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How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking
 

How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking

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It is a fact that Americans spend 68% of their day bombarded by people trying to influence our decisions. Likewise, they spend another 52% trying to persuade others. This presentation will help you ...

It is a fact that Americans spend 68% of their day bombarded by people trying to influence our decisions. Likewise, they spend another 52% trying to persuade others. This presentation will help you learn to quickly identify myths and factual errors (like the one above) and improve your critical thinking skills to avoid falling victim to logical fallacies and other arguments that sound good, but don’t hold water.
Find more at www.romduckworth.com

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  • Emergency Services since 1990 – Photos / 1980’s and Flintmobile with star of lifePolice, Fire and EMS Instructor – I need all the help I can get to get out of traffic tickets.Fire Lieutenant / Paramedic / EMS Coordinator / Training director in Career, volunteer, private and municipal services – To everyone else, I can’t hold down a job, but everyone here realizes that you do two or three at the same time.International Speaker and ACLS National Faculty – Everywhere you go, our problems are all the same, my job is to share the solutions.

How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking How to win every firehouse argument: Using critical thinking Presentation Transcript

  • Presented by
    Rommie L. Duckworth, LP
    How to Win Every Firehouse Argument
  • IntroDucktion
    Rom Duckworth, LP
    Emergency Services since 1990
    Police, Fire and EMS Educator
    Career / Volunteer / Private / Municipal Services
    Training Director / Fire Lt. / EMS Coordinator
    Disclosures:
    AHA National Faculty
    Contract Employee for Laerdal Corp.
    New England Center for Rescue and Emergency Medicine
  • Where can I use this lecture?
    At the Firehouse
    In the Ambulance Garage
    At Home
    In Public
  • What is an argument?
    At the Firehouse
    In the Ambulance Garage
    At Home
    In Public
  • Dialogue vs Rhetoric
    Dialogue
    Conversation
    Resolving disagreement
    Seeking truth
    Rhetoric
    Soap Box
    With an agenda
    Seeking to influence
  • Critical Thinking
    Minimizes biases and flaws
    Leads to better understanding.
    Takes PRACTICE!
    Takes WORK!
  • Uses for Critical Thinking
    Evaluating Clinical Information
    Better Assessment Skills
    Making Informed Civic Decisions
    Self Improvement
    Self Defense
    World Domination
  • Background Knowledge
    U ShoodLurnStuff
    A little knowledge is…
    Know your Facts!
  • Metacognition
    There is a difference
    How we SHOULD reason
    How we DO reason
  • Metacognition
    (The RULES)
    Deductive Logic
    Premise(s), Logic, Conclusion
    1+2=3
    A=B, B=C, therefore A=C
    Beware of Fallacies!
  • Metacognition
    (The CHEATS)
    We use shortcuts to think and decide.
    Little Time
    Incomplete Information
    High Risk
    These shortcuts are called:
    Cognitive Biases
  • Cognitive Biases
    Confirmation
    The tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions.
  • Cognitive Biases
    Bandwagon
    The tendency to do (or believe) things because many other people do (or believe) the same
  • Cognitive Biases
    Distinction
    The tendency to view two options as more dissimilar when evaluating them simultaneously than when evaluating them separately.
  • Cognitive Biases
    Mere Exposure
    The tendency to express undue liking for things merely because of familiarity with them.
  • Cognitive Biases
    Negativity Bias
    The tendency to pay more attention and give more weight to negative than positive experiences or other kinds of information.
  • Cognitive Biases
    Gambler’s Bias
    the tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when in reality they are unchanged
  • Cognitive Biases
    Availability
    Often used with generalizations.
    “I know a Brazilian Guy and he was great. Brazilian people are so great!”
  • Cognitive Biases
    Cognitive Dissonance
    The need to resolve personal wants and beliefs with a world that is sometimes contrary.
  • Logical Fallacies
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #1a
    FALLACY CARD #1b
    Ad Hominem
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #2a
    FALLACY CARD #2b
    Ad Ignorantiam
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #3
    FALLACY CARD #4
    Affirming the Consequent
    Denying the Antecedent
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #5
    Appeal to Authority
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #6
    Appeal to Consequences
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #7
    Appeal to Incredulity
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #8
    Appeal to Motive
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #9
    Begging the Question
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #10
    Correlation vs Causality
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #11
    False Cause
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #12a
    FALLACY CARD #12b
    False Dichotomy
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #13
    False in One, False in ALL
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #14
    FALLACY CARD #15
    Generalizations
    Sweeping
    Hasty
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #16
    Loaded Question
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #17
    Slippery Slope
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #18a
    FALLACY CARD #18b
    Straw Man
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #19a
    FALLACY CARD #19b
    Irrelevant Conclusion
  • Fallacies
    FALLACY CARD #20
    TuQuoque (You too, or Two Wrongs)
  • Fallacies
    Raise your awareness!
  • Emotional Clouding
    Sympathy – I feel bad for you.
    Disdain – I hate you.
    Indifference – I don’t care.
  • Rhetoric
    Ethos - Form
    Logos – Logic
    Pathos - Emotion
  • YourQuestions
  • Premises, logic & conclusions
    Critical Thinking is vital for…
    Evaluating Information
    Improving Street Skills
    Making informed decisions
    Self Improvement
    Self Defense
    World Domination
    Base Knowledge
    LurnStuff
  • Premises, logic & conclusions
    Metacognition
    How we SHOULD reason (RULES)
    How we DO reason (CHEATS)
    Biases
    Fallacies
    How we FEEL (Emotion)
    Rhetoric
    Ethos – Form - Speaker
    Logos – Logic - Message
    Pathos – Emotion - Audience
  • Don’tlet “THEM” win!
  • For More Information
    For questions, comments, feedback
    and to find additional resources on this and other lecture topics find me at…
    Find me at…
    Twitter: @romduck
    Linked In: romduck
    Google: Rom Duckworth
    www.romduckworth.com