Imperfect

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Summary of the imperfect tense.

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Imperfect

  1. 1. Imperfecto
  2. 2. IMPERFECTO <ul><li>The imperfect tense is another past tense, distinct & NOT interchangeable with the preterit. </li></ul>
  3. 3. You’ve already learned to use the preterite tense to talk about completed actions in the past. Now you’ll review another past tense called the imperfect!! <ul><li>You can use the imperfect in the following ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To speak about background events in a story. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To talk about something you used to do as a habit. A repeated or habitual activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To speak about physical characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express thoughts and Emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express time, age, and weather </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The following examples use the imperfect because they describe continuing actions in the past. <ul><li>Los estudiantes hacían la tarea todos los días. </li></ul><ul><li>The students did (used to do) the HW everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Don Fernando trabajaba en el banco todos los sábados. </li></ul><ul><li>Don Fernando (used to) worked at the bank every Saturday. </li></ul><ul><li>Mi abuelo siempre decía chistes muy divertidos. </li></ul><ul><li>Mi grandpa always (used to tell) told funny jokes. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The following chart shows you how to form the imperfect of regular verbs. <ul><li>AR ER IR </li></ul><ul><li>habl ar Com er Sal ir </li></ul><ul><li>habl aba com ía Sal ía </li></ul><ul><li>habl abas com ías Sal ías </li></ul><ul><li>habl aba com ía Sal ía </li></ul><ul><li>habl ábamos com íamos Sal íamos </li></ul><ul><li>habl abais com íais Sal íais </li></ul><ul><li>habl aban com ían Sal ían </li></ul>
  6. 6. ¡OJO! ♫ <ul><li>♫ There are NO stem-changes in the imperfect tense. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>☼ There are only three irregular verbs in the imperfect! </li></ul><ul><li>Ir (to go) </li></ul><ul><li>Ver (to see) </li></ul><ul><li>Ser (to be) </li></ul>
  8. 8. IR (to go) <ul><li>iba íbamos </li></ul><ul><li>ibas ibais </li></ul><ul><li>iba iban </li></ul>
  9. 9. VER (to see) <ul><li>veía veíamos </li></ul><ul><li>veías veíais </li></ul><ul><li>veía veían </li></ul>
  10. 10. SER (to be) <ul><li>era éramos </li></ul><ul><li>eras erais </li></ul><ul><li>era eran </li></ul>
  11. 11. KEY WORDS (PALABRAS CLAVES)… <ul><li>☻ Certain words and phrases indicate an indefinite number of repetitions and therefore provide a cue for the use of the imperfect. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>a menudo </li></ul><ul><li>siempre </li></ul><ul><li>a veces </li></ul><ul><li>often </li></ul><ul><li>always </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>todos los días </li></ul><ul><li>every day </li></ul><ul><li>frecuentamente </li></ul><ul><li>frequently </li></ul><ul><li>muchas veces </li></ul><ul><li>many times </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>cada lunes </li></ul><ul><li>every Monday </li></ul><ul><li>generalmente </li></ul><ul><li>generally </li></ul><ul><li>varias veces </li></ul><ul><li>several times </li></ul>
  15. 15. HABER there was, there were pretérito hubo there was, there were imperfecto había there is, there are presente hay MEANING TIEMPO FORMA
  16. 16. <ul><li>The imperfect tense of “hay” (there is, there are) is “había” (there was, there were). Notice this verb is both singular & plural. The preterit form is “hubo” (there was, there were in the sense of “there occurred”). </li></ul>
  17. 17. Distinction #1 <ul><li>Preterit for single, memorable actions or events (or a repeated a distinct number of times) </li></ul><ul><li>Imperfect for repeated, habitual actions or events (# of repetitions not important!) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In such cases, the imperfect is sometimes translated as “used to” or “would + verb” </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Práctica.Contesta las siguientes preguntas con la forma correcta del imperfecto . <ul><li>1. Yo siempre con unos muñecos de peluche. (jugar) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Nosotros veintiocho años. (tener) </li></ul><ul><li>3. __________ las nueve y media de la noche. (ser) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Mi hermana nunca a los árboles. (trepar) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Mis hermanitos siempre se malos en el centro comercial. (portar) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cuando era niño, yo al España con mis padres todos los veranos. (ir) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Mis amigos a las discotecas cuando eran más jóvenes. (salir) </li></ul>jugaba teníamos Eran trepaba portaban iba salían

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