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Making your site mobile-friendly - ThoughtWorks Manchester GeekNights 17.11.2010






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    Making your site mobile-friendly - ThoughtWorks Manchester GeekNights 17.11.2010 Making your site mobile-friendly - ThoughtWorks Manchester GeekNights 17.11.2010 Presentation Transcript

    • Making your site mobile-friendly TIPS AND TECHNIQUES FOR A BETTER MOBILE PRESENCE Patrick H. Lauke / ThoughtWorks Manchester GeekNights / 17 November 2010
    • mobile web is increasingly important
    • we need a site that works on iPhone
    • ...works on iPhone... oh, and iPad
    • “remove iPhone from ass” Peter-Paul Koch, The iPhone obsession www.quirksmode.org/blog/archives/2010/02/the_iphone_obse.html
    • make your site work on all (most) mobile devices
    • 1. do nothing
    • not WAP or text anymore...
    • mobile browsers will work ok-ish
    • “But the mobile context...”
    • 2. separate mobile site (m.flickr.com, mobile.mysite.com, ...)
    • beware browser sniffing photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/timdorr/2096272747/
    • offer users choice: desktop or mobile?
    • refactored for small screen, not dumbed down for mobile
    • 3. single adaptive site
    • nothing new... fluid layout, progressive enhancement, graceful degradation
    • CSS 2 Media Types (screen, print, handheld)
    • CSS 2.1 Media Types <link rel="stylesheet" ... media="print" href="..."> @import url("...") print; @media print { // insert CSS rules here }
    • CSS 3 Media Queries “...the new hotness” Jeffrey Zeldman http://www.zeldman.com/2010/04/08/best-aea-yet/
    • CSS 3 Media Queries ● build and extend CSS 2.1 Media Types ● more granular control of capabilities ● width, height, orientation, color, resolution, … http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-mediaqueries/
    • CSS 3 Media Queries <link rel="stylesheet" ... media="screen and (max-width:480px)" href="..."> @import url("...") screen and (max-width:480px); @media screen and (max-width:480px) { // insert CSS rules here }
    • viewport meta
    • viewport meta ● on desktop viewport = visible area of browser ● mobile browsers have “virtual viewport” ● viewport meta gives hints http://developer.apple.com/safari/library/documentation/AppleApplications/Reference/SafariWeb Content/UsingtheViewport/UsingtheViewport.html
    • viewport meta <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width"> <meta name="viewport" content="width=320, initial- scale=2.3,user-scalable=no">
    • minimise data and server requests (minify JavaScript, combine CSS, …)
    • minimise data ● data transfer over network can be slow ● compress images (PNGCrush) ● optimise your HTML (death to div-itis) ● minify JavaScript ● combine CSS
    • minimise server requests ● each request has overhead ● limit to concurrent requests ● caching not reliable (e.g. iPhone > 25Kb)
    • CSS sprites Dave Shea, A List Apart www.alistapart.com/articles/sprites
    • width: 50px; height: 50px; background: url(icons.gif) no-repeat -51px 0;
    • data URLs http://software.hixie.ch/utilities/cgi/data/data
    • data URLs <img width="48" height="48" alt="Redux gravatar" src="data:image/jpeg,%FF%D8%FF%E0%00%10JFIF %00%01%01%01%00H%00H%00%00%FF% … "> h1 { background: url("data:image/jpeg,%FF%D8%FF %E0%00%10JFIF%00%01 … ") no-repeat left top; }
    • 1. do nothing 2. separate mobile site 3. single adaptive site
    • www.opera.com/developer patrick.lauke@opera.com people.opera.com/patrickl/presentations/mcr-geeknights_17.11.2010/mcr-geeknights_17.11.2010.pdf