Survey of Tunisian Public Opinion          July 26-August 8, 2012          Williams and Associates             Salem, Mass...
Survey Specifications•   The International Republican Institute (IRI) conducted a national survey of adult Tunisians (18+ ...
How would you say that things are going in Tunisia these days, are            things going in the right direction or the w...
How would you describe the current economic situation in                                       Tunisia?               Very...
Has your household’s financial situation gotten better or worse                                             over the last ...
Which answer best describes your current economic situation?60%                       Mar-11       May-11       Sep-11    ...
On a scale from one to seven, where one is outstanding and seven is                   terrible, how satisfied are you with...
Thinking about the current government, which of the following              should be a top priority? (spontaneous response...
Are you currently employed?                                               43%                                             ...
Are you seeking a job?     Entire Sample (n=1,265)                                                         Among unemploye...
What kind of job are you looking for? (spontaneous response, top                                           responses only;...
Have you ever worked, or have you ever considered, working as a                   self-employed person?               4%  ...
If you were once self-employed, why did you stop working as a                    self-employed person? (spontaneous respon...
What prevented you from working as a self-employed person?                          (spontaneous response, top responses o...
If you are seeking a job, do you expect help from the government                     in finding a job? (n=435)            ...
What kind of help should the government provide? (spontaneous response,                                   top responses on...
What do you think is the best way to increase jobs in Tunisia?    Increase foreign direct investment                      ...
What do you believe is the primary role of the National Constituent                                         Assembly?     ...
How long do you believe the National Constituent Assembly should                                take to complete its manda...
In your opinion how closely associated is each of the following                                       with a strong econom...
How often do you keep informed about the National Constituent                          Assembly’s work?Once a day   Once a...
Regarding the constitution, how important is it to you that the                constitution be completed?Very important   ...
Could you please explain why completing the new constitution is                    important to you? (spontaneous response...
Should the new constitution be approved by a national referendum,            or by a vote within the National Constituent ...
What would you say are the most important problems facing                     Tunisia as a whole? (spontaneous response, t...
How much do you trust each of the following to protect your                                               neighborhood?   ...
Now I am going to read a list of issues and for each one please tell                       me whether you feel that the si...
How likely is the current government to address these issues                                 facing Tunisia?          Very...
I would like to ask you about your impressions of the following                                           people. Do you a...
For whom did you vote in the National Constituent Assembly                                   elections?40%                ...
Looking back now, would you change how you voted in the          National Constituent Assembly elections? (n=908)         ...
Why do you believe you made the wrong choice? (n=232)I am not pleased with the party I voted for                          ...
Looking ahead to the next elections, do you intend to vote for the          same party, or a different party? (n=901)     ...
If you had to choose from the following political parties, for whom                                    would you vote in t...
Some political parties chose not to join the majority coalition in the National Constituent Assembly. Do you approve or di...
When do you believe Tunisia’s next elections will occur? After March 20, 2013                                             ...
In your opinion, what kind of elections will these be?      Presidential         Legislative/Parliamentary     Local/Munic...
If you could pick, which type of government would you prefer in                                  Tunisia?60%              ...
If you had a choice between a stable and prosperous Tunisia that was       ruled by a non-democratic government, or a demo...
Where are you most likely to get your local news and information?                                                       Se...
Do you have access to the Internet? If yes, where do you usually                                      access it?No        ...
Do you know what the difference is between a secular and a non-                             secular government?90%80%    7...
As you may already know, in a secular government, the government’s decisions  on public policy and laws are made without a...
Would you prefer to see more political parties or entities that are                 Islamist or secular in the National Co...
In your opinion, has security in Tunisia improved since the elections?                     What about the security of your...
In your opinion, what role should civil society organizations play in                                   Tunisia?          ...
