Som 156 hermeneutics of money handout


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SOM-156 is the sixth class in the Missional Discipleship program of SEATS Schools of Mission.
This class will examine the biblical concept of “giving” with the goal of improving our teaching & practice of giving. This class includes the Old Testament tithe system, its absence for the most part from the New Testament, & what application the tithe has for us today.
SOM-156-02 Stewardship
It will cover Stewardship as an Application of Hermeneutics of Money.
SOM-156-03 Social Business
This class will be a discussion of Muhamad Yunus’ concept of social business and how it relates to disciples and disciple-making. SEATS SOM Level 1, Track 2

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Som 156 hermeneutics of money handout

  1. 1. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   1           SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money     This  class  will  examine  the  biblical  concept  of  “giving”  with  the  goal  of  improving   our  teaching  &  practice  of  giving.   This  class  includes  the  Old  Testament  tithe  system,  its  absence  for  the  most  part   from  the  New  Testament,  &  what  application  the  tithe  has  for  us  today.   It  will  also  cover  Stewardship  as  an  Application  of  Hermeneutics  of  Money.    Introduction    Please  respond  to  the  following:   1. Its  time  for  us  to  give  the  LORDs  tithe  &  our  offerings.’’   2. God  asks  for  10%  back  &  allows  us  to  live  on  90%’’   3. Tithe  =  10%  of  our  net  income   4. Tithe  =  10%  of  our  gross  income   5. All  Christians  are  commanded  by  God  to  tithe.   6. If   everyone   tithed   in   the   church,   all   the   churchs   financial   needs   would   be   met.   7. The  first  step  in  discipleship  is  teaching  people  how  to  tithe.    Questions   1. Should  Christians  tithe  money  to  the  church?   2. How  much  are  Christians  required  to  tithe?   3. How  does  the  tithe  relate  to  the  Christian  faith?   4. How  are  tithes  &  offerings  different?  Prove  it  biblically!    The  Tithe.      The  tithe,  a  one-­‐1/10  offering  of  the  first  &  best  of  one’s  income  from  the  Promised  Land,  is  merely  one  aspect  of  giving  in  the  Old  Testament.    The  law  taught  3  tithes  totaling  about  23.3%  of  one’s  income    In  both  OT  &  NT  tithers  are  called  beyond  tithing  to  mercy,  justice  &  freewill  giving  in   response   to   God’s   grace   (2   Corinthians   9:7).   Faithful   tithing   can   even   mask  selfishness  or  legalism.    Some   Christians   can   &   should   give   far   more   than   10%,   so   mere   tithing   becomes   a  tool  to  avoid  the  more  difficult  pursuit  of  justice  &  mercy  with  our  wealth.      Mt   23:23   (Lk   11:42)   –   "How   horrible   it   will   be   for   you,   scribes   &   Pharisees!   You  hypocrites!   You   give   God   1/10   of   your   mint,   dill,   &   cumin.   But   you   have   neglected  justice,   mercy,   &   faithfulness.   These   are   the   most   important   things   in   Moses  Teachings.  You  should  have  done  these  things  without  neglecting  the  others.”    
