Mapping aid to Uganda in real time<br />OKCon, Berlin, 1st July 2011<br />
#1: Get the data<br />
What’s the problem?<br />
Publish many times, use rarely<br />
Publish Once, Use Often<br />
The problem<br />Lots of information in lots of different places<br />Of varying quality...<br />Different formats / class...
Why do we need this data?<br />
Accountability<br />Of the $32 billion pledged by the US for 2001-2008, less than 20 percent ($6 billion) is recorded in t...
Coordination<br />Donors are funding approximately 265 different aid projects in Sierra Leone. <br />Many projects impleme...
Predictability<br />In Ethiopia, a US implementing partner distributed 20 million malaria bed nets throughout the country ...
Aid Dependency<br />Some of the most heavily aid dependent states are post-war countries<br />Aid represents, as a proport...
Aid Dependency<br /><ul><li>Aid is 197% of government expenditure in Afghanistan (2008)</li></ul>For every $100 the govern...
Towards a common standard<br />It’s not a silver bullet – but it’s hard to see how aid effectiveness can be delivered with...
Set up in Accra, Ghana in September 2008<br />20Signatories<br />African Development Bank, World Bank, Asian Development B...
20 partner countries have endorsed IATI<br />Sierra Leone<br />Liberia<br />Bangladesh<br />Honduras<br />Republic of Cong...
Where we’re at now<br />9th February – Standard agreed<br />28th January – DFID published all its projects to IATI<br />1s...
A project in DFID’s project-level database<br />
The same DFID project in the IATI XML format<br />
Hewlett Foundation’s IATI data<br />
How are the donors doing?<br />AidWatch Report: aid transparency<br />Results so far, for 25 European donors<br />
Challenges for IATI<br />Still some questions unanswered<br />Recipient budget identifier field still TBD: so not yet link...
Alternatives to IATI<br />OECD’s CRS / CRS ++<br />High quality statistics; data verified by OECD<br />Not detailed enough...
What’s next?<br />More donors publishing their data to IATI – probably at least another 6 before November/December (at HLF...
#2: Use the dataMapping aid to Uganda’s budget<br />
1. Collecting the data<br />Overseas Development Institute spent 6 months collecting data for aid expenditure in Uganda fr...
1. Collecting the data<br />Key finding:<br />Double the amount of aid in the country, compared with what the government k...
2. Processing the data<br />ODI spent about another 6 months manually mapping this aid data to the Ugandan government’s bu...
2. Processing the data<br />Publish What You Fund spent another 3 months getting the data into a useful format<br />Flatte...
Aid and domestic spending in Uganda<br />
3. Conclusions<br />It shouldn’t take 15 months to find out what’s being spent in Uganda<br />On Education<br />On Health<...
#3: Mapping aid to Uganda’s budget ...automatically?<br />
Using IATI Data<br />IATI will (eventually) allow us to do this in real time and automatically.<br />Mapping (DAC/DFID/WB ...
3. Using IATI Data<br />
Other works in progress<br />AidData.org shows data from the OECD’s CRS database.<br />CRS is always at least 1 year out o...
So, what next?<br />More donors need to publish their aid information in the IATI format.<br />If they can’t publish yet, ...
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  • We want all aid donors to publish more and better aid informationNeeds to be timely, accessible, comprehensive and comparableFor current aid spending; regularly publishedFreely available – online, open formatsDetailedIn a standard, common format
  • Berlin presentation

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Mapping aid to Uganda in real time<br />OKCon, Berlin, 1st July 2011<br />
    3. 3. #1: Get the data<br />
    4. 4.
    5. 5. What’s the problem?<br />
    6. 6. Publish many times, use rarely<br />
    7. 7. Publish Once, Use Often<br />
    8. 8. The problem<br />Lots of information in lots of different places<br />Of varying quality...<br />Different formats / classifications; not compatible / comparable<br />Often not current or forward looking<br />
    9. 9. Why do we need this data?<br />
    10. 10. Accountability<br />Of the $32 billion pledged by the US for 2001-2008, less than 20 percent ($6 billion) is recorded in the government’s aid database. <br />That means Afghans have no way of knowing what’s happening with the other $26 billion the US has been spending in their country.<br />
    11. 11. Coordination<br />Donors are funding approximately 265 different aid projects in Sierra Leone. <br />Many projects implemented unbeknownst to the government<br />Aid is 186% of GNI in Sierra Leone (2008)<br />
    12. 12. Predictability<br />In Ethiopia, a US implementing partner distributed 20 million malaria bed nets throughout the country that will need to be replaced in three years. <br />Not knowing whether it will receive funding from the US or how much to expect makes this kind of longer-term strategic planning nearly impossible for the government.<br />
    13. 13. Aid Dependency<br />Some of the most heavily aid dependent states are post-war countries<br />Aid represents, as a proportion of government expenditure:<br />197% in Afghanistan (2008)<br />147% in Sierra Leone (2004)<br />95% in Rep. Congo (2005)<br />89% in Central African Republic (2004)<br />