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2012 october 3 survey of tunisian public opinion, july 26 august 8, 2012

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Tunisie - Sondage d'Opinion de l'IRI (International Républican Institute) 03/10/2012

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2012 october 3 survey of tunisian public opinion, july 26 august 8, 2012

  1. 1. Survey of Tunisian Public Opinion July 26-August 8, 2012 Williams and Associates Salem, Massachusetts www.WilliamsPolls.com
  2. 2. Survey Specifications• The International Republican Institute (IRI) conducted a national survey of adult Tunisians (18+ years) from July 26-August 8, 2012.• Data was collected in the field by a Tunisian owned and operated marketing research firm, ELKA Consulting, under the supervision of David Williams from Williams and Associates of Salem, Massachusetts.• Interviewing was collected using the in-person, face-to-face methodology by trained professional interviewers using a multi-stage stratification proportionate to population sample distribution.• The Kish method was used to select respondents 18 years and older within the randomly selected household. The left hand method was used to select every third household in localities selected through an area probability sample.• Stratification was based on three stages: a proportional division among Tunisia’s 24 governorates, proportional division of urban and rural categories, and proportional division by gender and age group according to the most up-to-date data from Tunisia’s National Statistics Institute collected in July 2009. The sample was then post-weighted to make it proportionate to national representation by province.• Each of Tunisia’s 24 governorates was divided into territorial sections or districts. In every territorial section at least one point of survey was selected with the overall number of points determined by population density. In every point of survey, interviewers were called to do no more than 10 interviews. Points of survey were distributed proportionally between rural and urban areas in every governorate and in every geographical section of the governorate. Points of survey in a territorial section within a governorate were selected randomly.• A total of 1,265 interviews were completed yielding an overall margin of error of ± 2.81 percent at the midrange of the 95 percent confidence level.• The male-to-female ratio of respondents was 51 percent male to 49 percent female.• The urban-to-rural ratio of respondents was 64 percent urban to 36 percent rural.• The geographic and demographic distributions conform to the most recent generally accepted official statistics available.• Stratification is based on population distribution according to the latest census.• The information in this report has been compiled in accordance with international standards for market and social research methodologies.• Figures in charts and tables may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding.• This poll was conducted with support from the Middle East Partnership Initiative. Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 2
  3. 3. How would you say that things are going in Tunisia these days, are things going in the right direction or the wrong direction?90%80% Right direction 79% Wrong direction70% DK/REF 67% 62%60% 61% 54%50% 46% 45% 46%40% 44% 37%30% 30% 30% 32%20% 14%10% 11% 8% 9% 7% 8% 7% 3%0% Mar-11 May-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 3
  4. 4. How would you describe the current economic situation in Tunisia? Very good Somewhat good Somewhat bad Very bad DK/REFAug-12 2% 26% 41% 29% 2%Apr-12 1% 20% 37% 40% 2%Jan-12 3% 23% 30% 41% 3%Sep-11 2% 24% 37% 34% 3%May-11 3% 22% 45% 28% 3%Mar-11 4% 25% 46% 20% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 4
