The e-documentation of the Past in 3D: A Challenge and a Risk for the Present and the Future


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The e-documentation of the Past in 3D: A Challenge and a Risk for the Present and the Future. Presentation at VSMM09 Workshop on 3D Knowledge Technologies for Cultural Heritage Applications.

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The e-documentation of the Past in 3D: A Challenge and a Risk for the Present and the Future

  1. 1. The e-documentation of the Past in 3D A Challenge and a Risk for the Present and the Future Marinos IOANNIDES
  2. 2. 3D Documentation Darius Victory - 500BC (from Prof. Zolfaghari, Iran)
  3. 3. Europeana The European Digital Library
  4. 4. Content • What is that and why do we need it? • Who has the Information available (Stakeholders) • Historical Overview • Public Domain Information • Public domain material in the digital environment: Barriers to access and re-use • The National and European Dimension • The European Project (Europeana) • 3D objects in Europeana – when and how? • The challenges and the risks
  5. 5. What is that and why do we need it? • It is the common access point to the different kind of collections of European libraries, archives and museums from all around Europe. The Library has to provide direct online access in a Multilingua and Multimedia Form. (The Archive of all the Digital Libraries) • Digital Preservation of the Past (Earthquakes, War, Environment, Human interactions…the case in Köln) • A European digital library for all researchers, professionals, students and the public.
  6. 6. What is that?... Content • The digital collection (preservation) of all the items from all the European Libraries, Archives, Museums… • Books, Photos, Magazines, Newspapers, Maps, Audio-Tapes, Films/Videos, Artifacts, Monuments, Archeological Sites, etc. (In a 2D and 3D reconstructed form) • One of the biggest Challenges in the European Union.
  7. 7. Who has the Information available (Stakeholders)? • National Authorities – The Government- (for example the National Library of xxx or the state Museum of yyy) • Other Institutions/organisations (Vatican,…)
  8. 8. Historical Overview • The Web accessibility policy in Europe: road map 1996- 2008 • Starting from the remark of the gap between Europe and USA 1996: the Commission adopt The green book Green Paper on Living and Working in the Information Society: People First • 1999, European summit of Helsinki: starting of the initiative eEurope. An Information Society for All
  9. 9. Historical Overview • The TEL project (TEL stands for The European Library) was co- financed under the EU's 5th research framework programme. It sought to provide a gateway to the catalogues of European libraries and access to their combined resources. The TEL project ended on 31 January 2004. • 2001, Lund: meeting of all Member States representatives, who edit the Lund Principles (specific action for a coordination system in digitisation programmes) • 2001, The Commission adopts the Communication eEurope 2002: accessibility of public websites and their content (aiming at facilitating access to public adeministrations’ website, under the coordination of the 15 Member States) • 2002: Action Plan eEurope 2005: An Information Society for All (by the end of 2004 Member States should have ensured that basic public services are interactive, accessible to all…)
  10. 10. Historical Overview • 2005: Letter suggesting a virtual European library from six EU leaders to the Commission and the answer of the Commission. • 2005: European Commission: COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS ON THE DIGITISATION AND ONLINE ACCESSIBILITY OF CULTURAL MATERIAL AND DIGITAL PRESERVATION • 2005: EC Communication eAccessibility (encourages the Member States to step up their promotion of initiatives to give improved access to information and communication technologies, particularly for people with disabilities and the elderly. The aim is also to foster industry self-regulation in this area )
