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Why did the Unites States get involved with World War I?

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  1. 1. Why Did the United States Get Involved in World War I? Jaime Lee, Sin Young Nam, Jackie Mitchell, and Linda Lee Case 1 Case 2 German Or Buisness? submarine warfare? Or was it something else? Resources Conclusion <ul><li>Instruction: </li></ul><ul><li>Read the different case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Develop your own theory as to why the United States got involved in the war? </li></ul>
  2. 3. In March, 1916, the American government gave the German government an ultimatum: discontinue the sinking of merchant ships or we will tie off diplomatic relations. The government responded by issuing the Sussex Pledge, which stated that Germany could not unsuspectingly sink merchant ships. They had to give fair warning to merchant and passenger ships before sinking them, for the safety of their passengers. Unfortunately this pledge has not been upheld, as the Germans have resumed the use of submarine warfare, after many warnings against doing so. This time they have taken it to a much greater extent. Not only enemy ships are under attack, but neutral ones as well. These attacks occur without any warning at unsuspected times, killing many innocent people. Perspective 1 Perspective 3 Perspective 2 Home Case Study <ul><li>Instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Read the background on the following case study. </li></ul><ul><li>Review each perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a conclusion on the topic. </li></ul>German U-Boat Warfare
  3. 4. <ul><li>Instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Read the perspective below </li></ul><ul><li>-when finished, return to the previous page and choose another perspective. </li></ul>Perspective of a Citizen When the World War One had begun, U-boats were being introduced to warfare and battleships were improved. Citizens, like me, were prepared and were all ready for war to come. I could not trust anybody in the community. Because of the growing of nationalism and patriotism I did not know who to turn to, or who to look for in times of need because no one could be trusted. I was outraged of the fact that most of the people on the U-boats had died, was ill, or injured on the Lusitania, when the United States decided to remain neutral. We and the government decided to reply to the sinking by declaring war. We supported the US army all the way. Perspective 2 Perspective 3 Home Case Study
  4. 5. Captain Walter Schwieger Commander of U-boat U-20 (U-boat that sunk the Luistania) <ul><li>It was May 7th when U-boat, U-20, spotted The Lusitania also known as the Greyhound of the Seas. The fastest liner afloat was not running at full speed due to the fog. Nor was she taking an evasive zigzag course and was just sitting duck. At 2 PM she was in our sights and we ran on a high speed in order to converge with the large passage liner. At 3:10 we unleashed one torpedo and hit the starboard side of the ship. A heavy detonation followed with a cloud of smoke. The bridge was torn apart and fire broke out. The great steamer did not of remained above the water for very long and I did not have the heart to fire a second torpedo at the swarm of people who were trying to save themselves. At 3:30 the great liner slipped under the water taking 1,198 victims with her. Later on we found out that there were 138 Americans on that ship. </li></ul><ul><li>Read the perspective below </li></ul><ul><li>When finished return to previous page and pick another </li></ul><ul><li>perspective </li></ul> Perspective 1 Perspective 3 Home Case Study
  5. 6. Survivor of the Sussex <ul><li>Instructions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Read the perspective below. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. When finished, return to previous page and choose another perspective. </li></ul></ul>The sea was calm and the weather was good on the day of my trip on the Sussex, a French steamer. The majority of the 350 passengers aboard seemed to be civilians, most of who were woman and children, and were headed towards Dieppe. Approximately two hours in to the trip, while I was enjoying some tea in the dining saloon, I witnessed a huge explosion- a result of a torpedo attack from a German U-boat. The submarine attack occurred without any warning and was entirely unexpected. At the moment of the attack, the passengers quickly went in to panic, especially the women and children. Why had we, innocent civilians, been attacked by this German U-boat? The U.S. had It is approximated that fifty people were killed from this incident, some of which were caused by the actual torpedo and others from passengers who jumped overboard and drowned. We had given the Germans enough chances to stop the U-boat warfare and because they are continuing, it is time to take action against these unfair attacks. I believe the only way that we can get the Germans to take us seriously is to go in to war. Perspective 1 Perspective 2 Home Case Study
