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Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
Final year project
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Final year project


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  • 1. Environmental Review of Telford Court
    • By Matthew Wheeler
  • 2. Introduction.
    • Importance of Environmental Review.
    • Green Image, reputation
    • Save money on electricity and water bills
    • Allows environmental policy to be reviewed and
    • Influence how environmental performance is measured
    • A University may have similar usage of resources as a
    • Medium sized city, University’s job is to educate people
  • 3. Importance of Environmental Review Continued.
    • University of Hertfordshire teaches 24,000 students and employs 2,500 members of staff
    • Large impacts on local environment
    • Schemes to minimise impact include a zero waste programme.
  • 4. University of Hertfordshire Environmental Policy
    • Structured to follow legislation
    • Implemented and monitored by regulators
    • Drawn up using scientific evidence
    • Aims to protect the local environment through a number of different methods.
    • Environmental management system in place
    • Environmental team aim to teach staff and students
  • 5. University draft waste and resource management strategy 1.
    • (K. O’Brien, pers. Comm.)
    • 6 year vision from 2008/9 to 2013/14, 90% waste recycled, 50% reduction in waste.
    • Manage resources more sustainably, promote recycling, reuse and waste prevention, reduce costs, comply with legislation
    • Waste managed by department of estates working closely with the university environment team
  • 6. University draft waste and resource management strategy 2.
    • Principles of waste management strategy based on waste hierarchy, prevention more effective than treatment (Figure 1)
    • Waste diverted from landfills to recycling
    • 3 phases, short term, medium term and long term (Figure 2)
    Figure 1. Waste Hierarchy Figure 2. 3 phases of management strategy
  • 7. Phases of Management Strategy
    • Short term - Maximising recycling, new waste management system
    • Medium term - Waste prevention and minimisation techniques
    • Long term - 100% waste diverted from landfills, reuse of materials and waste prevention
    Figure 3. Waste management targets Figure 4. Waste management performance in recent years
  • 8. Monthly variations in waste
    • Figure 5 - increases in waste production start of new term, during summer term, peak between June and July
    • Figure 6. Recycling 30% past 3 years, peak between June and August
    Figure 5. Amount of waste produced in tonnes per month for 2005/6, 2006/7, 2007/8 Figure 6. Graph comparing levels of recycling per month for 2005/6, 2006/7, 2007/8
  • 9. University draft waste and resources management strategy 3.
    • 2 year contract with waste management company, may extend to 4 years
    • Waste sent to company, 35% recycled
    • Three bin system in halls of residence, one for mixed recycables, one for glass, one for general waste
    • Food collection initiative to be launched, textile recycling facilities in place
    • Records kept of movement of waste on site
  • 10. University draft waste and resource management strategy 4.
    • Waste transfer note accompanies non-hazardous waste, consignment note accompanies hazardous waste
    • Investment in on site recycling facilities
    • Two groups established to monitor waste management. Waste steering group meets monthly, waste working group bi-monthly
    • Campaigns promoting material re-use and waste prevention to be undertaken.
  • 11. Telford Court waste in figures
    • August 2008 - 1.149 tonnes waste produced, 0.285 tonnes recycled, 25% compared with University’s 52%
    • September 2008 - 2.9195 tonnes waste produced, 0.4575 tonnes recycled, 16% compared with University’s 71%
    • October 2008 - 4.5525 tonnes waste produced, 0.6675 tonnes recycled, 15% compared with university’s 68%
  • 12. Study Area - Telford Court
    • Telford Court Student Accommodation, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane Campus
    • Older of the two main University Campuses
    • Built in 1994, contains 82 6 bedroom flats and 2 3 bedroom flats.
    • 498 students living in Telford Court each academic year
    • Situated close to Student Union and Lecture halls
  • 13. Map of Telford Court. Bateman. pers. Comm..
  • 14. Aims.
    • Carry out Environmental Review of Telford Court
    • Assess University’s Environmental Policy
    • Consider issues such as waste management, water and electricity uses, noise pollution, chemical use etc.
