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  • 1. Montenegro
    A Church Planting Movement
  • 2. PART I – Introductionby Paula Jones
    Before we introduce Anna, we think it’s important to give a background to the country of Montenegro.
    It’s important to know a little about the country because it gives us insight to who Anna is, where she is coming from, and what she will be dealing with.
  • 3. Where Is Montenegro?
  • 4. Location
    Located in Southeastern Europe
    Has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west (across the Sea from Italy) and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast and Albania to the southeast
    Its capital and largest city is Podgorica.
  • 5. Major Languages
  • 6. Interesting Facts about Montenegro
    Currency: The Euro ($1 = €.70)
    Climate: Mediterranean
    Beaches: There is 293km of coastline with 117 beaches covering 73km
    Sunshine: Average 240 days per year
    Area: 13,812 km2
    Population: 672,000
  • 7. Income and Economy
    Mostly service-based and is in late transition to a market economy
    Country entered a recession in 2008 as a part of the global recession; it remained a target for foreign investment, the only country in the Balkans to increase its amount of direct foreign investment
    In 2007, the service sector made up for 72.4% of GDP, with industry and agriculture making up the rest at 17.6% and 10%, respectively
    Tourism is an important contributor to Montenegrin economy - approximately one million tourists visited Montenegro in 2007, resulting in €480 million of tourism revenue.
    Tourism is considered the backbone of future economic growth, and government expenditures on infrastructure improvements are largely target towards that goal.
  • 8. Government
    Montenegro, formerly part of Serbia and Montenegro, gained independence on June 3, 2006.
    Became 192nd member of the United Nations June 28, 2006
  • 9. Leaders
    President of Montenegro
    Prime Minister of MontenegroIgor Luksic
  • 10. MajorReligions
  • 11. Major Religions
    Eastern Orthodox – predominant religion
    All faiths have always lived together and continue to coexist in a multi-religious society based on many shared values
    Montenegro's existence at the boundary between West and East has resulted in a highly complex cultural and religious mixture. Some churches even have two altars, one Catholic and one Orthodox.
  • 12. Religious Freedom in Montenegro
    The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and other laws and policies contributed to the generally free practice of religion.
    The Government generally respects religious freedom in practice. There is no state religion. The Constitution states that religious communities are separate from the state and are equal and free in the exercise of religious affairs.
    There were some instances of societal abuses and discrimination based on religious affiliation, belief, or practice.
  • 13. What Does the Eastern Orthodox Religion Teach?
    That there are three Divine Persons in God, distinct, yet equal,
    That the Son is begotten from the Father, of the very essence of the Father. He is God and also truly man like us, because He assumed human nature from the Blessed Virgin Mary, except for sin.
    That the Son died on the cross to save mankind and He ascended into heaven. He will come again "to judge the living and the dead,”
    That the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father,
    That the world is not self-created but is the work of one God.
    That there are seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Confession, Ordination, Marriage, and Holy Unction,
  • 14. That no one can be saved unless he is baptized,
    That the Holy Scriptures and Sacred Tradition are of equal value, and that they complete each other,
    That God assigned to every man an Angel to guide and help him,
    That after death, man's body goes to earth, and the soul, which is immortal, is presented before God and, according to its actions, pre-enjoys happiness or pre-suffers punishment until the General Judgment,
    That of all Saints, the Mother of God has a supreme grace,
    That God knows which road man will take, but He does not predestinate him.
    What Does the Eastern Orthodox Religion Teach? (cont’d)
  • 15. Role of Women
    Domestic violence is a widespread problem in Montenegro.
    Montenegro is a patriarchal society with traditional views on gender roles in a family and in a community.
    Power belongs to men and women are the ones who obey.
    In Montenegro, men have the advantage when it comes to employment, even if women have better qualifications.
  • 16. Filling in the Gaps – What Does Christianity Offer Anna?
    Religion is not based on tradition, but Christianity is from the heart.
    God doesn’t want your ceremonies – He wants your soul and your heart.
    Christianity puts ordinary people into extraordinary situations (Mary, the mother of Jesus).
    God doesn’t care about an individual’s social class or gender- He love everyone!
    True religion lies in how you treat others, not infrastructure or tradition.
  • 17. References for Part I
    “Montenegro Economy.”
    “Montenegro Economy 2011.”
    “10 Top Hot Sports of 2011.”
    “Official Montenegro Website.”
    “Montenegro Government.” www.montenegro.cong.
