VERBS
<ul><li>The verb is the king in English ! </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>The shortest sentence contains a verb. ...
<ul><li>Verbs are sometimes described as </li></ul><ul><li>“ action words” </li></ul><ul><li>This is partly true. </li></u...
<ul><li>BUT ! </li></ul><ul><li>Some verbs do not give the idea of </li></ul><ul><li>action; </li></ul><ul><li>they give t...
<ul><li>A verb always has a subject. </li></ul><ul><li>John speaks English. </li></ul><ul><li>John  is the subject. </li><...
<ul><li>There is something very special about </li></ul><ul><li>verbs in English. </li></ul><ul><li>Most other words ( adj...
<ul><li>to work </li></ul><ul><li>work </li></ul><ul><li>works </li></ul><ul><li>worked </li></ul><ul><li>working </li></ul>
<ul><li>VERB CLASSIFICATION. </li></ul><ul><li>1.Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Main Verbs. </li></ul>
<ul><li>HELPING VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>I  can </li></ul><ul><li>People  must </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth  will </li></ul>...
<ul><li>We usually use Helping Verbs with Main Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>They “help” the main verb. </li></ul><ul><li>In th...
<ul><li>We divide Helping Verbs  into two basic groups: </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Helping Verbs   </li></ul><ul><li>Modal ...
<ul><li>Here we will talk about be, do and have as Primary Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>We use them in the following c...
<ul><li>** HAVE </li></ul><ul><li>to make perfect tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>I  have  finished my homework. </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>2)Modal Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>We use modal Helping Verbs  </li></ul><ul><li>* to “modify” the meaning o...
<ul><li>The following are the modal verbs : </li></ul><ul><li>can, could </li></ul><ul><li>May, might </li></ul><ul><li>Wi...
<ul><li>I  can’t  speak Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>John  may  arrive late. </li></ul><ul><li>Would  you like a cup of coff...
<ul><li>MAIN VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>Main verbs have meaning on their own. </li></ul><ul><li>There are thousands of main v...
<ul><li>Transitive and Intransitive Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Transitive. </li></ul><ul><li>It takes a direct object </li><...
<ul><li>Speak </li></ul><ul><li>Transitive: </li></ul><ul><li>She speaks English. </li></ul><ul><li>Intransitive: </li></u...
<ul><li>LINKING VERBS. </li></ul><ul><li>*A linking verb does not have much meaning in itself. </li></ul><ul><li>*It “link...
<ul><li>Linking verbs are always Intransitive  but not all intransitive verbs are linking verbs. </li></ul>
<ul><li>DYNAMIC AND STATIVE VERBS. </li></ul><ul><li>DYNAMIC. </li></ul><ul><li>They describe action. </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
<ul><li>STATIVE. </li></ul><ul><li>They describe state (non- action, a situation) </li></ul><ul><li>They are called “stati...
<ul><li>REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS. </li></ul><ul><li>The main difference between them is that they have different ending...
<ul><li>REGULAR VERBS: </li></ul><ul><li>LOOK – LOOKED – LOOKED </li></ul><ul><li>WORK- WORKED-WORKED </li></ul><ul><li>IR...
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Verbs