  5. 5. Has your household’s financial situation gotten better or worse over the last year? Much better Somewhat better Same Somewhat worse Much worse DK/REF Aug-12 6% 31% 21% 24% 18% 0.1% Apr-12 7% 30% 21% 21% 21% 0.2% Jan-12 6% 27% 30% 19% 17% 1% Sep-11 6% 29% 31% 18% 14% 1% May-11 9% 24% 37% 15% 15% 1% Mar-11 8% 27% 31% 18% 18% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%Thinking ahead to next year, do you expect your household’s financial situation to be better or worse? Much better Somewhat better Same Somewhat worse Much worse DK/REF Aug-12 12% 44% 18% 12% 8% 6% Apr-12 12% 45% 16% 11% 8% 7% Jan-12 15% 47% 16% 10% 7% 6% Sep-11 17% 49% 14% 8% 5% 8% May-11 28% 43% 12% 4% 3% 11% Mar-11 35% 49% 6% 4% 2% 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 5
  6. 6. Which answer best describes your current economic situation?60% Mar-11 May-11 Sep-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-1250% 49%48% 47% 43% 44% 43%40% 32% 31% 31% 28%30% 27% 28% 22%21% 22%20% 19% 20% 15%10% 5% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3%2% 3% 1% 0.4% 0.4%0% I am able to afford I am able to afford I have enough means I have trouble feeding DK/REF things like new clothes things like new clothes for survival, but I do myself and my family and eating out and also and eating at not have enough and buying even the support other restaurants, but not money for extra things. most essential things members of my family very often. for survival. who cannot. Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 6
  7. 7. On a scale from one to seven, where one is outstanding and seven is terrible, how satisfied are you with the quality of your life?40% 37% 36%35% 32%30% 29%25% 23% 20% Sep-11 20% 20% 18% 20% Jan-1220% 19% 16% Apr-12 Aug-1215% 14% 12%10% 10% 9% 9% 7% 8% 8% 6% 6% 5%5% 5% 3% 3% 2% 2%0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 7
  8. 8. Thinking about the current government, which of the following should be a top priority? (spontaneous response, top responses only) Issue First Mention Second Mention Third Mention TotalEmployment 52% 18% 11% 81%Development and reform of the economy 15% 26% 10% 51%Living standards 9% 21% 19% 49%Transparent government communication 12% 10% 15% 37%Social reforms 5% 10% 12% 27%Regional development 1% 3% 5% 9%Corruption 2% 2% 4% 8%Achieve the goals of the revolution 2% 1% 4% 7%Draft new constitution 1% 1% 2% 5%Organize elections 1% 1% 2% 4%Security 0% 0% 0% 0%Other 1% 3% 3% 7%DK/REF 1% 3% 15% 19% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 8
  9. 9. Are you currently employed? 43% Yes 57% NoWilliams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 9
  10. 10. Are you seeking a job? Entire Sample (n=1,265) Among unemployed only (n=719) Yes No 66% 59% 41% 34%Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 10
  11. 11. What kind of job are you looking for? (spontaneous response, top responses only; n=414) Any job 22%A job that complies to my academic background 13% Permanent employment 10% Laborer 10% Public sector 9% Services 8% Plan to create a project 5% Computing 4% Liberal profession 3% Private sector 2% Health care 2% Teacher 2% Business 2% Driver 1% Military service 1% Agriculture sector 1% Engineer 1% Accountant 1% Other 2% DK/REF 1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 11
  12. 12. Have you ever worked, or have you ever considered, working as a self-employed person? 4% 18% I am self-employed I was once self-employed, but not anymore 6% I have never been self-employed, but I have considered it I have never been self-employed, nor considered it 53% DK/REF 19% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 12
  13. 13. If you were once self-employed, why did you stop working as a self-employed person? (spontaneous response, top responses only; n=104) I did not succeed 36% Bankruptcy 18% Im working abroad 13% Because of the revolution 12%My business did not work well 3% I found another job 3% Sickness 2% DK/REF 14% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 13
  14. 14. What prevented you from working as a self-employed person? (spontaneous response, top responses only; n=431) Lack of finance 37% I dont have a project idea 10% Lack of opportunities 8% Im not interested 7% My business is hard 6% Im a student 5%Im a housewife/My husband 2% works Fear of failure 1% I dont have the capabilities 1% Other 5% DK/REF 18% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 14
  15. 15. If you are seeking a job, do you expect help from the government in finding a job? (n=435) 1% Yes No 32% 67% DK/REF Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 15
