Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of
people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to
inform, influence, or entertain the listeners.
It’s All About Building Confidence!
Build self confidence by being yourself
• Preparation -Use everyday speaking situations to
enhance your speaking skills.
• Establish a personal bond with the listeners by
making eye-contact with your audience.
• Seek & Grab opportunities for speaking by making
more number of small and successful speeches as a
• Accept to speak only on familiar subjects with
sufficient time to prepare. Otherwise politely refuse.
REACH the venue half an hour before the program starts
GREET and meet maximum people
RELAX yourself in the chair physically & mentally while
awaiting your turn
RISE slowly and walk confidently to the podium
GIVE a smooth & longer salutation, begin slowly
DRESS for Success - It should be comfortable for you and look
formal and smart to the audience.
YOUR VOICE- Bring variations by modulating your voice. Use it
to add emphasis etc. It brings life in to your speech.
Move about to avoid tension:
Step away from the stage occasionally, walk
among the audience or gesture in a way that
adds meaning to your words.
Some common faults of in-experienced
• Gripping or leaning on the podium
• Finger tapping
3 P’s to Public Speaking
with the equipment and
Slides they’ll see & hear
“Cue cards” you’ll work
Do Your Homework
Understand your topic thoroughly
Research and write the presentation as you would
an important paper
Analyzing the Audience
Basic demographics (age, experience
level, familiarity with your topic)
Approximate number of attendees
Good speakers are audience-centered
Keep the audience foremost in mind
at every step of preparation
Slides and/or visual
Follow a logical
Use high contrast
Create “cue cards”
• Large, bold, easily
Use visual aids:
It helps you in
minimizing your speech.
listeners much, rather
than words. One visual
aid is equal to one
How much time do you have?
What equipment, software, support will be
What additional equipment will you need
to be successful?
Your reflection in the
mirror is a good test
Hand and facial gestures
Get feedback from
Kinesics – the study of body motions as a systematic
mode of communication
Aspects of non-verbal communications
People trust their ears less than their eyes.
When a speaker’s body language is inconsistent with
their words the listeners will tend to believe their eyes
Evaluate your performance
Out of breath? Add breathing marks.
Monotone? Practice accenting various parts of speech
for more impact.
If Something Goes Wrong
Don’t panic, improvise!
Pause for a drink of water to regroup your thoughts
Excuse yourself and adjust your equipment
Spend a moment as if deep in thought, then begin again
“spontaneously” once you’ve found your place
Ask if there are any questions
Break for an activity
You know your topic
You know your material
You’ve done this before
You CAN do this, and
you’ll be great!