The Open Source Paradigm and Intellectual Property

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Slide about the FLOSS movement and a little reference to the Creative Commons project. …

Slide about the FLOSS movement and a little reference to the Creative Commons project.
Everything created for the webvalley students 2011 - http://webvalley.fbk.eu

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  • 1. The Open SourceThe Open Source ParadigmParadigm andand IntellectualIntellectual PropertyProperty Maurizio Napolitano – napo@softwarelibero.it
  • 2. Before to begin … http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonikaarttinen/5687056556CC-BY-NC
  • 3. Who is this guy? Byasofyetunknownphotographerwhosoldrightstothepicturetolinuxmag.com[GFDL)orCC-BY-SA-3.0
  • 4. and this? ByCopyleft(Ownwork)orCC-BY-SA,viaWikimediaCommons
  • 5. and this?
  • 6. and this? ByKarora(Ownwork)[CC0orPublicdomain],viaWikimediaCommons
  • 7. these are famous people of the free software/open source movement Richard Stallman Linus Torvald Bruce Perens Eben Moglen Free Software Foundation LINUX
  • 8. … a step back: O.S. applications SOFTWARESOFTWARE SOFTWARESOFTWARE a pc without software is NOTHINGa pc without software is NOTHING
  • 9. Like in the kitchen :) how create software?
  • 10. … in most of case irreversible process
  • 11. Some property COPYABLE
  • 12. Some properties MANAGE INFORMATIONS
  • 13. With some problems/restricions 2001 2011
  • 14. … but some old information still work 2011 A.C.
  • 15. Doubt
  • 16. … more functions … more problems
  • 17. born hackers & free software 1980 GNU IS NOT UNIX
  • 18. What is free software? is a software that respects the user freedom's
  • 19. THE FOUR FREEDOM Freedom 00: The freedom to run the program for any purpose. Freedom 11: The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish. Freedom 22: The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor. Freedom 33: The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
  • 20. but free is an ambiguous word FREE BEER FREE SPEECH VS This is FREE software This is NOT free software
  • 21. I.P. - Intellectual Property THINK CREATE→ → Authors' rights
  • 22. The copyleft concept rights over the copies give permission to copy copyright copyleft
  • 23. General Public License respects the four freedoms and imposes two constraints ● Always mention the author ● Derivative works must have the same license Eben Moglen “ Why Political Liberty Depends on Software Freedom More Than Ever” – FOSDEM 2011 http://freedomboxfoundation.org/ OUTLINE
  • 24. Like the researchLike the research If I have seen further it is by standing on ye sholders of Giants. Isaac Newton Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software Bob Young - REDHAT also the opposite to reinvent the wheel
  • 25. Open Source Eric Raymond http://www.opensource.org/ Bruce Perens
  • 26. Open source connected with capitalismOpen source connected with capitalism The Emerging Economic Paradigm of Open Source http://perens.com/works/articles/Economic.h tml […] Open Source can be explained entirely within the context of conventional open-market economics. Indeed, it turns out that it has much stronger ties to the phenomenon of capitalism than you may have appreciated.
  • 27. a licesing schema Liberal Create any work No restriction on licensing BSD License - Berkeley Software Distribution License MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology License Apache – Apache License Corporate Files derived from commons must use same license Files added may use any license EPL - Eclipse Public License MPL – Mozilla Public License Copyleft All files in project must use the same license as the commons if any one file from the commons is used in the project Weak Strong LGPL v2 – Lesser Gnu Public License GPL v2 - Gnu Public License EUPL 1.1 – European Public License „brand“ LGPL v3 – Lesser Gnu Public License GPL v3 - Gnu Public License AGPL v3 – affero Gnu Public License
  • 28. Examples ….Examples ….
  • 29. Young entrepreneursYoung entrepreneurs (under30) 1. Mark Zuckerberg - $13.5 Billion 4. Blake Ross and David Hyatt - $120 Million 12. Matt Mullenweg - $40 Million http://www.retireat21.com/top-young-entrepreneurs 2. Andrew Gower - Runescape $650 Million 3. Chad Hurley - Youtube $300 Million […] 5. Andrew Michael - Fast Hosts $110 Million 6. Angelo Sotira – DevianArt $75 Million [...]
  • 30. Open source = software quality "given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow" Linus' LawLinus' Law Eric Raymond – The Cathedral & the Bazaar
  • 31. But … open source isn't easy Source: Roberto Galoppini SOS Opensource
  • 32. A good (italian) example Have fortune Implement standards Dual licesing Respect for the community Fabrizio Capobianco
  • 33. Business models ● Support ● Documentation ● Customization ● Talent scouting ● Marketing ● ...
  • 34. Understand open source ecosystem http://www.slideshare.net/55thinking/understand-open-source-ecosystems
  • 35. Software development models The Cathedral modelThe Cathedral model code developed is restricted to an exclusive group of software developers. The Bazaar modelThe Bazaar model the code is developed over the Internet in view of the public.
  • 36. From the software to the content … to the data http://www.opendatacommons.org http://creativecommons.org „Some rights reserved“ [creativity always] „builds on the past“ http://www.archive.org/details/Justin_Cone_-_Building_On_The_Past_-_640x480