  6. 7. BUSINESS Case Article “ The war created 21,000 new American millionaires and during the war period, 69,000 men made more than three billion dollars over and above their normal income…” World War I certainly had many benefits for the business of the United States. Even though the entrance into war would only benefit a specific group of people greatly, those men had close relationships with President Woodrow Wilson. Wall Street especially supported U.S. involvement in the war due to the loans they had given Great Britain. If the Allies were to lose the war, then Wall Street would not be able to receive the money it had lent. Perspective 1 Perspective 4 Perspective 3 Perspective 2 Home
  7. 8. As a member of the United States government, I feel that it is our responsibility to step in and stop these harmful attacks. Submarine warfare is an attack on mankind. How can we, as a nation, sit back and allow our allies to remain under attack? Britain is mere weeks away from starvation, as no ships can reach them safely. In addition, the Germans are no longer attacking only their enemies, but neutral ships as well. Many innocent Americans have lost their lives due to these vicious attacks. How many more lives must we lose before something is done about this? We can no longer sit idly and watch this occur. I am afraid that we must intervene to relieve the world of this relentless form of war. U.S. Government Official Instructions 1. Read the following perspective Perspective 4 Perspective 3 Perspective 2 Home Case Study
  8. 9. Woodrow Wilson <ul><li>The Great War is progressing and the United State has vowed to stay neutral as long as possible and try not to get involved in this war. The list of contraband goods that can go through is getting longer and longer. Also the Ally resources are diminishing so we supply with them with the shortage of supplies. With these new demands manufactures are being bombarded with billions of dollars worth of orders. Our business relationswith the Allies are quite a proposition and therefore we need to remain neutral. </li></ul><ul><li>Read the perspective below </li></ul><ul><li>When finished return to previous page and pick another perspective </li></ul>http://www.old-picture..jpg com/united-states-history-1900s---1930s/pictures/Woodrow-Wilson-008 Perspective 1 Perspective 4 Home Perspective 3 Case Study
  9. 10. Instructions: Read the perspective below When finished, return to previous page and choose another perspective. By 1910, I was known as a financial leader on Wall Street. My relationship with President Woodrow Wilson grew tremendously when he called on me to advise him because of my understanding of the nation’s economy and industrial resources after his reelection. I, of course, was supportive and pressured Wilson in entering war because of my position in Wall Street and because of the power I would be given. Although many other reasons were given for the possibility of the U.S. entering the war, such as religion and politics, the main reason for all wars is rooted in economics. President Wilson also sent me a letter giving me permission to take control of any industry or plant. I am sure many Americans would hate to admit it, but a great cause of our entrance in to this war was the economic benefits that it would give the U.S. Perspective 1 Perspective 4 Perspective 2 Home Case Study Wall Street Journalist
  10. 11. <ul><li>Instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Read the perspective below </li></ul><ul><li>-when finished, return to the previous page and choose another </li></ul><ul><li>perspective. </li></ul>Perspective of a Woman I am a woman working in a factory. I get paid more and more as the number of munitions decreased. The community benefits from the business by providing railways to exchange goods. The business is good for women, like me, because with the increasing demand for supplies and ammo from the military our pay increases too. I would get up early in the morning to start out early at work and would work at least 9 hours a day, or some days, even longer. There are some dangers to working in the factories, such as bombings, poisons, and accidents. I usually get one day off of work in a week. The more men and boys that go off to wars, the more I have an advantage to work in replacements of the men and get paid more than usual. Perspective 1 Perspective 3 Perspective 2 Home Case Study
  11. 12. Conclusion <ul><li>Where do you stand? Why did the United States get involved in World War I? </li></ul>Home
  12. 13. Resources <ul><li>Captain Schwieger. &quot;The Sinking of the Lusitania,1915.&quot; EyeWitness to History.Com . 2007. IBS Communications Inc. 10 Dec. 2007 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuff, Robert D. &quot;Woodrow Wilson and Business-Government Relations During World War I.&quot; JSTOR . 2007. JSTOR. 16 Dec. 2007 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenberg, Ennifer. &quot;Sinking of the Lusitania.&quot; About. 2007. New York Times Company. 18 Dec. 2007 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Womens Role Munitions During World War One.&quot; IKnow Scoland. AMBIEN CR™. 17 Dec. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Fifty Lives Lost in U-Boat Attack on the Sussex.&quot; The New York Times 26 Mar. 1916. 19 Dec. 2007 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Millins, Eustace. &quot;CHAPTER EIGHT World War One [Secrets of the Federal Reserve].&quot; 19 Dec. 2007 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Bernard M. Baruch.&quot; Legacy of Leadership. South Carolina Business Hall of Fame. 19 Dec. 2007 <>. </li></ul>Home