  2. 2. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   2  God’s  Standard  God’s  standard  for  our  generosity  is  not  a  percentage;  it  is  obedience  to  the  radical  command   to   love   others   as   we   love   ourselves,   imitating   the   pattern   of   Jesus’   radical  sacrifice  on  our  behalf  (2  Corinthians  8:9;  John  13:34;  1  John  3:16-­‐18).    There  are  3  tithes  in  the  OT    2   every   year   &   a   third   every   third   year,   or   an   average   of   23.3%   of   one’s   annual  produce  from  the  land.      3  Tithes  in  OT:  1st  Tithe  –  LORD’s  Tithe    Le  27:30-­‐33  –  “1/10  of  what  comes  from  the  land,  whether  grain  or  fruit,  is  holy  &  belongs   to   the   LORD.   If   you   buy   back   any   part   of   it,   you   must   add   1/5   more   to   it.  Every  1/10  head  of  cattle  or  sheep  that  you  counted  is  holy  &  belongs  to  the  LORD.  You  must  not  look  to  see  if  it  is  good  or  bad  or  exchange  it.  But  if  you  do  exchange  it,  both  the  1st  animal  &  its  substitute  will  be  holy.  They  cannot  be  bought  back.”  Nu   18:21-­‐32   –   “I   am   giving   the   Levites   1/10   of   every   Israelites   income.   This   is   in  return  for  the  work  they  do  at  the  tent  of  meeting.  The  other  Israelites  must  never  again   come   near   the   tent   of   meeting.   Otherwise,   theyll   suffer   the   consequences   of  their   sin   &   die.   Only   the   Levites   will   do   the   work   at   the   tent   of   meeting.   They   will   be  responsible   for   their   own   sins.   This   is   a   permanent   law   for   future   generations.   They  will  own  no  property  as  the  other  Israelites  will.  Instead,  I  will  give  the  Levites  what  the  Israelites  contribute  to  the  LORD—1/10  of  the  Israelites  income.  This  is  why  I  said  about  them,  They  will  own  no  property  as  the  other  Israelites  do."  The  LORD  said   to   Moses,   "Speak   to   the   Levites   &   say   to   them:   You   will   take   1/10   of   the  Israelites   income   which   Im   giving   you   as   your   property.   When   you   do,   you   must  contribute   1/10   of   that   income   as   your   contribution   to   the   LORD.   Your   contribution  will  be  considered  to  be  grain  from  the  threshing  floor  or  juice  from  the  winepress.  So   you,   too,   will   contribute   1/10   of   your   income   to   the   LORD   out   of   all   that   you  receive   from   the   Israelites   income.   You   will   give   the   LORDs   contribution   to   the  priest  Aaron.”  De  12:6  –  “Bring  him  your  burnt  offerings,  your  sacrifices,  1/10  of  your  income,  your  contributions,  the  offerings  you  vow  to  bring,  your  freewill  offerings,  &  the  firstborn  of  your  cattle,  sheep,  &  goats.”    3  Tithes  in  OT:  2nd  Tithe  –  Festival  Tithe    De   14:22-­‐29   –   “Every   year   be   sure   to   save   1/10   of   the   crops   harvested   from  whatever  you  plant  in  your  fields.  Eat  the  1/10  of  your  grain,  new  wine,  &  olive  oil,  &  eat  the  firstborn  of  your  cattle,  sheep,  &  goats  in  the  presence  of  the  LORD  your  God  in  the  place  he  will  choose  to  put  his  name.  Then  you  will  learn  to  fear  the  LORD  your  God  as  long  as  you  live.  But  the  place  the  LORD  your  God  will  choose  to  put  his  name   may   be   too   far   away.   He   may   bless   you   with   so   much   that   you   cant   carry   a  1/10  of  your  income  that  far.  If  so,  exchange  the  1/10  part  of  your  income  for  silver.  Take  the  silver  with  you,  &  go  to  the  place  the  LORD  your  God  will  choose.  Use  the  
