Final year project


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Final year project

  1. 1. Environmental Review of Telford Court <ul><li>By Matthew Wheeler </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction. <ul><li>Importance of Environmental Review. </li></ul><ul><li>Green Image, reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Save money on electricity and water bills </li></ul><ul><li>Allows environmental policy to be reviewed and </li></ul><ul><li>Influence how environmental performance is measured </li></ul><ul><li>A University may have similar usage of resources as a </li></ul><ul><li>Medium sized city, University’s job is to educate people </li></ul>
  3. 3. Importance of Environmental Review Continued. <ul><li>University of Hertfordshire teaches 24,000 students and employs 2,500 members of staff </li></ul><ul><li>Large impacts on local environment </li></ul><ul><li>Schemes to minimise impact include a zero waste programme. </li></ul>
  4. 4. University of Hertfordshire Environmental Policy <ul><li>Structured to follow legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented and monitored by regulators </li></ul><ul><li>Drawn up using scientific evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to protect the local environment through a number of different methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental management system in place </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental team aim to teach staff and students </li></ul>
  5. 5. University draft waste and resource management strategy 1. <ul><li>(K. O’Brien, pers. Comm.) </li></ul><ul><li>6 year vision from 2008/9 to 2013/14, 90% waste recycled, 50% reduction in waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Manage resources more sustainably, promote recycling, reuse and waste prevention, reduce costs, comply with legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Waste managed by department of estates working closely with the university environment team </li></ul>
  6. 6. University draft waste and resource management strategy 2. <ul><li>Principles of waste management strategy based on waste hierarchy, prevention more effective than treatment (Figure 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Waste diverted from landfills to recycling </li></ul><ul><li>3 phases, short term, medium term and long term (Figure 2) </li></ul>Figure 1. Waste Hierarchy Figure 2. 3 phases of management strategy
  7. 7. Phases of Management Strategy <ul><li>Short term - Maximising recycling, new waste management system </li></ul><ul><li>Medium term - Waste prevention and minimisation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Long term - 100% waste diverted from landfills, reuse of materials and waste prevention </li></ul>Figure 3. Waste management targets Figure 4. Waste management performance in recent years
  8. 8. Monthly variations in waste <ul><li>Figure 5 - increases in waste production start of new term, during summer term, peak between June and July </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 6. Recycling 30% past 3 years, peak between June and August </li></ul>Figure 5. Amount of waste produced in tonnes per month for 2005/6, 2006/7, 2007/8 Figure 6. Graph comparing levels of recycling per month for 2005/6, 2006/7, 2007/8
  9. 9. University draft waste and resources management strategy 3. <ul><li>2 year contract with waste management company, may extend to 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Waste sent to company, 35% recycled </li></ul><ul><li>Three bin system in halls of residence, one for mixed recycables, one for glass, one for general waste </li></ul><ul><li>Food collection initiative to be launched, textile recycling facilities in place </li></ul><ul><li>Records kept of movement of waste on site </li></ul>
  10. 10. University draft waste and resource management strategy 4. <ul><li>Waste transfer note accompanies non-hazardous waste, consignment note accompanies hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in on site recycling facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Two groups established to monitor waste management. Waste steering group meets monthly, waste working group bi-monthly </li></ul><ul><li>Campaigns promoting material re-use and waste prevention to be undertaken. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Telford Court waste in figures <ul><li>August 2008 - 1.149 tonnes waste produced, 0.285 tonnes recycled, 25% compared with University’s 52% </li></ul><ul><li>September 2008 - 2.9195 tonnes waste produced, 0.4575 tonnes recycled, 16% compared with University’s 71% </li></ul><ul><li>October 2008 - 4.5525 tonnes waste produced, 0.6675 tonnes recycled, 15% compared with university’s 68% </li></ul>
  12. 12. Study Area - Telford Court <ul><li>Telford Court Student Accommodation, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane Campus </li></ul><ul><li>Older of the two main University Campuses </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1994, contains 82 6 bedroom flats and 2 3 bedroom flats. </li></ul><ul><li>498 students living in Telford Court each academic year </li></ul><ul><li>Situated close to Student Union and Lecture halls </li></ul>
  13. 13. Map of Telford Court. Bateman. pers. Comm..
