VASILY KANDINSKY: FOUNDER OF ABSTRACTIONISM 1866-1944 First Abstract Watercolor, 1910
KANDINSKY’S LIFE• Kandinsky was born in Moscow, Russia even though he lived in Germany and France for most of his life.• Kandinsky moved to Munich in 1896 and studied painting at the Munich Academy• Around 1910, Kandinsky paints his first abstract painting and starts the Abstractionist movement.• Kandinsky wrote a book called On the Spiritual in Art, which was published in 1911.• In 1912, he left NKVM and became one of the founders of the Blue Rider in Munich, which is a group of artists that includes August Macke, Arnold Schoenberg, and Robert Delaunay.• Kandinsky was offered a job at the Bauhaus, which is an art school. He taught from 1922 to 1933 and that was when the Nazis took over.• Kandinsky died in 1944
BIG IDEA:1 MUSIC INFLUENCES KANDINSKYVasily Kandinsky was greatly influenced by music, specificallyRichard Wagner’s operas.“The Soul is a piano with many strings, and the artist is thehand that, by striking one particular key, causes the humansoul to vibrate” -Kandinsky
BIG IDEA 2: KANDINSKY LOVES COLORComposition IV, Improvisation VII,1911 1910“Color is the medium by which one can affect the soledirectly” -Kandinsky
BIG IDEA 3: KANDINSKY’S PAINTINGS ARE CHAOTIC Picture With a Black Arch, Fantastic Improvisation, 1912 1913 • Lots of Movement • No real order • No symmetry
KASIMIR MALEVICH 1878-1935 The Black Square, 1915
MALEVICH’S LIFE• Kasimir Malevich was born in Kiev, Ukraine 1878• In 1906, Malevich settles in Moscow and studies with Fedor Rerberg.• Between 1912 and 1915, Malevich joined the Russian Futurist group.• In 1915 Malevich starts his own small movement, Suprematism, by submitting works like The Black Square to a Futurist exhibition. Suprematism is a form of Abstractionism.• In 1923, Malevich is appointed as the director of the Petrograd Museum of Artistic Culture.• Malevich died in 1935.
BIG IDEA 1: THE BLACK SQUARE • First painted in 1915 • Represents and Expresses nothing • Ground Zero of painting
BIG IDEA 2: MALEVICH USES GEOMETRIC ABSTRACTION Suprematist Painting, Supremus No. 58, 1916 1916 • Malevich is a Geometric Abstractionist • Malevich uses more color than other Abstractionists
BIG IDEA 3: MALEVICH, A SPIRITUAL ABSTRACTIONIST Red Square, 1915 • Kasimir Malevich believes that painting is by feeling and that art is in its purest form when it is free of representing natural objects.
FRANTISEK KUPKA’S LIFE• Frantisek Kupka is born in Opocno, Bohemia, 1871 (Bohemia is in the Czech Republic).• Kupka moves to Vienna, Austria in 1892.• In 1912 at the Salon d’ Automne in Paris his work enrages French Critics because they did not blend well with French taste and tradition.• In 1923 Frantisek Kupka has his book published in Prague. The book is called Creation in Plastic Art and it contains Kupka’s theory of color.• Kupka died in 1957.
BIG IDEA 1: KUPKA IS A SPIRITUAL ABSTRACTIONIST Graduated Red • Kupka was a young daydreamer. • Kupka’s paintings seem dream-like.
BIG IDEA 2: KUPKA’S WORK INVOLVES INTERCONNECTED RINGS AND OVALSLocalization of Graphic Motifs II, Disks of Newton, 19191912-13• One unique theme aside from other abstractionism in the paintings of Frantisek Kupka is the overlapping circle or oval like structure.
THE EFFECT OF ABSTRACTIONISM • Challenged the ideal perception of art. • An original Artistic Idea. • Its influence is seen today.Dancer WinterTwo 05
PUBLIC REACTION TO ABSTRACTIONISM• Totalitarian leaders rejected Abstractionism.• Abstractionism is criticized for expressing social realities• Abstractionism is criticized for lacking everything good and pure in art.• Criticized for being non-traditional.
ABSTRACTIONISM VS. ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM Malevich, Red Square, 1915 Rothko, Four Darks in Red, 1958 • Aside from the fact that these art movements are from different time periods, there is a noticeable difference in brush stroke.
ABSTRACTIONISM VS. ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM CONTINUED Kandinsky, First Abstract Pollock, Number 1, 1948 Watercolor, 1910 • Like the Abstract Expressionists, Kandinsky has a chaotic style but not quite as chaotic as Pollock’s paintings.