  3. 3. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   3  silver   to   buy   whatever   you   want:   cattle,   sheep,   goats,   wine,   liquor—whatever   you  choose.   Then   you   &   your   family   will   eat   &   enjoy   yourselves   there   in   the   presence   of  the  LORD  your  God.  Never  forget  to  take  care  of  the  Levites  who  live  in  your  cities.  They  have  no  land  of  their  own  as  you  have.      3  Tithes  in  OT:  3rd  Tithe  –Tithe  for  the  Poor    De  14:28-­‐29  –  At  the  end  of  every  third  year  bring  a  1/10  of  that  years  crop,  &  store  it  in  your  cities.  Foreigners,  orphans,  &  widows  who  live  in  your  cities  may  come  to  eat  all  they  want.  The  Levites  may  also  come  because  they  have  no  land  of  their  own  as  you  have.  Then  the  LORD  your  God  will  bless  you  in  whatever  work  you  do.”  3  Tithes  in  OT:  3rd  Tithe  –Tithe  for  the  Poor  De   26:12   –   “Every   3rd   year   is   the   year   when   you   will   store   a   1/10   of   that   years  crops   in   your   houses.   During   that   year   distribute   what   you   have   stored   to   the  Levites,  foreigners,  orphans,  &  widows  in  your  cities,  &  they  may  eat  all  they  want.”    Other  OT  Giving    There   was   also   provision   for   freewill   offerings   &   personal   giving   above   &   beyond  the  tithe,  so  that  the  tithe  never  stood  alone.      Tithes  were  given  by  the  patriarchs    • Abraham  (Genesis  14:17-­‐20)  • Jacob  (Genesis  28:22);      Moses’  Law.  • A   system   of   tithes   was   instituted   in   the   law   of   God   given   through   Moses  (Deuteronomy  12;  14;  26);      The  Prophets.  • The  prophets  rebuked  the  children  of  Israel  for  failing  to  give  the  tithe  to  God  (Malachi  3:8).      The  Tithe  &  the  New  Testament.    The   idea   of   the   tithe   is   still   present   in   the   New   Testament   (Matthew   23:23),   but   it   is  never  explicitly  applied  to  believers.  Instead,  almost  all  Christians  are  called  to  more  extravagant   freewill   giving   in   response   to   the   gospel   of   the   Lord   Jesus,   based   on  faith  in  God  as  provider  (2  Corinthians  9:6-­‐10).    Jesus  &  the  Tithe    1.   Jesus   commands   us   to   love   God   with   all   we   have   &   to   love   our   neighbor—even  our  enemies—as  we  love  ourselves,  just  as  He  did.  Our  giving  is  based  upon  this  gift  of  Jesus.  
  4. 4. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   4  Mt   22:37-­‐40   –   “Jesus   answered   him,   "Love   the   Lord   your   God   with   all   your   heart,  with   all   your   soul,   &   with   all   your   mind.   This   is   the   greatest   &   most   important  commandment.  The  second  is  like  it:  Love  your  neighbor  as  you  love  yourself.  All  of  Moses  Teachings  &  the  Prophets  depend  on  these  two  commandments.”  2Co  8:9  –  “You  know  about  the  kindness  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ.  He  was  rich,  yet  for  your  sake  he  became  poor  in  order  to  make  you  rich  through  his  poverty.”  1Jo  3:16-­‐19  –  “We  understand  what  love  is  when  we  realize  that  Christ  gave  his  life  for   us.   That   means   we   must   give   our   lives   for   other   believers.   Now,   suppose   a  person  has  enough  to  live  on  &  notices  another  believer  in  need.  How  can  Gods  love  be  in  that  person  if  he  doesnt  bother  to  help  the  other  believer?  Dear  children,  we  must  show  love  through  actions  that  are  sincere,  not  through  empty  words.  This  is  how   we   will   know   that   we   belong   to   the   truth   &   how   we   will   be   reassured   in   his  presence.”    2.  Jesus  does  refer  to  the  tithe  sometimes  but  never  with  the  goal  of  applying  it  to  the  lives  of  Christians.      Mt   23:23   (Lk   11:42)   –   "How   horrible   it   will   be   for   you,   scribes   &   Pharisees!   You  hypocrites!   You   give   God   1/10   of   your   mint,   dill,   &   cumin.   But   you   have   neglected  justice,   mercy,   &   faithfulness.   These   are   the   most   important   things   in   Moses  Teachings.  You  should  have  done  these  things  without  neglecting  the  others.”  In  fact,  Jesus,  on  one  occasion,  reprimands  rich  people  from  merely  giving  tithes  but  praises  a  poor  woman  for  giving  all  she  had.    Luke  21:1-­‐4  –  Looking  up,  Jesus  saw  people,  especially  the  rich,  dropping  their  gifts  into  the  temple-­‐offering  box.  He  noticed  a  poor  widow  drop  in  two  small  coins.  He  said,  "I  can  guarantee  this  truth:  This  poor  widow  has  given  more  than  all  the  others.  
