A laser is a device that generates light by a process called STIMULATED EMISSION.
The acronym LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
Semiconducting lasers are multilayer semiconductor devices that generates a coherent beam of monochromatic light by laser action. A coherent beam resulted which all of the photons are in phase.
Definition of a laser
Emission and absorption of radiation
Fundamentals of laser operation