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Verbs

  1. 1. VERBS
  2. 2. <ul><li>The verb is the king in English ! </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>The shortest sentence contains a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>You can make a one-word sentence with </li></ul><ul><li>a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Stop! </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot make a one-word sentence </li></ul><ul><li>with any other type of word. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Verbs are sometimes described as </li></ul><ul><li>“ action words” </li></ul><ul><li>This is partly true. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Many verbs give the idea of action of “doing” </li></ul><ul><li>something. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>run , fight , do , and work </li></ul><ul><li>They convey the idea of action. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>BUT ! </li></ul><ul><li>Some verbs do not give the idea of </li></ul><ul><li>action; </li></ul><ul><li>they give the idea of existence , </li></ul><ul><li>of state , of “being”. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>be , exist , seem ,and belong. </li></ul><ul><li>They all convey the idea of state. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A verb always has a subject. </li></ul><ul><li>John speaks English. </li></ul><ul><li>John is the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Speaks is the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs are words that tell us what a subject does or is . </li></ul><ul><li>They describe ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>Martin plays football </li></ul><ul><li>They describe STATE </li></ul><ul><li>Anthony seems kind. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>There is something very special about </li></ul><ul><li>verbs in English. </li></ul><ul><li>Most other words ( adjectives, adverbs, </li></ul><ul><li>prepositions,etc) do not change in form. </li></ul><ul><li>But almost all verbs change in form . </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the verb TO WORK has </li></ul><ul><li>five forms. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>to work </li></ul><ul><li>work </li></ul><ul><li>works </li></ul><ul><li>worked </li></ul><ul><li>working </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>VERB CLASSIFICATION. </li></ul><ul><li>1.Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Main Verbs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>HELPING VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>I can </li></ul><ul><li>People must </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth will </li></ul><ul><li>They do not have meaning on their own. </li></ul><ul><li>They are necessary for the grammatical structure of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>They do not tell us very much alone. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>We usually use Helping Verbs with Main Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>They “help” the main verb. </li></ul><ul><li>In the examples </li></ul><ul><li>I can </li></ul><ul><li>People must </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth will </li></ul><ul><li>These sentence are incomplete. </li></ul><ul><li>They need at least a main verb to complete </li></ul><ul><li>them. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>We divide Helping Verbs into two basic groups: </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Helping Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Modal Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>1)Primary Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the verbs be , do , and have . </li></ul><ul><li>Note that we can use these three helping </li></ul><ul><li>verbs as Helping Verbs or as Main Verbs. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Here we will talk about be, do and have as Primary Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>We use them in the following cases: </li></ul><ul><li>* Be </li></ul><ul><li>To make continuous tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>He is watching TV. </li></ul><ul><li>To make the passive. </li></ul><ul><li>Small fish are eaten by big fish. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>** HAVE </li></ul><ul><li>to make perfect tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>I have finished my homework. </li></ul><ul><li>** DO </li></ul><ul><li>to make negatives. </li></ul><ul><li>I do not like you. </li></ul><ul><li>to ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you want some coffee? </li></ul><ul><li>to show emphasis. </li></ul><ul><li>I do want you to pass your exam. </li></ul><ul><li>to stand for a main verb in some constructions . </li></ul><ul><li>He speaks faster than she does . </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>2)Modal Helping Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>We use modal Helping Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>* to “modify” the meaning of the main verb in some way. </li></ul><ul><li>*to express necessity or possibility and changes the main verb in that sense. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The following are the modal verbs : </li></ul><ul><li>can, could </li></ul><ul><li>May, might </li></ul><ul><li>Will, would </li></ul><ul><li>Shall, should </li></ul><ul><li>Must </li></ul><ul><li>Ought to </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>I can’t speak Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>John may arrive late. </li></ul><ul><li>Would you like a cup of coffee? </li></ul><ul><li>You should see a doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>I really must go now. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>MAIN VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>Main verbs have meaning on their own. </li></ul><ul><li>There are thousands of main verbs, and we can classify them in several ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Transitive and Intransitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Linking Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic and Stative. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular and Irregular. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Transitive and Intransitive Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Transitive. </li></ul><ul><li>It takes a direct object </li></ul><ul><li>Somebody killed the President. </li></ul><ul><li>Intransitive. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not have a direct object. </li></ul><ul><li>He has arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>Many verbs, like speak , can be transitive or </li></ul><ul><li>Intransitive. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Speak </li></ul><ul><li>Transitive: </li></ul><ul><li>She speaks English. </li></ul><ul><li>Intransitive: </li></ul><ul><li>She speaks fast. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>LINKING VERBS. </li></ul><ul><li>*A linking verb does not have much meaning in itself. </li></ul><ul><li>*It “links” the subject to waht is said about the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>*Usually a linking verb shows equality </li></ul><ul><li>(Mary is a teacher) or </li></ul><ul><li>*A change to a different state or place . </li></ul><ul><li>( The sky became dark) </li></ul><ul><li>*Linking verbs are always Intransitive ( but not all intransitive verbs are linking verbs) </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Linking verbs are always Intransitive but not all intransitive verbs are linking verbs. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>DYNAMIC AND STATIVE VERBS. </li></ul><ul><li>DYNAMIC. </li></ul><ul><li>They describe action. </li></ul><ul><li>They are called “dynamic”. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be used with continuous tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Hit </li></ul><ul><li>Explode </li></ul><ul><li>Fight </li></ul><ul><li>Run </li></ul><ul><li>Go </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>STATIVE. </li></ul><ul><li>They describe state (non- action, a situation) </li></ul><ul><li>They are called “stative” and cannot normally be used with continuous tenses (though) some of them can be used with continuous tenses with a change in meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Be, like,love,prefer,wish,impress,please,surprise,hear,see,sound,belong to, consist of, contain, include, need,appear,resemble,seem. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS. </li></ul><ul><li>The main difference between them is that they have different endings for their past tense and past participle forms. </li></ul><ul><li>For Regular Verbs, the past tense ending and past participle ending is always the same – ED. </li></ul><ul><li>For Irregular Verbs, the past tense ending and the past participle ending is variable. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>REGULAR VERBS: </li></ul><ul><li>LOOK – LOOKED – LOOKED </li></ul><ul><li>WORK- WORKED-WORKED </li></ul><ul><li>IRREGULAR VERBS: </li></ul><ul><li>BUY –BOUGHT- BOUGHT </li></ul><ul><li>CUT-CUT-CUT </li></ul><ul><li>DO-DID-DONE </li></ul>

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