  5. 5. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   5  All   of   these   people   have   given   what   they   could   spare.   But   she,   in   her   poverty,   has  given  everything  she  had  to  live  on."    Matthew  5:17-­‐20  Dont  ever  think  that  I  came  to  set  aside  Moses  Teachings  or  the  Prophets.  I  didnt  come  to  set  them  aside  but  to  make  them  come  true.  I  can  guarantee  this  truth:  Until  the   earth   &   the   heavens   disappear,   neither   a   period   nor   a   comma   will   disappear  from  Moses  Teachings  before  everything  has  come  true.  So  whoever  sets  aside  any  command   that   seems   unimportant   &   teaches   others   to   do   the   same   will   be  unimportant   in   the   kingdom   of   heaven.   But   whoever   does   &   teaches   what   the  commands   say   will   be   called   great   in   the   kingdom   of   heaven.   I   can   guarantee   that  unless   you   live   a   life   that   has   Gods   approval   &   do   it   more   faithfully   than   the   scribes  &  Pharisees,  you  will  never  enter  the  kingdom  of  heaven.      What  the  New  Testament  says  about  Giving    There   are   2   passages   that   we   will   look   at   the   will   help   us   understand   what   giving   as  Christians  should  look  like.      But   before   we   look   there   we   need   to   realise   that   salvation   in   Jesus   is   not   dependent  upon  Law  but  upon  grace.  Time  &  time  again  the  Bible  teaches  us  that  Jesus  is  the  only  way  to  salvation,  that  he  is  the  light  of  the  world,  that  he  is  the  bread  of  life,  that  he  is  the  door,  that  he  is  the  true  shepherd.      The   Bible   also   teaches   us   that   following   the   law   does   not   save   us   &   that   all   of   our  obedience  must  be  in  response  to  what  Jesus  has  done  for  us.      Romans  12:1      “Brothers   &   sisters,   in   view   of   all   we   have   just   shared   about   Gods   compassion,   I  encourage  you  to  offer  your  bodies  as  living  sacrifices,  dedicated  to  God  &  pleasing  to  him.  This  kind  of  worship  is  appropriate  for  you.”    Romans  starts  out  talking  about  the  wrath  of  God  being  revealed  “…  against  every  ungodly   &   immoral   thing   people   do   as   they   try   to   suppress   the   truth   by   their  immoral  living”  (Ro  1:18).  But  it  would  be  a  mistake  to  think  that  the  book  is  only  about  God’s  wrath.      In   fact,   when   we   get   to   Romans   12   we   find   that,   in   fact,   Paul   has   been   discussion  God’s   mercy   as   reflected   in   the   salvation   Jesus   brings   to   us.   Chapter   12   is   the  beginning  of  what  we  can  give  back  to  God.      Notice  that  we  are  encouraged  to  not  give  merely  10%  of  our  money,  or  a  small  part  of   our   lives   –   we   are   encouraged   to   give   our   lives   themselves!   And,   after   all,   what  else  can  we  do,  in  light  of  the  fact  that  Jesus  has  done  so  much  for  us?    2  Corinthians  9:6-­‐10  –    
  6. 6. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   6  “Remember  this:  The  farmer  who  plants  a  few  seeds  will  have  a  very  small  harvest.  But   the   farmer   who   plants   because   he   has   received   Gods   blessings   will   receive   a  harvest   of   Gods   blessings   in   return.   Each   of   you   should   give   whatever   you   have  decided.  You  shouldnt  be  sorry  that  you  gave  or  feel  forced  to  give,  since  God  loves  a   cheerful   giver.   Besides,   God   will   give   you   his   constantly   overflowing   kindness.  Then,   when   you   always   have   everything   you   need,   you   can   do   more   &   more   good  things.   