Presented by<br />Rommie L. Duckworth, LP<br />How to Win Every Firehouse Argument<br />
IntroDucktion<br />Rom Duckworth, LP<br />Emergency Services since 1990<br />Police, Fire and EMS Educator<br />Career / V...
Where can I use this lecture?<br />At the Firehouse<br />In the Ambulance Garage<br />At Home<br />In Public<br />
What is an argument?<br />At the Firehouse<br />In the Ambulance Garage<br />At Home<br />In Public<br />
Dialogue vs Rhetoric<br />Dialogue<br />Conversation<br />Resolving disagreement<br />Seeking truth<br />Rhetoric<br />Soa...
Critical Thinking<br />Minimizes biases and flaws <br />Leads to better understanding. <br />Takes PRACTICE!<br />Takes WO...
Uses for Critical Thinking<br />Evaluating Clinical Information<br />Better Assessment Skills<br />Making Informed Civic D...
Background Knowledge<br />U ShoodLurnStuff<br />A little knowledge is… <br />Know your Facts!<br />
Metacognition<br />There is a difference<br />How we SHOULD reason<br />How we DO reason<br />
Metacognition<br />(The RULES) <br />Deductive Logic<br />Premise(s), Logic, Conclusion<br />1+2=3<br />A=B, B=C, therefor...
Metacognition<br /> (The CHEATS) <br />We use shortcuts to think and decide.<br />Little Time<br />Incomplete Information<...
Cognitive Biases<br />Confirmation<br />The tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's p...
Cognitive Biases<br />Bandwagon<br />The tendency to do (or believe) things because many other people do (or believe) the ...
Cognitive Biases<br />Distinction<br />The tendency to view two options as more dissimilar when evaluating them simultaneo...
Cognitive Biases<br />Mere Exposure<br />The tendency to express undue liking for things merely because of familiarity wit...
Cognitive Biases<br />Negativity Bias<br />The tendency to pay more attention and give more weight to negative than positi...
Cognitive Biases<br />Gambler’s Bias<br />the tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when...
Cognitive Biases<br />Availability<br />Often used with generalizations.<br />“I know a Brazilian Guy and he was great. Br...
Cognitive Biases<br />Cognitive Dissonance<br />The need to resolve personal wants and beliefs with a world that is someti...
Logical Fallacies<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #1a<br />FALLACY CARD #1b<br />Ad Hominem<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #2a<br />FALLACY CARD #2b<br />Ad Ignorantiam<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #3<br />FALLACY CARD #4<br />Affirming the Consequent<br />Denying the Antecedent<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #5<br />Appeal to Authority<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #6<br />Appeal to Consequences<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #7<br />Appeal to Incredulity<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #8<br />Appeal to Motive<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #9<br />Begging the Question<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #10<br />Correlation vs Causality<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #11<br />False Cause<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #12a<br />FALLACY CARD #12b<br />False Dichotomy<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #13<br />False in One, False in ALL<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #14<br />FALLACY CARD #15<br />Generalizations<br />Sweeping<br />Hasty<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #16<br />Loaded Question<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #17<br />Slippery Slope<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #18a<br />FALLACY CARD #18b<br />Straw Man<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #19a<br />FALLACY CARD #19b<br />Irrelevant Conclusion<br />
Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #20<br />TuQuoque (You too, or Two Wrongs)<br />
Fallacies<br />Raise your awareness!<br />
Emotional Clouding<br />Sympathy – I feel bad for you.<br />Disdain – I hate you.<br />Indifference – I don’t care.<br />
Rhetoric<br />Ethos - Form<br />Logos – Logic<br />Pathos - Emotion<br />
YourQuestions<br />
Premises, logic & conclusions<br />Critical Thinking is vital for…<br />Evaluating Information<br />Improving Street Skill...
Premises, logic & conclusions<br />Metacognition<br />How we SHOULD reason (RULES)<br />How we DO reason (CHEATS)<br />Bia...
Don’tlet “THEM” win!<br />
For More Information<br />For questions, comments, feedback<br />and to find additional resources on this and other lectur...
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How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking

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It is a fact that Americans spend 68% of their day bombarded by people trying to influence our decisions. Likewise, they spend another 52% trying to persuade others. This presentation will help you learn to quickly identify myths and factual errors (like the one above) and improve your critical thinking skills to avoid falling victim to logical fallacies and other arguments that sound good, but don’t hold water.
Find more at www.romduckworth.com

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  • Emergency Services since 1990 – Photos / 1980’s and Flintmobile with star of lifePolice, Fire and EMS Instructor – I need all the help I can get to get out of traffic tickets.Fire Lieutenant / Paramedic / EMS Coordinator / Training director in Career, volunteer, private and municipal services – To everyone else, I can’t hold down a job, but everyone here realizes that you do two or three at the same time.International Speaker and ACLS National Faculty – Everywhere you go, our problems are all the same, my job is to share the solutions.
  • How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking

    1. 1. Presented by<br />Rommie L. Duckworth, LP<br />How to Win Every Firehouse Argument<br />
    2. 2. IntroDucktion<br />Rom Duckworth, LP<br />Emergency Services since 1990<br />Police, Fire and EMS Educator<br />Career / Volunteer / Private / Municipal Services<br />Training Director / Fire Lt. / EMS Coordinator<br />Disclosures:<br />AHA National Faculty<br />Contract Employee for Laerdal Corp.<br />New England Center for Rescue and Emergency Medicine<br />
    3. 3. Where can I use this lecture?<br />At the Firehouse<br />In the Ambulance Garage<br />At Home<br />In Public<br />
    4. 4. What is an argument?<br />At the Firehouse<br />In the Ambulance Garage<br />At Home<br />In Public<br />
    5. 5. Dialogue vs Rhetoric<br />Dialogue<br />Conversation<br />Resolving disagreement<br />Seeking truth<br />Rhetoric<br />Soap Box<br />With an agenda<br />Seeking to influence<br />
    6. 6. Critical Thinking<br />Minimizes biases and flaws <br />Leads to better understanding. <br />Takes PRACTICE!<br />Takes WORK! <br />
    7. 7. Uses for Critical Thinking<br />Evaluating Clinical Information<br />Better Assessment Skills<br />Making Informed Civic Decisions<br />Self Improvement<br />Self Defense<br />World Domination<br />
    8. 8. Background Knowledge<br />U ShoodLurnStuff<br />A little knowledge is… <br />Know your Facts!<br />
    9. 9. Metacognition<br />There is a difference<br />How we SHOULD reason<br />How we DO reason<br />
    10. 10. Metacognition<br />(The RULES) <br />Deductive Logic<br />Premise(s), Logic, Conclusion<br />1+2=3<br />A=B, B=C, therefore A=C<br />Beware of Fallacies!<br />
    11. 11. Metacognition<br /> (The CHEATS) <br />We use shortcuts to think and decide.<br />Little Time<br />Incomplete Information<br />High Risk<br />These shortcuts are called:<br />Cognitive Biases<br />
    12. 12. Cognitive Biases<br />Confirmation<br />The tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions.<br />
    13. 13. Cognitive Biases<br />Bandwagon<br />The tendency to do (or believe) things because many other people do (or believe) the same<br />
    14. 14. Cognitive Biases<br />Distinction<br />The tendency to view two options as more dissimilar when evaluating them simultaneously than when evaluating them separately.<br />
    15. 15. Cognitive Biases<br />Mere Exposure<br />The tendency to express undue liking for things merely because of familiarity with them.<br />
    16. 16. Cognitive Biases<br />Negativity Bias<br />The tendency to pay more attention and give more weight to negative than positive experiences or other kinds of information.<br />
    17. 17. Cognitive Biases<br />Gambler’s Bias<br />the tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when in reality they are unchanged<br />
    18. 18. Cognitive Biases<br />Availability<br />Often used with generalizations.<br />“I know a Brazilian Guy and he was great. Brazilian people are so great!”<br />
    19. 19. Cognitive Biases<br />Cognitive Dissonance<br />The need to resolve personal wants and beliefs with a world that is sometimes contrary.<br />
    20. 20. Logical Fallacies<br />
    21. 21. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #1a<br />FALLACY CARD #1b<br />Ad Hominem<br />
    22. 22. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #2a<br />FALLACY CARD #2b<br />Ad Ignorantiam<br />
    23. 23. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #3<br />FALLACY CARD #4<br />Affirming the Consequent<br />Denying the Antecedent<br />
    24. 24. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #5<br />Appeal to Authority<br />
    25. 25. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #6<br />Appeal to Consequences<br />
    26. 26. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #7<br />Appeal to Incredulity<br />
    27. 27. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #8<br />Appeal to Motive<br />
    28. 28. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #9<br />Begging the Question<br />
    29. 29. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #10<br />Correlation vs Causality<br />
    30. 30. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #11<br />False Cause<br />
    31. 31. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #12a<br />FALLACY CARD #12b<br />False Dichotomy<br />
    32. 32. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #13<br />False in One, False in ALL<br />
    33. 33. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #14<br />FALLACY CARD #15<br />Generalizations<br />Sweeping<br />Hasty<br />
    34. 34. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #16<br />Loaded Question<br />
    35. 35. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #17<br />Slippery Slope<br />
    36. 36. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #18a<br />FALLACY CARD #18b<br />Straw Man<br />
    37. 37. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #19a<br />FALLACY CARD #19b<br />Irrelevant Conclusion<br />
    38. 38. Fallacies<br />FALLACY CARD #20<br />TuQuoque (You too, or Two Wrongs)<br />
    39. 39. Fallacies<br />Raise your awareness!<br />
    40. 40. Emotional Clouding<br />Sympathy – I feel bad for you.<br />Disdain – I hate you.<br />Indifference – I don’t care.<br />
    41. 41. Rhetoric<br />Ethos - Form<br />Logos – Logic<br />Pathos - Emotion<br />
    42. 42. YourQuestions<br />
    43. 43. Premises, logic & conclusions<br />Critical Thinking is vital for…<br />Evaluating Information<br />Improving Street Skills<br />Making informed decisions<br />Self Improvement<br />Self Defense<br />World Domination<br />Base Knowledge <br />LurnStuff<br />
    44. 44. Premises, logic & conclusions<br />Metacognition<br />How we SHOULD reason (RULES)<br />How we DO reason (CHEATS)<br />Biases<br />Fallacies<br />How we FEEL (Emotion)<br />Rhetoric<br />Ethos – Form - Speaker<br />Logos – Logic - Message<br />Pathos – Emotion - Audience<br />
    45. 45. Don’tlet “THEM” win!<br />
    46. 46. For More Information<br />For questions, comments, feedback<br />and to find additional resources on this and other lecture topics find me at…<br />Find me at…<br />Twitter: @romduck<br />Linked In: romduck<br />Google: Rom Duckworth<br />www.romduckworth.com<br />

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