    14. 14. Aid Dependency<br /><ul><li>Aid is 197% of government expenditure in Afghanistan (2008)</li></ul>For every $100 the government spends, donors spend about $200.<br />BUT: how much of it reaches the country?<br />Peace Dividend Trust report (2009): Of the approximately $2.1bn in the sample, an estimated 37.6% or $788m entered the Afghan economy. <br />
    15. 15. Towards a common standard<br />It’s not a silver bullet – but it’s hard to see how aid effectiveness can be delivered without aid transparency<br />Commitments under AAA and to deliver on PD<br />Key vehicle: International Aid Transparency Initiative<br />Donor-led initiative to publish information in a standard, comparable format<br />8 EU Member States are signatories to IATI<br />
    16. 16. Set up in Accra, Ghana in September 2008<br />20Signatories<br />African Development Bank, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Commission, United Nations Development Programme, Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, Hewlett Foundation, Global Fund<br />Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK<br />2 Observers<br />France, US<br />
    17. 17. 20 partner countries have endorsed IATI<br />Sierra Leone<br />Liberia<br />Bangladesh<br />Honduras<br />Republic of Congo<br />Democratic Republic of Congo<br />Ghana<br />Rwanda<br />Indonesia<br />Nepal<br />Viet Nam<br />Papua New Guinea<br />Moldova<br />Montenegro<br />Colombia<br />Burkina Faso<br />Malawi<br />The Dominican Republic<br />Syria<br />Lebanon<br />
    18. 18. Where we’re at now<br />9th February – Standard agreed<br />28th January – DFID published all its projects to IATI<br />1st April – Hewlett Foundation published all its projects to IATI<br />May – World Bank published all its projects to IATI for 2010<br />
    19. 19. A project in DFID’s project-level database<br />
    20. 20. The same DFID project in the IATI XML format<br />
    21. 21. Hewlett Foundation’s IATI data<br />
    22. 22. How are the donors doing?<br />AidWatch Report: aid transparency<br />Results so far, for 25 European donors<br />
    23. 23.
    24. 24.
    25. 25. Challenges for IATI<br />Still some questions unanswered<br />Recipient budget identifier field still TBD: so not yet linked to recipient country budgets.<br />Voluntary... Members and observers represent over 2/3 of all ODA, but a lot of aid left out! <br />How many signatories will implement?<br />Optional components – not all fields are compulsory, so how many will be used?<br />
    26. 26. Alternatives to IATI<br />OECD’s CRS / CRS ++<br />High quality statistics; data verified by OECD<br />Not detailed enough; not timely (latest is 2009)<br />Bilateral initiatives<br />
    27. 27. What’s next?<br />More donors publishing their data to IATI – probably at least another 6 before November/December (at HLF4)<br />IATI standard starts to get data fed through it; let’s see how it works<br />People start to use IATI data!<br />
    28. 28. #2: Use the dataMapping aid to Uganda’s budget<br />
    29. 29. 1. Collecting the data<br />Overseas Development Institute spent 6 months collecting data for aid expenditure in Uganda from 2003-2007<br />They sent a survey to donors asking what they had spent (and were spending).<br />This was pre-filled with what the donors had already told the Ugandan government they were spending.<br />
    30. 30. 1. Collecting the data<br />Key finding:<br />Double the amount of aid in the country, compared with what the government knew about<br />
    31. 31. 2. Processing the data<br />ODI spent about another 6 months manually mapping this aid data to the Ugandan government’s budget.<br />
    32. 32. 2. Processing the data<br />Publish What You Fund spent another 3 months getting the data into a useful format<br />Flattening 5 tables (matching up columns)<br />Normalising the data<br />Standardising currency (Ugandan Shillings)<br />Removing duplicates and double-counting<br />Dealing with budget support<br />
    33. 33. Aid and domestic spending in Uganda<br />
    34. 34. 3. Conclusions<br />It shouldn’t take 15 months to find out what’s being spent in Uganda<br />On Education<br />On Health<br />Etc.<br />The good news:<br />Soon (hopefully!) it won’t.<br />
    35. 35. #3: Mapping aid to Uganda’s budget ...automatically?<br />
    36. 36. Using IATI Data<br />IATI will (eventually) allow us to do this in real time and automatically.<br />Mapping (DAC/DFID/WB sectors, recipient country budgets) is the biggest thing that’s currently missing.<br />Data only began to be released quite recently – so early days.<br />But, already some interesting developments<br />
    37. 37. 3. Using IATI Data<br />
    38. 38. Other works in progress<br />AidData.org shows data from the OECD’s CRS database.<br />CRS is always at least 1 year out of date, but the data is still interesting for looking backwards<br />AidData will be publishing in the IATI format in the next few weeks<br />OpenSpending.org shows spending data, mostly of national budgets.<br />A pilot has already been completed with some IATI data. Hopefully will be visible in next few weeks.<br />
    39. 39. So, what next?<br />More donors need to publish their aid information in the IATI format.<br />If they can’t publish yet, they should at least sign the International Aid Transparency Initiative, to indicate their future intentions.<br />More partner countries need to endorse IATI.<br />More people need to sign the campaign to Make Aid Transparent.<br />

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