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Tutorial to develop build files using ANT

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Tutorial to develop build files using ANT

Tutorial to develop build files using ANT

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  • 1. How to write a simple ANT build files for the Enterprise projects. 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 1
  • 2. ANT Tutorials  Tutorials How to write a build file for a simple Java project Create a simple sample project in your eclipse IDE, Below is the screen shot and build script. 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 2
  • 3. ANT Tutorials  Build.xml <project name="TestAnt" basedir="." default="run"> <!-- Clean Target --> <target name="clean"> <delete dir="build"/> </target> <!-- Compile Target --> <target name="compile"> <mkdir dir="build/classes"/> <javac srcdir="src" destdir="build/classes"/> </target> <!-- Make JAR Target --> <target name="jar"> <mkdir dir="build/jar"/> <jar destfile="build/jar/TestAnt.jar" basedir="build/classes"> <manifest> <attribute name="Main-Class" value="com.test.ant.EmployeeTestClient"/> </manifest> </jar> </target> <!-- Run JAR to execute the main class. --> <target name="run"> <java jar="build/jar/TestAnt.jar" fork="true"/> </target> </project> 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 3
  • 4. ANT Tutorials  Tutorials How to write a build file for a simple Java Web project Create a simple sample web project in your eclipse IDE, Below is the screen shot and build script. 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 4
  • 5. ANT Tutorials  Build.xml <?xml version="1.0"?> <project name="AntTestForWebApp" default="buildWar" basedir="."> <property name="baseDir" value="${basedir}" /> <property name="src" value="${baseDir}/src" /> <property name="webRoot" value="${baseDir}/WebRoot" /> <property name="warDir" value="${baseDir}/build/war" /> <property name="libDir" value="${warDir}/WEB-INF/lib" /> <path id="libClasspath"> <fileset dir="${webRoot}/WEB-INF/lib" includes="**/*.jar" /> </path> <!-- ========================= **** Clean Target **** =========================--> <target name="clean"> <delete dir="${baseDir}/build" /> </target> <!-- ========================= **** Init Target **** =========================--> <target name="init"> <!-- Create Web-INF,lib, classes, META-INF directories --> <mkdir dir="${libDir}" /> <mkdir dir="${warDir}/WEB-INF" /> <mkdir dir="${warDir}/WEB-INF/classes" /> <mkdir dir="${warDir}/META-INF" /> </target> 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 5
  • 6. ANT Tutorials <!-- =================== **** COMPILE **** ======================================= Compile Java Files and place the following things in 1) *.classes files in WEB-INF/classes 2) *.jar files in WEB-INF/lib 3) web.xml in WEB-INF 4) *.jsp files in parent directory path build/war ================================================================================ --> <target name="compile" depends="init"> <javac srcdir="${src}" destdir="${warDir}/WEB-INF/classes" debug="true" includes="**/*.java" optimize="on"> <classpath refid="libClasspath" /> </javac> <copy todir="${libDir}"> <fileset dir="${webRoot}/WEB-INF/lib" includes="**/*.jar" /> </copy> <copy todir="${warDir}/WEB-INF"> <fileset dir="${webRoot}/WEB-INF" includes="web.xml" /> </copy> <copy todir="${warDir}"> <fileset dir="${webRoot}" includes="*.jsp" /> </copy> </target> 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 6
  • 7. ANT Tutorials <!-- ========================= **** Create the WAR File **** =========================--> <target name="buildWar"> <!-- Option 1: Using <jar> create war file and place WAR file in BUILD directory --> <!-- <jar jarfile="${baseDir}/build/AntTestForWebApp.war" basedir="${warDir}" /> --> <!-- Option 2: Using <war> create war file and place WAR file in BUILD directory --> <war destfile="${baseDir}/build/AntTestForWebApp.war" webxml="${warDir}/WEB-INF/web.xml"> <zipfileset dir="${warDir}"/> </war> </target> </project> 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 7
  • 8. ANT Tutorials  Tutorials How to write a build file for a simple Java Web project Create a simple sample EAR project in your eclipse IDE, Below is the screen shot and build script. 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 8
  • 9. ANT Tutorials 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 9 <?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?> <!-- ==========================================================================--> <!-- Trying Build file for EAR Application --> <!-- build.xml, Friday, August 27, 2010 --> <!-- Author: Ravinder Nancherla --> <!-- Email: ravinder.nancherla@gmail.com --> <!-- Copyright(c) 2010 Ravinder Nancherla (Ravi Reddy)., All Rights Reserved. --> <!-- ========================================================================= --> <project name="AntEarWarJar" default="buildEar" basedir="."> <property name="webModule" value="C:/SravanthiPractice/AntEarWarJarWeb"/> <property name="ejbModule" value="C:/SravanthiPractice/AntEarWarJarEJB"/> <property name="baseDir" value="${basedir}"/> <property name="build" value="${baseDir}/build"/> <property name="jarDir" value="${baseDir}/build/jar"/> <property name="warDir" value="${baseDir}/build/war"/> <property name="earDir" value="${baseDir}/build/ear"/> <property name="webRootDir" value="${webModule}/WebRoot/WEB-INF"/> <property name="webDir" value="${warDir}/WEB-INF"/> <path id="libClasspath"> <fileset dir="${webRootDir}/lib" includes="**/*.jar" /> </path>
  • 10. ANT Tutorials <!-- Cleaning the build directory --> <target name="clean"> <delete dir="${build}"/> </target> <!-- Initializing/Creating the directories --> <target name="init" depends="clean"> <mkdir dir="${jarDir}/classes"/> <mkdir dir="${jarDir}/jar"/> <mkdir dir="${warDir}/META-INF"/> <mkdir dir="${webDir}/classes"/> <mkdir dir="${webDir}/lib"/> <mkdir dir="${earDir}/META-INF"/> </target> <!-- Compiling and copying the files from EjbModule and WebModiule --> <target name="compile" depends="init"> <javac srcdir="${ejbModule}/src" destdir="${jarDir}/classes" includes="**/*.java"/> <javac srcdir="${webModule}/src" destdir="${webDir}/classes" includes="**/*.java"> <classpath refid="libClasspath"/> </javac> <copy todir="${webDir}/lib"> <fileset dir="${webRootDir}/lib" includes="**/*.jar"/> </copy> 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 10
  • 11. ANT Tutorials <copy todir="${webDir}"> <fileset dir="${webRootDir}" includes="web.xml"/> </copy> <copy todir="${warDir}"> <fileset dir="${webModule}/WebRoot" includes="**/*.jsp"/> </copy> <copy todir="${earDir}/META-INF"> <fileset dir="${baseDir}/META-INF" includes="**/*.*"/> </copy> </target> <!-- Creating Jar File --> <target name="buildJar" depends="compile"> <jar jarfile="${earDir}/${ant.project.name}.jar" basedir="${jarDir}"/> <jar jarfile="${jarDir}/jar/${ant.project.name}.jar" basedir="${jarDir}"/> </target> <!-- Creating War File --> <target name="buildWar" depends="compile"> <jar jarfile="${earDir}/${ant.project.name}.war" basedir="${warDir}"/> </target> <!-- Creating Ear File --> <target name="buildEar" depends="buildJar,buildWar"> <jar jarfile="${build}/${ant.project.name}.ear" basedir="${earDir}"/> </target> </project> 1/30/2015 Ravi Reddy (Ravinder Nancherla) 11