Placement of direct object pronouns
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Placement of direct object pronouns

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Placement of direct object pronouns Placement of direct object pronouns Presentation Transcript

  • PLACEMENT OF PRONOUNS McKay April 2007
    • You have learned about direct object pronouns in simple sentences.
    • Let’s review…
  • Replace the direct objects with a direct object pronoun.
    • 1. Pedro lee el libro de Mark Twain .
    • Pedro lo lee.
    • 2. Las chicas miran a los chicos .
    • Las chicas los miran.
    • 3. Yo veo la pel í cula de Clint Eastwood .
    • La veo.
    • 4. Hacemos la tarea esta ma ñ ana.
    • La hacemos esta ma ñ ana.
    • In a sentence with only one verb in the present tense, the pronoun goes in front of the verb.
    • But what if there are two verbs in the sentence?
  • With two verbs…
    • Some sentences have two verbs:
    • Quiero ver la nueva pel í cula .
    • No puedo estudiar el ingl é s esta noche.
    • Tengo que hacer la tarea .
    • (Notice that the second verb is always in the infinitive!)
  • In a sentence with a verb in the infinitive,when replacing the direct object with a pronoun, you actually have two options for placement of the pronoun:
    • 1. Quiero ver la nueva pel í cula .
    • La quiero ver.
    • Quiero ver la.
    • 2. No puedo estudiar el ingl é s ahora.
    • No lo puedo estudiar ahora.
    • No puedo estudiar lo ahora.
    • So, now can you tell me the two options for pronoun placement when there’s an infinitive?
    • 3. Tengo que hacer la tarea .
    • La tengo que hacer.
    • Tengo que hacer la .
    • Muy f á cil, ¿no?
    • S í , es muy f á cil.
    • Es muy, muy, muy f á cil.
  • el presente progresivo…
    • When using pronouns with the presente progresivo, the same rule of placement applies.
    • ex. Estoy escuchando la m ú sica latina .
    • La estoy escuchando.
    • Estoy escuch á ndo la .
    • By the way, if you can tell me why escuchando suddenly needs an accent, you win the student-of-the-day award .
  • Vamos a practicar...
    • 1. No puedo ver a mi madre.
    • 2. Pedro est á estudiando la m úsica.
    • 3. Marisol va a tocar el piano en el concierto.
    • 4. ¿ Vas a pedir los habichuelos?
    • 5. Nosotros no estamos limpiando nuestros cuartos.
  • los mandatos
    • Look at the following commands:
    • ¡ Escucha!
    • ¡ Besa!
    • ¡ Mira!
    • ¡ Busca!
    • Now look at the same commands with a pronoun:
    • ¡ Esc ú cha me !
    • ¡ B é sa me !
    • ¡ M í ra lo !
    • ¡ B ú sca nos !
    Where do the pronouns go with affirmative commands? Why the accent?
    • That’s right...
    • With affirmative commands, the pronouns go after and attached to the verb.
    • Pero... ¡ OJO! Watch out for negative commands!
    • If the command is negative, the pronoun goes in front of the verb.
    • Ex.
    • Eres loco. ¡ No me beses!
    • ¡ No te duches en mi cuarto de bano!
    • So, basically, to sum it up, you are never wrong to put the pronoun right smack in front of the verb unless the verb is in the affirmative command form.
    • You have a choice of placement with constructions with two verbs.
  • El fin