Final year project
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Final year project Final year project Presentation Transcript

  • Environmental Review of Telford Court
    • By Matthew Wheeler
  • Introduction.
    • Importance of Environmental Review.
    • Green Image, reputation
    • Save money on electricity and water bills
    • Allows environmental policy to be reviewed and
    • Influence how environmental performance is measured
    • A University may have similar usage of resources as a
    • Medium sized city, University’s job is to educate people
  • Importance of Environmental Review Continued.
    • University of Hertfordshire teaches 24,000 students and employs 2,500 members of staff
    • Large impacts on local environment
    • Schemes to minimise impact include a zero waste programme.
    View slide
  • University of Hertfordshire Environmental Policy
    • Structured to follow legislation
    • Implemented and monitored by regulators
    • Drawn up using scientific evidence
    • Aims to protect the local environment through a number of different methods.
    • Environmental management system in place
    • Environmental team aim to teach staff and students
    View slide
  • University draft waste and resource management strategy 1.
    • (K. O’Brien, pers. Comm.)
    • 6 year vision from 2008/9 to 2013/14, 90% waste recycled, 50% reduction in waste.
    • Manage resources more sustainably, promote recycling, reuse and waste prevention, reduce costs, comply with legislation
    • Waste managed by department of estates working closely with the university environment team
  • University draft waste and resource management strategy 2.
    • Principles of waste management strategy based on waste hierarchy, prevention more effective than treatment (Figure 1)
    • Waste diverted from landfills to recycling
    • 3 phases, short term, medium term and long term (Figure 2)
    Figure 1. Waste Hierarchy Figure 2. 3 phases of management strategy
  • Phases of Management Strategy
    • Short term - Maximising recycling, new waste management system
    • Medium term - Waste prevention and minimisation techniques
    • Long term - 100% waste diverted from landfills, reuse of materials and waste prevention
    Figure 3. Waste management targets Figure 4. Waste management performance in recent years
  • Monthly variations in waste
    • Figure 5 - increases in waste production start of new term, during summer term, peak between June and July
    • Figure 6. Recycling 30% past 3 years, peak between June and August
    Figure 5. Amount of waste produced in tonnes per month for 2005/6, 2006/7, 2007/8 Figure 6. Graph comparing levels of recycling per month for 2005/6, 2006/7, 2007/8
  • University draft waste and resources management strategy 3.
    • 2 year contract with waste management company, may extend to 4 years
    • Waste sent to company, 35% recycled
    • Three bin system in halls of residence, one for mixed recycables, one for glass, one for general waste
    • Food collection initiative to be launched, textile recycling facilities in place
    • Records kept of movement of waste on site
  • University draft waste and resource management strategy 4.
    • Waste transfer note accompanies non-hazardous waste, consignment note accompanies hazardous waste
    • Investment in on site recycling facilities
    • Two groups established to monitor waste management. Waste steering group meets monthly, waste working group bi-monthly
    • Campaigns promoting material re-use and waste prevention to be undertaken.
  • Telford Court waste in figures
    • August 2008 - 1.149 tonnes waste produced, 0.285 tonnes recycled, 25% compared with University’s 52%
    • September 2008 - 2.9195 tonnes waste produced, 0.4575 tonnes recycled, 16% compared with University’s 71%
    • October 2008 - 4.5525 tonnes waste produced, 0.6675 tonnes recycled, 15% compared with university’s 68%
  • Study Area - Telford Court
    • Telford Court Student Accommodation, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane Campus
    • Older of the two main University Campuses
    • Built in 1994, contains 82 6 bedroom flats and 2 3 bedroom flats.
    • 498 students living in Telford Court each academic year
    • Situated close to Student Union and Lecture halls
  • Map of Telford Court. Bateman. pers. Comm..
  • Aims.
    • Carry out Environmental Review of Telford Court
    • Assess University’s Environmental Policy
    • Consider issues such as waste management, water and electricity uses, noise pollution, chemical use etc.
    Objectives
    • Review Policies, Laws and Guidance
    • Information/Data Collected through observation,
    • monitoring and speaking to people in charge of Telford
    • Court
  • Rationale
    • Previous studies have looked at lecture halls, students attitudes towards recycling (Kelly et al, 2006) and emissions from student travel (Rory et al, 2008).
