Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an
Indian conglomerate holding company
headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra,
The company operates in five major
segments: exploration and production,
refining and marketing, petrochemicals,
retail and telecommunications.
RIL is the second-largest publicly traded
company in India by market capitalization
and is the second largest company in
India by revenue after the state-run
Indian Oil Corporation.
The company is ranked No. 107 on the
Fortune Global 500 list of the world's
biggest corporations, as of 2013.
RIL contributes approximately 14% of
India's total exports.
1960 – 1980
The company was co-founded by Dhirubhai
Ambani and his cousin Champaklal Damani in
1960s as Reliance Commercial Corporation.
In 1965, the partnership was ended and Dhirubhai
continued the polyester business of the firm. In
1966, Reliance Textiles Industries Pvt Ltd was
incorporated in Maharashtra.
In 1975, company expanded its business
into textiles, with "Vimal" becoming its
major brand in later years.
In 1985, the name of the company was
changed from Reliance Textiles Industries
Ltd. to Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL)
In 1993, Reliance turned to the overseas
capital markets for funds through a global
depositary issue of Reliance Petroleum.
In the year 1995–96, the company entered the
telecom industry through a joint venture with
NYNEX, USA and promoted Reliance Telecom
Private Limited in India.
In 2001-02, Reliance Industries Ltd. and Reliance
Petroleum Ltd. , India's two largest companies in
terms of all major financial parameters, merged.
In 2002–03, RIL purchased a majority stake in Indian
Petrochemicals Corporation Ltd. (IPCL), India's
second largest petrochemicals company, from
Government of India.
IPCL was later merged with RIL in 2008. In the years
2005 and 2006, the company reorganized its business
by demerging its investments in power generation and
distribution, financial services and telecommunication
services into four separate entities.
In 2006, Reliance entered the organized retail market
in India with the launch of its retail store format under
the brand name of 'Reliance Fresh'.
In 2010, Reliance entered Broadband services market
with acquisition of Infotel Broadband Services
In the same year, Reliance and BP announced a
partnership in the oil and gas business. BP took a 30
per cent stake in 23 oil and gas production sharing
contracts that Reliance operates in India.
Reliance also formed a 50:50 joint venture with BP for
sourcing and marketing of gas in India.
India's richest man Mukesh Ambani and his
brother Anil Ambani have been in a bitter
feud ever since the death of their father in
Ambani's death sparked a feud for control
which ultimately lead to the split of the
THE LONG-DRAWN battle for Reliance is
not yet over. Despite the truce declared
between Mukesh and Anil Ambani, with their
"responsibilities" being divided, the dispute
between the brothers over "ownership issues"
As part of the family settlement in 2005, where
Mukesh got Reliance Industries, with interests in oil
and gas and petrochemicals.
Anil got telecom, power and financial services, the
brothers could not enter each other's businesses.
They also fought a protracted battle over pricing of
gas from RIL's KG Basin fields to fuel Reliance Power's
plants, until the Supreme Court said the price would be
fixed by the government.
Under the settlement, Mukesh will get control over
oil refining and gas firm Reliance Industries, which is
India's largest private enterprise, and former state-run
company Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Ltd.
Present Relationship between Anil
and Mukesh Ambani
The net worth of Mukesh Ambani rose to $55.8 billion in
October 2007 following a sharp rise in the stock price of
three of his companies.
Anil Ambani's net worth was $35 Billion in October
2007. Anil Ambani's wealth comes mostly from his over 65%
stake in RCOM, which has a market cap of about Rs
1,03,000 crore. He also has over 50% in RCL (market cap of
Rs 24,000 crore), 35% in REL (market cap of Rs 12,700
crore) and close to 54% in RNRL, which has a market cap of
about Rs 2,600 crore.
Anil Dhirubhai Ambani (born 4 June 1959) is an
Indian business baron and chairman, CEO of Reliance
Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group, one of the largest private
After the feud with his brother Mukesh ambani , he
got responsibility of reliance infocom, reliance capital,
Then he finally established his stable business through
the introduction of following units :
Reliance Life Insurance
Reliance Mutual Fund
Reliance Venture Capitalist
ICEX – Stock exchange
Reliance Media Works
Ltd (formerly Adlabs)
Reliance Media World
BIG Music & Video
BIG FM 92.7
Reliance Digital TV BIG TV –
Largest developer of road and highway projects for the National
Highways Authority of India under the build, own, transfer (BOT) scheme.