  16. 16. What kind of help should the government provide? (spontaneous response, top responses only; n=292) Public sector hiring 44% Give loans 22% Create projects 8% Improve my personal situation 6% Discuss with us 6% Any kind of help 4% Help me financially 3%Organize transparent recruitment 1% competitions Attract foreign investment 1% Other 2% DK/REF 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 16
  17. 17. What do you think is the best way to increase jobs in Tunisia? Increase foreign direct investment 37%Improve education/Vocational training 26% Expand public sector 12% Finance new projects 3% End strikes and sit-ins 3% Improve security 2% Increase tourism 2% Reduce corruption 2% Reduce government regulation 1% Other 2% DK/REF 10% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 17
  18. 18. What do you believe is the primary role of the National Constituent Assembly? Draft the new constitution 51%Develop and reform the economy 12% Social reform 8% Security 6% Oversee the government 3% Organize elections 2% Other 1% DK/REF 17% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 18
  19. 19. How long do you believe the National Constituent Assembly should take to complete its mandate? Less than one year One year Between one and two years Three years or more DK/REFAug-12 16% 29% 26% 18% 12%Apr-12 13% 30% 29% 15% 12%Jan-12 9% 35% 30% 12% 14% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 19
  20. 20. In your opinion how closely associated is each of the following with a strong economy? Closely associated Somewhat associated Weakly associated Not associated at all DK/REF Income equality 43% 21% 12% 15% 9%Affordable housing and commodities 59% 22% 9% 4% 7% Low public debt 62% 18% 5% 6% 10% High standard of living 71% 14% 6% 7% 2% High per-capita income 74% 17% 5% 2%2% Low poverty rate 80% 14% 4%1% 1% Low unemployment 1% 82% 12% 3% 2% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 20
  21. 21. How often do you keep informed about the National Constituent Assembly’s work?Once a day Once a week Once a month Less than once a month Never DK/REF 2% 13% 22% 26% 18% 19% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 21
  22. 22. Regarding the constitution, how important is it to you that the constitution be completed?Very important Important Not important Not important at all DK/REF 4% 5% 6% 11% 75% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 22
  23. 23. Could you please explain why completing the new constitution is important to you? (spontaneous response, top responses only)To enhance the countrys situation 24% To manage the countrys affairs 18% To establish laws 10.9% General reforms 11% To enhance standards of living 4%To define the countrys orientation 3%They dont care about the citizens 3% No results 2% For the stability of the country 2% To build the republic again 1% Other 5% DK/REF 17% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 23
  24. 24. Should the new constitution be approved by a national referendum, or by a vote within the National Constituent Assembly? Popular referendum Assembly vote DK/REF100% 6% 4% 9%90% 27% 18%80% 28%70%60%50%40% 73% 66% 69%30%20%10% 0% Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 24
  25. 25. What would you say are the most important problems facing Tunisia as a whole? (spontaneous response, top responses only) First Mention Second Mention Third Mention TotalUnemployment 59% 16% 10% 85%Economic and financial crisis 15% 35% 13% 63%Strikes and sit-ins 5% 12% 13% 30%Violence, delinquency andvandalism 7% 11% 10% 28%Corruption 3% 6% 13% 22%Political circumstances 3% 3% 9% 15%Large number of political parties 1% 3% 4% 8%Terrorism 1% 2% 3% 6%Libya 1% 1% 2% 4%Security 1% 1% 1% 3%Standard of living 0% 2% 1% 3%Elections 0% 1% 1% 2%Other 2% 4% 3% 16%DK/REF 0% 5% 23% 28% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 25
