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  • We want all aid donors to publish more and better aid informationNeeds to be timely, accessible, comprehensive and comparableFor current aid spending; regularly publishedFreely available – online, open formatsDetailedIn a standard, common format

Berlin presentation Berlin presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Mapping aid to Uganda in real time
    OKCon, Berlin, 1st July 2011
  • #1: Get the data
  • What’s the problem?
  • Publish many times, use rarely
  • Publish Once, Use Often
  • The problem
    Lots of information in lots of different places
    Of varying quality...
    Different formats / classifications; not compatible / comparable
    Often not current or forward looking
  • Why do we need this data?
  • Accountability
    Of the $32 billion pledged by the US for 2001-2008, less than 20 percent ($6 billion) is recorded in the government’s aid database.
    That means Afghans have no way of knowing what’s happening with the other $26 billion the US has been spending in their country.
  • Coordination
    Donors are funding approximately 265 different aid projects in Sierra Leone.
    Many projects implemented unbeknownst to the government
    Aid is 186% of GNI in Sierra Leone (2008)
  • Predictability
    In Ethiopia, a US implementing partner distributed 20 million malaria bed nets throughout the country that will need to be replaced in three years.
    Not knowing whether it will receive funding from the US or how much to expect makes this kind of longer-term strategic planning nearly impossible for the government.
  • Aid Dependency
    Some of the most heavily aid dependent states are post-war countries
    Aid represents, as a proportion of government expenditure:
    197% in Afghanistan (2008)
    147% in Sierra Leone (2004)
    95% in Rep. Congo (2005)
    89% in Central African Republic (2004)
  • Aid Dependency
    • Aid is 197% of government expenditure in Afghanistan (2008)
    For every $100 the government spends, donors spend about $200.
    BUT: how much of it reaches the country?
    Peace Dividend Trust report (2009): Of the approximately $2.1bn in the sample, an estimated 37.6% or $788m entered the Afghan economy.
  • Towards a common standard
    It’s not a silver bullet – but it’s hard to see how aid effectiveness can be delivered without aid transparency
    Commitments under AAA and to deliver on PD
    Key vehicle: International Aid Transparency Initiative
    Donor-led initiative to publish information in a standard, comparable format
    8 EU Member States are signatories to IATI
  • Set up in Accra, Ghana in September 2008
    20Signatories
    African Development Bank, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Commission, United Nations Development Programme, Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, Hewlett Foundation, Global Fund
    Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK
    2 Observers
    France, US
  • 20 partner countries have endorsed IATI
    Sierra Leone
    Liberia
    Bangladesh
    Honduras
    Republic of Congo
    Democratic Republic of Congo
    Ghana
    Rwanda
    Indonesia
    Nepal
    Viet Nam
    Papua New Guinea
    Moldova
    Montenegro
    Colombia
    Burkina Faso
    Malawi
    The Dominican Republic
    Syria
    Lebanon
  • Where we’re at now
    9th February – Standard agreed
    28th January – DFID published all its projects to IATI
    1st April – Hewlett Foundation published all its projects to IATI
    May – World Bank published all its projects to IATI for 2010
  • A project in DFID’s project-level database
  • The same DFID project in the IATI XML format
  • Hewlett Foundation’s IATI data
  • How are the donors doing?
    AidWatch Report: aid transparency
    Results so far, for 25 European donors
  • Challenges for IATI
    Still some questions unanswered
    Recipient budget identifier field still TBD: so not yet linked to recipient country budgets.
    Voluntary... Members and observers represent over 2/3 of all ODA, but a lot of aid left out!
    How many signatories will implement?
    Optional components – not all fields are compulsory, so how many will be used?
  • Alternatives to IATI
    OECD’s CRS / CRS ++
    High quality statistics; data verified by OECD
    Not detailed enough; not timely (latest is 2009)
    Bilateral initiatives
  • What’s next?
    More donors publishing their data to IATI – probably at least another 6 before November/December (at HLF4)
    IATI standard starts to get data fed through it; let’s see how it works
    People start to use IATI data!
  • #2: Use the dataMapping aid to Uganda’s budget
  • 1. Collecting the data
    Overseas Development Institute spent 6 months collecting data for aid expenditure in Uganda from 2003-2007
    They sent a survey to donors asking what they had spent (and were spending).
    This was pre-filled with what the donors had already told the Ugandan government they were spending.
  • 1. Collecting the data
    Key finding:
    Double the amount of aid in the country, compared with what the government knew about
  • 2. Processing the data
    ODI spent about another 6 months manually mapping this aid data to the Ugandan government’s budget.
  • 2. Processing the data
    Publish What You Fund spent another 3 months getting the data into a useful format
    Flattening 5 tables (matching up columns)
    Normalising the data
    Standardising currency (Ugandan Shillings)
    Removing duplicates and double-counting
    Dealing with budget support
  • Aid and domestic spending in Uganda
  • 3. Conclusions
    It shouldn’t take 15 months to find out what’s being spent in Uganda
    On Education
    On Health
    Etc.
    The good news:
    Soon (hopefully!) it won’t.
  • #3: Mapping aid to Uganda’s budget ...automatically?
  • Using IATI Data
    IATI will (eventually) allow us to do this in real time and automatically.
    Mapping (DAC/DFID/WB sectors, recipient country budgets) is the biggest thing that’s currently missing.
    Data only began to be released quite recently – so early days.
    But, already some interesting developments
  • 3. Using IATI Data
  • Other works in progress
    AidData.org shows data from the OECD’s CRS database.
    CRS is always at least 1 year out of date, but the data is still interesting for looking backwards
    AidData will be publishing in the IATI format in the next few weeks
    OpenSpending.org shows spending data, mostly of national budgets.
    A pilot has already been completed with some IATI data. Hopefully will be visible in next few weeks.
  • So, what next?
    More donors need to publish their aid information in the IATI format.
    If they can’t publish yet, they should at least sign the International Aid Transparency Initiative, to indicate their future intentions.
    More partner countries need to endorse IATI.
    More people need to sign the campaign to Make Aid Transparent.