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  • 1. Meteorology and climatology education: an Experience with young people in Friuli Venezia Giulia - Italy S. Nordio, A. Pucillo, S. Micheletti, M.Gani OSMER ARPA FVG Via G. Oberdan, 18/a – 33040 Visco (Ud) www.meteo.fvg.it sergio.nordio@meteo.fvg.it Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 2. Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione dell’Ambiente del Friuli Venezia Giulia s.o.c. OSMER Osservatorio Meteorologico Regionale Via Oberdan, 18/a – Visco (UD)
  • 3. L’OSMER: what it’s and what we are doing f.e. lightning
  • 4. Meteorology and climatology education This Experience of Meteorology and Climatology education began more than 20 years ago because we have a big request of explain to the people some of interesting meteorological phenomena and climatological characteristics in this very small borderline land. Example of radar map precipitation… 500 mm/day 0 mm/day Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward 9 m of snow on the road at 1650 m msl Canin Udine Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 5. Meteorology and climatology education Location of Friuli Venezia Giulia (North-East Italy). Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 6. Meteorology and climatology education FVG is in Europe a crossing-point under several aspects: • Geographical • Linguistical • Climatological • Ethnical • Meteorological • Cultural Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 7. Meteorology and climatology education Friuli Venezia Giulia as a geographical crossing-point Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 8. Meteorology and climatology education Duino and Miramare Castle - Trieste Julian Alps - Udine
  • 9. Meteorology and climatology education Friuli Venezia Giulia as a climatological crossing-point Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 10. Meteorology and climatology education Average temperature distribution Winter record -49°C 49° (Julian Alps Slovenija, Slovenija, closed to the borderline) Summer record + 40°C 40° near Gorizia Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 11. Meteorology and climatology education Rainfall yearly distribution in mm 3300 mm Julian Prealps Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 12. Meteorology and climatology education Friuli Venezia Giulia as a meteorological crossing-point Westerly flow Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 13. Meteorology and climatology education A typical pattern: an Atlantic trough, when impinging the Alps… Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 14. Meteorology and climatology education … makes a moist southerly flow arise, carrying cloudiness and rain from the Adriatic towards Alps, where orographic lift and convection triggering take place Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 15. Meteorology and climatology education … but the cold air masses following the descending leg of the trough overcome Alps in the lowest layers through the East, into the Adriatic Sea… Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 16. Meteorology and climatology education the wellknown Bora wind Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 17. Meteorology and climatology education Video Bora Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 18. The Voice of rain – linguistic situation FVG as a linguistical, ethnical, cultural crossing-point German Friulian Italian Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Slovenian Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 19. Meteorology and climatology education – linguistic situation German This small Land is exclusive in Europa because they are living 3 different languages family: Slovenian Friulian (Ladin subfamily) subfamily) Romance (Italian and Istrovenetian dialect and exclusive Ladin subfamily Friulian language) Slav (Slovenian with almost 10 dialect) Italian (Istro-Venetian dialect) Istrodialect) Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward German (with 4 dialect) Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 20. Meteorology and climatology education All this special features have developed a lot of public interest in meteorology and climatology, since the days of Habsburg Empire (that has dominated in Trieste for 700 years all long) and now a big request of meteo-clima education 1871 Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 21. Meteorology and climatology education What should be meant as “meteorological divulgation? All the chances (conferences, lessons, courses and guided tours) that allow to make a proposal of diffusion, comprehensible and adapted for each level of the population, are a dialog over: Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 22. Meteorology and climatology education - principles and main phenomena of meteorology and climatology, general and local; - activity, technology and operational practice of a meteorological office; - meteorological literature (books, publications, reviews, quarterlies) about discoveries and scientific refreshers; - information sources of meteo/climate (Radio-Tv program, Teletext, Internet, App,… - institutes and other offices that operated in meteo/climate; - laboratorial experience and stages with teenagers and pre-teen implemented too the methodology of peer-tutoring (called too peereducation or teaching); - special meetings with young for estimates that meteo/clima topics have inspired Art, Music, Literature Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 23. Meteorology and climatology education The project “Touch the air not with the hands, but with the eyes of reason” supported by a pattern of Clubs Service that have donated to schools the traditional shelters with meteorological instruments. Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 24. Meteorology and climatology education The Students started weather observation Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 25. Meteorology and climatology education Together with the first approach to the meteorological data, theoretic and practical lessons have been done to improve elements of meteo/clima, start to digitalize data in tabulations, to schedule an open-web site After a big series of activity started, that have involved the student in all topics: Science Mathematics and statistics, starting from the data Technology about instruments, (also those built from the students) Literature Other languages Music Theatre Arts Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 26. Meteorology and climatology education In the first year we involved in a big performance more than 600 students, they were all protagonists… Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 27. Meteorology and climatology education
  • 28. Meteorology and climatology education Peer-tutoring experience: we offer at teen-agers a chance as tutor versus preteens, this educational strategy activates a spontaneus transfer of knowledge, emotion and experiences, from some older students to a group of younger. During the stage of training they face this topics: • Physics (temperature, air pressure, wind, precipitation, relative humidity, fluid dynamics,..) • Heat conservation, photovoltaic, dynamo, energetic performance, renewable resources,.. • Meteorology and climatology, general and local, the hypotesis, cause and effect of the global warming, the greehouse effect During the “event” the Tutors accompany and illustrate the exhibits, making experimentation and “touching” the kits. Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 29. Meteorology and climatology education
  • 30. Meteorology and climatology education The experience of meteorological peer-tutoring have a remarkable follow-up of people, parents, other students, Mass-Media, with a lot Radio and Tv interviews that represent for the tutor the first opportunity to speak in public. Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 31. Meteorology and climatology education Last Step: video production This first video-clip “The voices of the rain” have more goals, first of all contribute to increase the knowledge of the rain in this area of the Alps, that presents the maximum of yearly precipitation in Italy. Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 32. The Voice of rain - goals This job is supported by “Regione Autonoma Friuli Venezia Giulia – Servizio corregionali all’estero e lingue minoritarie” (funds from L.482/1999, art. 9 and 15) and presents, too with some cartoons elaborated in traditional animation (2D animation: - physical causes and effects of heavy rain over this land; - climatic characteristics of different areas : coastal zone, plain, hills, pre-alpine and alpine zones; - behavior of the people during the heavy rain events; - popular forecast traditions; - case-studies of historical and recent flash-flood events Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 33. The Voice of rain - goals The job is in the 4 natural languages of the people of this land (Italian, Friulian, Slovenian and German) with a series of interviews (the voice) in typical towns, subtitled in Italian for general understanding. We think to have reached twice goals: - realize a didatic-informative base schools (principally primary school) for the - exploit the languages spoken in the land and encourage the knowledge and the spread of some simple words Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 34. The Voice of rain - goals In the job there is too an insert about: - an educational training for young people to understand instrumental basic concepts of rainfall measure; - explanation of the forecaster’s job during a day in the meteorological regional observatory (OSMER); - the climatological description of the land; Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 35. The Voice of rain - goals Trailer of the video… Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013
  • 36. The Voice of rain - goals THANK YOU FOR THE ATTENTION …. …and you are invited to “taste” a strong Bora day in Trieste …. “All that is not given or donated to young generation, is lost…Give always; give a smile, an understanding, a pardon, listening; our intelligence, our will, our availability; our experiences, capabilities. Give: this is the word that can’t give us respite” Chiara Lubich Science Education and guidance in schools: the way forward Firenze, 21-22 ottobre 2013