Scripture   says,   "The   righteous   person   gives   freely   to   the   poor.   His  righteousness   continues   forever."   God   gives   seed   to   the   farmer   &   food   to   those   who  need  to  eat.  God  will  also  give  you  seed  &  multiply  it.  In  your  lives  he  will  increase  the  things  you  do  that  have  his  approval.”    This  is  the  verse  that  provides  the  NT’s  answer  to  the  OT’s  tithe.  (It  is  also  a  verse  that   makes   church   leaders   nervous   because   it   doesn’t   specify   any   amount   that   is  required  from  Christians.)  Note  that  in  these  verses  it  is  my  heart  that  determines  what  I  will  give,  not  the  law.  It  is  truly  generosity  that  motivates  us.    Principles  of  New  Testament  Giving1       Principle   Description   Location   1   Systematic   Give  on  a  regular  basis,  that  is,  weekly,   1Co  16:1   bi-­‐  monthly,  monthly,  etc.   2   Proportional   Give  as  you  have  been  prospered;   1Co  16:2;  2Co  8:2–3   according  to  your  ability   3   Sacrificial,   Give  generously,  even  sacrificially,  but   2Co  8:2–3;  Phil  4:17– Generous   not  to  the  point  of  personal  affliction   18   4   Intentional   Give  deliberately  in  order  to  meet  a   2Co  8:4;  Phil  4:16   genuine  need,  not  out  of  guilt  merely   to  soothe  a  pressing  request   5   Motivation   Our  motivation  for  giving  should  be     love  for  others,  a  desire  for  reciprocity,   and  an  eye  to  the  reward  from  God     a.  Love   As  Jesus  died  for  the  sins  of  others,   2Co  8:9   believers  should  give  of  themselves   out  of  love     b.  Equality   Believers  are  to  give  so  that  all  needs   1Co  9:14–15;  2Co   are  met   8:12–14;  cf.  Ga  6:6     c.  Blessing   Give  in  order  to  receive  more  from  God   2Co  9:6   so  that  you  can  continue  to  bless   others  generously   6   Cheerful   God  loves  a  cheerful  giver   2Co  9:7                                                                                                                  1   ANDREAS   J.   KÖSTENBERGER   and   DAVID   A.   CROTEAU,   Reconstructing   a   Biblical  Model   for   Giving:   A   Discussion   of   Relevant   Systematic   Issues   and   New   Testament  Principles,   SOUTHEASTERN   BAPTIST   THEOLOGICAL   SEMINARY   (Wake   Forest,   NC:  August  2010),  21-­‐22.  
  7. 7. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   7   7   Voluntary   Giving  ought  to  be  done  out  of  one’s   2Co  8:2–3,  8;  9:7;  Phil   free  volition   4:18      Is   it   give   and   God   will   do   great   things   for   you   or   give   because   God   has   done   great  things  for  you?  (ie.  Salvation)  Social Business1. Regular Business Model2. Social Business Defined“A kind of business dedicated to solving social, economic, and environmental problemsthat have long plagued humankind – hunger, homelessness, disease, pollution,ignorance.”2“Investor aims to help others without making any financial gain for himself.”3                                                                                                                2  Muhammad  Yunus,  Building  Social  Business:  The  New  Kind  of  Capitalism  that  Serves  Humanitys  Most  Pressing  Needs,  First  Edition  (New  York:  PublicAffairs,  2010),  vii.  3  Yunus,  xvii.  
  8. 8. SOM-­‐156  Hermeneutics  of  Money   8  3. May business ang church to support the ministry vs May business ang mga miyembroto support the ministryAssignment1.How do you view tithing? Do you agree with the teacher’s idea that tithing is notapplicable Christians?2.How would you go about teaching generosity to your church?3.How will you be generous this week? With whom?4.What parts of you can you give to God that you have been holding back? (Romans12:1)