  11. 11. Historical Overview • 2006: Ministerial Declaration of Riga (the 34 UE Member States engage to reduce within 2010 the digital divide, • 2007: The Commission adopts the Communication i2010 initiative on e-Inclusion. To be part of the information society (new engagement in promoting e-inclusion and e-accessibility) • 2008 Lunch of Europeana under the French Presidency and European Council Recomendation to the Member States. • 2009 Second Recommendation of the European Commission to the member states  Deadline: 2010/12
  12. 12. Public domain material in the digital environment: Barriers to access and re-use What is the public domain? • Material that is not/no longer covered by intellectual property rights • Copyrights: 70 years after the death of the author • Can therefore be accessed and re-used no authorisation necessary no costs for rights clearance, no limitations (e.g. territorial limitations) • Can be digitised and made available online
  13. 13. Barriers to Access Public Domain Digital Data • Copyrights of the work (IPR) • Orphan Work • Provision of information and advice services – National copyright offices, websites, publications • Missing “copyright” legislation
  14. 14. Barriers to Access Public Domain Digital Data Establish UNIFORM approaches for: • Classification of outputs • Definition of indicators • Data collection by national institutions • Unified Metadata Structure for Multimedia applications (incl. 3D)
  15. 15. Europeana The European Digital Library
  16. 16. Europeana´s Value Proposition Aggregator of Interoperable European Content image Europeana
  17. 17. Descartes
  18. 18. 1596
  19. 19. Europeana: the successes in 2009 o Over 150 network members o ALL EU countries o ALL sectors represented o Over 4 million items accessible o Standards being agreed & applied o Enormous publicity
  20. 20. The EDL Foundation Purpose: • to provide cross-domain access to Europe’s cultural heritage. The Foundation will: • facilitate formal agreement across museums, archives, audio-visual archives and libraries on how to cooperate in the delivery and sustainability of a joint portal. • provide a legal framework for use by the EU for funding purposes and as a springboard for future governance.
  21. 21. The universe of Europeana Projects 2009 o Europeana Local, EFG, ATHENA, APEnet o PrestoPrime, STERNA o Europeana v1.0 o EuropeanaConnect o BHLEurope o EUScreen o EuropeanaTravel o MIMO, JUDEICA
  22. 22. The Europeana Universe of Projects 2009 Judaeica MIMO BHL Museum A Archive A Library A ARROW Library X National Digital Library CulturaItalia BAM Film Archive 1 STERNA Archive X National Digital Libray Film Archive 2 Fnland EFG ACE ACE Film Archive 3 Film Archive X Europeana EuropeanaLocal ConnectMuseum X EDL v1.0 ICOM Museum 1 Europe Museum 2 ATHENA IMPACT MICHAEL The European Library CENL APEnet Eurbica National Archive 1 National Archive 2 NL 1 NL 2 NL 3 IASA VideoActive FIAT National Archive 3 Europeana Sound Sound Travel Archive 1 Archive n Television Television Trebleclef Archive 1 Archive n PrestoPrime EUScreen
  23. 23. The Challenges • The acquisition of the 3D “information” (the combination of points, colors, material, images, etc) • The real time management of the 3D data and their computer internal structure • The logical and physical relation between different 3D objects having different attributes (a collection of objects related to one theme…) • Glossaries/ Treasuries • 3D Semantics/Ontologies and their relation to Multilingual and Multimedia documents
  24. 24. The Challenges • The Semantic (3D-) Web and 3D TV  mobiles • The real time knowledge representation and visualization (for everybody) • Indexing and watermarking • 3D compression (including all the above information) • 3D Object Retrieval • The evolution in Standards for Metadata in combination with the revolution in computer hardware and software • The long-term e-preservation of the data
  25. 25. How much time do we need?... How much time do we have? In the race against the time ...
  26. 26. Risks By Alonzo Addison, 2007 (Amazon - books)
  27. 27. Risks .
  28. 28. Risks • Visit the Museum of Louvre • Visit the divided Island of Cyprus
  29. 29. ASINOU Monument UNESCO Heritage List Main temple and altar first built in 1005AD Frescoes painted in 1055AD Narthex added in late 12th c. •Since 1986 Included in UNESCO World Heritage list
  30. 30. Orthophotomosaics (1/2)
  31. 31. Financial Support Marie-Curie Actions The PEOPLE Initiative
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention For any further questions :