  26. 26. How much do you trust each of the following to protect your neighborhood? A great deal Fair amount Only a little Not at all DK/REF100% 1% 4% 2% 100% 3% 4% 0.4% 100% 1% 0.2%100% 1% 4% 1% 5% 2% 5% 2% 10% 3% 3% 4% 90% 16% 17% 90% 15% 11% 16% 90% 90% 7% 16% 25% 9% 14% 23% 80% 80% 9% 80% 80% 7% 23% 10% 10% 13% 70% 70% 70% 70% 8% 13% 16% 18% 60% 8%60% 32% 60% 60% 32% 18% 27%50% 50% 50% 16% 50% 28%40% 40% 84% 83% 86% 76% 40% 40%30% 30% 30% 30% 53% 56% 43% 48% 43%20% 20% 20% 44% 40% 20% 31%10% 10% 10% 10% 0% 0% 0% National Citizen National 0% National Citizen National National Citizen National National Citizen National army security police army security police army security police groups army security police groups groups groups Sep-2011 Jan-2012 Apr-2012 Aug-2012 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 26
  27. 27. Now I am going to read a list of issues and for each one please tell me whether you feel that the situation has gotten better, gotten worse or stayed the same over the last year. Much better Somewhat better Same Somewhat worse Much worse DK/REFDevelopment of independent civil society 11% 32% 22% 12% 9% 14% Development of independent media 21% 37% 15% 12% 9% 7% Living standards 5% 8% 23% 35% 27% 2% Healthcare 8% 19% 31% 23% 17% 3% Constitutional reform 4% 26% 26% 13% 9% 23% Legal reform 4% 28% 24% 13% 10% 21% Direct foreign investment 1% 19% 22% 27% 18% 14% Government corruption 3% 21% 26% 24% 17% 10% Unemployment 4% 9% 18% 32% 35% 1% Security 12% 36% 14% 23% 13% 2% Political reform 12% 35% 21% 15% 9% 8% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 27
  28. 28. How likely is the current government to address these issues facing Tunisia? Very likely Somewhat likely Not very likely Not likely at all DK/REFAug-12 16% 37% 24% 21% 2%Apr-12 19% 39% 21% 19% 3%Jan-12 35% 48% 10% 4% 4%Sep-11 13% 31% 23% 30% 3%May-11 27% 32% 20% 17% 3%Mar-11 43% 39% 11% 5% 3% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 28
  29. 29. I would like to ask you about your impressions of the following people. Do you approve, somewhat approve, somewhat disapprove or disapprove of the following: Approve Disapprove Difference80%60% 59% 57%40% 50% 58% 53% 37% 46% 48% 26% 32% 27%20% 22% 21% 28% 23% 26% 21% 18% 8% 11% 5% 17% 7% 13% 16% 12% 8% 9% 0% -5% -7% -10% -10% -37% -13% -23% -22% -19% -14% -22% -21% -19% -17% -20% -19%-20% -26% -23% -26% -24% -36% -40% -31% -39% -41% -40% -43% -39% -45%-40% -49% -49% -49%-60% Ridha Belhaj Hammadi Jebali Maya Jeribi Hachmi Hamdi Hamma Hammami Nejib Chebbi Kamel Morjane Abu Iyadh Ali Larayedh Abdessalem Jerad Iyadh Ben Achour Yassin Brahim Moncef Marzouki Rachid Ammar Abderraouf Ayadi Ahmed Ibrahim Mustapha Ben Jaafar Houcine Abassi Beji Kaied Sebsi Rachid Ghanouchi Williams and Associates●Salem, Massachusetts● www.WilliamsPolls.com 29
  30. 30. For whom did you vote in the National Constituent Assembly elections?40% 35%35%30% 29%25%20%15% 9% 9%10% 5%5% 4% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1%0% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 30
  31. 31. Looking back now, would you change how you voted in the National Constituent Assembly elections? (n=908) I believe that I voted correctly It is too early to judge how I voted I believe that I made the wrong choice DK/REF100%90% 89%80%70% 68%60% 59%50%40%30% 24% 20%20% 9%10% 6% 8% 5% 8% 0% 5% 1% Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 31
  32. 32. Why do you believe you made the wrong choice? (n=232)I am not pleased with the party I voted for 72% The party I voted for did not win 7% I filled the ballot incorrectly 4% DK/REF 17% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 32
  33. 33. Looking ahead to the next elections, do you intend to vote for the same party, or a different party? (n=901) 9% 6% I intend to vote for the same party 39% I intend to vote for a different party I have not yet decided who I will vote for27% I do not intend to vote DK/REF 19% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 33
  34. 34. If you had to choose from the following political parties, for whom would you vote in the next election? Ennahda Movement 27% Nida Tunis 6% Ettakatol 6% Congress for the Republic 6% Tunisian Workers Party 3% Jomhouri Party 2%Party of Progressive Conservatives 1% El Amen Party 0.3% Al-Masar Party 0.2% Refused 7% DK 41% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 34