    • Review Policies, Laws and Guidance
    • Information/Data Collected through observation,
    • monitoring and speaking to people in charge of Telford
    • Court
  • 15. Rationale
    • Previous studies have looked at lecture halls, students attitudes towards recycling (Kelly et al, 2006) and emissions from student travel (Rory et al, 2008).
    • Little work on student accommodation
    • Compare policy aims with reality
  • 16. Methodology
    • Develop Environmental checklist to help with observations
    • Gather information from the University Environment team regarding practices at Telford Court
    • Carry out an Environmental review site visit
    • Meet with the energy manager for Telford court
  • 17. Methodology Continued
    • Shriberg (2000) suggests a 5 step approach, used with his study at the University of Michigan
    • Step 1. Survey the environmental impact
    • Step 2. Analyse current environmental initiatives
    • Step 3. Propose a long-term sustainability vision
    • Step 4. Recommend actions to move towards the vision
    • Step 5. Suggest indicators of success or failure
  • 18. Environmental Checklist Questions.
    • Recycling - Types of waste recycled, techniques, amount etc.
    • Water usage in and outside of flats - Type, amount etc
    • Transport - Cars, bicycles, motorbikes etc
    • Chemical waste in and outside of flats - Types, amount, treatment etc
    • Litter - Amount, Ttypes etc
    • Waste management - Techniques, type of waste, amount etc
  • 19. Environmental Checklist Continued
    • Noise pollution - Amount, sources etc
    • Electricity usage - Amount etc.
    Meeting with University Energy Manager
    • Find out who is responsible for each of the management
    • issues at Telford Court
    • Find out about how energy use etc is monitored
  • 20. Wider Implications
    • Possible implications for other areas of the University, other Universities, organizations which have a large number of people living in close proximity
    • Cause organizations to review their Environmental policies
    • Change practices
    • Environmental Reviews are generally found to increase an organization’s environmental awareness and to encourage them to be more environmentally friendly (Sinclair-Desgagn & Gabel, 1996).
  • 21. References.
    • Bateman, R. pers. comm. 19th January 2009.
    • Bonnet, J., Devel, C., Faucher, F., Routurier, J. (2001) Analysis of electricity and water end-uses in a University Campus: Case-study of the University of Bordeaux in the framework of the Eco-campus European Collaboration. Journal of Cleaner Production . 10 pp. 13-24
    • Cagno, E., Di Giulio, A., Trucco, P. (1999). A Methodological framework for the initial environmental review in EMS implementation. Journal of Environmental Assessment, Policy, and Management . 1 (4) pp. 502-532
    • Eco-schools. (2007). Formal Review. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 27th October 2008].
    • Envirowise. (2004). Environmental Audits. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 27th October 2008].
    • Kelly, T. C., Mason, I. G., Leiss, M. W., Ganesh, S. (2006). University community responses to on-campus resource recycling. Resources conservation and recycling. 38 (4) pp.257 - 269
    • Mason, I. G., Brooking, A. K., Oberender, A., Harford, J.M., Horsley, P.G. (2003) Implementation of a zero waste program at a university campus. Resources Conservation and Planning. 38 (4) pp. 257-269
    • O’Brien, K. pers. comm. 23rd December 2008.
  • 22. References Continued
    • Panaramio. (2007).Telford Court in College Lane Campus University of Hertfordshire. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 6th January 2009].
    • Probert, S. D. (1995) Environmentally and Energy responsible Universities. Applied Energy . 50 (1) pp. 69-83
    • Prof Wilson, R. J. T. (2007). University of Hertfordshire Environmental Policy. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 7th October 2008].
    • Scott, E.M. (2007). Setting and evaluating the effectiveness of Environmental Policy. Evironmetrics . 18 (3) pp. 33-343
    • Shriberg, M. (2000). Toward sustainable management: The University of Michigan Housing Divisions approach. Journal of cleaner production . 10 (1) pp. 41-45
    • University of Hertfordshire. (2008) College Lane Campus. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 12th January 2009].