    “2008 Report on International Religious Freedom –
  • 18. PART II – Church Plantingby KerenGerstenlauer
    Now that we have insight into Montenegro, let’s introduce Anna, her conversion, and how she can be instrumental in church planting in Montenegro.
  • 19. Who Is Anna?
    Anna is 15 years old and a new Christian convert.
    Anna is probably from an Eastern Orthodox religion.
    She probably speaks Serbian.
    Her family is probably employed in the service industry and is exposed to tourists from all over the world.
    Since Montenegro became independent in 2006, she and her family are just experiencing liberation from an outside influence.
  • 20. How Was Anna Introduced to Christianity?
    Anna was converted to Christianity six months ago through a correspondence course from the World English Institute.
    Anna’s teacher was from Texas, and she was a former Harding University graduate.
    Anna’s teacher worked with Anna to teach her about the New Testament church. She traveled to Montenegro to baptize her.
  • 21. Resources Available to Anna
    Montenegro is a developed country
    Anna’s family is middle-class and can afford computers/laptops
    Anna has internet access
    There are several libraries in Montenegro
    Including a virtual library
    Anna has support in the US
    Her previous teacher who graduated from HU
    Orthodox Christian churches
    The Bible
  • 22. Resources (cont’d)
    Internet access
    Anna can easily contact international supporters such as her teacher (Skype/email)
    Libraries could have Christian literature
    Anna can use material for devotionals, and her own growth
    Orthodox churches
    Though there are differences, she can still learn from their services
    If her recruited group cannot find a location to worship, they could join an Orthodox church and have studies
  • 23. What Can Anna Do to Plant a Church in Montenegro?
    Start a house church
    Begin by reaching out to family
    Anna and her family can then reach out to friends/coworkers
    Seek out the homeless and lower-income families
    Start with a smaller group
    The group can help Anna in recruiting
  • 24. Recruitment
    Family – people you are comfortable with and trust
    Friends/coworkers – Anna and her family can reach out to even more people
    Low-income/homeless – Give them something reliable in their lives
    Sometimes they have the best testimonies
  • 25. What Should Anna Teach?
    Begin with the Gospel
    Why do Christians believe in the Gospel?
    Why does Anna believe?
    Who is Jesus?
    Why would God send His Son to die?
    If Jesus had the choice, why did He agree?
  • 26. Teachings
    The Gospel
    Christians believe in the Gospel because it is the only written record of Jesus’ life
    Jesus is the Son of God
    God sent Jesus to give those who believe in Him redemption for our sins
    Jesus loved us so much that He was willing to die
  • 27. Finances
    Hymnals (possibly paperback)
    Secretarial supplies
    Contribution income would be used to pay for these supplies.
  • 28. PART III – The Future of the Church in Montenegroby Kaylea White and Jeremy Haak
    Now let’s assume Anna is regularly worshiping with her friends and family in a home.
    What is sufficient growth of the Church body?
    At what point should the congregation consider meeting outside of a house and in a church building?
    How should this small congregation network to achieve their goals?
    How does this small congregation continue to bring in others?
  • 29. What is Sufficient Growth?
    Considering Anna and her friends and family have not had much exposure to Christianity before, Anna’s house church should not expect exponential growth.
    Five to ten new members each year is most realistic.
    The small house church should try to get as many visitors as possible.
  • 30. When should the congregation move out of the house?
    Because the congregation will be limited on funds until it is well established, the congregation should try to stay in the house as long as possible while saving money for a building.
    The congregation should move to a building when the house is too full and they can afford to meet in a building.
  • 31. Networking
    Anna should try to keep contact with the woman who converted her utilizing Skype and Facebook.
    Anna should try to meet other Christians around the world. These connections could help her congregation spirituallyand financially.
  • 32. How to grow the congregation
    Utilizing her connections with Harding graduates, Anna should encourage the Harding Community to do a Spring Break Mission in Montenegro.
    Anna and her congregation should aim to have a few visitors each week. Hopefully, these visitors will come back on a regular basis.
  • 33. Mission Trip Destination?
    Harding students could help Anna’s congregation in many ways
    Moral and spiritual support
    Biblical knowledge
    Bring in evangelistic experience (i.e. VBS)
    Manual labor (building, volunteering around the community, etc.)
  • 34. Promising Future
    It would take Anna several years for her church to grow to become a sizeable congregation but there is definite potential!
    The future of the Church in Montenegro looks very promising! There are endless possibilities and with much prayer, patience, and hard work, Anna and her friends and family can spread Christianity in Montenegro.