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Group idscussion
 

Group idscussion

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    Group idscussion Group idscussion Presentation Transcript

    • Group Discussion (GD)
      • What is Group discussion?
      • A GD is a methodology used by an organization to gauge whether the candidate has certain personality traits and/or skills that it desires in its members.
      • Personality Traits the GD is trying to gauge may include :-
        •   Ability to work in a team   
        •    Communication skills
        •   Reasoning ability
        • Leadership skills
        •   Initiative
        •   Assertiveness
        •   Flexibility
        •   Creativity
        • Listening
        • Awareness
    • Why GD?
      • Institutes Perspective -
      • The reason why institutes put you through a Group discussion and an interview, after testing your technical and conceptual skills in an exam.
      • Now to know you as a person and gauge how well you will fit in their institute.
    • Why GD?
      • Company’s Perspective –
      • Companies conduct group discussion after the written test so as to check on your –
      • Interactive skills
      • How good you are at communicating with other people.
      • How you behave, participate and contribute in a group.
      • How much importance do you give to the group objective as well as your own.
      • How well do you listen to viewpoints of others
      • How open-minded are you in accepting views contrary to your own.
      • The aspects which make up a GD are verbal communication, non-verbal behavior, conformation to norms, decision-making ability and cooperation.
    • Preparation for GD?
      • GD reflects the inherent qualities of an individual .
      • Reading: This is the first and the most crucial step in preparation.
      • Mocks: Create an informal GD group and meet regularly to discuss and exchange feedback.
    • During the GD:
      • Panelists assess on:
      • Leadership Skills - Ability to take leadership roles and be able to lead, inspire and carry the team along to help them achieve the group's objectives.
      • Communication Skills - Candidates will be assessed in terms of clarity of thought, expression and aptness of language.
      • Interpersonal Skills - People skills are an important aspect of any job.
      • Persuasive Skills - The ability to analyze and persuade
      • GD is a test of your ability to think, your analytical capabilities and your ability to make your point in a team-based environment.
    • Skills that reflects:
      • Clarity of thought
      • Group working skills (especially during a group task of case study discussion)
      • Conflict handling
      • Listening and probing skills
      • Knowledge about the subject and individual point of view
      • Ability to create a consensus
      • Openess and flexibility towards new ideas
      • Data based approach to decision making
    • My chance to speak
      • How do I take my chance to speak:
        • Trying to interrupt others while speaking would only harm your chances.
        • Maintain an eye-contact with the speaker. This would show your listening skills
        • Would help you gauge from his eye-movement and pitch of voice that he is about to close his inputs.
        • You can quickly take it from there.
        • Try and link your inputs with what he has spoken whether you are adding to or opposing his arguments.
    • +ve task Roles in GD
      • Initiator
      • Information seeker
      • Information giver
      • Procedure facilitator
      • Opinion seeker
      • Opinion giver
      • Clarifier
      • Social Supporter
      • Harmonizer
      • Tension Reliever
      • Energizer
      • Compromiser
      • Gatekeeper
      • Summarizer
    • -ve Roles in GD
      • Disgruntled non-participant
      • Attacker
      • Dominator
      • Patronizer
      • Clown
    • GD Tips
      • Initiation Techniques
      • Body of the group discussion
      • Summarization/ Conclusion
    • Initiation Techniques
      • When you initiate a GD, you not only grab the opportunity to speak, you also grab the attention of the examiner and your fellow candidates.
      • If you can make a favorable first impression with your content and communication skills after you initiate a GD, it will help you sail through the discussion.
      • But if you initiate a GD and stammer/ stutter/ quote wrong facts and figures, the damage might be irreparable.
    • Body of the GD
      • Techniques to initiate a GD
        • i. Quotes ii. Definition iii. Question iv. Shock statement v. Facts, figures and statistics vi. Short story vii. General statement
    • Summarization/ Conclusion
      • Most GD doesn’t really have conclusions. A conclusion is where the whole group decides in favor or against the topic.
      • But every GD is summarized. You can summaries what the group has discussed in the GD in a nutshell.
    • While summarizing a discussion:
      • Avoid raising new points.
      • Avoid stating only your viewpoint.
      • Avoid dwelling only on one aspect of the GD.
      • Keep it brief and concise.
      • It must incorporate all the important points that came out during the GD.
      • If the examiner asks you to summaries a GD, it means the GD has come to an end.
      • Do not add anything once the GD has been summarized.
    • Types of GD
      • GD’s can be topic-based or case-based .
        • 1. Factual Topics E.g. The education policy of any country, Tourism, State of the aged in the nation.
        • 2. Controversial Topics
        • E.g. Reservations should be removed, Women make better managers  
        • 3. Abstract Topics
        • Abstract topics are about intangible things.
      • Case-based GD
        • The case study tries to simulate a real-life situation.
    • Why do we have GD?
