Z E R O C O N D I T I O N A L
F I R S T C O N D I T I O N A L
S E C O N D C O N D I T I O N A L
T H I R D C O N D I T I O ...
ZERO CONDITIONAL
FORM
 If + present simple, present simple
If I go to bed late, I always feel tired the
next day
 Presen...
USE
 To describe something that is generally true
 We can use if and when with similar meaning
FIRST CONDITIONAL
FORM
If +PRESENT SIMPLE, FUTURE
If it’s hot tomorrow, we’ll go to the beach
FUTURE If +PRESENT SIMPLE
We...
FIRST CONDITIONAL
USE
 To talk about something that is going to happen in
the future. It is very possible.
 In the secon...
SECOND CONDITIONAL
FORM
If PAST SIMPLE, WOULD+INFINITIVE
If she changed her job, she would be happier
WOULD + INFINITIVE I...
SECOND CONDITIONAL
USE
 To talk about the present when the event in the if-
clause is not true. (hypothetical situations)...
THIRD CONDITIONAL
FORM
If PAST PERFECT, WOULD+PERFECT INFINITIVE
If she had come earlier, she would have got the bus
WOULD...
THIRD CONDITIONAL
USE
 It refers to the past, a past situation that didn’t take
place, never happened
MIXED CONDITIONALS
FORM
3rd 2nd
If + PAST PERFEC WOULD/COULD/MIGHT+INFINITIVE
If I had worked harder at university, I woul...
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Conditionals

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Conditionals

  1. 1. Z E R O C O N D I T I O N A L F I R S T C O N D I T I O N A L S E C O N D C O N D I T I O N A L T H I R D C O N D I T I O N A L M I X E D C O N D I T I O N A L CONDITIONALS
  2. 2. ZERO CONDITIONAL FORM  If + present simple, present simple If I go to bed late, I always feel tired the next day  Present simple if+ present simple I always feel tired the next day if I go to bed late
  3. 3. USE  To describe something that is generally true  We can use if and when with similar meaning
  4. 4. FIRST CONDITIONAL FORM If +PRESENT SIMPLE, FUTURE If it’s hot tomorrow, we’ll go to the beach FUTURE If +PRESENT SIMPLE We’ll go to the beach if it’s hot tomorrow
  5. 5. FIRST CONDITIONAL USE  To talk about something that is going to happen in the future. It is very possible.  In the second clause we can use: will, shall, be going to, imperative, future continuous, future perfect, and the modals can, could, may, might, should, ought to, must.
  6. 6. SECOND CONDITIONAL FORM If PAST SIMPLE, WOULD+INFINITIVE If she changed her job, she would be happier WOULD + INFINITIVE If PAST SIMPLE She would be happier if she changed her job
  7. 7. SECOND CONDITIONAL USE  To talk about the present when the event in the if- clause is not true. (hypothetical situations)  To talk about the future when the event in the if- clause is unlikely to happen. (situations that are difficult to happen)
  8. 8. THIRD CONDITIONAL FORM If PAST PERFECT, WOULD+PERFECT INFINITIVE If she had come earlier, she would have got the bus WOULD + PERFECT INFINITIVE If PAST PERFECT She would have got the bus if she had come earlier
  9. 9. THIRD CONDITIONAL USE  It refers to the past, a past situation that didn’t take place, never happened
  10. 10. MIXED CONDITIONALS FORM 3rd 2nd If + PAST PERFEC WOULD/COULD/MIGHT+INFINITIVE If I had worked harder at university, I would have a degree now 1st 2nd If + PRESENT SIMPLE WOULD + INFINITIVE If she comes to the party, she would bring her boyfriend 2nd 3rd If + PAST SIMPLE WOULD + PERFECT INFINITIVE If he loved her, he would have stayed with her
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