    • Little work on student accommodation
    • Compare policy aims with reality
  • Methodology
    • Develop Environmental checklist to help with observations
    • Gather information from the University Environment team regarding practices at Telford Court
    • Carry out an Environmental review site visit
    • Meet with the energy manager for Telford court
  • Methodology Continued
    • Shriberg (2000) suggests a 5 step approach, used with his study at the University of Michigan
    • Step 1. Survey the environmental impact
    • Step 2. Analyse current environmental initiatives
    • Step 3. Propose a long-term sustainability vision
    • Step 4. Recommend actions to move towards the vision
    • Step 5. Suggest indicators of success or failure
  • Environmental Checklist Questions.
    • Recycling - Types of waste recycled, techniques, amount etc.
    • Water usage in and outside of flats - Type, amount etc
    • Transport - Cars, bicycles, motorbikes etc
    • Chemical waste in and outside of flats - Types, amount, treatment etc
    • Litter - Amount, Ttypes etc
    • Waste management - Techniques, type of waste, amount etc
  • Environmental Checklist Continued
    • Noise pollution - Amount, sources etc
    • Electricity usage - Amount etc.
    Meeting with University Energy Manager
    • Find out who is responsible for each of the management
    • issues at Telford Court
    • Find out about how energy use etc is monitored
  • Wider Implications
    • Possible implications for other areas of the University, other Universities, organizations which have a large number of people living in close proximity
    • Cause organizations to review their Environmental policies
    • Change practices
    • Environmental Reviews are generally found to increase an organization’s environmental awareness and to encourage them to be more environmentally friendly (Sinclair-Desgagn & Gabel, 1996).
  • References.
    • Bateman, R. pers. comm. 19th January 2009.
    • Bonnet, J., Devel, C., Faucher, F., Routurier, J. (2001) Analysis of electricity and water end-uses in a University Campus: Case-study of the University of Bordeaux in the framework of the Eco-campus European Collaboration. Journal of Cleaner Production . 10 pp. 13-24
    • Cagno, E., Di Giulio, A., Trucco, P. (1999). A Methodological framework for the initial environmental review in EMS implementation. Journal of Environmental Assessment, Policy, and Management . 1 (4) pp. 502-532
    • Eco-schools. (2007). Formal Review. [Online] Available at: http://www.eco-schools.org.uk/getting-started/environmental-review.aspx. [Accessed 27th October 2008].
    • Envirowise. (2004). Environmental Audits. [Online] Available at: http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/page.aspx?o=119479. [Accessed 27th October 2008].
    • Kelly, T. C., Mason, I. G., Leiss, M. W., Ganesh, S. (2006). University community responses to on-campus resource recycling. Resources conservation and recycling. 38 (4) pp.257 - 269
    • Mason, I. G., Brooking, A. K., Oberender, A., Harford, J.M., Horsley, P.G. (2003) Implementation of a zero waste program at a university campus. Resources Conservation and Planning. 38 (4) pp. 257-269
    • O’Brien, K. pers. comm. 23rd December 2008.
  • References Continued
    • Panaramio. (2007).Telford Court in College Lane Campus University of Hertfordshire. [Online] Available at: http://www.panaramio.com/photo/1813115. [Accessed 6th January 2009].
    • Probert, S. D. (1995) Environmentally and Energy responsible Universities. Applied Energy . 50 (1) pp. 69-83
    • Prof Wilson, R. J. T. (2007). University of Hertfordshire Environmental Policy. [Online] Available at: http://sitem.herts.ac.uk/sustainable/env_policy.htm. [Accessed 7th October 2008].
    • Scott, E.M. (2007). Setting and evaluating the effectiveness of Environmental Policy. Evironmetrics . 18 (3) pp. 33-343
    • Shriberg, M. (2000). Toward sustainable management: The University of Michigan Housing Divisions approach. Journal of cleaner production . 10 (1) pp. 41-45
    • University of Hertfordshire. (2008) College Lane Campus. [Online] Available at: http://www.pan3sixty.co.uk/tours/uoh/qt-clmap.htm [Accessed 12th January 2009].