Successfully reported this slideshow.

Expressionism (1)

2,512 views

Published on

Avery Dews, Mike Carlson, Evan Johnson

  • Be the first to comment

Expressionism (1)

  1. 1. Expressionism (German)
  2. 2. Properties of Expressionism• Focused on the symbolic, emotional and spiritual meaning of art• Artist’s inner world• Expressionism is a state of mind, not a style• Subjects appeared non-natural – Distorted figures – Irregular shapes• Often contained social commentary• Used bright color, dark lines, and bold shapes, to help convey message
  3. 3. Starry Night The Starry NightVincent Van Gogh (1889)
  4. 4. The ScreamEdvardMunch (1893)
  5. 5. Influences• Vincent Van •Symbolism Gogh •German• Edvard Munch Romanticism• James Ensor •Economic and Social Change in Germany
  6. 6. The Old Peasant WomanPaula Modersohn-Becker (1905)
  7. 7. AssuntaGeorg Kolbe(1921)
  8. 8. The SurvivorsKäthe Kollwitz (1923)
  9. 9. DieBrücke (TheBridge)
  10. 10. •Founded 1905, Dresden, Germany•Founders: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner,Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel, and KarlSchmidt-Rottluff•Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, andOtto Mueller joined later
  11. 11. •Depicted psychological pressureof city life •Influenced by the poetry of Walt Whitman, Scandinavian and Russian literature •Often had erotic and morbid overtones•Very public with their ideas •They thought they were revolutionaries
  12. 12. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner • Studied architecture at the Dresden Technical College • Innovative woodcutting techiques
  13. 13. Street Life in Dancer with Raised SkirtDresden (1908) (1909-1910)Lithograph Woodcut
  14. 14. Winter Landscape by Moonlight Oil on Canvas (1919)
  15. 15. Emil Nolde • Studied art at the School of Applied Arts in Karlsruhe • Expressive colors and brushstrokes
  16. 16. Loading Dock, HamburgEtching (1910)
  17. 17. The ProphetWoodcut (1912)
  18. 18. SunflowersOil on Canvas(1932)
  19. 19. Max Pechstein • Painted using decorative colors influenced by Van Gogh and the Fauves • Later incorporated more primitive aspects • Mainly was a printmaker
  20. 20. Under the TreesOil on Canvas (1911)
  21. 21. Dancer Reflectedin Mirror Woodcut (1913)
  22. 22. Der Blaue Reiter(The Blue Rider)
  23. 23. Wassily Kandinsky • Co-founder of Der Blaue Reiter. • Style stretched between abstraction and expressionism. • Gave meanings to shapes and colors.
  24. 24. Study for Painting with White FormOil on Canvas (1913)
  25. 25. Franz Marc • Other co-founder. • Mainly painted animals – he saw them as pure. • Created his own color theory based on red, blue, and yellow. • Later moved toward abstractionism.
  26. 26. Yellow CowOil on Canvas (1911
  27. 27. Animals in a LandscapeOil on Canvas (1914)
  28. 28. Fighting FormsOil on Canvas (1914)
  29. 29. Oskar Kokoshka • Austrian expressionist. • Mainly known for his portraits – distorted and allegorical. • Focused on portraying the psyche, mentally sick people.
  30. 30. The Bride of the WindOil on Canvas (1913-1914)
  31. 31. Demise of Expressionism• Die Brücke • Der Blaue Reiter – Kirchner and – Franz Marc and Pechstein attempted August Macke were to create a program to killed in combat during teach modern painting 1914. in art in 1911, failed in – Group disbanded 1912. shortly after. – Kirchner wrote Brücke Chronicle in 1913, which ended the group.
  32. 32. Demise of Expressionism• Post-Expressionism rose to prominence in 1925.• An announcement from the Kunstalle in Manneheim ended Expressionism in 1925.• Germany’s poor post-war economy and condemnation by the Nazis in the 1930s accelerated the decline, many artists fled after being labeled “degenerate artists.”

×