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國內圖書館發展China

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國內圖書館發展China

國內圖書館發展China

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  • 1. 2005.7 HONGKONG 中國大陸中小學圖書館發展概況 General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland 中國江蘇省中小學圖書館專業委員會主任 張正和 Drector of Middle/Elementary School Committee of Jiangsu Province, China Zhang Zhenghe http://www.chtsx.com E-mail: chunhui@chtsx.com
  • 2.
    • 中國大陸 13 億人口, 2 億 4 千萬中小學生。到 21 世紀初, 70 萬所中小學, 50 萬所中小學校圖書館, 100 萬從業人員。
    General Situation of the Development of the Elementary
    • In Chinese mainland, it has a population of 13 hundred million with 2.4 hundred million Middle/elementary School students. Till 21st century, there have been 700,000 elementary and middle schools with 500,000 libraries and about 1000,000 practitioners in the mainland.
    and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 3. 在 1970 年前,只有 50 萬所中小學校,其中有圖書館的不足 20 萬所。主要是 1978 年以後發展迅猛,而中小學圖書館的大規模的規範化建設,有賴於以下幾個方面: Before 1970, there were only 500,000 elementary and middle schools with no more than 200,000 libraries. It has made a rapid development since 1978. While the large-scale standardization construction of elementary and middle schools libraries depends on following : General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 4.
    • 一、教育行政部門從法規上來規範圖書館工作, 1990 年 8 月,教育部門頒佈第一個關於中小學圖書館建設的法規性文件《中小學圖書館(室)規程》 2003 年又頒佈了我本人參與第二稿起草的《中小學圖書館(室)規程(修訂)》。全國大部分省、市對照教育部要求,根據本省的情況,分別制訂出地方性的,非常詳細具體的標準和評估細則:(圖例:教育部《規程(修訂)》江蘇省圖書館的評估細則)
    Education service makes criterions for library work with statute. Ministry of Education promulgated “regulations of the elementary and middle school library ”,the first statute document of the construction of elementary and middle schools libraries in the august of 1990. In 2003, “regulations of the elementary and middle school library (recension)” was promulgated which I participated in the second draft. Most provinces and cities have made particular parochial standards and evaluation detailed rules according to the request of Ministry of Education on the basis of the situation of themselves.( illustration : Ministry of Education “regulations of the elementary and middle school library (recension)” evaluation detailed rules for libraries of Jiangsu province.) General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 5. The development of economics and education greatly promote the construction situation of library. (Illustration of library photos)
    • 二、經濟和教育的發展,促進了圖書館辦館條件的迅速提高。(圖書館照片展示)
    General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 6.
    • 三、中小學校課程教材改革的不斷深入,逐漸突出了圖書館對這方面重大的支援和促進作用。因此,在文獻和資訊資源建設上;在電腦自動化和網路化、數位化建設上;在文獻資訊資源和參考諮詢服務上;在人員培訓和隊伍的建設上都有了長足的進步。
      • In the progress of elementary and middle school curriculum and textbook development, the great effect of support and promotion of library gradually stands out. There are quiet great progress in document and information construction;; in computer automatization 、 digitalization construction ;in document and information resources and reference counseling; in personnel training and construction of library profession.
    General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 7. 常州有一位教育局長說:學校圖書館是一所學校校長辦學理念和品味的標誌,是學校文化底蘊和精神文明程度的具體體現。 One director general of education committee of Changzhou says: school library is the symbol of the school-running concept and taste of the headmaster of the school, is the material embodiment of culture details and spiritual civilization level of the school. General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 8.
    • The establishment of special administration and academic groups makes wider intercommunion and improve together.
    • 四 、成立專門的行政機構和學術團體,交流互 動,共同提高。
    General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 9.
    • 模式 A 示意圖
    • Illustration of model A:
    教 教育處 主要職能: 育 裝備處 館舍和設施配備 局 計財處 標準制定 圖 師訓處 評估檢查 工 德育處 人員培訓 委 圖協 讀書活動 General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 10. Library and Informati on Committee of education committee Education department Equipment department Scheming and finance Training department Moral education department Library association Main function : Standard Equipment of establishment Evaluation and inspection Personnel training Reading activity library building and establishm ent department
    • 模式 A 示意圖
    • Illustration of model A:
    General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland
  • 11.
    • 模式 B 示意圖
    • illustration of model B:
    General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland 圖書館學會 教育學會 中小圖書館專業委員會或協會 教育科主管科員 教育裝備科主管科員 部分中小學館長 少數校長 部分相關廠商 協助政府制定標 准參加評估。組織館員業務學習、培訓和交流。開展圖書館業務的無償或有償服務。進行學術研究和技術開發,組織館員對外交流。
  • 12.
    • 模式 B 示意圖
    • illustration of model B:
    General Situation of the Development of the Elementary and Middle School Libraries in Chinese Mainland library association Education Association Elementary and middle school library committee or association The director personnel of Education department The director personnel of education equipment department Some curator Some headmasters Some related manufacturer Helping the government to make evaluation standards. Organizing the study training and intercommunion for librarians. Developing free and chargeable services for library professional work.. Doing science research and technical development, and developing external intercommunion.
  • 13. The End THANKS 2005 年 HONGKONG http:// www.chtsx.com E-mail:chunhui@chtsx.com Tel:0519-6760601-809