  35. 35. Some political parties chose not to join the majority coalition in the National Constituent Assembly. Do you approve or disapprove of this choice, or do you have no opinion of the role of political opposition?Strongly approve Approve Disapprove Strongly disapprove No opinion DK/REF 15% 21% 7% 26% 19% 11% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 35
  36. 36. When do you believe Tunisia’s next elections will occur? After March 20, 2013 27% March 20, 2013 34%Before March 20, 2013 15% Other 2% DK/REF 24% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 36
  37. 37. In your opinion, what kind of elections will these be? Presidential Legislative/Parliamentary Local/Municipal General/All levels DK/REF70% 59%60% 56% 51%50%40%30% 26% 23%20% 16% 15% 13% 12% 9% 9% 8%10% 2% 0% 0%0% Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 37
  38. 38. If you could pick, which type of government would you prefer in Tunisia?60% Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 52% 53%50% 42%40%30% 25% 24% 21% 19% 19%20% 16% 14%10% 7% 8%0% DK/REF Presidential system Parliamentary system A mixed government Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 38
  39. 39. If you had a choice between a stable and prosperous Tunisia that was ruled by a non-democratic government, or a democratic government that led to an unstable and insecure Tunisia, which would you choose? Non-democratic government Democratic government DK/REF80% 70%70%60% 55% 52% 48%50% 41% 38%40% 34%30% 26% 18%20%10% 7% 7% 4%0% Sep-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 39
  40. 40. Where are you most likely to get your local news and information? Second Source First Mention Third Mention Total Mention Tunisian television 61% 24% 6% 91% Radio 9% 33% 16% 57% Newspaper 4% 11% 18% 33%Gatherings at public places 6% 12% 14% 32% Internet 18% 7% 4% 29% SMS 0% 1% 0% 1% Mosque 0% 0% 1% 1% Other 1% 2% 4% 7% DK/REF 1% 11% 37% 49% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 40
  41. 41. Do you have access to the Internet? If yes, where do you usually access it?No n=543 27% Yes - Home 57% 43% 3% Yes - Work 2% Yes – Mobile phone 12% Yes - Other 0.2% Yes – School Williams and Associates●Salem, Massachusetts● www.WilliamsPolls.com 41
  42. 42. Do you know what the difference is between a secular and a non- secular government?90%80% 77% 68%70% 65% 64% 65%60%50%40% 35% 36% 35% 32%30% 23%20%10%0% May-11 Sep-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Yes No Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 42
  43. 43. As you may already know, in a secular government, the government’s decisions on public policy and laws are made without any consideration to religion; some people refer to this as the separation of religion and state. It does not mean that the government is atheist just that no specific religious idea is promoted when making laws. Considering this definition of secularism, in general would you approve or disapprove of the government of Tunisia being secular? Approve secular government Disapprove secular government DK/REF70%60% 50%50% 46% 47% 43% 41%40% 44% 42% 32%30% 28%20% 11% 8% 7%10%0% Sep-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 43
  44. 44. Would you prefer to see more political parties or entities that are Islamist or secular in the National Constituent Assembly? Strongly Islamist Moderately Islamist Moderately secular Strongly secular DK/REFAug-12 9% 55% 26% 6% 4%Apr-12 6% 60% 27% 3%4% 2%Jan-12 11% 68% 18% 2%Sep-11 9% 55% 26% 3% 8%May-11 8% 51% 33% 3% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 44
  45. 45. In your opinion, has security in Tunisia improved since the elections? What about the security of your neighborhood or community? Yes No DK/REF Tunisia 68% 31% 1% Myneighborhood/Community 72% 27% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 45
  46. 46. In your opinion, what role should civil society organizations play in Tunisia? Represent citizens to 14% government 21% Provide social services Research public policies 1%1% Perform community service Educate the public on citizenship 14% 33% Protect human rights No role 8% Other DK/REF 5% 4% Williams and Associates ● Salem, Massachusetts ● www.WilliamsPolls.com 46
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