirbut its relationship to other relationships andthings in the bibliographic attributes.”universe - not only to itscreator(s) and previouseditions, but, theoretically,to any other thing that maybe of use to an end user.”
  • 4. ‘The School of Athens’ by Raphael
  • 5. Wright, Glut: masteringinformation through theages, p. 7. nested groups.” system of “A hierarchy is a
  • 6. ‘The Fall of Man’ byLucas Cranach the Elder
  • 7. “Linnaeus’s classification istypical of a taxonomy in that therelationships between livingthings are depicted by means ofa hierarchical structure. This is astructure in which successivesteps in division create smallerand more specific classes. It isusually represented visually as atree structure, with the treebranching at each new level.This sort of structure is probablywhat is ordinarily thought of as asystem of classification.” Broughton, Essential classification, p. 13.
  • 8. “…treat knowledge as if it were a unity which can be subdivided into smaller and smaller units. At the top of the tree is the whole universe, which is divided and subdivided to arrive at all the different entities, events and activities represented in the subjects of books.”Broughton, Essential classification, p. 32.
  • 9. Wright, Glut: mastering information through the ages, p. 70.
  • 10. “…individuals function as autonomous nodes, negotiating their own relationships, forging ties, coalescing into clusters. There is no “top” in a network; each node is equal and self- directed. Democracy is a kind of network; so is a flock of birds, or the World Wide Web.”Wright, Glut: mastering informationthrough the ages, p. 7.
  • 11. "Our biological existence, social world, economy, andreligious traditions tell a compelling story ofinterrelatedness. As the great Argentinean author JorgeLuis Borges put it, "everything touches everything." Barabási, Linked, p. 5.
  • 12. "Consider for example a network crucial for our ability to findscientific information: the citation network. Each scientificpaper cites other papers, relevant to the discussed work. Amathematics paper would cite other maths papers focusingon similar problems or occasionally a biology or a physicspaper, illustrating the applications of the obtained results.Therefore, all scientific publications are part of a web ofscience in which nodes are research publications connectedby citations. These links are directed. Indeed, following thereferences at the end of this book will allow you to find thequotes papers. Yet none of these papers could send you tothis book, since they do not cite it. The citation network is avery peculiar directed network in which the IN and OUTcomponents reflect the historical ordering of the papers andthe central component is very small if it exists at all." Barabási, Linked, p. 169.
  • 13. “Network thinking is poised to invade all domains of humanactivity and most fields of human inquiry. It is more thananother helpful perspective or tool. Networks are by their verynature the fabric of most complex systems, and nodes andlinks deeply infuse all strategies aimed at approaching ourinterlocked universe.” Barabási, Linked, p. 222.
  • 14. Institutional Repository Searchhttp://irs.mimas.ac.uk/demonstrator/
  • 15. “[Consilience is] a “jumpingtogether” of knowledge by thelinking of facts and fact-basedtheory across disciplines to create acommon groundwork ofexplanation.”Wilson, Consilience, p. 6.“The map of the material world, includinghuman mental activity, can be thought asprinkling of charted terrain separated byblank expanses that are of unknown extentyet accessible to coherent inter-disciplinary research…If the consilience world view is correct, thetraverse of the gaps will be a Magellanicvoyage that eventually encircles the wholeof reality.”Wilson, Consilience, p. 299.
  • 16. “…obviously there is no classification of the universe that is not arbitrary and speculative. The reason is quite simple: we do not know what the universe is.” Borges, ‘John Wilkins’ Analytical Language’ inThe total library: non-fiction 1922-1986, p. 231.
  • 17. Deleuze, G. and Guattari, F., (B. Massumi, tr.) 1987. ABibliography thousand plateaus: capitalism and schizophrenia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Adams, D., 1988. Dirk Gently’s Holistic Detective Honderich, T., ed., 2005. The Oxford companion toAgency. London: Pan Macmillan. philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Barabási, A-L., 2003. Linked: how everything is Robinson, L., and Maguire, M., 2010. ‘The rhizomeconnected to everything else and what it means for and the tree: changing metaphors for informationbusiness, science, and everyday life. London: Penguin. organisation’. Journal of documentation, 66 (4), pp. 604-613.Borges, J. L., 1942. ‘John Wilkins’ Analytical Language’in Borges, J. L., (E. Weinberg, ed.) 2001. The total library: Tillett, B. B., 2007. ‘FRBR and RDA: resourcenon-fiction 1922-1986. London: Penguin. description and access’ in Taylor, A. G., ed., 2007. Understanding FRBR: what it is and how it will affectBowman, J. H., 2003. Essential cataloguing. London: our retrieval tools. London: Libraries Unlimited.Facet Publishing. Welsh, A., and Batley, S., 2012. Practical cataloguing:Broughton, V., 2004. Essential classification. London: AACR, RDA and MARC 21. London: Facet Publishing.Facet Publishing. Wilson, E. O., 1998. Consilience: the unity ofBuchanan, M., 2002. Nexus: small worlds and the knowledge. London: Little, Brown and Company.groundbreaking science of networks. London: W. W.Norton & Company. Wittgenstein, L., 2001. Tractatus logico- philosophicus. Oxon: Routledge.D’Alembert, J., 1963. Preliminary discourse to theEncyclopedia of Diderot. New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Wright, A., 2007. Glut: mastering informationCompany Inc. through the ages. London: Cornell University Press.
  • 18. Image credits‘Yet another bean photo’ by Flickr user kern.justin.‘remember to thank all the books you haven’t read over the past three years’ by Flickr user osiatynska.‘The School of Athens’ from Wikimedia Commons.‘Pear tree branches circles on the fig tree’ by Flickr user Mammaoca2008.‘The Fall of Man’ from Wikimedia Commons.Systema Naturae scan from Wikimedia Commons.Jefferson’s library catalog scan from the Massachusetts Historical Society.‘The Tree of Books’ by DeviantArt user vladstudio.‘Alexandria Library’ by Flickr user Dallas75.‘Rhizome seed’ from http://www.a-website.org/mnemosyne/no_signposts/pics/rhisome_seed.gifSeveral images of networks by Flickr user gephi_org.‘Web 2.0 Digitage 2012’ by Flickr user ocean.flynn.‘Big bang’ by Flickr user entonceeees.