  14. 14. Aims. <ul><li>Carry out Environmental Review of Telford Court </li></ul><ul><li>Assess University’s Environmental Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Consider issues such as waste management, water and electricity uses, noise pollution, chemical use etc. </li></ul>Objectives <ul><li>Review Policies, Laws and Guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Information/Data Collected through observation, </li></ul><ul><li>monitoring and speaking to people in charge of Telford </li></ul><ul><li>Court </li></ul>
  15. 15. Rationale <ul><li>Previous studies have looked at lecture halls, students attitudes towards recycling (Kelly et al, 2006) and emissions from student travel (Rory et al, 2008). </li></ul><ul><li>Little work on student accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Compare policy aims with reality </li></ul>
  16. 16. Methodology <ul><li>Develop Environmental checklist to help with observations </li></ul><ul><li>Gather information from the University Environment team regarding practices at Telford Court </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out an Environmental review site visit </li></ul><ul><li>Meet with the energy manager for Telford court </li></ul>
  17. 17. Methodology Continued <ul><li>Shriberg (2000) suggests a 5 step approach, used with his study at the University of Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1. Survey the environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2. Analyse current environmental initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3. Propose a long-term sustainability vision </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4. Recommend actions to move towards the vision </li></ul><ul><li>Step 5. Suggest indicators of success or failure </li></ul>
  18. 18. Environmental Checklist Questions. <ul><li>Recycling - Types of waste recycled, techniques, amount etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Water usage in and outside of flats - Type, amount etc </li></ul><ul><li>Transport - Cars, bicycles, motorbikes etc </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical waste in and outside of flats - Types, amount, treatment etc </li></ul><ul><li>Litter - Amount, Ttypes etc </li></ul><ul><li>Waste management - Techniques, type of waste, amount etc </li></ul>
  19. 19. Environmental Checklist Continued <ul><li>Noise pollution - Amount, sources etc </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity usage - Amount etc. </li></ul>Meeting with University Energy Manager <ul><li>Find out who is responsible for each of the management </li></ul><ul><li>issues at Telford Court </li></ul><ul><li>Find out about how energy use etc is monitored </li></ul>
  20. 20. Wider Implications <ul><li>Possible implications for other areas of the University, other Universities, organizations which have a large number of people living in close proximity </li></ul><ul><li>Cause organizations to review their Environmental policies </li></ul><ul><li>Change practices </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Reviews are generally found to increase an organization’s environmental awareness and to encourage them to be more environmentally friendly (Sinclair-Desgagn & Gabel, 1996). </li></ul>
  21. 21. References. <ul><li>Bateman, R. pers. comm. 19th January 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Bonnet, J., Devel, C., Faucher, F., Routurier, J. (2001) Analysis of electricity and water end-uses in a University Campus: Case-study of the University of Bordeaux in the framework of the Eco-campus European Collaboration. Journal of Cleaner Production . 10 pp. 13-24 </li></ul><ul><li>Cagno, E., Di Giulio, A., Trucco, P. (1999). A Methodological framework for the initial environmental review in EMS implementation. Journal of Environmental Assessment, Policy, and Management . 1 (4) pp. 502-532 </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-schools. (2007). Formal Review. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 27th October 2008]. </li></ul><ul><li>Envirowise. (2004). Environmental Audits. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 27th October 2008]. </li></ul><ul><li>Kelly, T. C., Mason, I. G., Leiss, M. W., Ganesh, S. (2006). University community responses to on-campus resource recycling. Resources conservation and recycling. 38 (4) pp.257 - 269 </li></ul><ul><li>Mason, I. G., Brooking, A. K., Oberender, A., Harford, J.M., Horsley, P.G. (2003) Implementation of a zero waste program at a university campus. Resources Conservation and Planning. 38 (4) pp. 257-269 </li></ul><ul><li>O’Brien, K. pers. comm. 23rd December 2008. </li></ul>
  22. 22. References Continued <ul><li>Panaramio. (2007).Telford Court in College Lane Campus University of Hertfordshire. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 6th January 2009]. </li></ul><ul><li>Probert, S. D. (1995) Environmentally and Energy responsible Universities. Applied Energy . 50 (1) pp. 69-83 </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Wilson, R. J. T. (2007). University of Hertfordshire Environmental Policy. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 7th October 2008]. </li></ul><ul><li>Scott, E.M. (2007). Setting and evaluating the effectiveness of Environmental Policy. Evironmetrics . 18 (3) pp. 33-343 </li></ul><ul><li>Shriberg, M. (2000). Toward sustainable management: The University of Michigan Housing Divisions approach. Journal of cleaner production . 10 (1) pp. 41-45 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Hertfordshire. (2008) College Lane Campus. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 12th January 2009]. </li></ul>
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