With an investment involving Rs 3150 crores, the company is developing
5 major road projects in Tamil Nadu totaling over 400 kms of length.
Reliance Power Limited is part of the Reliance Group and is established
to develop, construct and operate power projects domestically and
internationally. The Company on its own and through subsidiaries is
currently developing 13 medium and large sized power projects with a
combined planned installed capacity of 28,200 MW, one of the largest
portfolios of power generation assets under development in India.
Constitution of a Board of Directors of appropriate composition, size, varied
expertise and commitment to discharge its responsibilities and duties.
Ensuring timely flow of information to the Board and its Committees to
enable them to discharge their functions effectively.
Independent verification and safeguarding integrity of the Company’s
A sound system of risk management and internal control.
Timely and balanced disclosure of all material information concerning the
Company to all stakeholders.
Transparency and accountability.
Compliance with all the applicable rules and regulations.
Fair and equitable treatment of all its stakeholders including employees,
customers, shareholders and investors.
Financial Highlight -2008
Particulars Rs.[ IN CRORE]
TURN OVER 1,39,269
CASH PROFIT 25,205
NET PROFIT 19,458
TOTAL ASSETS 1,49,792
Plastic product Oil & Gas product
PVC Crude oil
PIPES Natural Gas
Ethylene E & P
Refining product Investment in product
Contribution to Indian
Revenue equivalent to 3% of Indian GDP.
13.4 % of India's total export.
4.9% of the Govt. of India’s tax revenue.
6.6 % of total market capitalization in India.
Weightage of 16.5% in BSE sensex.
Weightage of 12.5 % in Nifty index.
Group industry of reliance
Indian Petrochemical Corporation Ltd
Reliance Industrial Infrastructure Limited
Reliance's Oil & Gas find
Reliance Petroleum Limited was set up by
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), one of India's
largest private sector companies based in
Currently, RPL is subsidiary of RIL, and has
interests in the downstream oil business. RPL also
benefits from a strategic alliance with Chevron
India Holdings Pte Limited, Singapore, a wholly
owned subsidiary of Chevron Corporation USA
(Chevron), which currently holds a 5% equity
stake in the Company
Type public company (BSE: 532743)
Industry Petroleum and Gas
Headquarters Ahmedabad, India
Key people Mukesh Ambani
Revenue 36.78 billion (US$610 million)
Parent Reliance Industries
Refining activities of Reliance Industries Limited are carried
out at the Jamnagar refinery complex with refining capacity
of 1,240,000 barrels per day which is 65 million tones per
The refinery is able to process a wide variety of crudes- from
very light to very heavy (from 18 to 45-degree API) and from
sweet to very sour (with sulphur content from 0 to 4.5%).
RPL commenced its crude processing on 25 December
2008. The secondary processing units are now under
synchronization and commissioning. The entire refinery
complex is expected to attain full capacity shortly.
With an annual crude processing capacity of 580,000
barrels (92,000 m3) per stream day (BPSD), RPL is be
the sixth largest refinery in the world.
Declared the 6th richest
person in the world.
Has shifted business scope
from traditional businesses
and has bought the
under the ADAG tag with
companies like Adlabs,
Zapak, BIG FM, Bigadda
He is the Fourth Richest
person in the world
Conferred the United
Council (USIBC) leadership
award for "Global Vision"
2007 in Washington.
Ranked 13th in Asia's Power
25 list of The Most Powerful
People in Business
published by Fortune
magazine, August 2004.
Conferred the Asia Society
Leadership Award by the
Asia Society, Washington
D.C., USA, May 2004.
Recorded as the first
Trillionaire in India, June
Voted Businessman of
the Year 2006 by Times of
Adjudged as the CEO of
the Year at the prestigious
Platts Global Energy
Awards for 2004.
Voted 'MTV Youth Icon
of the Year', September