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Finland

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Deatailed information about the Finnish hospital & healthcare system

Deatailed information about the Finnish hospital & healthcare system

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  • 1. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A LYou are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the source.Finland  Total Healthcare Expenditure: €15.453 billion  Total Population: 5,378,000  124 hospitals in 12 regionsHospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 1
  • 2. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A LYou are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the source Population Population ThousandsThe population of Finland is calculated to be 5.378million in mid-2010 and by mid-2060 it is estimated 4,000 45.5that it will be 6.213 million. This represents a very 3,500 45modest increase of only 15.5% over 50 years, 3,000 44.5equivalent to an average annual increase of 0.24%. 2,500 44Over the next 50 years the population below 15 years 2,000 43.5of age will increase slightly from 860,000 to 930,000. 1,500 43At the same time the economically active populationwill decrease slightly, falling from 3.549 million to 1,000 42.53.479 million. 500 42 0 41.5As in all European countries, the older section of thepopulation will increase rapidly. In the 50 years 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060between 2010 and 2060, the numbers of those over65 will almost double from 986 thousand to 1.802 0 to 14 15 to 64 65 + Ave. Agemillion. Although this increase in the elderlypopulation is severe, it is not as bad as in similarlysized countries such as Ireland.Overall, the average age will increase from 42.5 yearsin 2010 to 45.1 in 2060.Hospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 2
  • 3. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A L You are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the source. Healthcare Expenditure Healthcare Expenditure Inpatient Day SurgeryTotal healthcare expenditure was €15.453 billion in 2008. 16.3% 1.2% OutpatientThe greatest single cost was primary care which accountedfor €2.844 billion closely followed by medical inpatient care 10.6%at €4.489 billion. The total cost of all hospital medicaltreatment was €4.292 billion, 28.1% of the total budget. Travel & Other 3.2% Psychiatric Care Investment 3.9%Medical goods cost a total of €2.626 billion (17.2%), split 5.1%between pharmaceuticals (€2.232 billion) and medicaldevices (€394 million). Administration 2.4% PrimaryAll the other categories of healthcare expenditure were Medical Healthcarerelatively small. Care of the elderly currently consumes 5% Products 18.6%of the budget, equivalent to €768 million. This is just above 2.6% Pharmaceuticalsexpenditure on student and occupational health. However, 14.6%the growing elderly population is bound to cause thisexpenditure to increase while the cost of student andoccupational health will remain static. Dentistry 6.4%Although some categories of healthcare expenditure will Privatenot change, the increase in the elderly population will force Expenditure Occupational &the cost of most sectors of healthcare to rise. The extra 6.0% Elderly Care Studentcosts will have to be funded by a gradually diminishing 5.0% 4.1%economically active population.Hospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 3
  • 4. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A LYou are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the source. Hospitals By Type Acute Psychiatric Day Case 1 1 0 Ahvenanmaa 12 2 0 Häme 7 4 0 Keski-Suomi 6 4 0 Kuopio 9 1 0 Kymi 3 2 0 Lappi Acute Mikkeli Psychiatric 4 1 0 Day Case 7 1 0 Oulu 1 2 0 Pohjois-Karjala 11 2 0 Turku ja Pori 27 4 0 Uusimaa 7 2 3 Vaasa 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35Hospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 4
  • 5. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A LYou are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the source. Private non- Private for Hospitals by Ownership Public profit profit 2 0 0 Ahvenanmaa 13 0 1 Häme 9 0 2 Keski-Suomi 8 0 2 Kuopio 9 0 1 Kymi 5 0 0 Lappi Public & Military 5 0 0 Mikkeli Private non-profit Private for profit 7 0 1 Oulu 3 0 0 Pohjois-Karjala 12 0 1 Turku ja Pori 28 0 6 Uusimaa 8 0 1 Vaasa 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35Hospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 5
  • 6. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A LYou are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the source. Hospitals by Size and Type Size Psychiatric Acute (Beds) 30 1 to 200 11 28 25 201 to 500 7 22 501 to 1,000 0 10 20 15 Psychiatric Note 10 Acute These figures describe hospitals with 5 inpatient facilities. Day case establishments are excluded. 0 1 to 200 201 to 500 501 to 1000Hospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 6
  • 7. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A LYou are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the source. Hospitals by Size and Ownership Private for profit Private non-profit Public & Military Private Size Private for Public & non- (Beds) profit Military profit 40 1 to 200 3 0 36 35 201 to 500 0 0 29 501 to 1,000 0 0 10 30 25 20Note 15 10These figures describe hospitals with inpatientfacilities. Day case establishments are excluded. 5 0 1 to 200 201 to 500 501 to 1,000Hospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 7
  • 8. Hospital RegistersMonthly Country Report WALNUTFinland, May 2011 M ED IC A LYou are free to use any data or commentary from this report provided you acknowledge Walnut Medical as the sourceFinnish healthcare trendsThe Finnish health care system offers universal coverage for a Vulnerable groups like the disabled are also covered. Reimbursement iscomprehensive range of health services. It is funded mainly through calculated based on a set of fixed fees, which means that there may begeneral taxation. A key feature of the system is decentralisation. The some level of co-payment.national administration defines general health policy guidelines anddirects the health care system at the state level. The national Ministry of Employers must provide preventative healthcare but KELA reimbursesSocial Affairs and Health is responsible for social security, social welfare 50% of the cost. Some larger companies also provide medical treatmentand health services policy. The ministry sets broad development goals, and other health services.prepares legislation and other key reforms, overseeing theirimplementation. Private healthcare is expanding in Finland. Private health services offer mainly physiotherapy, private GP care, occupational healthcare andThe majority of Finnish health care services are organized and provided by laboratories. The Finns can receive partial reimbursement for privatethe municipal health care system. There are currently 348 municipalities, health care .each with an average population of less than 6,000. Municipalities levytaxes and receive state subsidies. Specialist care in the municipal system is Finland has made huge progress in healthcare over the last 50 years andprovided by 20 hospital districts, each of which is owned and funded by its has increased life expectancy considerably. However, the challenges overmember municipalities. Each hospital district has at least one main the next 50 years will be concerned with the growing elderly population.hospital and possibly a number of smaller establishments. Healthcare funding can only come from taxing a gradually shrinking working population. The Finnish economy is heavily dependent on exportsThe government social insurance agency called Kansanelakelaitos or more and any downturn in the global economy will have a direct effect oncommonly known as KELA, is responsible for the state contribution healthcare provision. In the medium term, co-payments are likely tosystem. KELA reimburses citizens for most healthcare treatment. State increase, the private healthcare system will grow further and overallhealthcare is only available if you are employed and paying into the taxation must increase just to maintain the current level of care.healthcare insurance fund or if you are a dependant of an employedperson. Preventive healthcare, maternity care and child health are free.Hospital Registers is a series of online databases of more than 24,000 hospitals © Walnut Medicalin North America and Europe. For more information visit www.HospitalRegisters.com Contact: Amanda Mason +44 (0)1763 223223 Page 8