MORTALITY AND DISEASES AMONG CHILDREN IN BHOPAL-A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS
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MORTALITY AND DISEASES AMONG CHILDREN IN BHOPAL-A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS

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A cause and affect research of environmental factors affecting children to improve the health of children of Bhopal Capital Region.

A cause and affect research of environmental factors affecting children to improve the health of children of Bhopal Capital Region.

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  • 1. MORTALITY AND DISEASES AMONG CHILDREN IN BHOPAL-A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS By Mrs. Anjali Saxena Asst.Professor, Geography Govt. NMV P.G. College Hoshangabad
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
    • Mortality has been defined as the incidence of death in a population
    • It can also be defined as the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year.
    • The disease can be defined as any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any body part, organ, or system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs and whose etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
  • 3. Contd…
    • The recent environmental changes due to the changing pattern of agricultural methods, use of insecticides, pesticides, deforestation, changing water level, increasing population pressure, congestion in cities, pollution have their repercussions on the health of the people.
    • Man is capable of misusing his natural environment to the detriment of his health by developing cultural and behavioural traits which give rise to various diseases
    • Children are no exceptions to be affected by variuos diseases.
  • 4. OBJECTIVES
    • The study area is situated near the tropical belt where conditions are favorable for many diseases.
    • So the aim of the present study is to find out the different diseases of children occurring in the region.
    • Secondly, it is intended to find out what are the causes of death among children and how far the remedial measures have helped the people to overcome the diseases .
  • 5. HYPOTHESIS
    • Man is surrounded by his environment – both physical and cultural. Any deviation in the environmental conditions brings difficulties for him. Disease is one of them.
  • 6. Methodology
    • In order to make the work authentic and to give it a base, the following methodology has been adopted .
    • Consultation and collection of relevant literature from different libraries and institutions.
    • Collection of primary data from different regions, their analysis to find out the relationship between the cause effect phenomena.
    • Obtaining secondary data from Directorate of Health and Deptt. Of Family Planning, Hospitals and corresponding offices.
    • Preparation of Tables and their analysis.
    • Drawing of Maps and diagrams.
    • Analysis and interpretation of the data and maps and diagrams in order to find out the relationships between the existing geo-system and occurrence of disease . Statistical method of coefficient of correlation has also been adopted for the purpose .  
  • 7. STUDY AREA
    • The study area is Bhopal the capital of Madhya Pradesh, which has been selected for the study of mortality and diseases among children. It lies between the lat. and long. of 23°15′N 77°25′E23.25, 77.42 ,
    • Having an area of 309sq. kms
    • Lies at an elevation of 499m..
    • Its Population was1,482,718in 2001
    • Population density of 4,812/sq.kms.
    • It is the city of lakes and gardens and was ruled by the Begums and Nawabs.
  • 8. FINDINGS OF DISEASES AND MORTALITY AMONG CHILDREN IN BHOPAL 1742 71 469 1202 Total 265 0 118 147 2004 772 4 79 689 2003 360 38 177 145 2002 345 29 95 221 2001 Total Pregnant Woman Girls Boys Years Diseases among Children in Bhopal 2001-2004
  • 9. MORTALITY
  • 10. HEALTH CARE FACILITIES ESTABLISHED BY GOVT.
    • KISHORI SHAKTI YOJANA
    • BALIKA SAMRIDDHI YOJANA
    • BAL SANJEEVNI PROJECT
    • BAL SHAKTI PROGRAMME
    • RCH PROGRAMME
    • UNIVERSAL IMMUNISATION PROGRAMME
  • 11. CONCLUSION
    • The present study is thus focused on the capacity and interest in the actions to be taken to improve the environmental health of children.
    • The specific methods and programmes are recommended, to be adopted in the appropriate areas/issues for natural success. Urgent actions are required for the monitoring of barriers or areas that need to be addressed to achieve success.
    • There should be a general awareness and desire among the people towards women and child care.
    • The selection of individuals and organizations are the key players, and national and state policies should be modified and mobilized to reduce the mortality and morbidity rate in Bhopal.