“nnhmm rawa i" l" : sama 'Hu I:
"~I I I: : l: :I u : x n u: ta" : Vnnéri: :th-'hvi' T: : I: :
. an : :I: : -. n'““~'= x~ _I. II'I ; g . a l3'. _l"' . :u I ; g v-JITZV
Q Arab conquerers came in
the 7th and 8th centuries.
*i* Their merchants searched
the Sahara for trade routes.
*5 Found many that traded
copper, iron, cotton
textiles, salt, grains, adn
I4 Early Kingdoms ln Africa
*l* Kingdom of Ghana
between Niger and Sengal Rivers
flourished because sold go| d(got from
capital at Koumbi-Saleh
made large army to protect the gold
traded slaves and ivory with the North for
horses. cloth, small manufactured wares,
kings converted to lslam- this helped
amity and business between other
never forced religion
eventually fell because of attacks by
` '“ f&
l " Real' Q - -
sea Mali Empire
'S started by Lion Prince Sundiata- exciled at
birth. grew up strong and raised cavalry army
'* Empire included old Kingdom of Ghana +
0090" "i grew more prosperous than Ghana because
they taxed EVERYTHING that passed through
them in Saharan trade
*3 capital at Niani
'i' never forced religion
. l . .
l. -“r"dfara_ NIANHA MI 'NA a Mansa Musa was grandnephew of Sundiata-
; 7` l j _~` . _ ^ l ; ja gave away huge amounts of gold on his hajj.
t, ifêfiê-"IHTQ ; j dtg# Made many mosques, Islam schools. brought
1/ ll l ` I Islam scholars, and everything else Muslim.
3 l ; ci *l -1/1 . ff/ I gu, GM: