What is a verb?Verbs are words that show an action: Mr. Fromwiller hopped, skipped, and ran down the street. a state of being: His name is Austin. He has 3 brothers.An occurrence/happening: Snow glistened on the tree tops. The blackout occurred after midnight.
Verbs You CAN NOT have a complete sentence without a verb. Every sentence must have subject and a predicate (or verb): Example: Willran. Subject- Will Predicate (verb) - Ran She ate. Subject- Predicate (verb)- Sarah drove. Subject- Predicate (verb)-
Action Verbs An action verb names an action OR something that is happening in the sentence. It may contain more that one word. Example: Mrs. Miller has visited South Africa. An action verb is often followed by a noun that receives the action of the verb. This noun is call the direct object. What is the direct object in the sentence above? ______________________
The words below are actionverbs: atecough asleep sang ride ranInsert the word “to” in front of the verbto test if it is an action. If it shows actionusing “to” then it is an action verb.
ActionVerbs Circle the action verbs in the following paragraph: Sports experts write about the football player Jim Thorpe even today. Thorpe blocked like a tank. He tackled like a tornado. In every game Thorpe attacked his opponents with all his might. He caught the ball skillfully and charged ahead fearlessly. Experts still remember and honor Thorpe’s greatness.
Action Verbs How did we do? Check your work. Sports experts write about the football player Jim Thorpe even today. Thorpe blocked like a tank. He tackled like a tornado. In every game Thorpe attacked his opponents with all his might. He caught the ball skillfully and charged ahead fearlessly. Experts still remember and honor Thorpe’s greatness.
Transitive Verbs Not all action verbs take direct objects. Transitive verbs have direct objects. Direct objects receive the action of a verb. It answers the question whom? or what? after an action verb. Action Verb Direct Object what?The cross country team runs the race.
Intransitive Verbs If an action verb does not have a direct object then the verb is intransitive. Action Verb Mr. Burns sings well. In the above sentence , well does not answer the question whom? or what?. Therefore the verb is intransitive.
Intransitive or transitive?Which sentence uses the action verb readas intransitive? Which sentence uses readas transitive?Mrs. O’Toole read a book about science.Mrs. O’Toole read in a great hurry.
Intransitive or Transitive?Mrs. O’Toole read a book about science. TRANSITIVE Read what a bookMrs. O’Toole read in a great hurry. Intransitive Does not answer what? Or whom? No Direct object.
DAY 1 Activity Usingnewspaper articles from The Chagrin Valley Times, look for sentence examples that contain an action verb and a direct object. Highlight the action verb and underline the direct object. Cut out the sentence and glue to construction paper. Find 5 sentences in class and complete 5 for homework.
Indirect ObjectsAdirect object answers the question whom? Or what? An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that answers the question to whom? Or for whom? the action was done.
subj. action verb direct obj.Mrs. Cingcade brought donuts. subj. action verb indirect obj direct obj.Mrs. Miller brought me donuts.
Indirect Objects Indirect Objects appear only in sentences that have a direct object.CLUES to help you find indirect objects The indirect object always comes before the direct object If you add the word for or to in front of the indirect object, the sentence still makes sense. Example: Sarah brought her friends cupcakes. Sarah brought cupcakes for her friends.
subject action verb indirect object direct objectMrs. Horn showed the class her new glasses.Mrs. Horn showed her new glasses to whom? Mr. Miller gave Mr. Malloy a pizza. Mr. Miller gave a pizza to whom?
It’s important to remember: Youcan never have an indirect object without a direct objectBUT…… YouCAN have a direct object without and indirect object
Activity Day 2We will complete page 10together. Homework will beworksheet page 11.
Linking Verbs and Predicate WordsA linking verb connects or links the subject of a sentence with a noun or adjective in the predicate. Mr. Okeafer is a teacher. LINKING VERBIS connects Mr. Okeafer (subject) to teacher(noun in the predicate).
Linking VerbsExamples: Mr. Fender became the assistant principal. Became connects the subject Mr. Fender to what? Predicate Noun: Assistant Principal Elijah is eleven years old. Is connects the subject Elijah to what? Predicate adjective: Eleven
Linking Verbs The most common linking verb is the verb to be. Other common linking verbs are forms of: to become to seem to appear to look to feel to sound to taste to smell to grow
Linking Verbs BE CAREFUL!!! Some linking verbs can also be used as action verbs. EXAMPLES: Mrs. Cingcade grows tired. LINKING VERB Grows in this sentence shows a state of being Mrs. Cingcade grows tomatoes. ACTION VERB Grows in the second example shows an action or something happening to grow.
Linking Verbs and Predicate Words A predicate noun is a noun (person, place, or thing) that follows a linking verb and tells what the subject is. A predicate adjective is an adjective (describing word) that follows a linking verb and tells what the subject is like.
Predicate Nouns & Adjectives Predicate Noun: United States is a country. Predicate Adjective: United States is scenic.
Linking Verb Song(To the Tune of London Bridges FallingDown) Am, are, is, was, were (and) be Forms of be Forms of be Taste, smell, sound, seem, look, feel, say Become, grow, appear, remain
Present, Past, and FutureTensesA verb changes its form to show tense and to agree with its subject. Thetense of a verb tells when the action takes place.
Present Tense Thepresent tense of a verb names an action that happens regulary or is happening at this moment. usually form the present tense by You adding –s to the base form. Some may end in –es or –iessleeps cries splashes
Present Tense FormsSingular Plural.I visit. We visit.You visit. You visit.He, she, or it visits. They visit.