      • It helps you to understand a subject more deeply.
      • It improves your ability to think critically.
      • It helps in solving a particular problem.
      • It helps the group to make a particular decision.
      • It gives you the chance to hear other’s ideas.
      • It improves your listening skills.
      • It increases your confidence in speaking.
      • It can change your attitudes. 
    • Improving GD Skills
      • Observe
        • How do other students make critical comments?
        • How do they ask questions?
        • How do they disagree with or support arguments?
        • What special phrases do they use to show politeness even when they are voicing disagreement?
        • How do they signal to interrupt, ask a question or make a point?
      • Practice
        • Start practicing your discussion skills in an informal setting or with a small group.
      • Participate
        • Take every opportunity to take part in social/informal discussions
    • Discussion Etiquette
      • Do
      • Speak pleasantly and politely to the group.
      • Respect the contribution of every speaker.
      • Remember that a discussion is not an argument. Learn to disagree politely.
      • Think about your contribution before you speak. How best can you answer the question/ contribute to the topic?
      • Try to stick to the discussion topic. Don't introduce irrelevant information.
      • Be aware of your body language when you are speaking.
      • Agree with and acknowledge what you find interesting.
    • Discussion Etiquette
      • Don't
      • Lose your temper. A discussion is not an argument.
      • Shout. Use a moderate tone and medium pitch.
      • Use too many gestures when you speak. Gestures like finger pointing and table thumping can appear aggressive.
      • Dominate the discussion. Confident speakers should allow quieter a chance to contribute.
      • Draw too much on personal experience or anecdote.
      • Interrupt. Wait for a speaker to finish what they are saying before you speak. 
    • Leading a Discussion
      • You may be in a seminar group that requires you to lead a group discussion, or lead a discussion after an oral presentation. You can demonstrate leadership by:
        • introducing yourself and the members of the group
        • stating the purpose of the discussion
        • inviting quiet group members to speak
        • being objective
        • summarizing the discussion
    • Chairing a Group Discussion
      • When chairing a discussion group you must communicate in a positive way to assist the speakers in accomplishing their objective.
      • The following four leadership skills you can use to influence other people positively and help your group achieve its purpose. These skills include:
        • introducing the topic and purpose of the discussion,
        • making sure all members have approximately the same time
        • thanking group members for their contribution
        • being objective in summarizing the group's discussion and achievements
    • How to Face GD
      • A group discussion consists of:
        • Communication Skills
        • Knowledge and ideas regarding a given subject
        • Capability to co-ordinate and lead
        • Exchange of thoughts
        • Addressing the group as a whole
        • Thorough preparations
    • Communication Skills
      • The first aspect is one's power of expression.
      • You should be precise and clear
      • Listen is also what evaluators judge
      • You should be able to convey your thoughts satisfactorily and convincingly before a group of people.
    • Knowledge and ideas
      • Knowledge of the subject under discussion and clarity of ideas are important
        • Comes from consistent reading 
        • Knowledge makes one confident and enthusiastic
        • That makes one sound convincing and confident.
        • That’s the key to crack GD
    • Leadership & Coordinating
      • The basic aim of a group discussion is to:
      • Judge a candidate's leadership qualities.
      • The examiner becomes a silent spectator
      • A candidate should display tactfulness, skill, understanding and knowledge on varied topics, enterprise, forcefulness and other leadership qualities
      • Motivate and influence other candidates who may be almost equally competent
    • Exchange of Thoughts
      • GD is an exchange of thoughts and ideas among members
      • GD is held for selecting personnel in organizations where there is a high level of competition
      • GD purpose is to get an idea about candidate in a short time & make assessment about
        • The candidates skills on
          • Team membership
          • Leadership skills
          • Listening and
          • Articulation skills
    • Addressing Group as a whole
      • Address the person farthest from you. If he can hear you everyone else too can.
      • Attend the group discussion in formal dress.
      • The language used should also be formal, not the language used in normal conversations.
        • For instance, words and phrases like "yar", "chalta hai", "CP", "I dunno", etc. are out.
        • This is not to say you should use a high sounding, pedantic language.
          • just use formal, plain and simple language.
    • Thorough Preparation
      • Only 460 candidates make it to the final list from 2.75 Lac civil service aspirants each year.
      • READING VARIOUS TOPICS & KNOWLEDGE ON THEM IS THE
      • KEY TO SUCCESS
    • GD Mistakes
      • Emotional outburst
        • ANGER
      • Quality Vs Quantity
        • MAXIMUM TALK
      • Egotism Showing off (SELFISHNESS)
        • FAKE FIGURES / INFORMATION
      • Get noticed - But for the right reasons
        • WANT TO BE THE FIRST
      • Managing one's insecurities
        • NERVOUSNESS
    • Thank You Visit: http://www.softwaretestinghelp.com For more soft skills preparation