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How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking
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How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking

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It is a fact that Americans spend 68% of their day bombarded by people trying to influence our decisions. Likewise, they spend another 52% trying to persuade others. This presentation will help you …

It is a fact that Americans spend 68% of their day bombarded by people trying to influence our decisions. Likewise, they spend another 52% trying to persuade others. This presentation will help you learn to quickly identify myths and factual errors (like the one above) and improve your critical thinking skills to avoid falling victim to logical fallacies and other arguments that sound good, but don’t hold water.
Find more at www.romduckworth.com


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  • Emergency Services since 1990 – Photos / 1980’s and Flintmobile with star of lifePolice, Fire and EMS Instructor – I need all the help I can get to get out of traffic tickets.Fire Lieutenant / Paramedic / EMS Coordinator / Training director in Career, volunteer, private and municipal services – To everyone else, I can’t hold down a job, but everyone here realizes that you do two or three at the same time.International Speaker and ACLS National Faculty – Everywhere you go, our problems are all the same, my job is to share the solutions.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Presented by
      Rommie L. Duckworth, LP
      How to Win Every Firehouse Argument
    • 2. IntroDucktion
      Rom Duckworth, LP
      Emergency Services since 1990
      Police, Fire and EMS Educator
      Career / Volunteer / Private / Municipal Services
      Training Director / Fire Lt. / EMS Coordinator
      Disclosures:
      AHA National Faculty
      Contract Employee for Laerdal Corp.
      New England Center for Rescue and Emergency Medicine
    • 3. Where can I use this lecture?
      At the Firehouse
      In the Ambulance Garage
      At Home
      In Public
    • 4. What is an argument?
      At the Firehouse
      In the Ambulance Garage
      At Home
      In Public
    • 5. Dialogue vs Rhetoric
      Dialogue
      Conversation
      Resolving disagreement
      Seeking truth
      Rhetoric
      Soap Box
      With an agenda
      Seeking to influence
    • 6. Critical Thinking
      Minimizes biases and flaws
      Leads to better understanding.
      Takes PRACTICE!
      Takes WORK!
    • 7. Uses for Critical Thinking
      Evaluating Clinical Information
      Better Assessment Skills
      Making Informed Civic Decisions
      Self Improvement
      Self Defense
      World Domination
    • 8. Background Knowledge
      U ShoodLurnStuff
      A little knowledge is…
      Know your Facts!
    • 9. Metacognition
      There is a difference
      How we SHOULD reason
      How we DO reason
    • 10. Metacognition
      (The RULES)
      Deductive Logic
      Premise(s), Logic, Conclusion
      1+2=3
      A=B, B=C, therefore A=C
      Beware of Fallacies!
    • 11. Metacognition
      (The CHEATS)
      We use shortcuts to think and decide.
      Little Time
      Incomplete Information
      High Risk
      These shortcuts are called:
      Cognitive Biases
    • 12. Cognitive Biases
      Confirmation
      The tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions.
    • 13. Cognitive Biases
      Bandwagon
      The tendency to do (or believe) things because many other people do (or believe) the same
    • 14. Cognitive Biases
      Distinction
      The tendency to view two options as more dissimilar when evaluating them simultaneously than when evaluating them separately.
    • 15. Cognitive Biases
      Mere Exposure
      The tendency to express undue liking for things merely because of familiarity with them.
    • 16. Cognitive Biases
      Negativity Bias
      The tendency to pay more attention and give more weight to negative than positive experiences or other kinds of information.
    • 17. Cognitive Biases
      Gambler’s Bias
      the tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when in reality they are unchanged
    • 18. Cognitive Biases
      Availability
      Often used with generalizations.
      “I know a Brazilian Guy and he was great. Brazilian people are so great!”
    • 19. Cognitive Biases
      Cognitive Dissonance
      The need to resolve personal wants and beliefs with a world that is sometimes contrary.
    • 20. Logical Fallacies
    • 21. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #1a
      FALLACY CARD #1b
      Ad Hominem
    • 22. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #2a
      FALLACY CARD #2b
      Ad Ignorantiam
    • 23. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #3
      FALLACY CARD #4
      Affirming the Consequent
      Denying the Antecedent
    • 24. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #5
      Appeal to Authority
    • 25. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #6
      Appeal to Consequences
    • 26. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #7
      Appeal to Incredulity
    • 27. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #8
      Appeal to Motive
    • 28. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #9
      Begging the Question
    • 29. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #10
      Correlation vs Causality
    • 30. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #11
      False Cause
    • 31. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #12a
      FALLACY CARD #12b
      False Dichotomy
    • 32. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #13
      False in One, False in ALL
    • 33. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #14
      FALLACY CARD #15
      Generalizations
      Sweeping
      Hasty
    • 34. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #16
      Loaded Question
    • 35. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #17
      Slippery Slope
    • 36. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #18a
      FALLACY CARD #18b
      Straw Man
    • 37. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #19a
      FALLACY CARD #19b
      Irrelevant Conclusion
    • 38. Fallacies
      FALLACY CARD #20
      TuQuoque (You too, or Two Wrongs)
    • 39. Fallacies
      Raise your awareness!
    • 40. Emotional Clouding
      Sympathy – I feel bad for you.
      Disdain – I hate you.
      Indifference – I don’t care.
    • 41. Rhetoric
      Ethos - Form
      Logos – Logic
      Pathos - Emotion
    • 42. YourQuestions
    • 43. Premises, logic & conclusions
      Critical Thinking is vital for…
      Evaluating Information
      Improving Street Skills
      Making informed decisions
      Self Improvement
      Self Defense
      World Domination
      Base Knowledge
      LurnStuff
    • 44. Premises, logic & conclusions
      Metacognition
      How we SHOULD reason (RULES)
      How we DO reason (CHEATS)
      Biases
      Fallacies
      How we FEEL (Emotion)
      Rhetoric
      Ethos – Form - Speaker
      Logos – Logic - Message
      Pathos – Emotion - Audience
    • 45. Don’tlet “THEM” win!
    • 46. For More Information
      For questions, comments, feedback
      and to find additional resources on this and other lecture topics find me at…
      Find me at…
      Twitter: @romduck
      Linked In: romduck
      Google: Rom Duckworth
      www.romduckworth.com