Past and Future Tense Thepast tense of a verb names an action that already happened. Form the past tense of most verbs by adding –ed to the base form of the verb. Some may end in –d or -ied EXAMPLE: The people in the town constructed the schools.clapped played tried
Past and Future Tense Thefuture tense of a verb names an action that will take place in the future. Form the future tense by adding the helping verb will or shall to the base form of the verb. EXAMPLE: Many 8th graders will go to Washington, D.C. this year.
Activity Day 4 Watch Video to review Do Activity
Main Verbs and HelpingVerbs Verbs have four principal parts. The chart below shows the principal parts of the verb learn Base Form Present Past Form Past Participle Participle Learn Learning Learned Learned Theprincipal parts of a verb can be combined with helping verbs to form verb phrases.
Main Verbs and HelpingVerbsA helping verb is a verb that helps the main verb tell about an action or make a statement. It helps tell when the action is taking place You will only have a helping verb when there is an action verb in the sentence that it is paired with in a phrase.A verb phrase consists of one or more helping verbs followed by the main verb (action verb)
Main Verbs and Helping Verbs The most common helping verbs are be and have. The helping verb be makes a verb phrase with the present participle of a main verb. Be and the Present Participle Present Past Singular Plural Singular Plural I am learning. We are learning. I was learning, We were learning.You are learning. You are learning. You were learning. You were learning. She is learning. They are learning He was learning. They were learning.
Main Verbs and Helping Verbs The helping verb have makes a verb phrase with the past participle of the main verb. Have and the Past Participle Present Past Singular Plural Singular Plural I have learned. We have learned. We have learned. We had learned.You have learned. You have learned. You had learned. You had learned.She has learned. They have learned. He had learned. They had learned
Present and Past ProgressiveForms Thepresent tense of a verb names an action that occurs regularly. To describe an action that is continuing, use the present progressive form of the verb. The present progressive form of a verb tells about an action that is continuing right now. Example: The students are listening to a story.
Present and Past ProgressiveForms The present progressive form of a verb consists of the present participle of the main verb and the helping verb am, are, or is. Present Progressive Form Singular PluralI am singing. We are singing.You are singing. You are singing.He, she, or it is singing. They are singing.
Present and Past ProgressiveForms The past tense describes an action that was started and completed in the past. To describe an action going on some time in the past, use the past progressive form. The past progressive form of a verb names an action that continued for some time in the past.Example: The girls were singing a Justin Bieber song.
Present and Past ProgressiveForms The past progressive form of a verb consists of the present participle and the helping verb was or were. Past Progressive Form Singular PluralI was singing. We were singing.You were singing. You were singing.He, she, or it was singing. They were singing.
Present and Past ProgressiveForms Day 6 activity
Perfect Tenses Thepresent perfect tense of a verb tells about something that happened at an indefinite time in the past. It also tells about an action that happened in the past and is still happening now. Example: Matt has collected baseball cards for years. *In this sentence, Matt began collecting baseball cards sometime in the past and still collects it.
Perfect Tenses The present perfect tense of a verb consists of the helping verb have or has followed by the past participle of the main verb. Present Perfect Form Singular PluralI have collected. We have collected.You have collected. You have collected.He, she, or it has collected. They have collected.
Perfect Tenses Thepast perfect tense of a verb names an action that happened before another action or event in the past.Example:Before her last birthday, Samantha had collected only movies. *In this sentence, Samantha started and finished collecting movies before another event that also occurred in the past, her last birthday.*
Perfect Tenses The past perfect tense of a verb consists of the helping verb had and the past participle of the main verb. Past Perfect Form Singular PluralI had started. We had started.You had started. You had started.He, she, or it had started. They had started.
Irregular Verbs Irregular verbs do not form their past and past participle by adding the ending –ed. Theirregular verbs are grouped according to how their past and past participle are formed. See next slide
Irregular Verbs Pattern Base Form Past Form Past Participle One vowel begin, drink, began, drank, begun, drunk, changes to ring, shrink, rang, shrank or rung, shrunk, form the past sing, spring, shrunk, sang, sung, sprung, and past and swim sprang or sprung, swum the participle swamThe past form bring, buy brought, bought brought, boughtand the past catch, feel caught, felt caught, feltparticiple are get, keep, got, kept got/gotten, keptthe same. lay, lead, laid, led laid, led leave, lend left, lent left, lent lose, make lost, made, lost, made pay, say paid, said paid, said seek, sell sought, sold sought, sold sit, sleep sat, slept sat, slept swing, teach swung, taught swung, taught think, win thought, won thought, won
More Irregular Verbs Pattern Base Form Past Form Past Participle The base form become became become and the past come came come participle are run ran run the sameThe past form blow blew blownends in –ew draw drew drawnand the past fly flew flownparticiple ends grow grew grownin -wn know knew known throw threw thrownThe past bite, break bit, broke bitten/bit, brokenparticiple ends choose, drive chose, drove chosen, drivenin -en eat, fall ate, fell eaten, fallen give, ride gave, rode given, ridden rise, see rose, saw risen, seen speak, steal spoke, stole spoken, stolen take, write took, wrote taken, written
More Irregular Verbs cont. Pattern Base Form Past Form Past Participle The past form be (am, are, is) was, were been and the past do did done participle do go went gonenot follow any tear tore torn pattern wear wore wornThe base burst burst burstform, past cut cut cutform, and let let letpast put put putparticiple areall the same